Zhuanghe

Last updated on 6 March 2017

Zhuanghe (simplified Chinese: 庄河; traditional Chinese: 莊河; pinyin: Zhuānghé) is one of the two "northern county-level cities", the other being Wafangdian, under the administration of Dalian, located in the south of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. Its area is 3,655.70 square kilometres (1,411.47 sq mi) and its permanent population as of 2010 is 841,321, making it Dalian's most spacious county-level division.[2][3]

Zhuanghe City Government.jpg
Zhuanghe City Government, Xinhua Square
China Liaoning location map.svg
Zhuanghe is located in Liaoning

Geography and climate

Zhuanghe occupies the northeastern corner of Dalian City on the Liaodong Peninsula, with latitude ranging from 39° 25' to 40° 12' N and longitude ranging from 122° 29' to 123° 31' E. It covers an area of 6,968 square kilometres (2,690 sq mi), 4,073 km2 (1,573 sq mi) of which is land; the natural coastline measures 285 km (177 mi).[4] It borders Donggang City to the east, Pulandian City to the west, Gaizhou City and Xiuyan Manchu Autonomous County to the north, and Changhai County in the Yellow Sea to the south. Elevations increase from south to north, with the northern part of the city being part of the southern Qian Mountains; the highest elevation in Zhuanghe City is 1,130.7 m (3,710 ft).[4]

Zhuanghe has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, cold, but dry winters, and humid and very warm summers. Due to the location on the Liaodong Peninsula, there is a seasonal delay in spring and summer, and extremes in heat are moderated; however, low temperatures peak in July. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −7.3 °C (18.9 °F) in January to 23.6 °C (74.5 °F) in August, and the annual mean is 9.08 °C (48.3 °F). Precipitation is generous but a majority of the annual total falls in July and Average. There is an average 2,415.6 hours of bright sunshine annually, and the frost-free period averages 165 days. Extremes in temperature range from −25.2 °C (−13 °F) to 36.0 °C (97 °F).[4]

Climate data for Zhuanghe (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
12.4
(54.3)
18.0
(64.4)
29.3
(84.7)
34.5
(94.1)
36.0
(96.8)
35.0
(95)
34.2
(93.6)
31.6
(88.9)
27.6
(81.7)
19.6
(67.3)
12.0
(53.6)
36
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
1.2
(34.2)
6.9
(44.4)
14.4
(57.9)
20.0
(68)
23.7
(74.7)
26.3
(79.3)
27.6
(81.7)
24.0
(75.2)
17.4
(63.3)
8.4
(47.1)
1.1
(34)
14.1
(57.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.8
(35.2)
9.1
(48.4)
15.0
(59)
19.7
(67.5)
23.1
(73.6)
23.6
(74.5)
18.4
(65.1)
11.3
(52.3)
3.0
(37.4)
−4.3
(24.3)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −12.2
(10)
−9.2
(15.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
4.2
(39.6)
10.5
(50.9)
16.1
(61)
20.3
(68.5)
19.9
(67.8)
13.3
(55.9)
5.9
(42.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
−8.6
(16.5)
4.6
(40.4)
Record low °C (°F) −24.1
(−11.4)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
2.2
(36)
9.0
(48.2)
12.9
(55.2)
10.0
(50)
2.0
(35.6)
−8.5
(16.7)
−14.2
(6.4)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−25.2
(−13.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.0
(0.276)
7.3
(0.287)
14.4
(0.567)
32.3
(1.272)
60.7
(2.39)
104.7
(4.122)
198.9
(7.831)
181.3
(7.138)
86.6
(3.409)
35.3
(1.39)
19.6
(0.772)
9.5
(0.374)
757.6
(29.828)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.1 3.2 4.5 6.7 8.2 10.9 14.6 11.4 7.1 5.7 5.2 3.0 83.6
Source: Weather China[4]

Administrative divisions

There are 5 subdistricts, 15 towns, 4 townships, and 2 ethnic townships under the city's administration:[5]

Subdistricts (街道)

  • Chengguan Subdistrict (城关街道)
  • Xinhua Subdistrict (新华街道)
  • Xingda Subdistrict (兴达街道)
  • Changsheng Subdistrict (昌盛街道)
  • Mingyang Subdistrict (明阳街道)

Towns (镇)

  • Qingdui (青堆镇)
  • Xuling (徐岭镇)
  • Heidao (黑岛镇)
  • Lizifang (栗子房镇)
  • Daying (大营镇)
  • Taling (塔岭镇)
  • Xianrendong (仙人洞镇)
  • Ronghuashan (蓉花山镇)
  • Changling (长岭镇)
  • Hehuashan (荷花山镇)
  • Chengshan (城山镇)
  • Guangmingshan (光明山镇)
  • Dazheng (大郑镇)
  • Wulu (吴炉镇)
  • Wangjia (王家镇)

Townships (乡)

  • Anzishan Township (鞍子山乡)
  • Taipingling Manchu Ethnic Township (太平岭满族乡)
  • Buyunshan Township (步云山乡)
  • Guiyunhua Manchu Ethnic Township (桂云花满族乡)
  • Landian Township (兰店乡)
  • Shicheng Township (石城乡)

Demography

Zhuanghe has a population of over 900,000 and its area is 3,866 km2 (1,493 sq mi).

Transportation

Zhuanghe Bus Station, China.jpg
Zhuanghe Bus Station and a Dalian−Zhuanghe Bus
Zhuanghe Railway Station, China.jpg
Zhuanghe Railway Station and Its Plaza

Economy

A base of the national commodity grain, Zhuanghe has very abundant agricultural and natural resources. Besides, it is one of the most important fruit bases in eastern Liaodong Peninsula. The Port of Zhuanghe is under construction.

Zhuanghe is also increasingly promoting its furniture manufacturing industry. The Huafeng Furniture Manufacturing Company has been one of the largest furniture manufacturing companies all over the country.

The Huayuankou Industrial Zone in the westernmost part of Zhuanghe City is one of "Five Points, One Line" projects of the province.

Sightseeing

The tourism has gradually developed to be rising support structure in the county.

  • Chengshan Ancient Town (城山古城)
  • Bingyugou (Bingyu Valley, 冰峪沟): Guilin of northern China
  • Yinshitan National Forest Park (银石滩国家森林公园)
  • Buyun Mountain (步云山), the highest peak in Dalian, at 1,130 metres (3,710 ft) above sea level, and Buyun Mountain Hot Spring
  • Sea King Nine Islands (海王九岛)
  • Xianrendong National Nature Reserve (仙人洞国家级自然保护区)

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Zhuanghe" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ a b Dalian Statistical Yearbook 2012 (《大连统计年鉴2012》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b 2010 Census county-by-county statistics (《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d 庄河城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  5. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:庄河市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-18.

External links

Gallery

Zhuanghe Port, China.jpg

Zhuanghe Port

Zhuanghe City Xinhua Christian Church, China.jpg

Zhuanghe City Xinhua Christian Church

China-Liaoning-Dalian-Zhuanghe.jpg

Downtown Zhuanghe on Huanghe Avenue at Xinhua (2007)

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