Robert Mueller

This page was last edited on 13 December 2017, at 17:56.

Robert Swan Mueller III (/ˈmʌlər/; born August 7, 1944) is an American lawyer and civil servant who was the sixth Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 2001 to 2013. A Republican, he was appointed by President George W. Bush and his original ten-year term was given a two-year extension by President Barack Obama, making him the longest-serving FBI director since J. Edgar Hoover. He is currently head of the Special Counsel investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.

A graduate of Princeton University, Mueller served as a Marine Corps officer during the Vietnam War, receiving the Bronze Star Medal with Combat "V" for heroism and the Purple Heart Medal. After graduating from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1973, he worked at a private firm in San Francisco for three years until his appointment as an assistant U.S. Attorney in the same city. Prior to his appointment as FBI director, Mueller served as a United States Attorney, as assistant attorney general for the Criminal Division and as acting deputy attorney general.

In May 2017, Mueller was appointed by Acting Attorney General Rod Rosenstein as special counsel overseeing an ongoing investigation into alleged foreign electoral intervention by Russia in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.[3]

Robert Mueller
Director Robert S. Mueller- III.jpg
6th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
In office
September 4, 2001 – September 4, 2013
President George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Deputy Thomas Pickard
Bruce J. Gebhardt
John S. Pistole
Timothy P. Murphy
Sean M. Joyce
Preceded by Thomas Pickard (Acting)
Succeeded by James Comey
United States Deputy Attorney General
Acting
In office
January 20, 2001 – May 10, 2001
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Eric Holder
Succeeded by Larry Thompson
United States Attorney for the Northern District of California
In office
1998–2001
President Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Preceded by Michael Yamaguchi
Succeeded by Kevin Ryan
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division
In office
1990–1993
President George H. W. Bush
Bill Clinton
Preceded by Edward Dennis
Succeeded by Jo Ann Harris
United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts
Acting
In office
1986–1987
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Bill Weld
Succeeded by Frank L. McNamara
Personal details
Born Robert Swan Mueller III
August 7, 1944 (age 73)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Republican[1]
Spouse(s) Ann Cabell Standish (m. 1966)
Children 2
Education Princeton University (BA)
New York University (MA)
University of Virginia (JD)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1968–1971[2]
Rank
US Marine O3 shoulderboard.svg Captain
Unit H Company, 2nd Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment, 3rd Marine Division
Commands Platoon commander
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Bronze Star Medal w/ Combat "V"
Purple Heart Medal
Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal (2) w/ Combat "V"
Combat Action Ribbon
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross

Early life and education

Mueller was born at Doctors Hospital in Manhattan,[4][5] the first child of Alice C. Truesdale (1920–2007) and Robert Swan Mueller Jr. (1916–2007). He has four younger sisters: Susan, Sandra, Joan and Patricia.[6] His father, an executive with DuPont, was class president at Princeton before serving in the Navy during World War II.[7]

His paternal great-grandfather, Gustave A. Mueller, was a prominent physician in Pittsburgh, whose father August C. E. Müller had immigrated to the United States in 1855 from the Province of Pomerania in Prussia (now Germany/Poland).[8] On his mother's side, he is a great-grandson of the railroad executive William Truesdale.[9]

Mueller grew up outside of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[5] In 1962, he graduated from St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire, where he was captain of the soccer, hockey, and lacrosse teams, and won the Gordon Medal as the school's top athlete in 1962.[10]

He went on to study at Princeton, receiving an A.B. in politics with a senior thesis on jurisdiction in the South West Africa cases in 1966.[11] Mueller continued to play lacrosse at Princeton, and has cited his teammate David Spencer Hackett's death in the Vietnam War as an influence on his decision to pursue military service.[12] Hackett was a Marine Corps first lieutenant in the infantry and was killed in 1967, by small arms fire.[13] Mueller earned an M.A. in international relations from New York University in 1967 before pursuing his Juris Doctor degree. In 1973, after a period of military service, he graduated from the University of Virginia School of Law,[14] where he served on the Virginia Law Review.

