Padmaavat

This page was last edited on 24 February 2018, at 07:54.

Padmaavat, formerly titled Padmavati, is a 2018 Indian epic period drama film directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali. Loosely based on the poem Padmavat by Malik Muhammad Jayasi, it stars Deepika Padukone as Rani Padmavati, a Rajput queen known for her beauty, wife to Maharawal Ratan Singh, played by Shahid Kapoor. Sultan Alauddin Khilji, played by Ranveer Singh, hears of her beauty and attacks her kingdom to claim her. Aditi Rao Hydari, Jim Sarbh, Raza Murad, and Anupriya Goenka feature in supporting roles.[1][7]

With a production budget of 215 crore (US$34 million), Padmaavat is the most expensive Hindi film and one of the most expensive Indian films ever made.[8][9][10] Initially scheduled for release on 1 December 2017, Padmavaat faced numerous controversies. Amid violent protests, a bounty was placed on the crew and its release was indefinitely delayed. In December, the Central Board of Film Certification approved the film with five modifications, which includes the addition of multiple disclaimers and a change in title.[11][12] Padmaavat was rescheduled for release on 25 January 2018 in 2D, 3D and IMAX 3D formats, making it the first Indian film to be released in IMAX 3D.[13]

Padmaavat received mixed reviews. Critics praised the visuals and Singh's portrayal of Khilji, but criticised its storyline, execution, length and adherence to regressive patriarchal mores.[14] Critics also disliked the portrayal of Khilji as a stereotypical evil Muslim king and Ratan Singh as the righteous Hindu king.[15][16][17][18][19][20][21] Despite being banned in some states of India, it grossed over 525 crore (US$82 million) at the box office, becoming a commercial success and one of the highest-grossing Indian films of all time.[6][5]

Padmaavat
Padmaavat poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Produced by
Written by
  • Sanjay Leela Bhansali
  • Prakash Kapadia
Based on Padmavat
by Malik Muhammad Jayasi[1]
Starring Deepika Padukone
Shahid Kapoor
Ranveer Singh
Music by Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Sanchit Balhara (score)
Cinematography Sudeep Chatterjee
Edited by Jayant Jadhar
Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Akiv Ali
Production
company
Bhansali Productions
Viacom 18 Motion Pictures
Distributed by Viacom 18 Motion Pictures (India)
Paramount Pictures (International)
Release date
  • 25 January 2018[2]
Running time
163 minutes[3]
Country India
Language Hindi
Budget 215 crore[4]
Box office est. 525  crore[5][6]

Plot

In 13th-century Afghanistan, Jalaluddin Khilji of Khilji dynasty, along with his courtiers, plans to take over the throne of Delhi. His nephew Alauddin Khilji brings him a whole ostrich, though he was just asked for a feather. The latter asks for his daughter Mehrunisa's hand in marriage to which she agrees. Their wedding is organised, but on the night of the event, Alauddin engages in adultery with another woman. A nobleman witnesses the act and advises Alauddin against doing so, but is instead killed by him. Mehrunisa is informed of this during the wedding, leaving her horrified and helpless.

Meanwhile the Sinhala princess Padmavati, unknowingly wounds the Rajput ruler Maharawal Ratan Singh while hunting, mistaking him for a deer. She takes him to a monastery to treat him and upon recovering, she identifies himself as the ruler of Mewar who had traveled to Sinhala to acquire rare pearls for his first wife Nagmati. While he recuperates, the two fall in love and get married with the permission of her father. They set out for Chittorgarh in Mewar, Ratan's capital, and are welcomed with pomp and circumstance save for Nagmati, who disapproves of her husband's second marriage and is jealous of all the attention received by Padmavati.

Jalaluddin captures Delhi and declares himself the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. He expresses his worry about the invading Mongols to his court. Alauddin is permitted to repel them upon his request and is successful. But later he undertakes an unsanctioned raid on Devagiri. After plundering its wealth and capturing its princess, he proceeds to Kara. Jalaluddin is confused why he didn't return to Delhi.

