Prince Alberto of Naples and Sicily

Alberto of Naples and Sicliy (Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano; 2 May 1792 – 25 December 1798) was a Prince of Naples and Sicily. He died on board HMS Vanguard, a British Royal navy vessel.

Alberto
Prince of Naples and Sicily
AlbertodeSicily01
Born 2 May 1792
Royal Palace of Naples, Kingdom of Naples
Died 25 December 1798 (aged 6)
Onboard HMS Vanguard[1]
Burial Palermo, Sicily
Full name
Italian: Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano
House House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Father Ferdinand IV of Naples
Mother Maria Carolina of Austria
Religion Roman Catholic

Biography

Born to Ferdinand VI of Naples, he was the sixteenth child born to his parents and their seventh son. His mother was a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and thus sister of Marie Antoinette. From his birth he was third in line to the Neapolitan throne after his brothers Prince Francis, then Duke of Calabria and the Prince of Salerno.

A member of the House of Bourbon, he was a Prince of Naples and Sicily by birth. He was born in Naples and baptised Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano,[1] English: Albert Louis Maria Philip Gaetano.

His brothers included Prince Carlo, Duke of Calabria, who died of smallpox[2] in 1778; the future King Francis and Prince Leopold, Prince of Salerno.

His older sisters included the future Holy Roman Empress, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Princess Maria Cristina, who was the wife of the future Charles Felix of Sardinia and Queen of Sardinia; Maria Cristina's twin Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died in 1783 of smallpox. Another sister was the Queen of the French[2] and the last surviving daughter was the future Princess of Asturias.

His cousins included the Duke of Parma, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Holy Roman Emperor, Queen of Portugal, King of Spain and a Duchess of Calabria, the first wife of his brother Francis.[3]

On the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 the Neapolitan court was not hostile to the movement. When the French monarchy was abolished and Alberto's aunt and uncle were executed, his parents joined the First Coalition against France in 1793, a year after Alberto's birth.

Although peace was made with France in 1796, by 1798 conflict was again fierce. It was decided that the royal family flee to the Kingdom of Sicily. The family left Naples on 21 December 1798 on board the HMS Vanguard, a British Royal navy vessel which was in turn protected by two Neapolitan warships.

It was on board the warship that Alberto died of exhaustion on Christmas Day aged 6.[2] He was buried in Palermo soon after the family arrived there; his funeral was the first official engagement his family attended in Sicliy.[2] He died on the same day as his cousin Maria Amalia of Austria

Ancestry

Ancestors of Prince Alberto of Naples and Sicily
16. Louis, Dauphin of France
8. Philip V of Spain
17. Duchess Maria Anna of Bavaria
4. Charles III of Spain
18. Odoardo II Farnese
9. Elisabeth of Parma
19. Dorothea Sophie of the Palatinate-Neuburg
2. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
20. Augustus II of Poland
10. Augustus III of Poland
21. Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
5. Maria Amalia of Saxony
22. Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Maria Josepha of Austria
23. Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1. Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano of Naples and Sicily
24. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
12. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
25. Eleonora Maria of Austria
6. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
26. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
13. Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
27. Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
3. Maria Carolina of Austria
28. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
14. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
29. Eleonor Magdalene of the Palatinate-Neuburg
7. Maria Theresa of Austria
30. Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
15. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
31. Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 2 May 1792 – 25 December 1798 His Royal Highness Don Alberto, Prince of Naples and Sicily

References and notes

  1. ^ a b va des Pas, Leo. "Prince Alberto of Naples and Sicily". Genealogics.org. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
  2. ^ a b c d Dyson. C.C, The Life of Marie Amelie Last Queen of the French, 1782-1866, BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2008, p. 50.
  3. ^ They were the parents of the famous duchesse de Berry

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