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Republic Records is an American record company that operates as a division of Universal Music Group. The record label was endowed by Monte Lipman and Avery Lipman in 1995; it was later paired into the Universal Motown Republic Group in 1999. After the separation of Motown Records from Universal Motown Records, the Universal Motown Republic Group was shuttered, the label was temporarily reincarnated as Universal Republic Records in 2006, until it was revived in late 2012. The Universal Republic back catalogue is handled by Republic under UMe The label's main offices are located in New York City, New York, United States, other offices of the record label are located at the Interscope Center in Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Artists currently signed to Republic Records include but are not limited to 3 Doors Down, Ariana Grande, Aminé, Amy Winehouse, Black Veil Brides, Black Sabbath, Drake, Florence and the Machine, Greta Van Fleet, Hailee Steinfeld, Jack Johnson, Jessie J, John Mellencamp, Lil Wayne, Lorde, Mika, Nicki Minaj, Pearl Jam, Post Malone, Ski Mask The Slump God, Stromae, The Weeknd, Picture This and Liam Payne.
According to Avery Lipman, he and his brother Monte Lipman first conceived of Republic Records at the kitchen table of their apartment:
My brother and I had been working at record companies. He was in between jobs and we started putting records out as a hobby. We had a grassroots approach to the business. The first record we put out happened to work really well. That was the Bloodhound Gang.
The Lipman brothers accepted an offer from Universal in 2008 and resigned with UMG in 2011. One of several labels that comprise Universal Motown Republic Group, the newly named Republic Records was formed in 1995 as a sub-label of MCA's Geffen Records.
Universal Records: 1999–2005
Universal Music Group acquired the Lipman brothers' Republic Records as a fully owned subsidiary in 1999, and named Monte Lipman as President of the newly established Universal Records label, and Avery Lipman the COO; both reporting to Doug Morris (Chairman of Universal Music Group), and Mel Lewinter, (Chairman of Universal Records Group). During their tenure, the Lipmans shaped the newly formed company and took on new acts including Nelly, Lil Wayne, Elton John, and co-ventures with labels such as Cash Money Records and No Limit.
Universal Republic Records: 2006–12
As of 2006, Universal Republic adopted an A&R and partnership-based growth strategy. In the summer of 2011, changes were made at the Universal Motown Republic Group umbrella, Motown Records was separated from Universal Motown Records (causing it to shut down and transfer its artists to either Motown Records or Universal Republic Records) and the umbrella label and merged into The Island Def Jam Music Group, making Universal Republic Records a stand-alone label and shutting down Universal Motown Republic Group.
Republic Records revival: 2012–present
In mid-2012, Universal Republic Records changed its name to its former name Republic Records. All Universal Republic Records roster were moved to Republic Records. The label has since released albums by Lil Wayne, Kid Cudi and Tyga among others. The new Republic became the number one label in soundtrack production and sales. On March 31, 2014, it was announced that Big Machine and Republic Records revived Dot Records, and that Chris Stacey would be head of the label. Dot is the third imprint -- technically the fourth, counting Big Machine itself -- launched under Big Machine Label Group, following Valory (Brantley Gilbert, Justin Moore, Reba McEntire) and Republic Nashville (Florida Georgia Line, The Band Perry, Eli Young Band).
On June 20, 2014, it was announced that Republic has partnered with VH1 to create the "Make a Band Famous" campaign, which will pick a pristine star for the network to appear in new spots and a band will be added to Republic's growing roster. VH1 and Republic has both used Social media in this campaign. In 2015 Republic Records had songs in six of the spots in the Top 10 of the Mediabase Top 40 Chart, which tied a record that had been set in 2013.
Republic Records appointed its first executive vice president of film & television Dana Sano, formerly New Line Cinema senior music executive, in July 2017. The position would oversee film and TV projects and Federal Films initiative in working with UMG's Polygram Entertainment.
In November 2017, Republic was recognized as Variety's Hitmaker Label of the Year.
