Washington gubernatorial election, 1960

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The Washington gubernatorial election of 1960 took place on November 8, 1960, between incumbent Democratic governor Albert D. Rosellini and State Superintendent of Public Instruction Lloyd J. Andrews, nominated by the Republican Party.

Rosellini was re-elected to a second term as Governor of Washington, in a close race with Andrews. The election was the first in Washington state history to feature televised gubernatorial debates.[1]

Washington gubernatorial election, 1960
Washington (state)
November 8, 1960
  Albert D. Rosellini.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Albert D. Rosellini Lloyd J. Andrews
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 611,987 594,122
Percentage 50.3% 48.9%

Washington gubernatorial election 1960.svg
County results

Governor before election

Albert D. Rosellini
Democratic

Elected Governor

Albert D. Rosellini
Democratic

Description and events

Republican challengers to incumbent Governor Rosellini began announcing their bids for the office in early 1960. State representative and Republican house minority leader Newman H. Clark of the 43rd district announced his bid on January 23 at a Republican Party committee meeting.[2] State Superintendent of Public Instruction Lloyd J. Andrews announced his bid on March 1, promising to improve the fiscal outlook for Washington's public schools while also criticizing Rosellini for his heavy spending and creation of a large tax burden.[3] Republican chairman William C. Goodloe was a favorite to run,[4] but announced in May that he would not run in the election.[5]

Rosellini announced his re-election bid on May 21, at a Democratic rally in Seattle's Civic Auditorium. Touting his accomplishments during his term in office, Rosellini promised to "continue the job of progress in the State of Washington."[6] Two Democratic candidates, Snohomish writer John Patric and Tacoma used cars salesman Bruce M. Sigman, both entered the race in July to challenge Rosellini, but did not make much headway.[7]

The Republican primary campaign, pitting Andrews and Clark, was described as "rigorous contest" between the two. Andrews centered his campaign on attacking Rosellini and his administration, while Clark criticized both Rosellini and Andrews for their fiscal positions and proposed tax hikes.[8] Early polls put Andrews as the clear frontrunner in the Republican race, with strong support from his native Eastern Washington,[9] leading Rosellini's campaign to begin attacking Andrews and his record in the state senate, sensing a close general election.[8]

During the September 13 primary, Rosellini defeated Patric and Sigman with a landslide victory, while Andrews defeated Clark by a comfortable margin. High voter turnout for Andrews, and low turnout for Rosellini, led The Seattle Times to declare that Rosellini "faces trouble" in the general contest.[10]

Two smaller parties, the Socialist Labor Party of America and Socialist Workers Party, also nominated candidates in the election.[11]

On November 8, Rosellini defeated Andrews by a narrow margin of 17,865 votes (1.4 percent) in the general election, the smallest margin since the 1940 election.[12][13] Rosellini, a Democrat, was re-elected despite Washington voters rejecting Democratic candidate John F. Kennedy in favor of Republican Richard M. Nixon in the concurrent presidential race.[14] The initial returns led Andrews to delay conceding to Rosellini until November 17, after the final absentee ballots were tallied; Andrews had a brief lead in absentee ballots, but fell short of the margin needed to overtake Rosellini.[15]

The Seattle Times noted similarities between the 1956 and 1960 elections, especially in the preliminary stages, with an early Republican frontrunner deterring strong opponents from entering the race, only to be defeated by Rosellini.[14]

Debates

The 1960 election featured the first televised debates in Washington gubernatorial history. KING-TV, based in Seattle, broadcast two of the debates between Rosellini and Andrews along with sister stations KREM-TV in Spokane and KPQ-TV in Wenatchee.[16][17]

The first debate, on September 28, came two days after presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy debated for the first time on national television. The Seattle Times called the first debate "more entertaining than informative", noting that candidates "didn't bother to wait for recognition by the moderator [or each other]."[18] Rosellini showed "flashes of hot temper", while Andrews accused the incumbent governor of never attempting to balance the budget despite claims of effort. Both candidates addressed the state's troubled public school system and budgetary problems, the latter of which Andrews argued was caused by Rosellini's spending, as well as pay increases for teachers.[17] After the debate, Andrews criticized the debate's format and rules, and asked that candidates be asked the same questions and limit rebuttals.[19]

