Urban rail transit in China

Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev.[1] Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. By the end of 2016, there are 30 metro systems in Mainland China with a total combined length of 3,586 kilometers.[2][3] Today China boasts the world's longest, second and fourth longest metro systems.[4][5][6] The Shanghai Metro only started operating in 1993 and has since expanded to be the world's longest subway system.[4][5][7] Half of the top ten busiest metro systems in the world are in China.[8] As of January 2016, 39 cities have metro systems approved according to the National Development and Reform Commission. China plans to spend 4.7 trillion yuan ($706 billion) on transport infrastructure in the three years following 2016.[9] As of early 2017, China has 5636.5 km of under construction rail transit lines.[3]

%C3%96PNV-Systeme in China
Map of cities in mainland China, China's SARs, and Taiwan with rapid transit, commuter rail and light rail systems. The two higher-resolution maps to the left show the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions.
  Operational systems
  Under-construction systems

History

Systems among provinces
Province System(s) # Length (km)
BJ Beijing Subway 1 599.4
TJ Tianjin Metro (Tianjin Metro Group Co., Ltd.) 1 181.8
HE Shijiazhuang Metro 1 28.3
SX
NM
LN Shenyang Metro Dalian Metro 2 209.8
JL Changchun Subway 1 35.0
HL Harbin Metro 1 21.1
SH Shanghai Metro (ML) 1 682.8
JS Nanjing Metro Suzhou Rail Transit Wuxi Metro 3 521.6
ZJ Hangzhou Metro Ningbo Rail Transit 2 192.3
AH Hefei Metro 1 52.4
FJ Fuzhou Metro Xiamen Metro 2 55.1
JX Nanchang Metro 1 48.3
SD Qingdao Metro 1 102.7
HA Zhengzhou Metro 1 93.7
HB Wuhan Metro 1 240.2
HN Changsha Metro (ML) 1 68.8
GD Guangzhou Metro Shenzhen Metro Foshan Metro Dongguan Rail Transit 4 715.7
GX Nanning Rail Transit 1 53.3
HI
CQ Chongqing Rail Transit 1 263.5
SC Chengdu Metro 1 196.5
GZ Guiyang Metro 1 12.8
YN Kunming Rail Transit 1 87.2
XZ
SN Xi'an Metro 1 91.3
GS
QH
NX
XJ
HK MTR 1 184.7
MO
TW Taipei Metro Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit Taoyuan Metro 3 227.3

Several Chinese cities had urban electric tramways in the early 20th century, which were dismantled in the 1950s-1970s. Nanjing had an urban railway from 1907 to 1958. The first subway in China was built in Beijing in 1969. The Tianjin Metro followed in 1984. Hong Kong, at the time still under British colonial rule, completed its first section of subway in 1979. Today, Hong Kong's MTR Corporation has investment, consulting and management stakes in the rapid transit systems of several mainland Chinese cities.

The rapid growth of the Chinese economy since the 1980s has created a huge surge in demand for urban transport. This prompted cities across China to pursue and draft proposals for subway networks, with Shanghai and Guangzhou opening their first sections of subway in the 90s, inspiring more cities to propose subway networks. In 1995, the Central Government, alarmed by the high cost and financial debt from these ambitious subway plans, put out a "notice on the suspension of approval of urban underground rapid rail transit projects".[10] At the time Nanjing, Wuhan, Chongqing, Dalian and Shenzhen had advanced proposals waiting to be approved. Wuhan, Chongqing, and Dalian managed to circumvent the moratorium on subway construction by constructing and opening lower cost elevated light metros and monorails in the early 2000s. Rapid urbanization of China lead to severe congestion and pollution in urban areas leading to the suspension being lifted. Initially, light metro lines using small profile and shorter rolling stock were constructed to reduce costs. It was assumed that as ridership grows the line will operate trains at a low headway to increase capacity. This design paradigm was known in China as "small groups, high density" operation.[11][12][13] However, after a few years operating, many of these lines such as Guangzhou Metro Line 3, Shanghai Metro Line 6 and Line 8 were severely overcapacity. This led many cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Chengdu to use higher capacity designs on newer lines.

Since the mid-2000s, the growth of rapid transit systems in Chinese cities has rapidly accelerated, with most of the world's new subway mileage in the past decade opening in China.[14][4][15] From 2009 to 2015, China built 87 mass transit rail lines, totaling 3100 km, in 25 cities at the cost of ¥988.6 billion.[16] In 2016, the Chinese government lowered the minimum population criteria for a city to start planning a metro system from 3 million to 1.5 million residents.[17] As part of the it's 13th Five Year Plan, the Chinese government published a transport whitepaper titled "Development of China's Transport". The plan envisions a more sustainable transport system with priority focused on high-capacity public transit particularly urban rail transit and bus rapid transit. All cities with over 3 million residents will start or continue to develop urban rail networks. Regional rail networks will be constructed internally connect and integrate urban agglomerations such as the Jingjinji, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta areas.[18][19] In 2017, some 43 smaller third-tier cities in China have received approval to develop subway lines.[20]

Urban rapid transit systems

Stats

Urban rapid transit systems

urban rapid transit systems
System Locale Lines Stations Length (km) First opened Annual ridership Busiest station
Beijing Subway Beijing Subway (BeijingMTRicon.svg BeijingMTROA.svg BeijingABC.svg) Beijing 21[a] 362[a] 599.4[a] 1969-10-01[b][a] 3777 million (2017)[21] Xizhimen (2017)[21]
Changchun Subway Changchun Subway Changchun 2[c] 30[c] 35.0[c] 2011-06-30[d] 90 million (2017)[21] Changchun Railway Station (2017)[21]
Changsha Metro Changsha Metro Changsha 2 43 50.148 2014-04-29 233 million (2017)[21][e] Wuyi Square (2017)[21]
Changsha Maglev Express ChangshaMaglev.svg Changsha 1 3 18.7 2016-05-06
Chengdu Metro Chengdu Metro Chengdu 6 151 196.5 2010-09-27 782 million (2017)[21] Chunxi Road (2017)[21]
Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing 6 155 263.5 2004-11-06 743 million (2017)[21] Guanyinqiao (2017)[21]
Dalian Metro Dalian Metro (Dalian Kuaigui Logo.svg) Dalian 4 68 150.42 2002-11-08 157 million (2017)[21] Xi'an Road (2017)[21]
Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan 1 15 37.743 2016-05-27 38 million (2017)[21] Humen Railway Station (2017)[21]
Foshan Metro Foshan Metro (Guangfo Metro icon.svg) Foshan & Guangzhou 1 22 34.4 2010-11-03 110 million (2017)[22] Leigang (2017)[22]
Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou 1 21 24.89 2016-05-16 49 million (2017)[21] Fuzhou South Railway Station (2017)[21]
Guangzhou Metro Guangzhou Metro (Guangfo Metro icon.svg) Guangzhou 12[f][g] 212[h][g] 357.4[i][g] 1997-06-28 2805 million (2017)[21][j][g] Tiyu Xilu (2017)[21]
Guiyang Metro Guiyang Metro Guiyang 1 10 12.83 2017-12-28 0.05 million (2017)[21] Guiyangbei Railway Station (2017)[21]
Hangzhou Metro Hangzhou Metro (Hangzhou MTR Logo.svg) Hangzhou 3 83 117.3 2012-11-24 339 million (2017)[21] East Railway Station (2017)[21]
Harbin Metro Harbin Metro Harbin 2 21 21.14 2013-09-26 113 million (2017)[21] Yidaeryuan (2017)[21]
Hefei Metro Hefei Metro Hefei 2 47 52.4 2016-12-26 42 million (2017)[21] Dadongmen (2017)[21]
Mass Transit Railway MTR (KCR logo.svg) Hong Kong 11 93 184.7 1979-10-01[k] 1767 million (2017)[R 1][R Nb 1] Admiralty
Kunming Rail Transit Kunming Rail Transit Kunming 4 60 87.2 2012-06-28 124 million (2017)[21] Dongfeng Square (2017)[21]
Lanzhou Metro LanzhouRailTransit.png (Debugging/trials) Lanzhou 1 20 25.4 2018-??-??
Nanchang Metro Nanchang Metro Nanchang 2 41 48.3 2015-12-26 109 million (2017)[21] Metro Central (2017)[21]
Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing 910 173 377.24 2005-09-03 977 million (2017)[21] Xinjiekou (2017)[21]
Nanning Rail Transit Nanning Rail Transit Nanning 2 43 53.3 2016-06-28 97 million (2017)[21] Chaoyang Square (2017)[21]
Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo 2 51 75 2014-05-30 112 million (2017)[21] Gulou (2017)[21]
Qingdao Metro Qingdao Metro Qingdao 3 60 102.701 2015-12-16 65 million (2017)[21] May 4th Square (2017)[21]
Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro (Shanghai Keolis.svg) Shanghai & Kunshan 16 392 652.3 1993-05-28 3537 million (2017)[21] People's Square (2017)[21]
Shanghai Maglev Train Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg Shanghai 1 2 30.5 2002-12-31
Shenyang Metro Shenyang Metro Shenyang 2 47 59.4 2010-09-27 319 million (2017)[21] Qingnian Avenue (2017)[21]
Shenzhen Metro Shenzhen Metro (MTR Corporation icon.svg Shenzhen Metro No.3 Line logo.svg) Shenzhen 8 199 286.2 2004-12-28 1446 million (2017)[21] Laojie (2017)[21]
Shijiazhuang Metro Shijiazhuang Metro Shijiazhuang 2 26 28.33 2017-06-26 40 million (2017)[21] Xinbaiguangchang (2017)[21]
Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou 3 97 118.9 2012-04-28 248 million (2017)[21] Suzhou Railway Station (2017)[21]
Tianjin Metro Tianjin Metro (Tianjin Metro Group Co., Ltd.) (Tianjin Rail Transit logo.svg Binhai Mass Transit Development Corporation logo.svg) Tianjin 5 127 181.859 1984-12-28[l] 351 million (2017)[21] Tianjinzhan (2017)[21]
Ürümqi Metro Ürümqi Metro logo.svg (Debugging/trials) Ürümqi 1 12 16.5 2018-06-??
Wuhan Metro Wuhan Metro Wuhan 7 166 240.285 2004-07-24 926 million (2017)[21] Jianghan Road (2017)[21]
Wuxi Metro Wuxi Metro Wuxi 2 46 56 2014-07-01 92 million (2017)[21] Sanyang Plaza (2017)[21]
Xi'an Metro Xi'an Metro Xi'an 3 66 90 2011-09-16 605 million (2017)[21] Beida Jie (2017)[21]
Xiamen Metro Xiamen Metro Xiamen 1 24 30.3 2017-12-31 0.2 million (2017) Zhenhai Road (2017)
Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou & Xinzheng 3 61 93.7 2013-12-26 252 million (2017)[21] Erqiguangchang (2017)[21]
  1. ^ a b c d Not including Xijiao Line, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  2. ^ Open for public operation on 15 January 1971 (1971-01-15).
  3. ^ a b c Not including Line 3, which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  4. ^ Changchun Subway officially opened on 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) as a light rail transit system.
  5. ^ Changsha Maglev Express is excluded.
  6. ^ 13, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  7. ^ a b c d Not including Haizhu Tram (THZ1), which is a light rail transit line and it is not fully grade separated.
  8. ^ 230, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  9. ^ 391.8, if Guangfo line is included. Also see Foshan Metro.
  10. ^ Guangfo line is excluded. Also see Foshan Metro.
  11. ^ The Kowloon–Canton Railway (Current East Rail Line) begin operation single track on 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01). Begin operation on 24 December 1982 (1982-12-24) as KCRC. Electrification completed by 16 July 1983 (1983-07-16). Double-track completed by 27 February 1984 (1984-02-27). KCRC operations taken over by MTR on 2 December 2007 (2007-12-02).
  12. ^ The system was closed on 1 September 2001 (2001-09-01) for renovation and reopened on 12 June 2006 (2006-06-12).
  1. ^ Note that:
    1. Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year
    2. The ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary".
    3. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.

