Sher 25 is a blue supergiant star in the constellation Carina, located approximately 25,000 light years from the Sun in the H II region NGC 3603 of the Milky Way. It is a spectral type B1Iab star with an apparent magnitude of 12.2. Its initial main sequence mass is calculated at 60 times the mass of our Sun, but a star of this type will have already lost a substantial fraction of that mass. It is unclear whether Sher 25 has been through a red supergiant phase or has just evolved from the main sequence, so the current mass is very uncertain.
The name derives from the original cataloguing of stars in NGC 3603 by David Sher. This catalogue entry is more properly referred to as NGC 3603 Sher 25 to distinguish it from stars numbered 25 by Sher in other clusters. The same star was numbered 13 by Melnick, Tapia, and Terlevich (NGC 3603 MTT 13) and 5 in a Hubble Space Telescope survey by Moffat, Drissen, and Shara (NGC 3603 MDS 5).
It is speculated that Sher 25 is near the point of going supernova, as it has recently thrown off matter in a pattern similar to that of supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud, with a circumstellar ring and bipolar outflow filaments.
HST image of NGC 3603. Sher 25 is the bright star at the 1 o'clock position relative to the center of the cluster, between two patches of nebula and with a faint ring surrounding it.
Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||11h 15m 7.649s|
|Declination||−61° 15′ 17.59″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||12.23|
|U−B color index||0.13|
|B−V color index||1.42|
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||-7.8|
|Mass||40 ± 5 M☉|
|Luminosity (bolometric)||608,000 L☉|
|Surface gravity (log g)||2.6 cgs|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||65 km/s|
Sher 25, NGC 3603-25, NGC 3603 MTT 13, NGC 3603 MDS 5