Tottenham (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated on 3 July 2017

Tottenham /ˈtɒtnəm, -tən-/[2][3] is a constituency[n 1] created in 1950 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Rt Hon David Lammy, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2] It previously existed from 1885 to 1918.

Tottenham2007Constituency.svg
Outline map

Boundaries

1885-1918: The parish of Tottenham, and the area [small exclaves] included in the Parliamentary Boroughs of Bethnal Green, Hackney, Shoreditch, and Tower Hamlets.

1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Tottenham wards of Bruce Grove and Stoneleigh, Chestnuts, Green Lanes, Stamford Hill, Town Hall, and West Green.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Haringey wards of Bruce Grove, Green Lanes, High Cross, Seven Sisters, South Tottenham, Tottenham Central, and West Green.

1983-2010: As above plus Coleraine, Harringay, Park, and White Hart Lane.

2010-present: Bruce Grove, Harringay, Northumberland Park, St Ann’s, Seven Sisters, Tottenham Green, Tottenham Hale, West Green, White Hart Lane.

From 2018 (proposed): As above plus Stroud Green.[4]

The constituency is in the London Borough of Haringey in north London, covering the borough's central and eastern area.

History

1885 to 1918

Tottenham1885.png
UK House of Commons seat Tottenham (first creation) created in 1885, before 1918 abolition, excluding Bethnal Green, Hackney, Shoreditch, and Tower Hamlets small exclaves.

The seat sided with the Conservative party candidate until the January-to-February-held 1906 election, a party noted for the gradual social reforms of Benjamin Disraeli in the early 1880s, particularly in education and urban deprivation. By the time of the United Kingdom general election, 1906 the Liberal Party (UK) was at its final apex and stood on the moral high ground on issues of free trade and abhorrences in the Boer War which turned the seat in the Liberal landslide result of that year to the party's candidate. The two elections in 1910 (before a near eight-year long hiatus in elections due to World War I) were one-member parliamentary majority results nationally between the two then-dominant parties but the Liberal Party's People's Budget proposed at the first 1910 election saw Liberal incumbent Alden narrowly returned to serve Tottenham and again at the end of the year.[5]

1950-date

This constituency was recreated to cover a narrower, more focussed seat on the largest town or London District itself, of Tottenham. Parts of two wards were in the former Borough of Hornsey which had a seat, abolished in 1983 to make way for Hornsey and Wood Green.

Political history

During its modern period of existence, Tottenham has been won consistently by the Labour Party,[n 3] however one member in the early 1960s, Alan Brown, defected to become independent in opposition[n 4] and then, crossing the floor, became a Conservative. Brown failed by a wide margin to win re-election in 1964. The closest result since 1950 was in 1987 when the Labour Party candidate seeking re-election won by 8.2% of the vote ahead of a Conservative Party candidate. The first by-election to Tottenham occurred in 2000 on the death of a member.

In 2005 and 2010 — reflecting a national swing — the runner-up was a Liberal Democrat candidate.

The re-election of Lammy in 2015 made the seat the 12th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority; and third safest in the capital.[6]

Prominent frontbenchers

Rt Hon David Lammy, the present member was Minister of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills until the change of government in 2010.

Constituency profile

A cosmopolitan, inner-city seat in the London Borough of Haringey, Tottenham has a large ethnic minority population - around a fifth of the residents are black, and there is a large Muslim population. Excluding the South of the Constituency, The percentage of white residents understates the ethnic variety of this constituency, similar to the borough as a whole[7] which includes major Cypriot, Irish, Eastern European, Jewish and Russian communities. The seat has a large central shopping area and the major London football club, Tottenham Hotspur F.C. ('Spurs').

The seat covers Tottenham a large town in north London. To the east is the River Lea with its valley trail and the Tottenham marshes, while to the south the seat takes in Finsbury Park. The constituency includes the Broadwater Farm estate, notorious for the 1985 riots, following which the estate underwent a massive facelift and is no longer a crime blackspot, but other areas of the seat like Northumberland Park continue to be blighted by social problems, including overcrowding.

The proportion of people workless and registered as jobseekers was in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 8.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. Though this is not the case in the southern side of the constituency. At that time the London average was similar to the national average, at 4.0%.[8]

Members of Parliament

MPs 1885-1918

Election Member[9] Party
1885 Joseph Howard Conservative
1906 Percy Alden Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Tottenham North and Tottenham South

MPs 1950-present

Election Member[9] Party
1950 Frederick Messer Labour Co-op
1959 Alan Grahame Brown Labour
1961 Independent
1962 Conservative
1964 Norman Atkinson Labour
1987 Bernie Grant Labour
2000 by-election Rt Hon David Lammy Labour