Military service

Mueller was accepted for officer training in the United States Marine Corps in 1968, attending training at Parris Island, Officer Candidate School, Army Ranger School, and Army jump school.[15]

In July 1968, he was sent to South Vietnam where he served as a rifle platoon commander with Second Platoon, H Company, 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines, 3rd Marine Division;[5][16] he eventually became aide-de-camp to 3rd Marine Division's commanding general.[15] In April 1969, he received an enemy gunshot wound in the thigh, recovered, and returned to lead his platoon until June 1969.[17] For his service in and during the Vietnam War, his military decorations and awards include: the Bronze Star Medal with Combat "V", Purple Heart Medal, two Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medals with Combat "V", Combat Action Ribbon, National Defense Service Medal, Vietnam Service Medal with three 316" bronze stars, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross, Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal, and Parachutist Badge.[5][17]

Law career

After receiving his law degree in 1973, Mueller worked as a litigator at the firm Pillsbury, Madison and Sutro in San Francisco until 1976. He then served for 12 years in United States Attorney offices. He first worked in the office of the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California in San Francisco,[15] where he rose to be chief of the criminal division, and in 1982, he moved to Boston to work in the office of the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Massachusetts as Assistant United States Attorney,[5] where he investigated and prosecuted major financial fraud, terrorism and public corruption cases, as well as narcotics conspiracies and international money launderers.[18]

After serving as a partner at the Boston law firm of Hill and Barlow, Mueller returned to government service. In 1989, he served in the United States Department of Justice as an assistant to Attorney General Dick Thornburgh and as acting deputy Attorney General. James Baker, with whom he worked on national security matters, said he had "...an appreciation for the Constitution and the rule of law."[19] The following year he took charge of its criminal division.[15] During his tenure, he oversaw prosecutions that included Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega, the Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie bombing) case, and the Gambino crime family boss John Gotti. In 1991, he was elected a fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers.[5]

In 1993, Mueller became a partner at Boston's Hale and Dorr, specializing in white-collar crime litigation.[15] He returned to public service in 1995 as senior litigator in the homicide section of the District of Columbia United States Attorney's Office. In 1998, Mueller was named U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California and held that position until 2001.[5]

FBI director

Mueller was nominated for the position of FBI director by George W. Bush on July 5, 2001.[20] At the time, he and two other candidates, Washington lawyer George J. Terwilliger III and veteran Chicago prosecutor and white-collar crime defense lawyer Dan Webb, were up for the job, but Mueller was always considered the front runner.[21] Terwilliger and Webb both pulled out from consideration around mid-June, while confirmation hearings for Mueller before the Senate Judiciary Committee were quickly set for July 30, only three days before his prostate cancer surgery.[22][23]

The confirmation vote on the Senate floor on August 2, 2001, was unanimous, 98–0.[24] He had served as acting deputy attorney- general of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) for several months before officially becoming the FBI director on September 4, 2001, just one week before the September 11 attacks against the United States homeland.[5]

Robert S. Mueller official portrait.jpg
Official portrait, circa 2001

In March 2004, Mueller and deputy attorney general James Comey, threatened the Bush administration with their resignations if the White House overruled the DOJ finding that the domestic wiretapping under the Terrorist Surveillance Program (TSP) was unconstitutional, if such were done without a court warrant.[25] On March 10, 2004, United States Attorney General John Ashcroft was being visited by his wife as he was treated in the intensive care unit at the George Washington University Hospital. They were joined there by Mueller and Comey, and shortly afterward, by Jack Goldsmith of the DOJ's Office of Legal Counsel and Patrick Philbrin. None of them wanted the TSP reauthorized. After the quartet's arrival, Ashcroft refused to give his consent to an extension of the program, despite being pressured at the hospital soon afterward by White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card and White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales. They were requesting that he waive the DOJ ruling and permit the domestic warrantless eavesdropping program to continue beyond its expiration date. He additionally informed the pair that due to his illness, he had delegated his powers as USAG to Comey. On March 12, 2004, after meeting alone and individually with Mueller and Comey at the White House, the president gave his support to changes in the program sufficient to satisfy the concerns of Mueller, Ashcroft and Comey.[26][25]