The second televised debate, on October 25, focused on taxation and fixing issues with the state-built Hood Canal Bridge. In a more subdued affair, candidates had limited rebuttals but continued to attack and denounce each other. Rosellini was accused by Andrews of attacking him directly after quoting Andrews' Republican primary opponent Newman H. Clark.[20]

Results

Primary election

Governor of Washington primary election, September 13, 1960[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican (Wash.) Lloyd J. Andrews 263,897 37.38
Democratic (Wash.) Albert D. Rosellini (Incumbent) 244,579 34.65
Republican (Wash.) Newman H. Clark 144,440 20.46
Democratic (Wash.) John Patric 28,970 4.10
Democratic (Wash.) Bruce M. Sigman 24,031 3.40

General election

Governor of Washington general election, November 8, 1960[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic (Wash.) Albert D. Rosellini (Incumbent) 611,987 50.34
Republican (Wash.) Lloyd J. Andrews 594,122 48.87
Socialist Labor Henry Killman 8,647 0.71
Socialist Workers Jack W. Wright 992 0.08

References

  1. ^ Crowley, Walt (January 30, 2003). "Rosellini, Albert Dean (1910–2011)". HistoryLink. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
  2. ^ Cunningham, Ross (January 24, 1960). "Clark Will Seek G. O. P. Nomination As Governor". The Seattle Times. p. 1.
  3. ^ "Andrews Announces For Governorship". The Seattle Times. March 1, 1960. p. 7.
  4. ^ Cunningham, Ross (January 17, 1960). "Yakima Parley May See Action In G. O. P. Governor Contest". The Seattle Times. p. 8.
  5. ^ "Kitsap G. O. P. Votes to Back Nixon, Pelly". The Seattle Times. May 4, 1960. p. 29.
  6. ^ "Rosellini Announces for Re-election". The Seattle Times. May 22, 1960. p. 13.
  7. ^ "3 State Officials Unchallenged". The Seattle Times. July 16, 1960. p. 2.
  8. ^ a b Guthman, Ed (September 11, 1960). "Tuesday Day of Decision In Hot Gubernatorial Contests". The Seattle Times. p. 8.
  9. ^ Guthman, Ed (August 7, 1960). "Andrews Has Head Start in G. O. P. Governor Race, Polls Show". The Seattle Times. p. 18.
  10. ^ Cunningham, Ross (September 14, 1960). "Voting Results Show Rosellini Faces Trouble". The Seattle Times. p. 1.
  11. ^ "Minor-Party Candidates Are on Ballot". The Seattle Times. November 6, 1960. p. 13.
  12. ^ Gimpel, James G. (1996). National Elections and the Autonomy of American State Party Systems. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 162. OCLC 33983795. Retrieved November 13, 2016 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ "Rosellini's Win Slimmest Since 1940". The Seattle Times. November 24, 1960. p. 16.
  14. ^ a b Cunningham, Ross (November 9, 1960). "State Turns Down Kennedy, Gives Rosellini Close Victory". The Seattle Times. p. 3.
  15. ^ "Andrews Concedes As Absentees Clinch Outcome". The Seattle Times. November 17, 1960. p. 2.
  16. ^ "Rosellini, Andrews Will Debate Tonight". The Seattle Times. September 28, 1960. p. 20.
  17. ^ a b Guthman, Ed (September 29, 1960). "Teacher Pay Boosts Pledged In Rosellini-Andrews Clash". The Seattle Times. p. 13.
  18. ^ "More Entertaining Than Informative". The Seattle Times. September 29, 1960. p. 8.
  19. ^ "Debate Rules Criticized By Andrews". The Seattle Times. October 6, 1960. p. 5.
  20. ^ "Rosellini and Andrews Clash Over Taxes, Welfare". The Seattle Times. October 26, 1960. p. 4.
  21. ^ a b "Elections Search Results: November 1960 General and September 1960 Primary". Secretary of State of Washington. Retrieved November 13, 2016.

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