Election results

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2017: Tottenham[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lammy 40,249 81.6 +14.2
Conservative Myles Stacey 5,665 11.5 -0.5
Liberal Democrat Brian Haley 1,687 3.4 -0.7
Green Jarelle Francis 1,276 2.6 -6.7
UKIP Patricia Rumble 462 0.9 -2.6
Majority 34,584 70.1 +14.7
Turnout 49,339 67.7 +7.6
Labour hold Swing +7.4
General Election 2015: Tottenham[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lammy 28,654 67.3 +8.0
Conservative Stefan Mrozinski 5,090 12.0 −2.9
Green Dee Searle[13] 3,931 9.2 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Turhan Ozen 1,756 4.1 −13.6
UKIP Tariq Saeed 1,512 3.6 +2.4
TUSC Jenny Sutton[14] 1,324 3.1 +0.5
Peace Tania Mahmood[15] 291 0.7 +0.7
Majority 23,564 55.4 +13.8
Turnout 42,558 60.1 +1.9
Labour hold Swing +5.4
General Election 2010: Tottenham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lammy 24,128 59.3 +1.4
Liberal Democrat David Schmitz 7,197 17.7 +0.9
Conservative Sean Sullivan 6,064 14.9 +1.4
TUSC Jenny Sutton 1,057 2.6 N/A
Green Anne Gray 980 2.4 −2.2
UKIP Winston McKenzie 466 1.1 N/A
Independent People Together Neville Watson 265 0.7 N/A
Christian Abimbola Kadara 262 0.6 N/A
Independent Sheik Thompson 143 0.4 N/A
Independent Errol Carr 125 0.3 N/A
Majority 16,931 41.6 +0.5
Turnout 40,687 58.2 +10.4
Labour hold Swing +0.2

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Tottenham[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lammy 18,343 57.9 −9.6
Liberal Democrat Wayne Hoban 5,309 16.8 +7.3
Conservative William F. MacDougall 4,278 13.5 −0.4
Respect Janet Alder 2,014 6.4 N/A
Green Pete H. McAskie 1,457 4.6 0.0
Socialist Labour Jaamit Durrani 263 0.8 N/A
Majority 13,034 41.1 -12.5
Turnout 31,664 47.8 −0.4
Labour hold Swing −8.4
General Election 2001: Tottenham[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lammy 21,317 67.5 −1.8
Conservative Uma N. Fernandes 4,401 13.9 −1.8
Liberal Democrat Meher Khan 3,008 9.5 −1.3
Green Peter Budge 1,443 4.6 +1.8
Socialist Alliance Weyman Bennett 1,162 3.7 N/A
Reform 2000 Unver T. Shefki 270 0.9 N/A
Majority 16,916 53.6 +19.2
Turnout 31,601 48.2 −8.7
Labour hold Swing
Tottenham by-election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lammy 8,785 53.5 −15.8
Liberal Democrat Duncan Hames 3,139 19.1 +7.3
Conservative Jane Ellison 2,634 16.0 +0.3
Socialist Alliance Weyman Bennett 885 5.4 N/A
Green Peter Budge 606 3.7 +0.9
Reform 2000 Erol Basarik 177 1.1 N/A
UKIP Ashwin Tanna 136 0.8 N/A
Independent Conservative Dorian L.D. de Braâm 55 0.3 N/A
Majority 5,646 34.4 N/A
Turnout 16,417 25.4 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Tottenham[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bernie Grant 26,121 69.3 +12.8
Conservative Andrew R. Scantlebury 5,921 15.7 −14.1
Liberal Democrat Neil Hughes 4,064 10.8 −0.6
Green Peter Budge 1,059 2.8 +0.8
ProLife Alliance Leelan L.E. Tay 210 0.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Christopher F. Anglin 181 0.5 N/A
Socialist Equality Tania Kent 148 0.4 N/A
Majority 20,200 53.6 +26.9
Turnout 37,704 56.9 -8.7
Labour hold Swing +14.3
General Election 1992: Tottenham[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bernie Grant 25,309 56.5 +12.9
Conservative Andrew Charalambous 13,341 29.8 −5.6
Liberal Democrat Alex S.G. l'Estrange 5,120 11.4 −6.4
Green Peter Budge 903 2.0 +0.5
Natural Law Margaret Obomanu 150 0.3 N/A
Majority 11,698 26.7 +18.5
Turnout 44,823 65.6 -0.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Tottenham[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bernie Grant 21,921 43.6 −8.4
Conservative Peter Murphy 17,780 35.4 +5.2
Liberal Stuart Etherington 8,983 17.8 +1.6
Green Darren Nicholls 744 1.5 N/A
Gaitskell Labour Peter Nealon 638 1.3 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Claire Dixon 205 0.4 N/A
Majority 4,141 8.2 -13.6
Turnout 50,271 66.1 +2.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Tottenham[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 22,423 52.0 −4.9
Conservative Peter L. Murphy 13,027 30.2 −1.8
Liberal Alex S.G. l'Estrange 6,990 16.2 +8.6
Independent Conservative W.G. Hurry 652 1.5 N/A
Majority 9,396 21.8 -3.1
Turnout 43,092 63.4 +2.2
Labour hold Swing −1.6