Jalauddin's family warns him of Alauddin's ambition of seizing his throne and he decides to put a stop to his plans by journeying to Kara under the guise of congratulating Alauddin. He along with his two ministers gifts him the slave called "Malik Kafur", who is ruthless and follows every order given. Meanwhile, Alauddin has Jalaluddin and his guards assassinated by Malik and declares himself the new Sultan of Delhi.

Padmavati journeys to Mewar with Ratan Singh and blessed by his royal priest, Raghav Chetan. Chetan is caught watching Ratan Singh and Padmavati sharing an intimate moment and is banished from the kingdom. He travels to Delhi and informs Alauddin of Padmavati's beauty to take revenge against Ratan for himself. Alauddin, who is fixated with wanting anything that is of exceptional beauty, invites the Rajputs to Delhi. His invitation is however rejected and he orders to lay siege to Chittor.

After waiting for six months and yet unsuccessful in his attempts to see Rani Padmavati, Alauddin feigns peace and is allowed to enter Chittor where he meets Ratan Singh and asks to see the queen Padmavati. The Rajputs, knowing his intentions, threaten him and tell him that he is alive only because he is a guest. Ratan Singh grants Alauddin's request to see Padmavati, but does so only for a moment while preventing Alauddin from seeing her face.

Frustrated, he tricks Ratan to meet him before he departs for Delhi and has him taken prisoner. who demands to see Padmavati. Upon being insisted by the chief queen, she agrees. She however puts forth some conditions including that she will first meet her husband when she arrives as well as the death of Chetan, to which Alauddin agrees. After being presented with Chetan's head, she travels to Delhi to meet Khilji whose nephew meanwhile attempts to assassinate him. Alauddin is wounded but survives and later kills him.

Artistic depiction of Padmavati's jauhar

While on the Sultanante's frontiers, the Rajputs plan to ambush the Khilji soldiers in the morning which is the time for namāz. Padmavati, along with Chittor's generals, Gora and Badal, free Ratan Singh, and escape with Mehrunisa's help. Ratan confronts Khliji who warns him to kill him now or he will regret it, but Ratan denies stating Rajputs don't attack the wounded. The Khilji soldiers are alerted and attack, but are ambushed by the Rajputs disguised as women. The Rajput attack is repulsed, with the ambushing Rajputs killed. In Chittor, Padmavati receives praise for saving Ratan Singh.

Alauddin imprisons Mehrunisa for helping the Rajputs and marches to Chittor. He and Ratan Singh engage in a single duel; Alauddin is nearly defeated by Ratan Singh when is shot by Kafur from behind with arrows, but berates Alauddin for fighting dishonourably before dying. The Khilji army succeeds in defeating the Rajputs and capturing Chittor, but are unable to capture the Rajput women who commit jauhar with Padmavati, preventing Alauddin from ever seeing the face of the queen he waged war over. The narrator calls it the greatest defeat of his life.

Cast

  • Deepika Padukone as Padmavati – a 13th-14th century[22] legendary Rajput queen, who was, according to Padmavat, the wife of Rajput king Ratan Singh (also known as Ratan Sen), the ruler of Mewar. The news of Padmavati's beauty reached Sultan Alauddin Khilji, who besieged Singh's capital, Chittor, motivated by his desire to capture the queen.
  • Shahid Kapoor as Ratan Singh – the last Rajput ruler of the Guhila dynasty that ruled the kingdom of Mewar. He was defeated by Alauddin Khilji's forces during the siege of Chittor.
  • Ranveer Singh as Alauddin Khilji – the second and most powerful ruler of the Khalji dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate.[23][24] He ascended the throne by murdering his paternal uncle and father-in-law, Sultan Jalaluddin Khalji.[25] According to Padmavat, Khilji laid siege to Chittor motivated by his desire to capture Ratan Singh's beautiful wife, Padmavati.
  • Aditi Rao Hydari as Mehrunisa[26][27]– first wife of Alauddin Khilji and Queen of the Delhi Sultanate.
  • Jim Sarbh as Malik Kafur[28]– a prominent eunuch slave-general of Alauddin Khilji.[29]
  • Raza Murad as Jalaluddin Khilji[30] – the founder and first Sultan of the Khilji dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate. He was deposed by his nephew and son-in-law Alauddin, who murdered his uncle to usurp the throne.[31]
  • Anupriya Goenka as Nagmati[32] – first wife and chief queen of Ratan Singh according to Padmavat.[33] Nagmati and her husband's second wife, Padmavati, performed jauhar together after Alauddin Khilji attacked Chittor.[34]