Operational lines

Operational lines
Livery Line System Type Length Stations Car configuration Stock size Opened
Line 1 Beijing Urban 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[23] 23 6 B 1971-01-15
Line 2 Beijing Urban 23.0 km (14.3 mi)[23] 18 6 B 1987-12-28
Line 4 Beijing Urban 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[23] 24 6 B 2009-09-28
Line 5 Beijing Urban 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[23] 23 6 B 2007-10-07
Line 6 Beijing Urban 43.0 km (26.7 mi)[23] 27 8 B 2012-12-30
Line 7 Beijing Urban 24.0 km (14.9 mi)[23] 19 8 B 2014-12-28
Line 8 Beijing Urban 29.0 km (18.0 mi)[23] 18 6 B 2008-07-19
Line 9 Beijing Urban 17.0 km (10.6 mi)[23] 12 6 B 2011-12-31
Line 10 Beijing Urban 57.0 km (35.4 mi)[23] 45 6 B 2008-07-19
Line 13 Beijing Urban-Suburban 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[23] 16 6 B 2002-09-22
Line 14 Beijing Urban-Suburban 43.8 km (27.2 mi)[23] 28 6 A 2013-05-05
Line 15 Beijing Urban-Suburban 43.0 km (26.7 mi)[23] 18 6 B 2010-12-30
Line 16 Beijing Urban-Suburban 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[23] 9 8 A 2016-12-31
S1 line Beijing Urban-Suburban 08.25 km (5.13 mi)[23] 7 6 MLL 2017-12-30
Airport Express Beijing Express 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[23] 4 4 LB 2008-07-19
Batong line Beijing Urban-Suburban 19.0 km (11.8 mi)[23] 13 6 B 2003-12-27
Daxing line Beijing Urban-Suburban 21.8 km (13.5 mi)[23] 12 6 B 2010-12-30
Changping line Beijing Urban-Suburban 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[23] 12 6 B 2010-12-30
Fangshan line Beijing Urban-Suburban 25.0 km (15.5 mi)[23] 12 6 B 2010-12-30
Yanfang line Beijing Urban-Suburban 14.4 km (8.9 mi)[24] 9 4 B 2017-12-30
Yizhuang line Beijing Urban-Suburban 23.0 km (14.3 mi)[23] 13 6 B 2010-12-28
Line 1 Changchun Urban 18.1 km (11.2 mi)[23] 15 6 B 2017-06-30
Line 2 (Debugging/trials) Changchun Urban 20.5 km (12.7 mi) 19 6 B 2018-09-30
Line 4 Changchun Urban 16.0 km (9.9 mi)[23] 16 3/5/6 LC 2011-06-30
Beihu line (Debugging/trials) Changchun Urban-Suburban 13.4 km (8.3 mi) 13 6 LC 2018-09-30
Line 1 Changsha Urban 23.6 km (14.7 mi)[23] 20 6 B 2016-06-28
Line 2 Changsha Urban 26.6 km (16.5 mi)[23] 23 6 B 2014-04-29
Line 4 (Debugging/trials) Changsha Urban 33.5 km (20.8 mi) 24 6 B 2018-??-??
Maglev Express Changsha ML Express 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[23] 3 3 MLL 2016-05-06
Line 1 Chengdu Urban 40.99 km (25.47 mi)[23] 35 6 B 2010-09-27
Line 2 Chengdu Urban 41.8 km (26.0 mi)[23] 32 6 B 2012-09-16
Line 3 Chengdu Urban 19.5 km (12.1 mi)[23] 17 6 B 2016-07-31
Line 4 Chengdu Urban 42.3 km (26.3 mi)[23][24] 30 6 B 2015-12-26
Line 7 Chengdu Urban 38.6 km (24.0 mi)[24] 31 6 A 2017-12-06
Line 10 Chengdu Express 09.9 km (6.2 mi)[24] 6 6 A 2017-09-06
Line 1 Chongqing Urban 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[23] 23 6 B 2011-07-28
Line 2 Chongqing Urban 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[23] 25 4/6 HL 2005-06-18
Line 3 Chongqing Urban 67.1 km (41.7 mi)[23] 45 6/8 HL 2011-09-29
Line 4 (Debugging/trials) Chongqing Urban 19.5 km (12.1 mi) 9 6 A 2018-??-??
Line 5 Chongqing Urban 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[24] 10 6 A 2017-12-28
Line 6 Chongqing Urban 75.9 km (47.2 mi)[23] 18 6 B 2012-09-28
Line 10 Chongqing Urban 34.3 km (21.3 mi)[24] 19 6 A 2017-12-28
Loop line (Debugging/trials) Chongqing Urban 30.09 km (18.70 mi) 20 6 A 2018-??-??
Line 1 Dalian Urban 28.4 km (17.6 mi)[23][24] 22 6 B 2015-10-30
Line 2 Dalian Urban 25.7 km (16.0 mi)[23][24] 20 6 B 2015-05-22
Line 3 Dalian Urban-Suburban 63.2 km (39.3 mi)[23] 18 2/4 B 2002-11-08
Line 12 Dalian Urban-Suburban 40.3 km (25.0 mi)[23][24] 8 4 B 2013-12-30
Line 2 Dongguan Urban 37.8 km (23.5 mi)[23] 15 6 B 2016-05-27
Line 1 Fuzhou Urban 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[23][24] 21 6 B 2016-05-18
Line 1 Guangzhou Urban 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[23] 16 6 A 1997-06-28
Line 2 Guangzhou Urban 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[23] 24 6 A 2002-12-29
Line 3 Guangzhou Urban 68.5 km (42.6 mi)[23] 30 6 B 2005-12-26
Line 4 Guangzhou Urban-Suburban 60.04 km (37.31 mi)[23][24] 23 4 LB 2005-12-26
Line 5 Guangzhou Urban 31.5 km (19.6 mi)[23] 24 6 LB 2009-12-28
Line 6 Guangzhou Urban 41.4 km (25.7 mi)[23] 31 4 LB 2013-12-28
Line 7 Guangzhou Urban-Suburban 18.6 km (11.6 mi)[23] 9 6 B 2016-12-28
Line 8 Guangzhou Urban 14.2 km (8.8 mi)[23] 13 6 A 2010-09-25
Line 9 Guangzhou Urban-Suburban 20.1 km (12.5 mi)[24] 11 6 B 2017-12-28
Line 13 Guangzhou Urban-Suburban 27.0 km (16.8 mi)[24] 11 8 A 2017-12-28
Line 14 Guangzhou Urban-Suburban 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[24] 10 6 B 2017-12-28
Line 21 (Debugging/trials) Guangzhou Urban-Suburban 61.5 km (38.2 mi) 20 6 B 2018-??-??
Zhujiang New Town APM line Guangzhou Urban 03.9 km (2.4 mi)[23] 9 2 APM 2010-11-08
Guangfo line Foshan (Guangfo) Urban 33.5 km (20.8 mi)[23] 22 4 B 2010-09-25
Line 1 Guiyang Urban 12.9 km (8.0 mi)[24] 10 6 B 2017-12-28
Line 1 Hangzhou Urban 53.6 km (33.3 mi)[23] 34 6 B 2012-11-24
Line 2 Hangzhou Urban 42.9 km (26.7 mi)[23][24] 32 6 B 2014-11-24
Line 4 Hangzhou Urban 20.8 km (12.9 mi)[23] 17 6 B 2015-02-02
Line 1 Harbin Urban 17.2 km (10.7 mi)[23] 18 6 B 2013-09-26
Line 3 Harbin Urban 04.5 km (2.8 mi)[24] 3 6 B 2017-01-26
Line 1 Hefei Urban 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[23] 23 6 B 2016-12-26
Line 2 Hefei Urban 27.8 km (17.3 mi)[24] 24 6 B 2017-12-26
Airport Express Hong Kong Express 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 5 8 A 1998-07-06
Disneyland Resort line Hong Kong Express 03.3 km (2.1 mi) 2 4 A 2005-08-01
East Rail line Hong Kong Urban-Suburban 41.1 km (25.5 mi) 14 12 A 1984-02-27[H 1]
Island line Hong Kong Urban 16.3 km (10.1 mi) 16 8 A 1985-05-31
Kwun Tong line Hong Kong Urban 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 17 8 A 1979-10-01
Ma On Shan line Hong Kong Urban-Suburban 11.4 km (7.1 mi) 9 4/8 A 2004-12-21
South Island line Hong Kong Urban 07.4 km (4.6 mi) 5 3 A 2016-12-28
Tseung Kwan O line Hong Kong Urban 11.9 km (7.4 mi) 8 8 A 2002-08-04
Tsuen Wan line Hong Kong Urban 16.0 km (9.9 mi) 16 8 A 1979-12-31
Tung Chung line Hong Kong Urban-Suburban 31.1 km (19.3 mi) 8 8 A 1998-06-21