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 16,299 56.9 −1.9
Conservative Matthew Carrington 9,166 32.0 +7.7
Liberal Katherine Alexander 2,177 7.6 −1.0
National Front C.S. Mates 833 2.9 −5.4
Workers Revolutionary Eric D.J. Gutteridge 94 0.3 N/A
Fellowship Geoffrey A. Rolph 71 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,133 24.9 -9.6
Turnout 28,640 61.2 +5.0
Labour hold Swing −4.8
General Election October 1974: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 15,708 58.8 +4.0
Conservative Peter Lilley 6,492 24.3 −1.1
Liberal Katherine Alexander 2,288 8.6 +0.6
National Front Roy Painter 2,211 8.3 +4.2
Majority 9,216 34.5 +5.1
Turnout 26,699 56.2 −9.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 16,999 54.8 −6.5
Conservative J.A. Croft 7,873 25.4 −13.3
Liberal K. Papatheodotou 2,478 8.0 N/A
National Independence P. Coney 1,373 4.2 N/A
National Front Roy Painter 1,270 4.1 N/A
Social Democrat J. Martin 763 2.5 N/A
Independent Conservative K. Squire 274 0.9 N/A
Majority 9.126 29.4 +6.9
Turnout 48,029 65.6 +10.4
Labour hold Swing +3.4
General Election 1970: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 17,367 61.3 −4.0
Conservative Leo T Simmonds 10,975 38.7 +4.0
Majority 6,392 22.5 -8.1
Turnout 28,342 55.2 −4.6
Labour hold Swing −4.0

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1966: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 17,367 65.3 +10.6
Conservative Hugh Dykes 11,222 34.7 +2.1
Majority 9,889 30.6 +8.4
Turnout 28,589 59.8 −4.1
Labour hold Swing +4.3
General Election 1964: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman Atkinson 19,458 54.7 +2.8
Conservative Alan Grahame Brown 11,577 32.6 −3.9
Liberal Laurence G Lepley 4,526 12.7 +1.0
Majority 7,881 22.2 +6.8
Turnout 35,561 63.9 −8.1
Labour hold Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alan Grahame Brown 22,325 51.9 −8.1
Conservative David Hennessy 15,688 36.5 −3.5
Liberal Laurence G Lepley 5,030 11.7 N/A
Majority 6,637 15.4 -4.6
Turnout 43,043 72.0 +1.8
Labour hold Swing −2.3
General Election 1955: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Frederick Messer 26,363 60.0 −2.4
Conservative Ian Fraser 17,753 40.0 +2.4
Majority 8,883 20.0 -4.8
Turnout 44,116 70.2 −9.6
Labour hold Swing −2.4
General Election 1951: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Frederick Messer 33,312 62.4 +5.5
Conservative Patrick J Faulkner 20,061 37.6 +6.5
Majority 13,251 24.8 -1.1
Turnout 53,373 79.8 −1.2
Labour hold Swing −0.5
General Election 1950: Tottenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Frederick Messer 30,901 56.9 N/A
Conservative Patrick J Faulkner 16,862 31.1 N/A
Liberal Richard De Courcy Allen 5,665 10.4 N/A
Communist George Cross[23] 802 1.5 N/A
Majority 14,039 25.9 N/A
Turnout 54,230 81.0 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1910s

Percy Alden.jpg
Percy Alden
General Election December 1910 Tottenham[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Percy Alden 12,046 52.4 +1.3
Conservative Edward Vyse Sturdy 10,945 47.6 -1.3
Majority 1,101 4.8 +2.6
Turnout 78.6 -3.7
Liberal hold Swing +1.3
General Election January 1910 Tottenham[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Percy Alden 12,302 51.1 -7.6
Conservative Edward Vyse Sturdy 11,787 48.9 +7.6
Majority 515 2.2 -15.2
Turnout 82.3 +9.7
Liberal hold Swing -7.6

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1906 Tottenham[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Percy Alden 9,956 58.7 +21.3
Conservative Horace Whitehead Chatterton 7,009 41.3 -21.3
Majority 2,947 17.4 -7.8
Turnout 72.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +21.3
1906 George Hay Morgan MP.jpg
Hay Morgan
General Election 1900 Tottenham [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Howard 6,721 62.6
Liberal George Hay Morgan 4,009 37.4
Majority 2,712 25.2
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election that occurs at least every five years.
  3. ^ Most often since 1950 the Labour party candidate has achieved an absolute majority.
  4. ^ During the Conservative Government 1957-1964
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180
  3. ^ Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521152532
  4. ^ Boundary Commission for England (12 Aug 2016), Initial proposals for new Parliamentary constituency boundaries in London
  5. ^ "Oxford DNB theme: The general election of 1906". www.oxforddnb.com.
  6. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  7. ^ 2011 census interactive maps Archived January 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  9. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
  10. ^ "Tottenham parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Tottenham parliamentary constituency - Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
  13. ^ "London Green Party general election results". Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  14. ^ "Jenny Sutton for Tottenham next May". Harringay online. Retrieved 2016-07-27.
  15. ^ "tottenham-parliamentary-constituency". Retrieved 11 April 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ Walker, Michael. "Cross, George". Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

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