White separatism is a separatist political or social movement that seeks separate economic and cultural development for white people as well as an independent all-white homeland. White separatism is a form of white nationalism and can be a form of white supremacy.
White separatists generally claim genetic affiliation with Anglo-Saxon cultures, Nordic cultures, or other white European cultures. Some also affiliate with white ethnic cultures that developed outside Europe, like the Neo-Confederates and Boer-Afrikaner Nationalists.
A study of the white separatist movement in the United States reported that adherents usually reject marriage "outside the white race". The authors also noted "a distinction between the supremacist desire to dominate (as in apartheid, slavery, or segregation) and complete separation by race".
Critics argue that contemporary white separatism is a public facade adopted by white supremacists.
Racial separatism differs from racial segregation, which is characterized by separation of different racial groups within the same state—that is racial separation in daily life, such as eating in restaurants, drinking from water fountains, using restrooms, attending school, going to the movies, or in renting or purchasing a home. Racial segregation is enforced by the government of a multiracial nation, as in South Africa under apartheid, which seeks to separate different racial groups within the borders of the same state.