West Rail line Hong Kong Urban-Suburban 35.4 km (22.0 mi) 12 8 A 2003-12-20
Line 1 Kunming Urban 34.9 km (21.7 mi)[23] 22 6 B 2013-05-20
Line 2 Kunming Urban 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[23] 13 6 B 2014-04-30
Line 3 Kunming Urban 22.7 km (14.1 mi)[24] 20 6 B 2017-08-29
Line 6 Kunming Express 17.1 km (10.6 mi)[23] 4 6 B 2012-06-28
Line 1 (Debugging/trials) Lanzhou Urban 25.44 km (15.81 mi) 20 6 A 2018-??-??
Line 1 Nanchang Urban 28.8 km (17.9 mi)[23] 24 6 B 2015-12-26
Line 2 Nanchang Urban 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[24] 17 6 B 2017-08-18
Line 1 Nanjing Urban 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[23] 27 6 A 2005-09-03
Line 2 Nanjing Urban 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[23] 26 6 A 2010-05-28
Line 3 Nanjing Urban 44.9 km (27.9 mi)[23] 29 6 A 2015-04-01
Line 4 Nanjing Urban 33.7 km (20.9 mi)[24] 18 6 B 2017-01-18
Line 10 Nanjing Urban 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[23] 14 6 A 2014-07-01
Line S1 Nanjing Urban-Suburban 36.3 km (22.6 mi)[23] 9 6 B 2014-07-01
Line S3 Nanjing Urban-Suburban 37.2 km (23.1 mi)[24] 19 6 B 2017-12-06
Line S7 Nanjing Urban-Suburban 30.4 km (18.9 mi) 9 4 B 2018-05-26
Line S8 Nanjing Urban-Suburban 45.2 km (28.1 mi)[23] 26 4 B 2014-08-01
Line S9 Nanjing Urban-Suburban 52.4 km (32.6 mi)[24] 6 3 B 2017-12-30
Line 1 Nanning Urban 32.1 km (19.9 mi)[23] 25 6 B 2016-06-28
Line 2 Nanning Urban 21.2 km (13.2 mi)[24] 18 6 B 2017-12-28
Line 1 Ningbo Urban 46.2 km (28.7 mi)[23] 29 6 B 2014-05-30
Line 2 Ningbo Urban 28.3 km (17.6 mi)[23] 22 6 B 2015-09-26
Line 2 Qingdao Urban 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[24] 18 6 B 2017-12-10
Line 3 Qingdao Urban 24.5 km (15.2 mi)[23] 22 6 B 2015-12-16
Line 11 Qingdao Urban-Suburban 57.8 km (35.9 mi) 22 4 B 2018-04-23
Line 13 (Debugging/trials) Qingdao Urban-Suburban 70.3 km (43.7 mi) 22 4 B 2018-??-??
Line 1 Shanghai Urban 36.9 km (22.9 mi)[23] 28 8 A 1993-05-28
Line 2 Shanghai Urban 60.3 km (37.5 mi)[23] 30 4/8 A 2000-06-11
Line 3 Shanghai Urban 40.2 km (25.0 mi)[23] 29 6 A 2000-12-26
Line 4 Shanghai Urban 33.8 km (21.0 mi)[23] 26 8 A 2005-12-31
Line 5 Shanghai Urban-Suburban 16.6 km (10.3 mi)[23] 11 4 C 2003-11-25
Line 6 Shanghai Urban 32.7 km (20.3 mi)[23] 28 4 C 2007-12-29
Line 7 Shanghai Urban 43.9 km (27.3 mi)[23] 32 6 A 2009-12-05
Line 8 Shanghai Urban 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[23] 30 6/7 C 2007-12-29
Line 9 Shanghai Urban 63.9 km (39.7 mi)[23][24] 35 6 A 2007-12-29
Line 10 Shanghai Urban 35.2 km (21.9 mi)[23] 31 6 A 2010-04-10
Line 11 Shanghai Urban 81.4 km (50.6 mi)[23] 38 6 A 2009-12-31
Line 12 Shanghai Urban 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[23] 32 6 A 2013-12-29
Line 13 Shanghai Urban 21.9 km (13.6 mi)[23] 19 6 A 2012-12-30
Line 16 Shanghai Urban-Suburban 58.8 km (36.5 mi)[23] 13 3/6 A 2013-12-29
Line 17 Shanghai Urban-Suburban 34.7 km (21.6 mi)[23] 13 6 A 2017-12-30
Pujiang line Shanghai Urban-Suburban 06.6 km (4.1 mi) 6 4 APM 2018-03-31
Maglev line Shanghai ML Express 30.0 km (18.6 mi)[23] 2 5 MLH 2004-01-01
Line 1 Shenyang Urban 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[23] 22 6 B 2009-09-23
Line 2 Shenyang Urban 33.06 km (20.54 mi)[23] 26 6 B 2012-01-08
Line 9 (Debugging/trials) Shenyang Urban 37.2 km (23.1 mi) 23 6 B 2018-??-??
Line 10 (Debugging/trials) Shenyang Urban 27.21 km (16.91 mi) 21 6 B 2018-??-??
Line 1 Shenzhen Urban 41.0 km (25.5 mi)[23] 30 6 A 2004-12-28
Line 2 Shenzhen Urban 35.8 km (22.2 mi)[23] 29 6 A 2010-12-08
Line 3 Shenzhen Urban 41.6 km (25.8 mi)[23] 30 6 B 2010-12-28
Line 4 Shenzhen Urban 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[23] 15 6 A 2004-12-28
Line 5 Shenzhen Urban-Suburban 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[23] 27 6 A 2011-06-22
Line 7 Shenzhen Urban 30.2 km (18.8 mi)[23] 28 6 A 2016-10-28
Line 9 Shenzhen Urban 25.4 km (15.8 mi)[23] 22 6 A 2016-10-28
Line 11 Shenzhen Urban-Suburban 51.9 km (32.2 mi)[23] 18 8 A 2016-06-28
Line 20 (Debugging/trials) Shenzhen Urban-Suburban 8.36 km (5.19 mi) 5 6 A 2018-??-??
Line 1 Shijiazhuang Urban 23.1 km (14.4 mi)[24] 20 6 A 2017-06-26
Line 3 Shijiazhuang Urban 05.3 km (3.3 mi)[24] 6 6 A 2017-06-26
Line 1 Suzhou Urban 25.7 km (16.0 mi)[23] 24 4 B 2012-04-28
Line 2 Suzhou Urban 42.2 km (26.2 mi)[23] 35 5 B 2013-12-28
Line 4 Suzhou Urban 52.8 km (32.8 mi)[24] 37 6 B 2017-04-15
Line 1 Tianjin Urban 26.2 km (16.3 mi)[23] 22 6 B 1984-12-28
Line 2 Tianjin Urban 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[23] 19 6 B 2012-07-01
Line 3 Tianjin Urban 33.6 km (20.9 mi)[23] 26 6 B 2012-10-01
Line 5 (Debugging/trials) Tianjin Urban 33 km (21 mi)[23] 28 6 B 2018-??-??
Line 6 Tianjin Urban 45 km (28 mi)[23] 39 6 B 2016-08-06
Line 9 Tianjin Urban-Suburban 52.2 km (32.4 mi)[23] 21 4 B 2004-03-28
Line 1 (Debugging/trials) Ürümqi Urban 16.5 km (10.3 mi) 12 6 B 2018-06-??
Line 1 Wuhan Urban 37.0 km (23.0 mi)[23][24] 30 4 B 2004-07-28
Line 2 Wuhan Urban 47.5 km (29.5 mi)[23] 28 6 B 2012-12-28
Line 3 Wuhan Urban 30.1 km (18.7 mi)[23] 24 6 B 2015-12-28
Line 4 Wuhan Urban 31.9 km (19.8 mi)[23] 28 6 B 2013-12-28
Line 6 Wuhan Urban 36.1 km (22.4 mi)[23] 27 6 A 2016-12-28
Line 7 (Debugging/trials) Wuhan Urban 47.8 km (29.7 mi) 26 6 A 2018-??-??
Line 8 Wuhan Urban 16.7 km (10.4 mi)[24] 12 6 A 2017-12-26
Line 11 (Debugging/trials) Wuhan Urban 19.69 km (12.23 mi) 13 6 A 2018-??-??
Yangluo line Wuhan Urban-Suburban 35.0 km (21.7 mi)[24] 15 4 A 2017-12-26
Line 1 Wuxi Urban 29.4 km (18.3 mi)[23] 24 6 B 2014-07-01
Line 2 Wuxi Urban 26.3 km (16.3 mi)[23] 24 6 B 2014-12-28
Line 1 Xi'an Urban 24.8 km (15.4 mi)[23] 19 6 B 2013-09-15
Line 2 Xi'an Urban 26.1 km (16.2 mi)[23] 21 6 B 2011-09-16
Line 3 Xi'an Urban 38.0 km (23.6 mi)[23] 26 6 B 2016-10-15
Line 4 (Debugging/trials) Xi'an Urban 35.2 km (21.9 mi) 29 6 B 2018-??-??
Line 1 Xiamen Urban 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[24] 24 6 B 2017-12-31
Line 1 Zhengzhou Urban 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[23][24] 30 6 B 2013-12-26
Line 2 Zhengzhou Urban 20.0 km (12.4 mi)[23] 16 6 B 2016-08-19
Line 5 (Debugging/trials) Zhengzhou Urban 41.8 km (26.0 mi) 31 6 A 2018-??-??
Chengjiao line Zhengzhou Urban-Suburban 30.9 km (19.2 mi)[24] 15 6 B 2017-01-12