Production

Development

An adaptation of Malik Muhammad Jayasi's epic Padmavat (1540),[1] Sanjay Leela Bhansali had been planning a film adaptation for a decade.[35] He first worked on a television adaptation as an assistant editor for Shyam Benegal's television series Bharat Ek Khoj (1988), based on Jawaharlal Nehru's The Discovery of India (1946), featuring an episode about Padmavat starring Om Puri as Alauddin Khilji.[36] In 2008, Bhansali produced an opera version in Paris, inspiring him to begin work on a film version.[35] Padmaavat also took inspiration from other earlier adaptations of the epic, including Bengali literary adaptations from Kshirode Prasad Vidyavinode in 1906 and Abanindranath Tagore in 1909,[37] the Tamil film Chittoor Rani Padmini (1963),[38][39] and the Hindi film Maharani Padmini (1964).[37]

Pre-production on the film began in July 2016. That same month, playback singer Shreya Ghoshal tweeted about performing a song composed by Bhansali for the film.[40] Many media outlets speculated that Ranveer Singh and Deepika Padukone, who played the leads in Bhansali's Goliyon Ki Raasleela Ram-Leela (2013) and Bajirao Mastani (2015), were finalised to play Alauddin Khilji and Rani Padmavati in the film. In October 2016, it was announced that Bhansali would team up with Viacom 18 Motion Pictures to produce the film with Singh and Padukone along with Shahid Kapoor as Rawal Ratan Singh, playing the lead roles.[41]

Casting

Padmaavat is the third collaboration between Ranveer Singh and Deepika Padukone with Sanjay Leela Bhansali. The trio had worked before in Goliyon Ki Rasleela Ram-Leela (2013) and Bajirao Mastani (2015), while it is Kapoor's first film with the three.[42] Their co-star from the previous films, Priyanka Chopra was also in consideration to play the title role.[43] In January 2017, it was reported that Bhansali had approached Chopra for a cameo appearance in the film.[44] However, in April 2017, Chopra denied her involvement in the film.[45]

According to reports, no Bollywood actor was willing to take on Maharawal Ratan Singh's role. Shahrukh Khan[46] was offered the part but felt it was not "meaty" enough and declined; failure to agree on his fee may have been a factor.[47] Shahid Kapoor was finally cast to play Ratan Singh with an assurance of a good enough part and a hefty fee.[48] For his role, Kapoor undertook rigorous training under trainer Samir Jaura and followed a strict diet for 40 days. He also learnt sword fighting and the basics of Mardani khel, a weapon-based martial art, and admitted that it had been one of the most physically and emotionally challenging roles of his career.[49]

Ranveer Singh portrays the antagonist of the film, Alauddin Khilji, the first negative role of his career.[50] Director Bhansali had given him books to read delving into the psyche of dark rulers of history such as Adolf Hitler, asserting that he had to completely forget who he was before he could play Khilji. Said a source, "Ranveer is prepping his body language, mannerisms, diction and physique. He is holed up in his Goregaon apartment and has sealed himself off from people. For many hours in the day, he transforms into Khilji working on his dialogues and diction."[51] Singh trained under Mustafa Ahmed, who works with actor Hrithik Roshan, to get into proper shape for the role. The actor worked out twice a day for six days a week.[52] Playing Khilji made him compare to great roles like the Joker and Alex DeLarge .[53] For the role, Ranveer Singh spoke formal Urdu.[54]

Jaya Bachchan recommended Aditi Rao Hydari's name to Bhansali for the role of Khilji's first wife, Mehrunisa.[55][26][56] Bhansali casted Hydari over four other choices.[57] She is the only member of the star cast who actually belongs to a royal lineage. "It's not a major role. When I signed on for Padmavati, I knew very well it was going to be a small part. But, Sanjay Leela Bhansali sir presents all his women so well," she said. "In Goliyon Ki Raasleela – Ram-Leela, Richa Chadha had a brief role, but she made an impact. I am sure I will leave some impact in Padmavati. No one who works with Sanjay sir comes away without benefiting from the association."[58]

