Roy Cooper

Last updated on 13 November 2017

Roy Asberry Cooper III (born June 13, 1957)[2] is an American politician and attorney who is the 75th and current Governor of North Carolina, since January 2017. Prior to his governorship, Cooper had served as the elected Attorney General of North Carolina from 2001. Before that, he served in the General Assembly in both the North Carolina House of Representatives and the North Carolina Senate. Cooper is a member of the North Carolina Democratic Party.

He narrowly defeated Republican incumbent Pat McCrory for the governorship in the 2016 election.[3] On December 5, McCrory conceded the election, making Cooper the first challenger since 1850 to defeat a sitting governor in North Carolina.[4] Cooper took office as the 75th governor of North Carolina on January 1, 2017.

The Republican-dominated legislature passed bills in a special session before he took office to reduce the power of the governor. The legislature has overridden several of his vetoes of legislation.

Roy Cooper
Gov. Roy Cooper.jpg
75th Governor of North Carolina
Assumed office
January 1, 2017
Lieutenant Dan Forest
Preceded by Pat McCrory
49th Attorney General of North Carolina
In office
January 1, 2001 – January 1, 2017
Governor Mike Easley
Bev Perdue
Pat McCrory
Preceded by Mike Easley
Succeeded by Josh Stein
Member of the North Carolina Senate
In office
1991–2001
Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
In office
1987–1991
Personal details
Born Roy Asberry Cooper III
(1957-06-13) June 13, 1957
Nashville, North Carolina, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Kristin Bernhardt[1]
Children 2
Residence Executive Mansion
Education University of North Carolina,
Chapel Hill
(BA, JD)
Website Government website

Early life and education

Cooper was born in Nash County, North Carolina, the son of Beverly Thorne Batchelor, a school teacher, and Roy Asberry Cooper, Jr.[5][6] He was raised in a rural community and worked in tobacco fields during the summer as a teenager. He received the Morehead Scholarship at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill for his undergraduate studies. He was elected as the president of the university's Young Democrats.[7] He also earned a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from UNC.

State legislature

After practicing law with his family's law firm for a number of years, Cooper was elected to the North Carolina House of Representatives in 1986. He was appointed to the North Carolina Senate in 1991 to fill a remaining term of a seat that was vacated. In 1997, he was elected as Democratic Majority Leader of the state Senate. He continued to practice law as the managing partner of the law firm Fields & Cooper in Rocky Mount and Nashville, North Carolina.

North Carolina Attorney General

Elections

Cooper was elected North Carolina Attorney General in November 2000 and took office on January 6, 2001; he was re-elected for a second four-year term in 2004. Cooper was mentioned as a possible Democratic candidate for North Carolina governor in 2008, but he decided to run for re-election as Attorney General instead.[8] He was easily re-elected, garnering more votes than any other statewide candidate in the November 2008 elections.[9]

Both state and national Democrats attempted to recruit him to run against Republican US Senator Richard Burr in 2010, but he declined.[10] In 2012 politicians suggested him as a possible candidate for Governor of North Carolina after incumbent Governor Bev Perdue announced her retirement, but Cooper declined to run.[11] His political consultant announced in 2011 that Cooper would seek a fourth term in 2012.[12] He was unopposed in both the Democratic primary and the general election.[13] In the November 2012 elections, Cooper received 2,828,941 votes.

Tenure

Roycooper.jpg
Attorney General Roy Cooper in 2009

In January 2007, when Durham District Attorney Mike Nifong asked to be recused from dealing with the Duke lacrosse case, Attorney General Cooper's office assumed responsibility for the case. On April 11, 2007, Cooper dismissed the case against the Duke lacrosse team players, declaring them "innocent" and victims of a "tragic rush to accuse".

Following a decision in 2010 by a three-judge panel to exonerate Gregor Taylor, who had served nearly seventeen years for the first-degree murder of Jaquetta Thomas, Cooper ordered an audit after it was learned that officials at the North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation forensic lab had withheld information. This suppression of evidence had contributed to Taylor's conviction for murder. The audit was released in 2010; it found that it had been common practice for two decades for a select group of agents within the State Bureau of Investigation to withhold information. In addition, they did not keep up with scientific standards and the latest tests. The two investigators, Chris Swecker and Micheal Fox, cited almost 230 cases that were tainted by these actions. Three persons convicted in such cases had been executed; 80 defendants convicted were still serving time in prison. A massive state effort was undertaken to follow up on their cases.

Cooper argued his first case before the United States Supreme Court, J. D. B. v. North Carolina, in 2011, a case related to Miranda rights in juvenile cases.[14][15] The Court ruled 5–4 against North Carolina.[16] [17]

Governor of North Carolina

Elections

2016

Roy Cooper for Governor logo.png
Roy Cooper for Governor logo

Cooper ran for Governor of North Carolina in the 2016 election against incumbent Republican Pat McCrory.[3]

The election was extremely close. After an extended legal battle, McCrory conceded the election to Cooper on December 5.[18]

Transition

Dismayed by Cooper's win, the Republican-controlled North Carolina General Assembly passed special legislation before he was inaugurated to reduce the power of the governor's office.[19] In what The New York Times described as a "surprise special session", Republican legislators moved to strip away Cooper's powers before he would assume the governorship on January 1, 2017.[20] Throughout the month of December, Cooper oversaw an attempt to repeal the controversial Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act (commonly known as "House Bill 2", "HB2", or simply, the "bathroom bill"). The repeal attempt failed as a deal between state Republican and Democratic lawmakers and Charlotte officials fell apart.