Opening dates of lines and extensions

lines and extensions by opening date
Line Extension Section Opened Length
     Line 1 (Beijing Subway) Pingguoyuan Gucheng 1973-04-23 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Gucheng Yuquanlu 1971-11-07 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Yuquanlu Gongzhufen 1971-08-05 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Gongzhufen Nanlishilu 1969-10-01 03.7 km (2.30 mi)
Nanlishilu Fuxingmen 1987-12-28 00.4 km (0.25 mi)
Fuxingmen Xidan 1992-09-12 01.6 km (0.99 mi)
Xidan Tian'anmen West 2000-06-28 01.3 km (0.81 mi)
Tian'anmen West Sihui East 1999-09-28 10.1 km (6.28 mi)
     Line 2 (Beijing Subway) Changchunjie Beijing 1987-12-28[H 2] 06.1 km (3.79 mi)
Beijing Jianguomen 1987-12-28 01.0 km (0.62 mi)
Jianguomen Fuxingmen 1984-09-20 15.2 km (9.44 mi)
Fuxingmen Changchunjie 1987-12-28 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 4 (Beijing Subway) Anheqiao North Gongyixiqiao 2009-09-28 28.2 km (17.52 mi)
     Line 5 (Beijing Subway) Tiantongyuan North Songjiazhuang 2007-10-07 27.6 km (17.15 mi)
     Line 6 (Beijing Subway) Haidian Wuluju Caofang 2012-12-30 29.882 km (18.57 mi)
Caofang Lucheng 2014-12-28 12.751 km (7.92 mi)
     Line 7 (Beijing Subway) Beijing West Jiaohuachang 2014-12-28 23.7 km (14.73 mi)
     Line 8 (Beijing Subway) Zhuxinzhuang Huilongguan Dongdajie 2013-12-28 06.359 km (3.95 mi)
Huilongguan Dongdajie South Gate of Forest Park 2011-12-31 10.700 km (6.65 mi)
South Gate of Forest Park Beitucheng 2008-07-19 03.583 km (2.23 mi)
Beitucheng Guloudajie 2012-12-30 03.375 km (2.10 mi)
Guloudajie Nanluoguxiang 2013-12-28 02.090 km (1.30 mi)
     Line 9 (Beijing Subway) National Library Beijing West 2012-12-30 10.282 km (6.39 mi)
Beijing West Guogongzhuang 2011-12-31 05.349 km (3.32 mi)
     Line 10 (Beijing Subway) Xiju Bagou 2012-12-30 13.843 km (8.60 mi)
Bagou Jinsong 2008-07-19 24.680 km (15.34 mi)
Jinsong Shoujingmao 2012-12-30 15.932 km (9.90 mi)
Shoujingmao Xiju 2013-05-05 03.420 km (2.13 mi)
     Line 13 (Beijing Subway) Xizhimen Huoying 2002-09-28 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huoying Dongzhimen 2003-01-28 20.0 km (12.43 mi)
     Line 14 (Beijing Subway) Zhangguozhuang Xiju 2013-05-05 11.152 km (6.93 mi)
Beijing South Jintailu 2015-12-26 11.158 km (6.93 mi)
Jintailu Shan'gezhuang 2014-12-28 06.494 km (4.04 mi)
     Line 15 (Beijing Subway) Qinghuadongluxikou Wangjing West 2014-12-28 09.944 km (6.18 mi)
Wangjing West Houshayu 2010-12-30 17.725 km (11.01 mi)
Houshayu Fengbo 2011-12-31 11.060 km (6.87 mi)
     Line 16 (Beijing Subway) Beianhe Xiyuan 2016-12-31 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
     S1 line (Beijing Subway) Shichang Jin'anqiao 2017-12-30 08.25 km (5.13 mi)
     Batong line Sihui Tuqiao 2003-12-27 18.9 km (11.74 mi)
     Changping line Changping Xishankou Nanshao 2015-12-26 20.9 km (12.99 mi)
Nanshao Xi'erqi 2010-12-30 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
     Daxing line Gongyixiqiao Tiangongyuan 2010-12-30 21.7 km (13.48 mi)
     Fangshan line Guogongzhuang Daotian 2011-12-31 07.871 km (4.89 mi)
Daotian Suzhuang 2010-12-30 15.256 km (9.48 mi)
Suzhuang Yancun East 2017-12-30 02.320 km (1.44 mi)
     Yanfang line Yancun East Yanshan 2017-12-30 13.37 km (8.31 mi)
     Yizhuang line Songjiazhuang Ciqu 2010-12-30 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
     Airport Express (Beijing Subway) Dongzhimen Terminal 3/Terminal 2 2008-07-19 28.5 km (17.71 mi)
     Line 1 (Changchun Subway) North Huancheng Road Hongzuizi 2017-06-30 16.3 km (10.13 mi)
     Line 2 (Changchun Subway) Xihu Dongfang Square 2018-08-30 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
     Line 4 (Changchun Subway) Changchun Railway Station (N) Dongdaqiao 2012-05-07 03.3 km (2.05 mi)
Dongdaqiao Chechang 2011-06-30 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 1 (Changsha Metro) Kaifu District Government Shangshuangtang 2016-06-28 23.55 km (14.63 mi)
     Line 2 (Changsha Metro) West Meixi Lake Wangchengpo 2015-12-28 04.279 km (2.66 mi)
Wangchengpo Guangda 2014-04-29 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
     Changsha Maglev Express Changshanan Changsha Huanghua Airport 2016-05-06 18.55 km (11.53 mi)
     Line 1 (Chengdu Metro) Weijianian Shengxian Lake 2018-03-18 1.46 km (0.91 mi)
Shengxian Lake Century City 2010-09-27 18.5 km (11.50 mi)
Century City Guangdu 2015-07-25 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Guangdu Wugensong 2018-03-18 1.21 km (0.75 mi)
Sihe Science City 2018-03-18 14.33 km (8.90 mi)
     Line 2 (Chengdu Metro) Xipu Chadianzi Bus Terminal 2013-06-08 08.8 km (5.47 mi)
Chadianzi Bus Terminal Chengdu Institute of Public Administration 2012-09-16 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Chengdu Institute of Public Administration Longquanyi 2014-10-26 11.1 km (6.90 mi)
     Line 3 (Chengdu Metro) Chengdu Junqu General Hospital Taipingyuan 2016-07-31 20.33 km (12.63 mi)
     Line 4 (Chengdu Metro) Wansheng Intangible Cultural Heritage Park 2017-06-02 10.8 km (6.71 mi)
Intangible Cultural Heritage Park Wannianchang 2015-12-26 22.4 km (13.92 mi)
Wannianchang Xihe 2017-06-02 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 7 (Chengdu Metro) North Railway Station North Railway Station 2017-12-06 38.61 km (23.99 mi)
     Line 10 (Chengdu Metro) Taipingyuan Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport 2017-09-06 10.9 km (6.77 mi)
     Line 1 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Xiaoshizi Jiaochangkou 2011-09-27 01.4 km (0.87 mi)
Jiaochangkou Shapingba 2011-07-28 14.2 km (8.82 mi)
Shapingba Daxuecheng 2012-12-21 19.7 km (12.24 mi)
Daxuecheng Jiandingpo 2014-12-30 01.9 km (1.18 mi)
     Line 2 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Jiaochangkou Daping 2004-12-11 07.66 km (4.76 mi)
Daping Chongqing Zoo 2004-11-06 04.95 km (3.08 mi)
Chongqing Zoo Xinshancun 2006-07-01 05.54 km (3.44 mi)
Xinshancun Yudong 2014-12-31 13.15 km (8.17 mi)
     Line 3 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Yudong Ertang 2012-12-28 16.197 km (10.06 mi)
Ertang Lianglukou 2011-12-30 08.66 km (5.38 mi)
Lianglukou Yuanyang 2011-09-29 17.323 km (10.76 mi)
Yuanyang Changfulu 2011-10-08 04.9 km (3.04 mi)
Changfulu Jiangbei Airport 2011-12-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Bijin Jurenba 2016-12-28 11.0 km (6.84 mi)
     Line 5 (Chongqing Rail Transit) The EXPO Garden Center Dashiba 2017-12-28 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
     Line 6 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Chayuan Wulidian 2014-12-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Wulidian Kangzhuang 2012-09-28 13.91 km (8.64 mi)
Kangzhuang Lijia 2012-12-26 03.9 km (2.42 mi)
Lijia Yuelai 2013-05-15 12.1 km (7.52 mi)
Lijia Beibei 2013-12-31 23.4 km (14.54 mi)
     Line 10 (Chongqing Rail Transit) Wangjiazhuang Liyuchi 2017-12-28 32.2 km (20.01 mi)
     Line 1 (Dalian Metro) Yaojia Fuguo Street 2015-10-30 16.50 km (10.25 mi)
Fuguo Street Convention & Exhibition Center 2016-01-29 01.21 km (0.75 mi)
Convention & Exhibition Center Hekou 2017-06-07 05.63 km (3.50 mi)
     Line 2 (Dalian Metro) Airport Conference Center 2015-05-22 20.7 km (12.86 mi)
Conference Center Haizhiyun 2017-06-07 03.78 km (2.35 mi)
     Line 3 (Dalian Metro) Dalian Railway Station Jinshitan 2003-05-01 49.15 km (30.54 mi)
Kaifaqu Jiuli 2008-12-28 14.3 km (8.89 mi)
     Line 12 (Dalian Metro) Hekou Caidaling 2017-06-07 01.27 km (0.79 mi)
Caidaling Lüshun New Port 2013-12-30 37.52 km (23.31 mi)
     Line 2 (Dongguan Rail Transit) Humen Railway Station Dongguan Railway Station 2016-05-27 37.7 km (23.43 mi)
     Line 1 (Fuzhou Metro) Xiangfeng Sanchajie 2017-01-06 15.13 km (9.40 mi)
Sanchajie Fuzhou South Railway Station 2016-05-18 09.76 km (6.06 mi)
     Line 1 (Guangzhou Metro) Xilang Huangsha 1997-06-28 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Huangsha Guangzhou East Railway Station 1999-06-28 13.1 km (8.14 mi)
     Line 2 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Jiangnanxi 2010-09-25 12.7 km (7.89 mi)
Jiangnanxi Sanyuanli 2002-12-29 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
Sanyuanli Jiahewanggang 2010-09-25 10.3 km (6.40 mi)
     Line 3 (Guangzhou Metro) Panyu Square Kecun 2006-12-30 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
Kecun Guangzhou East Railway Station 2005-12-26 07.8 km (4.85 mi)
Guangzhou East Railway Station Airport South (Terminal 1) 2010-10-30 29.3 km (18.21 mi)
Airport South (Terminal 1) Airport North (Terminal 2) 2018-04-26 1.23 km (0.76 mi)
Tiyu Xilu Tianhe Coach Terminal 2006-12-30 07.5 km (4.66 mi)
