Philip William, Elector Palatine

Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. He was the son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.

Philip William
Elector Palatine
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Anonym Herzog Philipp Wilhelm
Philip William in 1685
Born 24 November 1615
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
Died 2 September 1690 (aged 74)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Spouse Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
(m. 1642; her death 1651)

Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
(m. 1653; his death 1690)
Issue
Detail
Eleonor Madeleine, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
House Wittelsbach
Father Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
Mother Magdalene of Bavaria

Life

In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. Charles II's sister, now the Duchess of Orléans and Louis XIV's sister-in-law, also claimed the Palatinate. This was the pretext for the French invasion in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.

Marriages

Philip William married twice. He first married Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.

In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm married Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. This second marriage lasted 37 years and was regarded as extremely happy. They had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg. Many of these children have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.

Issue

Issue
Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Eleonor Magdalene
Holy Roman Empress
Eleonore of Pfalz Neuburg 6 January 1655-
19 January 1720
Married in 1676 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and had issue;
Maria Adelheid Anna
6 January 1656-
22 December 1656
Died in infancy
Sophia Elisabeth
25 May 1657-
7 February 1658
Died in infancy
Johann Wilhelm
Elector Palatine
Jan Frans van Douven 003 19 April 1658-
8 June 1716
Married first Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria and had issue;

married second Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici and had no issue

Wolfgang George Frederik
Auxiliary Bishop in Köln
1659 Wolfgang 5 June 1659-
4 June 1683
Died unmarried
Ludwig Anton
Bishop of Worms
1660 Ludwig 9 June 1660-
4 May 1694
Died unmarried
Charles III Philip
Elector Palatine
Pieter van der Werff 002 4 November 1661-
31 December 1742
Married first Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł and had issue;

married second Teresa Lubomirska and had issue; married third Violante Theresia of Thurn and Taxis, no issue

Alexander Sigismund
Bishop of Augsburg
1663 Alexander 16 April 1663-
24 January 1737
Died unmarried
Francis Louis
Count Palatine
Archbishop of Wrocław
Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg, Portrait 18 July 1664-
6 April 1732
Died unmarried
Frederik Wilhelm
Imperial General
FriedrichWilhelmPfalzNeuburg 20 July 1665-
23 July 1689
Died unmarried
Maria Sophia Elisabeth
Queen of Portugal
Mariasofianeuburgo 6 August 1666-
4 August 1699
Married in 1687 Peter II of Portugal and had issue
Maria Anna
Queen of Spain
Marie-Anne de Neubourg, reine d%27Espagne 28 October 1667-
16 July 1740
Married in 1690 Charles II of Spain, no issue;
Philip William August
Pieter van der Werff 001 19 November 1668-
5 April 1693
Married in 1690 Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg and had issue
Dorothea Sophie
Duchess of Parma
Dorothea Sophia of Neuburg, duchess of Parma 5 July 1670-
15 September 1748
Married in 1690 Odoardo Farnese and had issue;
Hedwig Elisabeth Amelia
Princess Sobieski
Hedwig Elisabeth, Pfalzgr%C3%A4fin bei Rhein zu Neuburg by Adriaen van der Werff 18 July 1673-
10 August 1722
Married in 1691 James Louis Sobieski and had issue;
Johann
1 February 1675-
2 February 1675
Died in infancy
Leopoldine Eleonora Josepha
1679 Leopoldina 27 May 1679 -
8 March 1693
Died unmarried

Ancestry

Ancestors of Philip William, Elector Palatine
16. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Elisabeth of Hesse
4. Philipp Ludwig of Pfalz-Neuburg
18. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
9. Anna of Hesse
19. Christine of Saxony
2. Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg
20. John III, Duke of Cleves
10. William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
21. Maria of Jülich-Berg
5. Anna of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
22. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Archduchess Maria of Austria
23. Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
1. Philip William, Elector Palatine
24. William IV, Duke of Bavaria
12. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
25. Marie of Baden-Sponheim
6. William V, Duke of Bavaria
26. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (= 22)
13. Archduchess Anna of Austria
27. Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (= 23)
3. Magdalene of Bavaria
28. Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
14. Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
29. Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier
7. Renata of Lorraine
30. Christian II of Denmark
15. Christina of Denmark
31. Isabella of Austria

External links

Media related to Philip William, Elector Palatine at Wikimedia Commons

Philip William, Elector Palatine
Born: 1615 Died: 1690
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wolfgang Wilhelm
Count Palatine of Neuburg
1653–1690
Succeeded by
Johann Wilhelm
Duke of Jülich and Berg
1653–1679
Preceded by
Charles II
Elector Palatine
1685–1690

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