Veteran actor Raza Murad portrays Alauddin's paternal uncle and Khilji dynasty founder, Sultan Jalaluddin Khilji. Murad has earlier collaborated with Bhansali in Goliyon Ki Rasleela Ram-Leela and Bajirao Mastani.[59] Jim Sarbh portrays Malik Kafur, a prominent eunuch slave-general of Alauddin Khilji.[60] Sarbh learned horse-riding for the role.[61]

On 25 October 2017, a video of the first song from the film, titled Ghoomar, was released, in which a woman dressed like a queen appeared briefly. It was later revealed in a Twitter fanpage of Sanjay Leela Bhansali Productions, that the woman is Maharawal Ratan Singh's first wife, Rani Nagmati, who is portrayed by Anupriya Goenka.[62]

Budget

Due to the costs mounted on the film by delay in the release, Box Office India declared the film's budget to be 215 crore (US$34 million), which makes it the third most expensive Hindi film and one of the most expensive Indian films ever made.[9][10]

Costumes

Delhi-based Rimple and Harpreet Narula designed Rani Padmavati's costume using traditional Gota embroidery work of Rajasthan. The border derives from the architectural details of Rajasthani palace windows and jharokhas and the odhnis have been styled in conventional ways which are still prevalent in the Mewar belt of Rajasthan.[63] The designer duo elaborated that the costume worn by Padukone in the final scene of the film features the tree-of-life motif and twisted gota embroidery and has a Kota dupatta with block printing. Padukone's dresses were made with Sinhalese influences, as the character of Padmavati hailed from Sri Lanka.[64]

The costumes for Shahid Kapoor were made from mulmul and cotton, with special attention given to the turbans, one of which, featuring a 28-dye lehariya, was inspired by a turban to be found at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.[65] The clothes for Ranveer Singh were based on travellers' accounts of the Turko-Persian influence on Indian clothing[66] (Khilji was of Turko-Afghan heritage).[23] The costumes for Aditi Rao Hydari, who plays Khilji's first wife Mehrunisa, incorporated Turkish, Afghan, Mongol and Ottoman elements to showcase Mehrunisa's Turkic origins.[67] For both Ranveer Singh and Hydari's costumes, extensive research was done on the clothing and textiles of the Turkish belt, from Afghanistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to Kazakhstan and to the Central Asian belt around Turkey.[67][68]

Padukone's look for the "Ghoomar" song features intricate jewellery weighing up to 3 kg designed by Tanishq featuring a triple Borla, Mathapatti and Bajuband which are traditional ornaments worn by the Rajasthani women.[69]

Vipul Amar and Harsheen Arora of Delhi-based design house 'The V Renaissance' designed costumes for Rawal Ratan Singh and Alauddin Khilji, employing historical techniques to create the armour such as cuirboilli, sculpting, chiselling, and inlaying.[70] The armour took a team of forty workers eight months to prepare.[71]

Filming

In October 2017, while the cast and crew were filming a scene in Masai Plateau, Kolhapur at night, a mob of around 20–30 people armed with petrol bombs, stones and lathis charged and set the set ablaze, injuring animals and destroying several costumes. The attacks were considered staged as they were based on the false pretext set up by Rajput groups that the film includes a dream sequence in which Padmavati and Alauddin Khilji are seen in intimate contact.[72]

Soundtrack

Padmaavat
Soundtrack album by Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Released 21 January 2018
Genre Feature film soundtrack
Length 21:46
Language Hindi
Rajasthani
Urdu
Arabic
Label T-Series
Sanjay Leela Bhansali chronology
Bajirao Mastani
(2015)
Padmaavat
(2018)
Singles from Padmaavat
  1. "Ghoomar"
    Released: 25 October 2017
  2. "Ek Dil Ek Jaan"
    Released: 11 November 2017
  3. "Khalibali"
    Released: 29 January 2018
  4. "Binte Dil"
    Released: 1 February 2018