     Line 4 (Guangzhou Metro) Nansha Passenger Port Jinzhou 2017-12-28 13.6 km (8.45 mi)
Jinzhou Huangge 2007-06-28 05.1 km (3.17 mi)
Huangge Xinzao 2006-12-30 22.3 km (13.86 mi)
Xinzao Wanshengwei 2005-12-26 16.2 km (10.07 mi)
Wanshengwei Chebeinan 2009-12-28 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
Chebeinan Huangcun 2010-09-25 02.0 km (1.24 mi)
     Line 5 (Guangzhou Metro) Jiaokou Wenchong 2009-12-28 31.9 km (19.82 mi)
     Line 6 (Guangzhou Metro) Xunfenggang Changban 2013-12-28 24.5 km (15.22 mi)
Changban Xiangxue 2016-12-28 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
     Line 7 (Guangzhou Metro) Guangzhou South Railway Station Higher Education Mega Center South 2016-12-28 18.6 km (11.56 mi)
     Line 8 (Guangzhou Metro) Fenghuang Xincun Changgang 2010-11-03 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Changgang Xiaogang 2010-09-25 00.6 km (0.37 mi)
Xiaogang Pazhou 2010-09-25[H 3] 09.0 km (5.59 mi)
Pazhou Wanshengwei 2010-09-25[H 4] 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
     Line 9 (Guangzhou Metro) Fei'eling Gaozeng 2017-12-28 20.1 km (12.49 mi)
     Line 13 (Guangzhou Metro) Yuzhu Xinsha 2017-12-28 28.3 km (17.58 mi)
     Line 14 (Guangzhou Metro) Xinhe Zhenlong 2017-12-28 21.4 km (13.30 mi)
     Zhujiang New Town APM line Linhexi Chigang Pagoda 2010-11-08 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
     Guangfo line Xincheng Dong Kuiqi Lu 2016-12-28 06.7 km (4.16 mi)
Kuiqi Lu Xilang 2010-09-25 20.4 km (12.68 mi)
Xilang Yangang 2015-12-28 07.3 km (4.54 mi)
     Line 1 (Guiyang Metro) Xiamaixi Guiyangbei Railway Station 2017-12-28 12.9 km (8.02 mi)
     Line 1 (Hangzhou Metro) Xianghu Wenze Road 2012-11-24 34.77 km (21.61 mi)
Wenze Road Xiasha Jiangbin 2015-11-24 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Coach Center Linping 2012-11-24 11.70 km (7.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Hangzhou Metro) Chaoyang Qianjiang Road 2014-11-24 18.3 km (11.37 mi)
Qianjiang Road Gucui Road 2017-07-03 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
Gucui Road Liangzhu 2017-12-27 13.3 km (8.26 mi)
     Line 4 (Hangzhou Metro) Pengbu Jinjiang 2015-02-02 09.6 km (5.97 mi)
Jinjiang Puyan 2018-01-09 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 1 (Harbin Metro) Hadongzhan Hananzhan 2013-09-26 17.47 km (10.86 mi)
     Line 3 (Harbin Metro) Harbinxizhan Yidaeryuan 2017-01-26 03.67 km (2.28 mi)
     Line 1 (Hefei Metro) Hefei Railway Station Jiulianwei 2016-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
     Line 2 (Hefei Metro) Nangang Sanshibu 2017-12-26 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Airport Express (MTR) Hong Kong Airport 1998-07-06 34.27 km (21.29 mi)
Airport AsiaWorld–​Expo 2005-12-20 01.03 km (0.64 mi)
     Disneyland Resort line Sunny Bay Disneyland Resort 2005-08-01 03.8 km (2.36 mi)
     East Rail line Hung Hom Mong Kok East 1984-02-27[H 5] 02.36 km (1.47 mi)
Mong Kok East Fanling 1984-02-27[H 6] 25.73 km (15.99 mi)
Fanling Sheung Shui 1984-02-27[H 7] 01.49 km (0.93 mi)
Sheung Shui Lo Wu 1984-02-27[H 8] 03.48 km (2.16 mi)
Sheung Shui Lok Ma Chau 2007-08-15 07.35 km (4.57 mi)
     Island line Kennedy Town Sheung Wan 2014-12-28 02.78 km (1.73 mi)
Sheung Wan Admiralty 1986-05-23 01.54 km (0.96 mi)
Admiralty Chai Wan 1985-05-31 10.75 km (6.68 mi)
     Kwun Tong line Whampoa Yau Ma Tei 2016-10-23 02.70 km (1.68 mi)
Yau Ma Tei Mong Kok 1979-12-31 00.73 km (0.45 mi)
Mong Kok Shek Kip Mei 1982-05-10 01.40 km (0.87 mi)
Shek Kip Mei Kwun Tong 1979-10-01 08.41 km (5.23 mi)
Kwun Tong Lam Tin 1989-10-01 00.89 km (0.55 mi)
Lam Tin Yau Tong 2002-08-04 01.13 km (0.70 mi)
Yau Tong Tiu Keng Leng 2002-08-18 02.15 km (1.34 mi)
     Ma On Shan line Wu Kai Sha Tai Wai 2004-10-24 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
     South Island line Admiralty South Horizons 2016-12-28 07.4 km (4.60 mi)
     Tseung Kwan O line North Point Yau Tong 2002-08-04 04.35 km (2.70 mi)
Yau Tong Po Lam 2002-08-18 05.26 km (3.27 mi)
Tseung Kwan O LOHAS Park 2009-07-26 03.06 km (1.90 mi)
     Tsuen Wan line Central Tsim Sha Tsui 1980-02-12 03.27 km (2.03 mi)
Tsim Sha Tsui Jordan 1979-12-31 00.86 km (0.53 mi)
Jordan Tsuen Wan 1982-05-10 11.71 km (7.28 mi)
     Tung Chung line Tung Chung Hong Kong 1998-06-21 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
     West Rail line Hung Hom East Tsim Sha Tsui 2004-10-24 01.24 km (0.77 mi)
East Tsim Sha Tsui Nam Cheong 2009-08-16 04.42 km (2.75 mi)
Nam Cheong Tuen Mun 2003-12-20 29.48 km (18.32 mi)
     Line 1 (Kunming Rail Transit) South Ring Road Xiaodongcun 2014-04-30 06.9 km (4.29 mi)
Xiaodongcun University Town South 2013-05-20 22.1 km (13.73 mi)
Chunrong Street Kunming South Railway Station 2016-12-26 04.7 km (2.92 mi)
     Line 2 (Kunming Rail Transit) North Coach Station South Ring Road 2014-04-30 11.4 km (7.08 mi)
     Line 3 (Kunming Rail Transit) Western Hill Park East Coach Station 2017-08-29 23.36 km (14.52 mi)
     Line 6 (Kunming Rail Transit) East Coach Station Airport Center 2012-06-28 18.18 km (11.30 mi)
Line 1 (Lanzhou Metro) Donggongying Donggang 2018-??-?? 25.44 km (15.81 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanchang Metro) Shuanggang Yaohu Lake West 2015-12-26 28.737 km (17.86 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanchang Metro) Metro Central Nanlu 2017-08-18 19.6 km (12.18 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanjing Metro) Maigaoqiao Andemen 2005-09-03 21.72 km (13.50 mi)
Andemen CPU 2010-05-28 25.08 km (15.58 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanjing Metro) Youfangqiao Jingtianlu 2010-05-28 37.95 km (23.58 mi)
     Line 3 (Nanjing Metro) Linchang Mozhou­donglu 2015-04-01 44.9 km (27.90 mi)
     Line 4 (Nanjing Metro) Longjiang Xianlinhu 2017-01-18 33.5 km (20.82 mi)
     Line 10 (Nanjing Metro) Andemen Xiaohang 2005-08-27 02.1 km (1.30 mi)
Xiaohang Olympic Stadium 2014-07-01 04.6 km (2.86 mi)
Olympic Stadium Yushanlu 2014-07-01 14.9 km (9.26 mi)
     Line S1 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Lukou International Airport 2014-07-01 35.8 km (22.25 mi)
Lukou International Airport Konggangxinchengjiangning 2018-05-26 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
     Line S3 (Nanjing Metro) Nanjing South Railway Station Gaojiachong 2017-12-06 37.6 km (23.36 mi)
     Line S7 (Nanjing Metro) Konggangxinchengjiangning Wuxiangshan 2018-05-26 30.4 km (18.89 mi)
     Line S8 (Nanjing Metro) Taishan­xincun Jinniuhu 2014-08-01 45.2 km (28.09 mi)
     Line S9 (Nanjing Metro) Xiangyulunan Gaochun 2017-12-30 52.4 km (32.56 mi)
     Line 1 (Nanning Rail Transit) Shibu Nanhu 2016-12-28 20.9 km (12.99 mi)
Nanhu Nanning East Railway Station 2016-06-28 11.2 km (6.96 mi)
     Line 2 (Nanning Rail Transit) Xijin Yudong 2017-12-28 21.2 km (13.17 mi)
     Line 1 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Gaoqiao West Donghuan South Road 2014-05-30 20.8 km (12.92 mi)
Donghuan South Road Xiapu 2016-03-19 25.3 km (15.72 mi)
     Line 2 (Ningbo Rail Transit) Lishe International Airport Qingshuipu 2015-09-26 28.4 km (17.65 mi)
     Line 2 (Qingdao Metro) Zhiquan Road Licun Park 2017-12-10 18.8 km (11.68 mi)
     Line 3 (Qingdao Metro) Qingdao North Railway Station Shuangshan 2015-12-16 12.0 km (7.46 mi)
Shuangshan Qingdao Railway Station 2016-12-18 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
     Line 11 (Qingdao Metro) Miaoling Road Aoshan Bay 2017-04-23 57.8 km (35.92 mi)
     Line 1 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Shanghai South Railway Station 1996-12-28 05.3 km (3.29 mi)
Shanghai South Railway Station Xujiahui 1993-05-28 04.4 km (2.73 mi)
Xujiahui Shanghai Railway Station 1995-04-10 16.1 km (10.00 mi)
Shanghai Railway Station Gongfu Xincun 2004-12-28 12.4 km (7.71 mi)
Gongfu Xincun Fujin Road 2007-12-29 04.3 km (2.67 mi)
     Line 2 (Shanghai Metro) East Xujing Songhong Road 2010-03-16 08.6 km (5.34 mi)
Songhong Road Zhongshan Park 2006-12-30 06.8 km (4.23 mi)
Zhongshan Park Longyang Road 2000-06-11 16.4 km (10.19 mi)
Longyang Road Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park 2000-12-26 02.8 km (1.74 mi)
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Guanglan Road 2010-02-24 03.4 km (2.11 mi)
Guanglan Road Pudong International Airport 2010-04-08 26.8 km (16.65 mi)
     Line 3 (Shanghai Metro) Shanghai South Railway Station Jiangwan Town 2000-12-26 24.6 km (15.29 mi)
Jiangwan Town North Jiangyang Road 2006-12-18 15.7 km (9.76 mi)
     Line 4 (Shanghai Metro) Damuqiao Road Lancun Road 2005-12-31 25.0 km (15.53 mi)
Lancun Road Damuqiao Road 2007-12-29 08.7 km (5.41 mi)
     Line 5 (Shanghai Metro) Xinzhuang Minhang Development Zone 2003-11-25 17.2 km (10.69 mi)
