Paul Boghossian (/bəˈɡoʊziən/; born 1957) is an American philosopher. He is Silver professor of philosophy at New York University in the NYU Department of Philosophy, where he was Chair of the Department for ten years (1994–2004). His research interests include epistemology, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. He is Director of the New York Institute of Philosophy and Distinguished Research Professor of Philosophy at the University of Birmingham.
Boghossian earned his B.S. in physics at Trent University in 1976, and his Ph.D. in philosophy at Princeton University in 1987. In addition to his current position at NYU, he was a professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor from 1984 until 1992, and has also been a visiting professor at Princeton University. He has previously held research fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Magdalen College, Oxford, the University of London, and the Australian National University. He is a fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities. He is on the editorial board of the journals Philosophical Studies and Philosophers' Imprint. In postmodern circles, Boghossian is known for his response to the Sokal hoax.
In his article 'Blind Reasoning', Boghossian argues that we are blind to our reasons for justifying our methods of inference (the epitome of a method of inference is taken to be modus ponens.) Rejecting both Simple Inferential Externalism for its inconsistency and Simple Inferential Internalism because it is difficult to accept, he opts for a third and new form of "rational insight". This paper, in conjunction with an ongoing correspondence between Boghossian and Crispin Wright, is part of a project to defend against epistemic relativism. Epistemic relativism claims that knowledge and reason are fundamentally cultural or subjective rather than objective. His book Fear of Knowledge won a Choice Award as an outstanding Academic Book of 2006.
He serves as a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the World Knowledge Dialogue Foundation.