As director, Mueller barred personnel from the FBI from participating with the CIA in enhanced interrogations. At a dinner, Mueller defended an attorney (Thomas Wilner) who had been attacked for his role in defending Kuwaiti detainees, standing up, raising his glass and saying "I toast Tom Wilner. He's doing what an American should." When Bush confronted Mueller about the perception his agency was failing to round up more terrorists in the U.S., Mueller responded saying about possible suspects, "If they don't commit a crime, it would be difficult to identify and isolate" them. Vice President Dick Cheney objected, castigating Mueller thus: "That's not just good enough. We're hearing this too much from the FBI."[27]

In May 2011, President Barack Obama asked Mueller to continue at the helm of the FBI for two additional years beyond his normal 10-year term, which would have expired on September 4, 2011.[28] The Senate approved this request on July 27, 2011.[29] On September 4, 2013, Mueller was replaced by James Comey.[30]

On June 19, 2017, in the case of Arar v. Ashcroft, Mueller, along with Ashcroft and former Immigration and Naturalization Services Commissioner James W. Ziglar and others, was shielded from civil liability by the Supreme Court for post-9/11 detention of Muslims under policies then brought into place.[31]

Later career

Private sector

White House meeting on Boston Marathon bombing investigation.jpg
Mueller at the White House in April 2013 discussing the Boston Marathon bombing, with (from left) President Obama, National Security Advisor Tom Donilon, Attorney General Eric Holder, Director of CIA John Brennan, and Lisa Monaco, Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism

After leaving the FBI in 2013, Mueller served a one-year term as consulting professor and the Arthur and Frank Payne distinguished lecturer at Stanford University, where he focused on issues related to cybersecurity.[32]

In addition to his speaking and teaching roles, Mueller also joined the law firm WilmerHale as a partner in its Washington office in 2014.[33] Among other roles at the firm, he oversaw the independent investigation into the NFL's conduct surrounding the video that appeared to show NFL player Ray Rice assaulting his fiancée.[34] In January 2016, he was appointed as Settlement Master in the U.S. consumer litigation over the Volkswagen emissions scandal; as of May 11, 2017, the scandal has resulted in $11.2 billion in customer settlements.[35]

On October 19, 2016, Mueller began an external review of "security, personnel, and management processes and practices" at government contractor Booz Allen Hamilton after an employee was indicted for massive data theft from the National Security Agency.[36] On April 6, 2017, he was appointed as Special Master for disbursement of $850 million and $125 million for automakers and consumers, respectively, affected by rupture-prone Takata airbags.[37]

Mueller received the 2016 Thayer Award for public service from the United States Military Academy.[38] In June, 2017, he received the Baker Award for intelligence and national security contributions from the nonprofit Intelligence and National Security Alliance.[39]

2017 appointment as special counsel

Appointment of Special Counsel to Investigate Russian Interference with the 2016 Presidential Election and Related Matters.pdf
“Appointment of Special Counsel to Investigate Russian Interference in the 2016 United States Election and Related Matters”

On May 17, 2017, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein appointed Mueller to serve as special counsel for the United States Department of Justice. In this capacity, Mueller oversees the investigation into “any links and/or coordination between Russian government and individuals associated with the campaign of President Donald Trump, and any matters that arose or may arise directly from the investigation".[40]

Mueller's appointment to oversee the investigation immediately garnered widespread support from both Democrats and Republicans in Congress.[41][42] Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY) said, "Former Director Mueller is exactly the right kind of individual for this job. I now have significantly greater confidence that the investigation will follow the facts wherever they lead." Senator Rob Portman (R-OH) stated, "former FBI dir. Mueller is well qualified to oversee this probe”.[41]

