Russian Americans in New York City

New York City is home to the largest Russian and Russian-speaking population in the Western Hemisphere. The largest Russian-American communities in New York City are located in Brighton Beach and Sheepshead Bay in Brooklyn. Brighton Beach has been nicknamed Little Odessa due to its population of Russian-speaking immigrants from Ukraine and Russia.[1]

Russian Americans in New York City
Русские американцы в Нью-Йорке
Brighton Beach avenue
Little Russia in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn

History

The first wave of immigrants to the United States from Russia arrived during the 1800s. The current wave of Russian immigrants, largely Russian Jews, began during the 1970s[2] and increased along with Russian Christians and other ethnic Russians who immigrated to the United States after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, with the largest number going to the New York metropolitan area.

Demographics

The New York Tri-State area has a population of 1.6 million Russian-Americans and 600,000 of them live in New York City.[3] There are over 220,000 Russian-speaking Jews living in New York City.[4] Approximately 100,000 Russian Americans in the New York metropolitan area were born in Russia.[5]

New York City also has a large population of immigrants born in Central Asia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other ex-Soviet states. Most of the Central Asian immigrants are from Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan,[6] and due to their Soviet influence, most of them speak the Russian language.[7]

The New York metropolitan area continues to be by far the leading metropolitan gateway for Russian immigrants legally admitted into the United States. In 2013, 1,974 individuals legally immigrated to the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA core based statistical area from Russia alone, not including immigrants from other previous Soviet bloc countries;[6] in 2012, this number was 2,286;[8] 1,435 in 2011;[9] and 1,283 in 2010.[10] These numbers do not include the remainder of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. Brighton Beach, Brooklyn continues to be the most important demographic and cultural center for the Russian American experience. However, as Russian Americans have climbed in socioeconomic status, the diaspora from Russia and other former Soviet-bloc states has moved toward more affluent parts of the New York metropolitan area, notably Bergen County, New Jersey. Within Bergen County, the increasing size of the Russian immigrant presence in its hub of Fair Lawn prompted a 2014 April Fool's satire titled, "Putin Moves Against Fair Lawn".[11]

Politics

As of 2012 Russians generally back the Republican Party.[12]

Education

Russian citizens residing in New York City who are of school age may attend the Russian Mission School in New York.

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Everything Guide to Brighton Beach". New York. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  2. ^ "New Generation Of Russians Making Its Mark". The Jewish Week. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  3. ^ "Russian American Demographics". Améredia Incorporated. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  4. ^ "Aided by Orthodox, City's Jewish Population Is Growing Again". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  5. ^ Jie Zong and Jeanne Batalova (April 14, 2016). "U.S. Immigrant Population by Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), 2010-2014 - Russia". Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2013". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013. Department of Homeland Security. 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  7. ^ Larson, Michael, Bingling Liao, Ariel Stulberg and Anna Kordunsky. "Changing Face of Brighton Beach Central Asians Join Russian Jews in Brooklyn Neighborhood." The Jewish Daily Forward. September 17, 2012. Retrieved on February 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2012". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012. Department of Homeland Security. 2012. Archived from the original on December 22, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  9. ^ "Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2011". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011. Department of Homeland Security. 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  10. ^ "Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2010". Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010. Department of Homeland Security. 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  11. ^ Matt Rooney (April 1, 2014). "Putin Moves Against Fair Lawn". Save Jersey. Retrieved March 19, 2016. In a move certain to carry dire geopolitical consequences for the world, the Russian Federation has moved troops into the 32,000-person borough of Fair Lawn, New Jersey, only days after annexing Crimea and strengthening its troop positions along the Ukrainian border.
  12. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/09/nyregion/among-russian-immigrants-in-new-york-affinity-for-republicans.html?pagewanted=all

External links

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.