Welfare reform

Last updated on 27 May 2017


Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system. Welfare reforms are often more aligned with neo-liberal policies. In the United States, welfare reform was used to get Congress to enact the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996, which further reduced aid to the poor, to reduce government deficit spending without coining money.

Regional examples

United Kingdom

New Deal

In recent years reform of the welfare system in Britain began with the introduction of the New Deal programme [1] introduced by the Labour government in 1997. The aim of this programme was to increase employment through requiring that recipients make serious efforts to seek employment. The Labour Party also introduced a system of tax credits for low-income workers.

Welfare Reform Act 2007

The Welfare Reform Act 2007 provides for "an employment and support allowance, a contributory allowance, [and] an income-based allowance.".[2]

Welfare Reform Act 2012

France

Beginning in the mid-1970s, a deficit in the social insurance program began to appear. The deficit saw peaks at 27.75% of the social insurance budget in 1992. This led to a major push by the government to cut back spending in the welfare program. By the end of the 1990s the deficit had been almost completely eradicated. The often large deficits that the program has endured has led to a tremendous amount of opposition to the program as it stands.

See also

References

  1. ^ "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] Press: 1997-145". Hm-treasury.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
  2. ^ "Welfare Reform Act 2007". Statutelaw.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-10-05.

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