Upon his appointment as Special Counsel, Mueller and two colleagues (former FBI agent Aaron Zebley and former assistant special prosecutor on the Watergate Special Prosecution Force James L. Quarles III) resigned from WilmerHale.[43] On May 23, 2017, the U.S. Department of Justice ethics experts announced they had declared Mueller ethically able to function as special counsel.[44] The spokesperson for the special counsel is Peter Carr, who told NBC News that Mueller has taken an active role in managing the inquiry.[45] In an interview with the Associated Press, Rosenstein said he would recuse himself from supervision of Mueller, if he himself were to become a subject in the investigation due to his role in the dismissal of James Comey.[46]

On June 14, 2017, the Washington Post reported that Mueller's office is also investigating President Trump personally for possible obstruction of justice, in reference to the Russian probe.[47] The report was questioned by Trump's legal team attorney Jay Sekulow, who said June 18 on NBC's Meet the Press, "The President is not and has not been under investigation for obstruction, period."[48]

During a discussion about national security at the Aspen security conference, on July 21, 2017, former CIA director John Brennan reaffirmed his support for Mueller and called for members of Congress to resist if Trump fires Mueller. He also said it was “the obligation of some executive-branch officials to refuse to carry out some of these orders that, again, are inconsistent with what this country is all about.”[49]

On October 30, 2017, Mueller filed charges against Paul Manafort and Rick Gates. The 12 charges include conspiracy to launder money, violations of the 1938 Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) as being an unregistered agent of a foreign principal, false and misleading FARA statements, and conspiracy against the United States.[50]

On December 1, 2017, Mueller reached a plea agreement with former national security adviser Michael T. Flynn, who pleaded guilty to giving false testimony to the FBI about his contacts with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak.[51] As part of Flynn’s negotiations, his son, Michael G. Flynn, is not expected to be charged and Flynn is prepared to testify that high level officials on Trump's team directed him to make contact with the Russians.[52][53]

Personal life

Mueller met his future wife, Ann Cabell Standish, at a high school party when they were 17.[54] Standish attended Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut, and Sarah Lawrence College, before working as a special-education teacher for children with learning disabilities.[55] In September 1966, they married at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Sewickley, Pennsylvania.[56][57] They have two daughters and three grandchildren.[58] One of their daughters was born with spina bifida.[59]

In 2001, Mueller's Senate confirmation hearings to head the FBI were delayed several months while he underwent treatment for prostate cancer.[60] He was diagnosed in the fall of 2000, postponing being sworn in as FBI director until he received a good prognosis from his physician.[61]

