The Republican National Committee (RNC) is a U.S. political committee that provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States. It is responsible for developing and promoting the Republican political platform, as well as coordinating fundraising and election strategy. It is also responsible for organizing and running the Republican National Convention. Similar committees exist in every U.S. state and most U.S. counties, although in some states party organization is structured by congressional district, allied campaign organizations being governed by a national committee. Ronna Romney McDaniel is the current committee chairwoman.
The RNC's main counterpart is the Democratic National Committee.
|Republican National Committee|
|Founded||1856; 162 years ago|
|Headquarters||310 First Street SE,
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Ronna Romney McDaniel
The 1856 Republican National Convention appointed the first RNC. It consisted of one member from each state and territory to serve for four years. Each national convention since then has followed the precedent of equal representation for each state or territory, regardless of population. From 1924 to 1952, there was a national committeeman and national committeewoman from each state and U.S. possession, and from Washington, D.C.. In 1952, committee membership was expanded to include the state party chairs of states that voted Republican in the preceding presidential election, have a Republican majority in their congressional delegation (U.S. representatives and senators), or have Republican governors. By 1968, membership reached 145. As of 2011, the RNC has 168 members.
The only person to have chaired the RNC and later become U.S. president is George H. W. Bush. A number of the chairs of the RNC have been state governors.
In 2013, the RNC began an outreach campaign toward American youth and minority voters, after studies showed these groups generally perceived that the Republican Party did not care about their concerns.
|1||Edwin Denison Morgan||1856–1864||New York|
|2||Henry Jarvis Raymond||1864–1866||New York|
|3||Marcus Lawrence Ward||1866–1868||New Jersey|
|5||Edwin Denison Morgan||1872–1876||New York||Second term|
|7||James Donald Cameron||1879–1880||Pennsylvania|
|9||Dwight M. Sabin||1883–1884||Minnesota|
|10||Benjamin Franklin Jones||1884–1888||New Jersey|
|11||Matthew Stanley Quay||1888–1891||Pennsylvania|
|12||James S. Clarkson||1891–1892||Iowa|
|13||William J. Campbell||1892||Illinois||Elected in June, he declined the position and resigned in July.|
|14||Thomas H. Carter||1892–1896||Montana|
|16||Henry Clay Payne||1904||Wisconsin|
|17||George Bruce Cortelyou||1904–1907||New York|
|18||Harry S. New||1907–1908||Indiana|
|19||Frank Harris Hitchcock||1908–1909||Ohio|
|20||John Fremont Hill||1909–1912||Maine|
|22||Charles D. Hilles||1912–1916||New York|
|23||William R. Wilcox||1916–1918||New York|
|24||Will H. Hays||1918–1921||Indiana|
|25||John T. Adams||1921–1924||Iowa|
|26||William M. Butler||1924–1928||Massachusetts||During this term, Mary Booze of Mississippi became the first African-American woman member of the RNC.|
|28||Claudius H. Huston||1929–1930||Tennessee||First Southerner to be elected chairman.|
|29||Simeon Davison Fess||1930–1932||Ohio|
|31||Henry P. Fletcher||1934–1936||Pennsylvania|
|32||John D. M. Hamilton||1936–1940||Kansas|
|33||Joseph William Martin Jr.||1940–1942||Massachusetts||Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1947–49 and 1953–55.|
|34||Harrison E. Spangler||1942–1944||Iowa|
|35||Herbert Brownell Jr.||1944–1946||New York|
|38||Guy G. Gabrielson||1949–1952||New Jersey|
|39||Arthur E. Summerfield||1952–1953||Michigan|
|41||Leonard W. Hall||1953–1957||New York|
|43||Thruston B. Morton||1959–1961||Kentucky|
|44||William E. Miller||1961–1964||New York||Party's 1964 nominee for vice president.|
|46||Ray C. Bliss||1965–1969||Ohio|
|47||Rogers C. B. Morton||1969–1971||Maryland|
|48||Bob Dole||1971–1973||Kansas||Party's congressman, senator, and nominee for both vice president (1976) and president (1996).|
|49||George H. W. Bush||1973–1974||Texas||Vice President of the United States (1981–1989), President of the United States (1989–1993). First chair elected as either vice president or president.|
|50||Mary Louise Smith||1974–1977||Iowa||First woman to serve as chair.|
|51||William E. Brock III and||1977–1981||Tennessee and Arizona|
|53||Frank Fahrenkopf||1983–1989||Nevada||Paul Laxalt served as general chairman & Betty Heitman as co-chair (1983–87); Maureen Reagan served as co-chair (1987–89).|
|54||Lee Atwater||1989–1991||South Carolina|
|55||Clayton Keith Yeutter||1991–1992||Nebraska|
|62||Ken Mehlman||2005–2007||Washington, D.C.||Stepped down at end of 2006.|
|63||Mel Martinez||2007||Florida||Served with Mike Duncan as general chairman.|
|63||Mike Duncan||2007–2009||Kentucky||Senator Mel Martinez served with Duncan as general chairman before stepping down in October 2007.|
|64||Michael Steele||2009–2011||Maryland||First African-American chairman; Jan Larimer served as co-chair.|
|65||Reince Priebus||2011–2017||Wisconsin||Sharon Day served as co-chair. Priebus stepped down in 2017 to serve as White House Chief of Staff.|
|66||Ronna Romney McDaniel||2017–present||Michigan||Second woman to serve as chair; niece of Mitt Romney. Bob Paduchik serves as co-chair.|
|Candidate||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3|
|Candidate||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 4||Round 5||Round 6|
|John S. Herrington||4||4||3||3||Withdrew|
|Robert T. Bennett||15||Withdrew|
On November 24, 2008, Steele launched his campaign for the RNC chairmanship with the launching of his website. On January 30, 2009, Steele won the chairmanship of the RNC in the sixth round, with 91 votes to Dawson's 77.