In the earlier days, Republic Records released the Bloodhound Gang's EP, Dingleberry Haze (1994) as well as their first LP, Use Your Fingers. Universal Republic has created strategic partnerships and co-ventures. Singer Jay Sean and producer Kevin Rudolf of Cash Money Records. Rudolf's single, "Let It Rock" was certified 3x Platinum and licensed by multiple television networks for sports and other entertainment endorsements. Jay Sean's debut single "Down" sold 3 million copies in the United States and 6 million worldwide. Sean's follow-up single "Do You Remember" also sold over a million copies. American singer Taylor Swift with Nashville-based Big Machine Records. Swift today is a Diamond artist with 10 Grammys and 40 million records sold worldwide (Recording Industry Association of America: 4× Platinum). Jack Johnson on Brushfire Records who has achieved multi-Platinum certifications twice and is estimated to have sold about 8 million albums worldwide (Recording Industry Association of America: Platinum). Damian Marley with Jr. Gong Records, whose debut album reached Gold certification and sold 1 million worldwide.
- 2000: 3 Doors Down, whose debut album The Better Life achieved 6× Platinum certification in the United States, sold 6 million copies worldwide and featured the hit single "Kryptonite", which peaked at #3 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and was nominated for Best Rock Song at the 2001 Grammy Awards.
- 2006: Hinder, whose debut album Extreme Behavior achieved 3× Platinum certification in the United States and sold 5 million worldwide.
- 2007: Amy Winehouse, whose debut album for Universal Republic, Back to Black achieved 2× Platinum certification in the US and sold 10 million copies worldwide. Winehouse also received five Grammy Awards.
- 2008-Present: Nicki Minaj (Onika Tanya Maraj) is a Trinidadian-born rapper. Minaj's first and second studio albums, Pink Friday (2010) and Pink Friday: Roman Reloaded (2012), both peaked at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 and produced the successful singles "Super Bass" and "Starships", respectively. She after released a ressiue titled "The Re-Up" which spawned several successful singles. In 2010, Minaj became the first female solo artist to have seven singles simultaneously charting on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100. Her third studio album, The Pinkprint (2014), was preceded by its second single, "Anaconda", which peaked at number two on the Hot 100 and is her highest-charting single in the U.S. to date. Her 4th studio album is expected to be released in 2018. She is the highest selling female rapper.
- 2009: Owl City, whose debut album Ocean Eyes placed on Billboard 200 for 56 weeks with a peak position of #8.
- 2011: Lava Records plans to breakout highly anticipated artists including Jessie J (winner of Critics Choice Brit Award and the BBC Sound of 2011).
- 2011: James Blake signed with the label.
- 2013: New Zealand singer Lorde releases her single "Royals" to international acclaim and success; the song made her the first woman in seventeen years to top the US Alternative Songs chart and also the first NZ solo artist to have a number-one song in the United States. "Royals" also made Lorde the youngest person to score a number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in twenty-six years. In November St. Vincent (musician) signs to the label. The eponymous album published in 2014 was awarded the 2015 Best Alternative Music Album.
- 2014: American singer Ariana Grande releases her single Problem, earning the singer her first number two on the Billboard Hot 100. It broke the record for the fastest song to go to number one on iTunes, reaching the position in less than 40 minutes after its release and making her the youngest woman to ever have a song debut with more than 400,000 downloads in its first week.
- 2015: Canadian singer The Weeknd releases his single "Can't Feel My Face", earning the singer his first number one on the Billboard Hot 100. The single was also nominated for two Grammy Awards: Record of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance. The single was later replaced at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 by "The Hills", the first single released from his second studio album Beauty Behind the Madness.
- 2013–Present: Ariana Grande has been signed to the label since her musical career took off in 2013. She possesses a four octave and a note range and the whistle register. Her first and second albums Yours Truly (2013) and My Everything (2014) both reached No. 1 in the United States and her 2016 album Dangerous Woman debuted at No. 2. She is the first person in the history of Billboard's Hot 100 to have the lead singles from each of her first three albums debut within the top ten. Additionally, she, and Adele are the only artist to have three of their songs to be positioned in the top 10 in the US simultaneously. Grande has been nominated for four Grammy awards.
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