References

  1. ^ "FBI Nominee Lauded for Tenacity". The Washington Post. July 30, 2001. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  2. ^ "Robert S. Mueller, III, September 4, 2001- September 4, 2013", Federal Bureau of Investigation: "he served as an officer for three years".
  3. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca R.; Landler, Mark (2017-05-17). "Robert Mueller, Former F.B.I. Director, Is Named Special Counsel for Russia Investigation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  4. ^ "Son Born to Robert S. Muellers". The New York Times. August 8, 1944. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Arthur Holst, "Mueller, Robert S. (August 7, 1944–)" in Spies, Wiretaps, and Secret Operations: An Encyclopedia of American Espionage (Vol. 1: A–J), ed. Glenn P. Hastedt (ABC-CLIO, 2011), p. 528.
  6. ^ "Robert Swan Mueller Jr. '38". Princeton Alumni Weekly. April 23, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  7. ^ "Robert Swan Mueller Jr. '38". January 21, 2016.
  8. ^ Memoirs of Allegheny County Pennsylvania, Madison, Northwestern Historical Association, 1904, vol. 1, pp. 256–57.
  9. ^ "Alice Truesdale Will Be Married: Graduate of Miss Hall's School Is Fiancée of Lieut. Robert S. Mueller Jr. of Navy". The New York Times. June 28, 1943. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  10. ^ "FBI Director Mueller '62 Returns to Concord". St. Paul's School. 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  11. ^ "Mudd Manuscript Library Thesis Database". Princeton University. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
  12. ^ "Award winners Mueller '66 and Jackson '86 highlight Alumni Day". Princeton Alumni Weekly. 2016-01-21. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  13. ^ Princeton Alumni Weekly, Volume 67. p. 65.
  14. ^ "FBI Director Robert Mueller to Receive Thomas Jefferson Foundation Medal in Law". University of Virginia School of Law. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  15. ^ a b c d e Shannon, Elaine (2001-07-06). "Robert Mueller: Straight Shooter With a Moving Target". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  16. ^ Military.com 21 May 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Task Purpose Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  18. ^ Boss, Owen. “Robert Mueller made mark during Boston tenure”, Boston Herald (May 18, 2017).
  19. ^ Mayer, Jane (May 2009). The Dark Side. New York: Anchor Books. pp. 33, 34. ISBN 978-0-307-45629-8.
  20. ^ "Remarks by the President in Nominating Robert S. Mueller as Director of the FBI". The White House. July 5, 2001. Retrieved September 28, 2007.
  21. ^ "Bush Names Mueller FBI Director". United Press. June 6, 2001. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2006.
  22. ^ "Senate hearing set July 30 for FBI choice Mueller". CNN. June 18, 2001. Retrieved June 10, 2006.
  23. ^ "FBI director-designate has prostate cancer". CNN. June 13, 2001. Archived from the original on December 27, 2007. Retrieved June 10, 2006.
  24. ^ "Robert S. Mueller, III, to be Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation" (Plain Text). United States Senate. August 2, 2001. Retrieved June 10, 2006.
  25. ^ a b Eggen, Dan; Kane, Paul (May 16, 2007). "Gonzales Hospital Episode Detailed". Washington Post. Retrieved September 28, 2007.
  26. ^ Mayer, Jane (May 2009). The Dark Side. New York: Anchor Books. pp. 289–290. ISBN 978-0-307-45629-8.
  27. ^ Mayer, Jane (May 2009). The Dark Side. New York: Anchor Books. pp. 157, 205, 270. ISBN 978-0-307-45629-8.
  28. ^ "FBI Director to stay in post for another 2 years". CNN. May 12, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  29. ^ "Senate Extends Term of F.B.I. Director". New York Times. July 27, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  30. ^ "James B. Comey Sworn in as FBI Director". FBI. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  31. ^ Liptak, Adam (June 19, 2017). "Supreme Court Rules for Bush Officials in Post-9/11 Suit". The New York Times. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  32. ^ Gorlick, Adam (November 5, 2013). "Former FBI director to bolster security research at Stanford" (Press release). Stanford, California: Stanford University. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  33. ^ Staff (March 24, 2014). "Former Director of the FBI Robert Mueller III Joins WilmerHale" (Press release). Wilmer Hale. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  34. ^ Mueller, Robert (2015-01-08). "Report to the National Football League of an Independent Investigation into the Ray Rice Incident" (PDF). WilmerHale. National Football League.
  35. ^ "VW's emissions-cheating settlement for 3-liter vehicles gets judge's approval". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 2017-05-11.