Tenure

After taking office, as of January 6, 2017, Cooper requested federal approval for Medicaid coverage expansion in North Carolina.[21] Effective January 15, however, a federal judge halted Cooper's request, an order that expired on January 29.[22][23]

On May 9th, 2017, President Donald Trump and his administration appointed Roy Cooper along with Incumbent New Jersey Governor Chris Christie to a commission to help fight opioid addiction.[24]

After the Federal Supreme Court declared North Carolina's legislative maps to be unconstitutional[25], Cooper called for a special redistricting session on June 7, 2017.[26] However, the Republican Party-dominated House and Senate cancelled the session, calling it "unconstitutional".[27]

On June 29, Cooper signed the STOP act, an overhaul of the prescribing and dispensing regulations of opioids. [28]

On July 1st, Cooper signed a bill to allow alcohol sales after 10 AM on Sundays, nicknamed the "Brunch Bill" [29]

On July 11th, Cooper signed "Britney's Law," which states a homicide is first-degree murder if the killing was committed with malice and the defendant has been convicted before of domestic violence or stalking of the victim. Cooper also signed two additional bills to allow domestic violence protective orders granted by a judge to fully go into effect even when they’re under appeal and to expand the state’s “revenge porn” law from cases involving former lovers to those involving strangers. [30]

On July 12th, Cooper signed a bill that would add lessons on what to do when pulled over by law enforcement to the state's driver's education curriculum. The bill passed both chambers unanimously.[31]

On July 26, 2017, Cooper signed a bill to mount cameras on school buses in order to reduce drivers who illegally pass stopped school buses.[32]

On August 31st, 2017, declared a state of emergency due to plummeting gas supply[33], which was rescinded on September 18th[34]

Vetoes

Cooper's first veto as governor was of a bill that would make elections to the North Carolina Superior Court and to the District Court partisan again, after being conducted on a nonpartisan basis for many years.[35] The Republican-dominated state House voted to override the veto on March 22, 2017.[36] The state Senate followed suit on March 23, which resulted in the bill becoming law over the Governor's objections.[37]

Cooper vetoed a bill on April 21, 2017, to reduce the size of the North Carolina Court of Appeals by three judges.[38] The veto was overridden on April 26.[39]

Cooper also vetoed a bill on April 21, 2017, that would create a new state board of elections (and new county boards of elections) split evenly between the Republicans and the Democrats. It would replace the longstanding system that gave the party of the governor a majority on the board.[38] Both houses of the legislature, which are Republican-dominated, voted to override the veto on April 24 and 25.[40]

Cooper also vetoed a bill that would limit the individuals' ability to sue hog farms.[41] This veto was also overridden by the legislature.[42][43]

On June 27, Cooper vetoed the proposed state budget, which he had called 'Irresponsible' the day before.[44] In his veto message, Cooper cited the budget’s income tax cuts and argued it “lacks structural integrity by failing to account for population growth, inflation and looming federal reductions, by using one-time revenue for recurring expenses, and by adopting a tax plan that will cause the state to fail to fund promised teacher salary increases in future years” and the proposed bill included "provisions that infringe upon the governor’s ability to faithfully execute the laws, including the administration of this Act, as required by the Constitution, and violating the separation of powers.” The Republican-majority legislature voted to override the budget veto the next day.[45]

In July 2017, Cooper vetoed a bill to authorize nonprofit organizations to operate “game nights," saying it would unintentionally create a new opportunity for the video poker industry.[46]

Electoral history

North Carolina attorneyship general election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Roy Cooper 1,446,793 51.21
Republican Dan Boyce 1,310,845 46.40
Reform Margaret Palms 67,536 2.39
Total votes 2,825,174 100.00
North Carolina attorneyship general election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Roy Cooper (inc.) 1,872,097 55.61
Republican Joe Knott 1,494,121 44.39
Total votes 3,366,218 100.00
North Carolina attorneyship general election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Roy Cooper (inc.) 2,538,178 61.10
Republican Bob Crumley 1,615,762 38.90
Total votes 4,153,940 100.00
North Carolina attorneyship general election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Roy Cooper (inc.) 2,828,941 100.00
Total votes 2,828,941 100.00
North Carolina gubernatorial primary, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Roy Cooper 710,658 68.70
Democratic Ken Spaulding 323,774 31.30
Total votes 1,034,432 100.00
North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Roy Cooper 2,309,162 49.02 +5.79%
Republican Pat McCrory 2,298,881 48.80 -5.82%
Libertarian Lon Cecil 102,978 2.19 +0.06%
Margin of victory 10,281 0.22 -7.92%
Turnout 4,711,021 68.98 +1.68%
Democratic gain from Republican