|Candidate||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 4||Round 5||Round 6|
On announcing his candidacy to succeed RNC Chairman Duncan, former Maryland Lt. Gov. Michael Steele described the party as being at a crossroads and not knowing what to do. "I think I may have some keys to open the door, some juice to turn on the lights," he said.
Six people ran for the 2009 RNC Chairmanship: Steele, Ken Blackwell, Mike Duncan, Saul Anuzis, Katon Dawson and Chip Saltsman. After Saltsman's withdrawal, there were only five candidates during the hotly contested balloting January 30, 2009.
After the third round of balloting that day, Steele held a small lead over incumbent Mike Duncan of Kentucky, with 51 votes to Duncan's 44. Shortly after the announcement of the standings, Duncan dropped out of contention without endorsing a candidate. Ken Blackwell, the only other African-American candidate, dropped out after the fourth ballot and endorsed Steele, though Blackwell had been the most socially conservative of the candidates and Steele had been accused of not being "sufficiently conservative." Steele picked up Blackwell's votes. After the fifth round, Steele held a ten-vote lead over Katon Dawson, with 79 votes, and Saul Anuzis dropped out. After the sixth vote, he won the chairmanship of the RNC over Dawson by a vote of 91 to 77.
Mississippi Governor and former RNC chair Haley Barbour has suggested the party will focus its efforts on congressional and gubernatorial elections in the coming years rather than the next presidential election. "When I was chairman of the Republican National Committee the last time we lost the White House in 1992 we focused exclusively on 1993 and 1994. And at the end of that time, we had both houses of Congress with Republican majorities, and we'd gone from 17 Republican governors to 31. So anyone talking about 2012 today doesn't have their eye on the ball. What we ought to worry about is rebuilding our party over the next year and particularly in 2010," Barbour said at the November 2008 Republican Governors conference.
Michael Steele ran for re-election at the 2011 RNC winter meeting. Other candidates were Reince Priebus, Republican Party of Wisconsin Chairman, Ann Wagner, former Ambassador to Luxembourg, Saul Anuzis, former Republican Party Chairman of Michigan, and Maria Cino, former acting Secretary of Transportation under George W. Bush. Steele's critics increasingly called on him to step down as RNC Chair when his term ended in 2011. A debate for Chairman hosted by Americans for Tax Reform took place on January 3 at the National Press Club. The election for Chairman took place January 14 at the RNC's winter meeting with Reince Priebus winning on the seventh ballot after Steele and Wagner withdrew.
|Candidate||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 4||Round 5||Round 6||Round 7|
Priebus won re-election with near unanimity in the party's 2013 meeting in Charlotte, North Carolina. He was re-elected to a third term in 2015, setting him up to become the longest serving head of the party ever.
After winning in November 2016, President-Elect Donald Trump designated Priebus as his White House Chief of Staff, to begin upon his taking office in January 2017; David Bossie of Maryland was seen as a potential next RNC chairman.
Trump then recommended Ronna Romney McDaniel as RNC Chairwoman and she was elected to that role by the RNC in January 2017.
A collapsible list of the voting members of the Republican National Committee follows, as of November 2016. The state chair, national committeeman and national committeewoman each receive one vote at RNC meetings and vote for RNC Chairmanship.