     Line 6 (Shanghai Metro) Gangcheng Road South Lingyan Road 2007-12-29 31.1 km (19.32 mi)
South Lingyan Road Oriental Sports Center 2011-04-12 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
     Line 7 (Shanghai Metro) Meilan Lake Shanghai University 2010-12-28 09.8 km (6.09 mi)
Shanghai University Huamu Road 2009-12-05 34.4 km (21.38 mi)
     Line 8 (Shanghai Metro) Shiguang Road Yaohua Road 2007-12-29 23.3 km (14.48 mi)
Yaohua Road Shendu Highway 2009-07-05 14.1 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 9 (Shanghai Metro) Songjiang South Railway Station Songjiang Xincheng 2012-12-30 06.474 km (4.02 mi)
Songjiang Xincheng Guilin Road 2007-12-29 29.013 km (18.03 mi)
Guilin Road Yishan Road 2008-12-28 01.687 km (1.05 mi)
Yishan Road Century Avenue 2009-12-31 11.491 km (7.14 mi)
Century Avenue Middle Yanggao Road 2010-04-07 02.435 km (1.51 mi)
Middle Yanggao Road Caolu 2017-12-30 14.099 km (8.76 mi)
     Line 10 (Shanghai Metro) Hangzhong Road Xinjiangwancheng 2010-04-10 29.6 km (18.39 mi)
Hongqiao Railway Station Longxi Road 2010-11-30 05.8 km (3.60 mi)
     Line 11 (Shanghai Metro) Disney Resort Kangxin Highway 2016-04-26 01.8 km (1.12 mi)
Kangxin Highway Luoshan Road 2015-12-19 10.4 km (6.46 mi)
Luoshan Road Jiangsu Road 2013-08-31 19.2 km (11.93 mi)
Jiangsu Road North Jiading 2009-12-31 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
Jiading Xincheng Anting 2010-03-29 12.8 km (7.95 mi)
Anting Huaqiao 2013-10-16 07.0 km (4.35 mi)
     Line 12 (Shanghai Metro) Qixin Road Qufu Road 2015-12-19 21.8 km (13.55 mi)
Qufu Road Tiantong Road 2014-05-10 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Tiantong Road Jinhai Road 2013-12-29 17.5 km (10.87 mi)
     Line 13 (Shanghai Metro) Jinyun Road Jinshajiang Road 2012-12-30 09.9 km (6.15 mi)
Jinshajiang Road Changshou Road 2014-12-28 02.9 km (1.80 mi)
Changshou Road Madang Road 2015-12-19 05.4 km (3.36 mi)
Madang Road Shibo Avenue 2010-04-20 04.0 km (2.49 mi)
     Line 16 (Shanghai Metro) Longyang Road Luoshan Road 2014-12-28 06.112 km (3.80 mi)
Luoshan Road Dishui Lake 2013-12-29 52.850 km (32.84 mi)
     Line 17 (Shanghai Metro) Hongqiao Railway Station Oriental Land 2017-12-30 35.3 km (21.93 mi)
Pujiang line Shendu Highway Huizhen Road 2018-03-31 06.6 km (4.10 mi)
     Maglev line Longyang Road Pudong International Airport 2004-01-01 30.5 km (18.95 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenyang Metro) 13th Street Liming Square 2010-09-27 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenyang Metro) Putian Road Shenyang Aerospace University 2018-04-08 05.7 km (3.54 mi)
Shenyang Aerospace University Santaizi 2013-12-30 05.6 km (3.48 mi)
Santaizi Quanyun Road 2012-01-09 21.76 km (13.52 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenyang Metro) Nujiang Park Shenyang Jianzhu University 2018-??-?? 37.2 km (23.12 mi)
     Line 10 (Shenyang Metro) Dingxianghu Zhangshabu 2018-??-?? 27.21 km (16.91 mi)
     Line 1 (Shenzhen Metro) Luohu Window of the World 2004-12-28 17.387 km (10.80 mi)
Window of the World Shenzhen University 2009-09-28 03.400 km (2.11 mi)
Shenzhen University Airport East 2011-06-15 20.222 km (12.57 mi)
     Line 2 (Shenzhen Metro) Chiwan Window of the World 2010-12-28 15.514 km (9.64 mi)
Window of the World Xinxiu 2011-06-28 20.266 km (12.59 mi)
     Line 3 (Shenzhen Metro) Yitian Caopu 2011-06-28 16.522 km (10.27 mi)
Caopu Shuanglong 2010-12-28 25.138 km (15.62 mi)
     Line 4 (Shenzhen Metro) Futian Checkpoint Fumin 2007-06-28 01.100 km (0.68 mi)
Fumin Children's Palace 2004-12-28 03.379 km (2.10 mi)
Children's Palace Qinghu 2011-06-16 15.481 km (9.62 mi)
     Line 5 (Shenzhen Metro) Qianhaiwan Huangbeiling 2011-06-22 40.00 km (24.85 mi)
     Line 7 (Shenzhen Metro) Xili Lake Tai'an 2016-10-28 30.30 km (18.83 mi)
     Line 9 (Shenzhen Metro) Hongshuwan South Wenjin 2016-10-28 25.33 km (15.74 mi)
     Line 11 (Shenzhen Metro) Bitou Futian 2016-06-28 51.94 km (32.27 mi)
     Line 1 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Xiwang Xiaohedadao 2017-06-26 23.27 km (14.46 mi)
     Line 3 (Shijiazhuang Metro) Shi'erzhong Shijiazhuang 2017-06-26 05.06 km (3.14 mi)
     Line 1 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Mudu Zhongnan Jie 2012-04-28 25.739 km (15.99 mi)
     Line 2 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Qihe Suzhou North Railway Station 2016-09-24 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Suzhou North Railway Station Baodaiqiao South 2013-12-28 26.557 km (16.50 mi)
Baodaiqiao South Sangtian Dao 2016-09-24 11.643 km (7.23 mi)
     Line 4 (Suzhou Rail Transit) Longdaobang Tongli 2017-04-15 41.5 km (25.79 mi)
Hongzhuang Muli 2017-04-15 11.3 km (7.02 mi)
     Line 1 (Tianjin Metro) Shuangqiaohe Shuanglin 2018-??-?? 15.86 km (9.85 mi)
Shuanglin Xiaobailou 2006-06-12 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
Xiaobailou Xi'nanjiao 1980-08-10 05.2 km (3.23 mi)
Xi'nanjiao Xizhan 1984-12-28 02.2 km (1.37 mi)
Xizhan Liuyuan 2006-06-12 08.2 km (5.10 mi)
     Line 2 (Tianjin Metro) Caozhuang Dongnanjiao 2012-07-01 09.1 km (5.65 mi)
Dongnanjiao Tianjinzhan 2013-08-28 01.95 km (1.21 mi)
Tianjinzhan Konggang­jingjiqu 2012-07-01 11.6 km (7.21 mi)
Konggang­jingjiqu Binhaiguojijichang 2014-08-28 04.5 km (2.80 mi)
     Line 3 (Tianjin Metro) Nanzhan Gaoxinqu 2013-12-28 01.1 km (0.68 mi)
Gaoxinqu Xiaodian 2012-10-01 29.655 km (18.43 mi)
Line 5 (Tianjin Metro) Beichenkejiyuanbei Liqizhuang 2018-??-?? 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
     Line 6 (Tianjin Metro) Nansunzhuang Changhong­gongyuan 2016-12-31 14.5 km (9.01 mi)
Changhong­gongyuan Nancuiping 2016-08-06 09.5 km (5.90 mi)
Nancuiping Merlinlu 2018-04-26 13.0 km (8.08 mi)
     Line 9 (Tianjin Metro) Tianjinzhan Shiyijinglu 2012-10-15 01.2 km (0.75 mi)
Shiyijinglu Zhongshanmen 2011-05-01 06.151 km (3.82 mi)
Zhongshanmen Donghailu 2004-03-28 45.409 km (28.22 mi)
Line 1 (Ürümqi Metro) Baloui Ürümqi Airport 2018-06-?? 16.5 km (10.25 mi)
     Line 1 (Wuhan Metro) Hankou North Dijiao 2014-05-28 05.555 km (3.45 mi)
Dijiao Huangpu Road 2010-07-29 07.040 km (4.37 mi)
Huangpu Road Zongguan 2004-07-28 09.769 km (6.07 mi)
Zongguan Dongwu Boulevard 2010-07-29 11.454 km (7.12 mi)
Dongwu Boulevard Jinghe 2017-12-26 03.970 km (2.47 mi)
     Line 2 (Wuhan Metro) Tianhe International Airport Jinyintan 2016-12-28 19.957 km (12.40 mi)
Jinyintan Optics Valley Square 2012-12-28 27.152 km (16.87 mi)
     Line 3 (Wuhan Metro) Hongtu Boulevard Zhuanyang Boulevard 2015-12-28 29.660 km (18.43 mi)
     Line 4 (Wuhan Metro) Wuhan Railway Station Wuchang Railway Station 2013-12-28 17.974 km (11.17 mi)
Wuchang Railway Station Huangjinkou 2014-12-28 15.429 km (9.59 mi)
     Line 6 (Wuhan Metro) Jinyinhu Park Dongfeng Motor Corporation 2016-12-28 36.1 km (22.43 mi)
     Line 8 (Wuhan Metro) Jintan Road Liyuan 2017-12-26 16.7 km (10.38 mi)
     Yangluo line Houhu Boulevard Jintai 2017-12-27 34.5 km (21.44 mi)
     Line 1 (Wuxi Metro) Yanqiao Changguangxi 2014-07-01 29.42 km (18.28 mi)
     Line 2 (Wuxi Metro) Meiyuan Kaiyuan Temple Wuxidong 2014-12-28 26.6 km (16.53 mi)
     Line 1 (Xi'an Metro) Houweizhai Fangzhicheng 2013-09-12 25.4 km (15.78 mi)
     Line 2 (Xi'an Metro) Bei Kezhan Huizhan Zhongxin 2011-09-16 20.5 km (12.74 mi)
Huizhan Zhongxin Weiqu South 2014-06-16 06.0 km (3.73 mi)
     Line 3 (Xi'an Metro) Yuhuazhai Baoshuiqu 2016-10-15 39.1 km (24.30 mi)
     Line 1 (Xiamen Metro) Yannei Zhenhai Road 2017-12-31 30.3 km (18.83 mi)
     Line 1 (Zhengzhou Metro) Henan University of Technology Xiliuhu 2017-01-12 09.49 km (5.90 mi)
Xiliuhu Zhengzhou Sports Center 2013-12-26 26.34 km (16.37 mi)
Zhengzhou Sports Center New Campus of Henan University 2017-01-12 05.57 km (3.46 mi)
     Line 2 (Zhengzhou Metro) Liuzhuang Nanshihuan 2016-08-19 20.6 km (12.80 mi)
     Chengjiao line Nanshihuan Xinzheng International Airport 2017-01-12 31.7 km (19.70 mi)
  1. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track line since 1 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  2. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 1 since 1 October 1969 (1969-10-01).
  3. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 28 June 2003 (2003-06-28).
  4. ^ Line realignment, previously part of Line 2 since 26 December 2005 (2005-12-26).
  5. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 February 1974 (1974-11-30).
  6. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 27 October 1910 (1910-10-01).
  7. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 16 May 1930 (1930-05-16).
  8. ^ Metro standardization completion, previously, a non-electrified single-track since 14 October 1949 (1949-10-14).