References

  1. ^ https://mobile.twitter.com/FLONC/status/929377800951345152
  2. ^ "Richard D. Hearney - Google Search". google.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Attorney General Announces Candidacy For Governor". Charlotte Observer. November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  4. ^ Dalesio, Emery. "North Carolina Gov. McCrory Concedes He Lost Re-Election Bid". ABC News.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Roy Cooper's mother dies".
  7. ^ Camp, Jon (October 12, 2015). "Attorney general primed to begin run for NC governor". ABC11 Raleigh-Durham.
  8. ^ Andrea Weigl. "newsobserver.com: Cooper says he won't run for governor". Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  9. ^ "News & Observer: Roy Cooper, N.C.'s most popular Democrat". newsobserver.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  10. ^ Charlotte Observer: AG Roy Cooper says no to Senate race
  11. ^ WRAL. "Perdue will not seek re-election". WRAL.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  12. ^ "News & Observer: Holding may seek attorney general's office". newsobserver.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  13. ^ "Daily Reflector". reflector.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  14. ^ "Supreme Court site". supremecourt.gov. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  15. ^ "News & Observer: Court questions N.C.'s position on Miranda warning". newsobserver.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  16. ^ "News & Observer: High court rules against NC in juvenile Miranda rights". newsobserver.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  17. ^ High Court: Age Must Be Considered In Legislation
  18. ^ "North Carolina Gov. McCrory concedes he lost re-election bid". Fox News. December 5, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  19. ^ Fausset, Richard; Gabriel, Trip (2016-12-15). "North Carolina's Partisan Rift Widens in Fight Over Governor's Powers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  20. ^ Gabriel, Trip (2016-12-14). "North Carolina G.O.P. Moves to Curb Power of New Democratic Governor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  21. ^ "NC Gov. Cooper: Governor Cooper Tells Washington that North Carolina Will Seek to Expand Medicaid". governor.nc.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  22. ^ Donovan, Evan. "Gov. Cooper's Medicaid expansion temporarily blocked". WLOS. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
  23. ^ Cooper Loses Latest Round In Medicaid Expansion Case
  24. ^ Andrew, Joseph. "White House names new members of opioid commission". statnews.com. Retrieved 2017-10-05.
  25. ^ Supreme Court Rejects 2 N.C. Congressional Districts As Unconstitutional
  26. ^ {{Cite news|url=http://abc11.com/politics/cooper-calls-for-special-session-to-redraw-voting-maps/2070349/%7Ctitle=Gov. Roy Cooper calls for a special session to redraw district voting maps
  27. ^ "NC House, Senate cancel Cooper's call for redistricting special session, calling it 'unconstitutional'".
  28. ^ Gov. Cooper signs STOP Act to fight opioid epidemic
  29. ^ Gov. Roy Cooper signs "brunch bill"
  30. ^ Cooper bills against domestic violence into law
  31. ^ [Cooper vetoes casino night bill, signs traffic stop legislation http://www.wral.com/cooper-vetoes-casino-night-bill-signs-traffic-stop-legislation/16815928/]
  32. ^ [Cooper signs bill to mount cameras on school buses http://www.wral.com/cooper-to-sign-law-to-mount-cameras-on-school-buses/16839706/]
  33. ^ North Carolina Gov. Roy Cooper declares State of Emergency over gas supply concerns
  34. ^ North Carolina governor rescinds state of emergency
  35. ^ Governor Cooper Signs Veto of House Bill 100
  36. ^ WRAL.com: House votes to override Cooper veto of partisan judicial elections bill
  37. ^ NC Policy Watch
  38. ^ a b Governor Cooper vetoes House Bill 239 and Senate Bill 68
  39. ^ NC General Assembly: House Bill 239 / S.L. 2017-7
  40. ^ WRAL.com: Lawmakers override Cooper again; combine elections, ethics oversight
  41. ^ Cooper Vetoes Hog Farm Protection Bill
  42. ^ House overrides Governor Roy Cooper’s veto on nuisance lawsuit caps. Senate comes next
  43. ^ Legislature overrides Cooper veto on hog farm odor lawsuits
  44. ^ Cooper vetoes budget – and hints at another lawsuit
  45. ^ Lawmakers Override Cooper Budget Veto
  46. ^ Bill Signings for July 12, 2017

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Mike Easley
Democratic nominee for Attorney General of North Carolina
2000, 2004, 2008, 2012
Succeeded by
Josh Stein
Preceded by
Walter Dalton
Democratic nominee for Governor of North Carolina
2016
Most recent
Legal offices
Preceded by
Mike Easley
Attorney General of North Carolina
2001–2017
Succeeded by
Josh Stein
Political offices
Preceded by
Pat McCrory
Governor of North Carolina
2017–present
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within North Carolina
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Andrew Cuomo
as Governor of New York
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside North Carolina
Succeeded by
Gina Raimondo
as Governor of Rhode Island

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