|Alabama||Terry Lathan||Paul Reynolds||Vicki Drummond|
|Alaska||Tuckerman Babcock||Peter Goldberg||Cynthia Henry|
|American Samoa||Utu Abe Malae||Su'a Schuster||Amata C. Radewagen|
|Arizona||Robert Graham||Bruce Ash||Lori Klein Corbin|
|Arkansas||Doyle Webb||Jonathan Barnett||Jonelle Fulmer|
|California||Jim Brulte||Shawn Steel||Harmeet Dhillon|
|Colorado||Steve House||George Leing||Vera Ortegon|
|Connecticut||J. R. Romano||John H. Frey||Leora Levy|
|Delaware||Charlie Copeland||W. Laird Stabler, III||Ellen Barrosse|
|District of Columbia||Jose Cunningham||Robert Kabel||Jill Homan|
|Florida||Blaise Ingoglia||Peter Feaman||Kathleen King|
|Georgia||John Padgett||Randy Evans||Ginger Howard|
|Guam||Victor Cruz||Jay Rojas||Margaret Metcalfe|
|Hawaii||Fritz Rohlfing||Gene Ward||Miriam Hellreich|
|Idaho||Vacant||Damond Watkins||Cindy Siddoway|
|Illinois||Tim Schneider||Richard Porter||Demetra DeMonte|
|Indiana||Jeff Cardwell||John Hammond||Marsha Coats|
|Iowa||Jeff Kaufmann||Steve Scheffler||Tamara Scott|
|Kansas||Kelly Arnold||Mark Kahrs||Helen Van Etten|
|Kentucky||J. Brown||Mike Duncan||KC Crosbie|
|Louisiana||Roger F. Villere||Ross Little Jr.||Lenar Whitney|
|Maine||Rick Bennett||Alex Willette||Ellie Espling|
|Maryland||Diana Waterman||David Bossie||Nicolee Ambrose|
|Massachusetts||Kirsten Hughes||Ron Kaufman||Keiko Orrall|
|Michigan||Ron Weiser||Robert Steele||Kathy Berden|
|Minnesota||Jennifer Carnahan ||Rick Rice||Janet Beihoffer|
|Mississippi||Joe Nosef||Henry Barbour||Jeanne C. Luckey|
|Missouri||John Hancock||Gordon Kinne||Susie Eckelkamp|
|Montana||Jeff Essmann||Art Wittich||Jennifer Fielder|
|Nebraska||Dan Welch||J. L. Spray||Lydia Brasch|
|Nevada||Michael J. McDonald||Lee Hoffman||Diana Orrock|
|New Hampshire||Jennifer Horn||Steve Duprey||Juliana Bergeron|
|New Jersey||Sam Raia||Bill Palatucci||Virginia Haines|
|New Mexico||Debbie Maestas||Harvey Yates||Rosalind F. Tripp|
|New York||Edward F. Cox||Charles P. Joyce||Jennifer Saul Rich|
|North Carolina||Robin Hayes||Mark Brody||Ada Fisher|
|North Dakota||Kelly Armstrong||Shane Goettle||Sandy Boehler|
|Northern Mariana Islands||James A. Ada||Bo Palacios||Vicky Villagomez|
|Ohio||Jane Timken||Jim Dicke||Jo Ann Davidson|
|Oklahoma||Pam Pollard||Steve Curry||Carolyn McLarty|
|Oregon||Bill Currier||Solomon Yue Jr.||Marilyn Shannon|
|Pennsylvania||Robert Gleason||Robert B. Asher||Christine Jack Toretti|
|Puerto Rico||Jennifer G. Colon||Luis Fortuño||Zoraida "Zori" Fonalledas|
|Rhode Island||Brandon Bell||Steve Frias||Lee Ann Sennick|
|South Carolina||Matt Moore||Glenn McCall||Cindy Costa|
|South Dakota||Pam Roberts||Ried Holien||Sandye Kading|
|Tennessee||Ryan A. Haynes||Oscar Brock||Beth Campbell|
|Texas||James Dickey||Robin Armstrong||Toni Anne Dashiell|
|Utah||James Evans||Thomas Wright||Anne-Marie Lampropoulos|
|Vermont||David Sunderland||Jay Shepard||Susie Hudson|
|Virginia||John C. Whitbeck||Morton Blackwell||Cynthia Dunbar|
|Washington||Susan Hutchison||Jeff Kent||Fredi Simpson|
|West Virginia||Conrad Lucas||Kris Warner||Melody Potter|
|Wisconsin||Brad Courtney||Steve King||Mary F. Buestrin|
|Wyoming||Matt Micheli||Richard George||Marti Halverson|
In February 2014, during the chairmanship of Reince Priebus, the RNC launched an in-house technology incubator called Para Bellum Labs. This new unit of the RNC was first headed by Azarias Reda, an engineer with a PhD in computer science from the University of Michigan. The effort is designed to help the party and its candidates bridge the technology gap. Para Bellum, translated from Latin, means "prepare for war."
William J. Campbell of Chicago will succeed himself as the representative of Illinois on the National Republican committee. Mr. Campbell says he does not want the office and that he will make no effort for it, but he will be elected with few if any dissenting votes...
Priebus was re-elected to his second term with near unanimity in 2013 at the party’s meeting in Charlotte
Priebus was elected Friday in a resounding vote to serve a third term as chairman of the Republican National Committee, putting him on course to become the longest serving head of the national party in history.
The RNC Tuesday is announcing the formation of Para Bellum Labs, an in-house technology incubator that combines the committee's data-analytics arm with its digital-marketing unit.
the RNC last week unveiled Para Bellum Labs — para bellum is Latin for 'prepare for war' — an initiative designed to help the party and its candidates bridge the technology gap