Currently operational

Anhui

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
HefeiMetro
Hefei Metro
合肥地铁
Locale Hefei

 1 
 2 

 1  extension
 3 
 4 
 5 

Hefei Metro - zhs
Began operation 26 December 2016
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 23
Network length 24.6 km (15 mi)
Ridership

Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Beijing Subway icon
Beijing Subway (BGD)
北京地铁
Locale Beijing

 1   2   4   5 
 6   7   8   9 
 10   13   14   15   16 
 Airport   Batong   Changping 
 Daxing   Fangshan   Yizhuang 
 Yanfang 
 S1 
 Xijiao 

 8  South Extension
 6  West Extension
 14  Lize Section
 Fangshan  North Extension
 Airport  West Extension

Beijing-Subway en [Note 1]
[25]
[26]
[27]
Began operation 1 October 1969
Lines in operation 22
№ of stations 370 (List)
Network length 608.2 km (377.9 mi)
Ridership 12.69 million (All-time daily record)
3.66 billion (2016 annual)
Shijiazhuang Metro
Shijiazhuang Metro
石家庄地铁
Locale Shijiazhuang

 1   3 

 2 

Shijiazhuang Metro System Map 2017
Began operation 26 June 2017
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 25
Network length 30.3 km (19 mi)
Ridership
TianjinMetro
Tianjin Metro
天津地铁
Locale Tianjin

 1   2   3   6 
 9 

 1  Eastern Extension
 4 
 5 
 10 

Tianjin Metro System Map 201804 [Note 2]
Began operation 30 September 2003
(28 December 1984 old system)
Lines in operation 5
№ of stations 113
Network length 162.8 km (101 mi)
Ridership 64.3 million (2010 annual)

Chongqing-Sichuan

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Chengdu Metro icon
Chengdu Metro
成都地铁
Locale Chengdu

 1   2   3   4   7   10 

 3  Phase II & III
 5  Phase I & II
 6  Phase I & II & III
 8 
 9 
 10  Phase II
 18  Phase I & II
 19 

Chengdu Metro Linemap
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 6
№ of stations 151
Network length 196.5 km (122 mi)
Ridership 3.8106 million (daily record)
782 million (2017 annual)
CRT Logo
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)
Chongqing Metro
重庆轨道交通
Locale Chongqing

 1   2   3   5   6   10 

 Loop  Phase I
 1  Extension
 3  Extension
 4  Phase I
 5  Phase II
 10  Phase II

Chongqing Rail Transit Map [28]
[29]
[30]
Began operation 6 November 2004
Lines in operation 6
№ of stations 153
Network length 264.7 km (164 mi)
Ridership 1,310,000 (peak day)
1,100,000 (daily avg.)
244 million (2012)

Fujian

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Fuzhou Metro logo
Fuzhou Metro
福州地铁(福州轨道交通)
Locale Fuzhou  1 

 1  Phase 2 (northern section)
 2   4   5   6 

Map of Fuzhou Metro
Began operation 18 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 21
Network length 24.89 km (15 mi)
Ridership
Amoy Metro logo
Xiamen Metro (AMTR)
厦门地铁
Locale Xiamen

 1 

 2  Phase I & II
 3 
 4 
 6  Phase I

Xiamen AMTR Linemap
Began operation 31 December 2017
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 30.30 km (18.8 mi)
Ridership 227,572 (Daily Record)
203,776 (2017 annual)

Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Dongguan Rail Transit logo
Dongguan Rail Transit
Dongguan Metro
东莞轨道交通
Locale Dongguan  2   2  Phase III Dongguan Metro System Map 2018
Began operation 27 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 15
Network length 37.743 km (23 mi)
Ridership
FMetro logo icon
Foshan Metro (FMetro)
佛山地铁
Locale Foshan (Guangzhou)

 Guangfo 

 Guangfo  Phase I Section II
 2 
 3 

FMetro System Map [Note 3]
[Note 4]
Began operation 3 November 2010
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 18 (List)
Network length 20.4 km (13 mi)
Ridership see ref.
Guangzhou Metro icon.svg
Guangzhou Metro
广州地铁
Locale Guangzhou

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   13 
 14  Knowledge City Line
 APM   Guangfo 

 7  Phase II & Western Section
 8  Phase II & Northern Section
 9  Phase II
 11 
 13  Phase II
 14  Mainline Phase I
 21 

%E5%B9%BF%E5%B7%9E%E5%9C%B0%E9%93%812017%EF%BC%88%E7%AE%80%E4%BD%93%E4%B8%AD%E6%96%87%2B%E8%8B%B1%E6%96%87%EF%BC%89 [Note 3]
[31]
[32]
[33]
Began operation 28 June 1997
Lines in operation 10
№ of stations 147 (List)
Network length 308.7 km (192 mi)
Ridership 7.844 million (5 Nov 2010 record)
1.990 billion (2013 annual)
MTR Corporation icon
Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵 / 港铁
including Kowloon–Canton Railway
Locale Hong Kong

                                                      

Hong Kong Railway Route Map en [Note 5]
Began operation 2 December 2007
(1 October 1979 old MTR)
(1 October 1910 KCR)
Lines in operation 11
№ of stations 93 (List)
Network length 175 km (109 mi)
Ridership 4.064 million (daily record)
1.482 billion (2011 annual)
Shenzhen Metro Corporation logo
Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Locale Shenzhen

 1   2   3   4 
 5   7   9   11 

 2  Phase III
 5  Southern Extension
 6 
 8 
 9  Western Extension
 10 
 20 

Shenzhen Metro(Rapid Transit)System Map 2016 [34]
[35]
[36]
Began operation 28 December 2004
Lines in operation 8
№ of stations 199 (List)
Network length 286.2 km (178 mi)
Ridership 914 million (2013 annual)

2.89 million (April 30 - May 1, 2012 record)

Guangxi

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Nanning Rail Transit
Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT)
Nanning Metro
南宁地铁
Locale Nanning

 1 
 2 

 3 
 4 
 5 
 6 

Nanning Metro System Map 2017
Began operation 28 June 2016
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 25
Network length 32.1 km (20 mi)
Ridership

Guizhou

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
GuiyangMetro
Guiyang Metro (GYURT)
贵阳地铁(贵阳轨道交通)
Locale Guiyang

 1 

 1  Old town section
 2  Phase I & II

Guiyang Urban Rail Transit Map TC
Began operation 28 December 2017
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 10
Network length 12.83 km (8.0 mi)
Ridership

Heilongjiang

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Harbin Metro logo
Harbin Metro
哈尔滨地铁
Locale Harbin

 1 
 3 Phase I

 1 Phase III
 2  Phase I
 3  Phase II

Harbin Metro System Map 2017
Began operation 26 September 2013
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 23
Network length 30.4 km (19 mi)
Ridership 309,700 (11 November 2016)[37]

Henan

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Zhengzhou Metro logo
Zhengzhou Metro
郑州地铁
Locale Zhengzhou (and Xinzheng)

 1   2   Chengjiao 

 1  Phase II
 2  Phase II
 4 
 5 
 7 

Zhengzhou-Metro zh-cn
Began operation 26 December 2013
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 61
Network length 93.7 km (58 mi)
Ridership

Hubei

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Wuhan Metro Logo
Wuhan Metro
武汉地铁
Locale Wuhan

 1   2   3   4 
 6   8   Yangluo 

 2  Southern Extension
 4  Western Extension
 5 
 6  Phase II
 7  Phase I & Southern Extension
 8  Phase II & III
 11  Phase I & II
 16  Phase I

Wuhan Metro bilingual map [38]
[39]
Began operation 28 July 2004
Lines in operation 7
№ of stations 166
Network length 240.285 km (149 mi)
Ridership 712 million (2016 annual)
3,024,100 (31 Dec 2016 Peak)

Hunan

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
ChangshaMaglev
Changsha Maglev Express
长沙磁浮快线
Locale Changsha

 Maglev 


  • n/a
Began operation 6 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 3
Network length 18.7 km (12 mi)
Ridership
Changsha Metro logo
Changsha Metro
长沙地铁
Locale Changsha

 1   2 

 3 
 4 
 5 
 6 

ChangSha Metro Map
Began operation 29 April 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 50.148 km (31 mi)
Ridership

Jiangxi

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
NanChang Metro logo
Nanchang Metro
南昌地铁
Locale Nanchang  1   2   3  Nanchang Metro map sb zh-hans
Began operation 26 December 2015
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 41
Network length 44.3 km (28 mi)
Ridership 80 million (2016 annual)

Jilin

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Changchun Light Rail Transit icon
Changchun Subway
长春地铁(长春轨道交通)
Locale Changchun

 4 
 1 

 2 

%E9%95%BF%E6%98%A5%E8%BD%A8%E9%81%93%E4%BA%A4%E9%80%9A20171213
Began operation 2002
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 30
Network length 34.44
Ridership 0.27 million (daily record)
33.34 million (2010 annual)

Liaoning

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Dalian Metro Logo Image Only
Dalian Metro
大连地铁
Locale Dalian

 1 
 2 
 3 
 12 

 JINPU 

Dalian Subway System Map 2017 [40]
Began operation 8 November 2002
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 55 (List)
Network length 138.17 km (86 mi)
Ridership 120,000 (Avg. Daily)
200,000 (Peak Record)
Shenyang Metro Corporation Logo
Shenyang Metro
沈阳地铁
Locale Shenyang

 1   2 

 1  Eastern Extension
 9 
 10 

Shenyang Metro Route Map 2018
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 55 km (34 mi)
Ridership

Shaanxi

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Xian Metro logo
Xi'an Metro
西安地铁
Locale Xi'an

 1   2   3 

 4 
 5 
 9 

Xi%27an Metro System Map [41]
Began operation 16 September 2011
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 66
Network length 90 km (56 mi)
Ridership 150,000 (daily record)

Shandong

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Qingdao Metro
Qingdao Metro
青岛地铁
Locale Qingdao  2 
 3 
 11 

 1 
 4 
 7 
 8 
 13 

Qingdao Metro Linemap
Began operation 16 December 2015
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 22
Network length 24.8 km (15 mi)
Ridership

Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Hangzhou Metro logo
Hangzhou Metro
杭州地铁
Locale Hangzhou

 1   2   4 

 3 
 5 
 6   7   9   10 

Hangzhou Metro Linemap en
Began operation 24 November 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 78 (list)
Network length 117.3 km (73 mi)
Ridership
Nanjing Metro logo
Nanjing Metro
南京地铁
Locale Nanjing

 1   2   3   4 
 10   S1   S3   S8   S9 

 5 
 7 
 S1  Phase II
 S7 

NJmetro20150401 [Note 6][42]
[43]
[44][45]
Began operation 3 September 2005
Lines in operation 8
№ of stations 121
Network length 225 km (140 mi)
Ridership 831.5 million (2016 annual)
Ningbo Rail Transit Logo No Text
Ningbo Rail Transit
Ningbo Metro
宁波轨道交通
Locale Ningbo

 1   2 

 2  Phase II
 3  Phase I
 4 
 5  Phase I
 Fenghua 

Ningbo Rail Transit System Map en
Began operation 30 May 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 51
Network length 75 km (47 mi)
Ridership
Shanghai Maglev Train logo
Shanghai Maglev Train (SMT)
上海磁浮示范运营线
Locale Shanghai