  36. ^ Uchill, Joe (2016-10-27). "Booz Allen announces external review following stolen documents by contractor". The Hill.
  37. ^ Spector, Mike (2017-04-06). "Former FBI Director Robert Mueller to Oversee Takata Compensation Funds". Wall Street Journal.
  38. ^ "Robert S. Mueller III Receives 2016 Thayer Award". West Point Association of Graduates. 2016.
  39. ^ "Robert Mueller to Receive 2017 William Oliver Baker Award". Intelligence and National Security Alliance. 2017-02-28.
  40. ^ Rosenstein, Rod. "Rod Rosenstein's Letter Appointing Mueller Special Counsel". The New York Times. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  41. ^ a b "Rare bipartisan moment: Both sides embrace Robert Mueller as special counsel". USA Today. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
  42. ^ Berman, Russell. "Mueller Pick Meets a Rare Bipartisan Consensus". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
  43. ^ Taylor, Jessica; Johnson, Carrie (2017-05-17). "Former FBI Director Mueller Appointed As Special Counsel To Oversee Russia Probe". NPR.
  44. ^ Savage, Charlie (May 23, 2017). "Ethics experts clear special counsel in Russia investigation". The New York Times.
  45. ^ Williams, Pete (June 2, 2017), Special Counsel Robert Mueller Taking Close Control of Russia Investigation, NBC News
  46. ^ Sadie Gurman, Eric Tucker and Jeff Horwitz (June 3, 2017), Special Counsel Mueller's investigation seems to be growing, Associated Press
  47. ^ Barrett, Devlin; Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen; Horwitz, Sari (2017-06-14). "Special counsel is investigating Trump for possible obstruction of justice, officials say". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  48. ^ Koenig, Kailani (June 18, 2017). "Trump Attorney: The President Is Not Under Investigation". NBC News. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  49. ^ Angry Former Spy Chiefs, Anxiety, and Discord Over Trump at a Security Forum. David Rohde. The New Yorker. July 22, 2017. Retrieved July 27, 2017
  50. ^ "Trump's ex-campaign manager Manafort to turn himself in to Mueller: reports". ABC News. 2017-10-30. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
  51. ^ "Trump's ex-national security adviser Michael Flynn pleads guilty to lying to FBI". The Guardian. 2017-12-01.
  52. ^ Leonnig, Carol D.; Dawsey, Josh; Barrett, Devlin; Zapotosky, Matt (2017-12-01). "Michael Flynn pleads guilty to lying to the FBI". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  53. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (2017-12-01). "Documents Reveal New Details on What Trump Team Knew About Flynn's Calls With Russia's Ambassador". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  54. ^ Graff, Garrett M. (2011). The Threat Matrix: Inside Robert Mueller's FBI and the War on Global Terror. Little, Brown. p. 108. ISBN 9780316120883. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  55. ^ Shannon, Elaine; Cooper, Matthew (July 16, 2001). "The FBI's Top Gun". Time. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  56. ^ "Ann Cabell Standish Engaged to Robert Swan Mueller 3d". The New York Times. July 3, 1966. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  57. ^ "9 Are Attendants Of Ann Standish At Her Wedding; She Is Bride of Robert Mueller 3d, Alumnus of Princeton U". The New York Times. September 4, 1966. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  58. ^ "Attorney General Eric Holder Delivers Remarks at the Farewell Ceremony for FBI Director Robert S. Mueller". United States Department of Justice. August 1, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  59. ^ Slater, Joanna (June 18, 2017). "Meet Robert Mueller: The 'unique' figure in Washington investigating Trump". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  60. ^ Hancock, Larry (2015). Surprise Attack: From Pearl Harbor to 9/11 to Benghazi. Counterpoint. p. 205. ISBN 9781619026575. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  61. ^ Altman, Lawrence K.; Johnston, David (August 15, 2001). "View After Cancer Surgery Is Good for F.B.I. Director". The New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2017.

Further reading

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Bill Weld
United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts
Acting

1986–1987
Succeeded by
Frank L. McNamara
Preceded by
Edward Dennis
United States Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Jo Ann Harris
Preceded by
Michael Yamaguchi
United States Attorney for the Northern District of California
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Kevin Ryan
Preceded by
Eric Holder
United States Deputy Attorney General
Acting

2001
Succeeded by
Larry Thompson
Government offices
Preceded by
Thomas Pickard
Acting
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
2001–2013
Succeeded by
James Comey
  1. ^ [1]

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