 Maglev 

  • n/a (planned extensions were cancelled in 2010)
Shanghai Maglev Layout
Began operation 31 December 2002
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 30.5 km (19 mi)
Ridership
Shanghai Metro logo
Shanghai Metro
上海地铁
Locale Shanghai (and Kunshan)

 1   2   3   4 
 5   6   7   8 
 9   10   11   12   13   16   17   Pujiang 

 3  Separation
 5  Southern Extension
 10  Phase II
 11  Western Extension
 13  Eastern Extension
 14 
 15 
 18 

Shanghai Metro Linemap [46]
[Note 7]
[47]
[48]
[49]
Began operation 28 May 1993
Lines in operation 16
№ of stations 393 (List)
Network length 673 km (418.2 mi)
Ridership 12.23 million (Daily Record)
3.536 billion (2017 annual)
Suzhou Rail Transit logo
Suzhou Rail Transit
Suzhou Metro
苏州轨道交通
Locale Suzhou

 1   2   4 

 2  Eastern Extension
 3 
 5 
 7 

Suzhou Metro Linemap
Began operation 28 April 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 96 (List)
Network length 118.9 km (74 mi)
Ridership 638,800 (Daily Record)
1.36 million (2015 annual)
Wuxi Metro logo
Wuxi Metro
无锡地铁
Locale Wuxi

 1   2 

 1  Southern Extension
 3 

MAP FOR WUXI METRO
Began operation 1 July 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 29.42 km (18 mi)
Ridership

Yunnan

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Kunming Rail Transit logo
Kunming Rail Transit
Kunming Metro
昆明地铁
Locale Kunming

 1   2   3   6 

 1  Phase III
 2  Phase II
 6  Phase II

Kunming Metro System Map 2018
Began operation 28 June 2012
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 58
Network length 87.2 km (54 mi)
Ridership 88.21 million (2016)

Under construction

2018

lines in Lanzhou under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Lanzhou Metro Phase I 20 26.798 2018
lines in Ürümqi under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Ürümqi Metro 21 26.5 Summer 2018

2019

lines in Macau under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Macau–Taipa Line 21 21 2019
lines in Changzhou under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 2, Changzhou Metro 29 34 2019
lines in Wuhu under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Wuhu Rail Transit 25 30.41 2019
Line 2, Wuhu Rail Transit 11 15.787 2019
lines in Xuzhou under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Xuzhou Rail Transit 16 24.0 2017

2020

lines in Hohhot under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Hohhot Metro 19 23.2 2020
Line 2, Hohhot Metro 24 28.2 2020
lines in Jinan under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line R1, Jinan Metro 9 26.4 2020
lines in Taiyuan under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 2, Taiyuan Metro 21 25.1 2018

2022

lines in Luoyang under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Luoyang Metro 18 23 2022
Line 2, Luoyang Metro 15 18.3 2022
lines in Xining under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Xining Metro 23 29.5 2022

Construction suspended

lines in Baotou under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line 1, Baotou Metro 22 27.8 2022
Line 2, Baotou Metro 11 14.3 2022

Approved and awaiting construction

Under planning

Proposed

Notes

  1. ^ The first of the Beijing Subway was completed in 1969 but did not open for trial operation until 1971 and it was restricted to riders with credential letters. The subway was fully opened to the public without credential letters in 1981.
  2. ^ The Tianjin Metro closed down for upgrades in 2001 and reopened in 2006.
  3. ^ a b The Guangzhou Metro Annual ridership data is combined with Guangfo Metro.
  4. ^ The Guangfo Metro sometimes counts Foshan Metro line 1.
  5. ^ The Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) consists of the main MTR subway system, which opened in 1979, and the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), which opened in 1910 and was electrified in 1983. The two systems merged in 2007. Data no counts light rail lines. The ridership figures for the MTR does not include cross-border train service riders and includes only ridership on the MTR lines, airport express and light rail and certain MTR bus lines. The MTR compiles light rail and MTR bus line riders in one category so it is not possible to separate MTR bus riders from light rail riders. See [1]
  6. ^ The "S lines" are counted under the Suburban rapid rail section.
  7. ^ The Shanghai Metro is the longest network in the world. See David Barboza (29 April 2010). "Expo Offers Shanghai a New Turn in the Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2010.

Suburban rapid rail transit systems

Currently operational

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Bcr logo
Beijing Suburban Railway
Beijing City Railway (BCR)
北京市郊铁路
Locale Beijing

 S2 
 Sub-Central 
 Huaimi 

Began operation 2008
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 12
Network length 223.19
Ridership 57,800 (daily record)
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext
Chengdu MIR
成都市域际轨道交通
Locale Chengdu

 Chengdu–Dujiangyan   Chengdu–Lidui   Chengdu–Pengzhou 

 Chengdu–Pujiang 

CDSYTL
Began operation 2008
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations
Network length
Ridership
PRDIR-logo
Pearl River Delta MIR
珠江三角洲地区城际轨道交通
Locale Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Zhuhai, Macau

 Guangzhou–Zhuhai   Guangzhou–Shenzhen   Dongguan–Huizhou   Guangzhou–Foshan–Zhaoqing 

 Guangzhou–Foshan Ring   Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen   Guangzhou–Qingyuan   Huizhou–Heyuan   Zhaoqing–Gaoming–Nansha 

Began operation 2011
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations
Network length
Ridership
Shanghai MIR
Shanghai Suburban Railway

上海市郊轨道交通
Locale Shanghai

 Jinshan 

Shanghaicommuniterrail20141228
Began operation 2012
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 21
Network length
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext
Wuhan MIR
武汉城市圈城际轨道交通
Locale Wuhan, Xianning, Huangshi, Huanggang, Xiaogan

 Wuhan–Xianning   Wuhan–Huangshi   Wuhan–Huanggang   Wuhan–Xiaogan 

Wuhanmetroarearail
Began operation 2013
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations
Network length
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext
Central Plains MIR
中原城市群城际轨道交通
Locale Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Xuchang, Pingdingshan, Luohe, Jiyuan

 Zhengzhou-Kaifeng   Zhengzhou-Jiaozuo   Zhengzhou-Xinzheng Airport 

Began operation 2014
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations
Network length
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext
Changzhutan MIR
长株潭城市圈城际轨道交通
Locale Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Yiyang, Changde, Liuyang

 Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan 

Began operation 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations
Network length
Ridership
Ningbo Intercity Railway Logo
Ningbo Intercity Railway
宁波都市圈城际铁路
Locale Ningbo

Ningbo–Yuyao

Began operation 2017
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 48.7
Ridership

Under construction

lines in Ordos under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Dongsheng—Airport Line 6 54.44 before 2020
lines in Wenzhou under construction
Line/extension Stations Length (km) Scheduled opening
Line S1, Wenzhou Metro Phase I 15 52.22 2018

Under planning

  • Jiangsu-Yangtze River Delta Rapid Transit
  • Central Zhejiang Metropolitan Railway
  • Shandong Peninsula Rapid Transit
  • Western Taiwan Straits Metropolitan Intercity Railway


Bus systems (BRT)

More than 30 bus rapid transit projects are being implemented or studied in China in some big cities. BRT systems with light blue background are not yet operational but under construction or proposed.

List of b systems (BRT) in the People's Republic of China by network length
System Chinese
name
City Began operation Corridors in
operation
[Note 1]
Number
of stations
[Note 2]
Network
length
(km)
[Note 3]
Notes
Hangzhou BRT 杭州BRT Hangzhou 2006 2 50 55.4
Beijing BRT 北京BRT Beijing 2004 4 60 54 [Note 4]
Kunming BRT 昆明BRT Kunming 1999 5 63 46
Changzhou BRT 常州BRT Changzhou 2008 2 51 44
Xiamen BRT 厦门BRT Xiamen 2008 3 31 40 [Note 5]
Jinan BRT 济南BRT Jinan 2008 2 46 34
Zaozhuang BRT 枣庄BRT Zaozhuang 2010 2 49 62
Zhengzhou BRT 郑州BRT Zhengzhou 2009 3 97 70.3
Guangzhou BRT 广州BRT Guangzhou 2010 1 26 22
Suzhou BRT 苏州BRT Suzhou 2008 5 106 95
Dalian BRT 大连BRT Dalian 2008 1 13 13
Chongqing BRT 重庆BRT Chongqing 2008 1 9 11
Hefei BRT 合肥BRT Hefei 2010 2 9 7
Yancheng BRT 盐城BRT Yancheng 2010 2 24 16
Ürümqi BRT 乌鲁木齐BRT Ürümqi 2011 4 66 42.2
Changde BRT 常德BRT Changde 2012 1 25 20.9
Lianyungang BRT 连云港BRT Lianyungang 2012 1 29 34
Lanzhou BRT 兰州BRT Lanzhou 2012 1 15 9.1
Yinchuan BRT 银川BRT Yinchuan 2012 1 22 17
Chengdu BRT 成都BRT Chengdu 2013 1 29 30.5
Zhongshan BRT 中山BRT Zhongshan 2014 1 13 13
Yichang BRT 宜昌BRT Yichang 2015 1 22 23
Wenzhou BRT 温州BRT Wenzhou 2015 1 17 13
Nanning BRT 南宁BRT Nanning 2016 1 22 23
Wuhan BRT 武汉BRT Wuhan 2016 1 14 13.6 [57]
Yan'an Road Medium Capacity Transit 延安路中运量公交 Shanghai 2017 1 25 17.5 [58]
Guiyang BRT 贵阳BRT Guiyang 2017 1 24 29 [59]
Nanning BRT 南宁BRT Nanning 2017 1 17 13 [60]
Hohhot BRT 呼和浩特BRT Hohhot 2017 1 40 47 [61]
Yiwu BRT 义乌 BRT Yiwu 2017 1 17 12.1 [62]
Linyi BRT 临沂 BRT Linyi 2017 1 14 12.3 [63]
Nanchang BRT 南昌BRT Nanchang 20XX
Shenzhen BRT 深圳BRT Shenzhen 20XX
Wuxi BRT 无锡BRT Wuxi 20XX
Xi'an BRT 西安BRT Xi'an 20XX
Shenyang BRT 沈阳BRT Shenyang 20XX
Shijiazhuang BRT 石家庄BRT Shijiazhuang 20XX
Harbin BRT 哈尔滨BRT Harbin 20XX

Notes

  1. ^ Lines in operation counts the number of main lines only.
  2. ^ Stations connected by transfers are counted as one station, unless otherwise noted.
  3. ^ Network length refers to track length and lines that share track are counted only once.
  4. ^ running on the Nan Zhongzhouxian (South Central Axis Line), The line terminates at Qianmen and Demaozhuang
  5. ^ There are significant sections that are on dedicated elevated roads. BRT one 33.4 km, BRT 1 Interchange 18.7 km, BRT 2 15.3 km.

See also

References

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  1. ^ http://www.mtr.com.hk/en/corporate/investor/patronage.php

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