The film score is composed by Sanchit Balhara while the songs are composed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali. A. M. Turaz and Siddharth-Garima wrote the lyrics. The soundtrack has been released by T-Series and comprises six songs.[73] The first song "Ghoomar", to which Padukone performs the traditional Rajasthani folk dance on a set that replicates the interior of Chittorgarh Fort,[74][75] was released on 25 October 2017.[76] The second song from the film "Ek Dil Ek Jaan", a love ballad featuring Padukone and Shahid Kapoor, was released on 11 November 2017.[77] The rest of the soundtrack was released on 21 January 2018 which includes the other four songs: "Khalibali", "Nainowale Ne", "Holi" (Manganiyars & Langa's folk song) and "Binte Dil".[73]

Track listing
No. Title Lyrics Singer(s) Length
1. "Ghoomar" A. M. Turaz, Swaroop Khan Shreya Ghoshal, Swaroop Khan 4:41
2. "Ek Dil Ek Jaan" A. M. Turaz Shivam Pathak 3:40
3. "Khalibali" A. M. Turaz Shivam Pathak, Shail Hada 4:18
4. "Nainowale Ne" Siddharth-Garima Neeti Mohan 2:55
5. "Holi (Manganiyars & Langa's folk song)" Traditional Richa Sharma, Shail Hada 2:56
6. "Binte Dil" A. M. Turaz Arijit Singh 3:12
Total length: 21:46

Controversy

The film became controversial during production. There were allegations from groups such as the Shri Rajput Karni Sena, a Rajput caste organisation, claiming that the film depicts factual inaccuracies, portraying the Rajput queen Padmavati in a bad light, with activists vandalising the sets of the film. However, a sting operation[78] conducted by an Indian news channel[79] showed that the activists had planted the controversies in order to extort money from the filmmakers.

Muslim leaders protested against the alleged misrepresentation of Ala-ud-din Khilji. Yunus Chopdar, the Rajasthan Madarsa Board member and president of the Rajasthan Muslims Parishad, said the film puts Muslims in negative light and should be banned.[80]

In response to vandalism of sets in January 2017, The Times of India reported, "Sufi poet Jayasi made up the story that later got legend status, so Bhansali can't be threatened for taking creative licence with the tale, say historians".[81] Akhilesh Khandelwal, an Indian politician and ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) member, made a Facebook post announcing a reward for anyone who attacks the director Sanjay Leela Bhansali with a shoe. The opposition Indian National Congress (INC) condemned the post, demanding action be taken against Khandelwal for attempting to instigate an attack.[82] Bhansali was assaulted by the Karni Sena on a film set,[83] at attack condemned by a number of celebrities and public figures.[84]

In March 2017, some activists of the Karni Sena broke 50-year-old mirrors installed in the Padmini Palace, that was said to have been the palace of Padmavati. The mirrors until then were shown to tourists as part of the narrative that the queen's face was revealed to Alauddin Khilji through them as part of the latter's compromise with her husband Ratan Singh. The activists deplored this claiming that mirrors did not exist during the time.[85] In October, a rangoli of the first poster released from the film, which reportedly took 48 hours to create, was destroyed by a group of around 100 people shouting religious slogans. Action was taken by the police after Padukone expressed her anger on social media.[86] Members of the Sena later stated that they would prevent release even if objectionable parts were cut.[87]

Threats

Sanjay Leela Bhansali2
Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali received death threats.

Subsequently, the Karni Sena made threats of violence, reportedly threatening to burn down theatres if the film is released to audiences before it is shown to them for evaluation. Bhansali responded to the threats by reiterating that rumours of a romantic dream sequence between Padmini and Khilji were false, and that the film contains no such scene. BBC News stated that Bhansali's attempt to placate those who want the film to be banned has "fallen on deaf ears among those who want to 'protect the honour' of a fictitious queen."[88]

In November 2017, Raj K. Purohit, an Indian politician and senior BJP member, called for the film to be banned. He stated: "How can a Rajput queen be shown dancing and without ghoonghat? It is against Rajput culture and pride. No community will be able to tolerate it." He said he would meet Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Smriti Irani to seek action against the film.[89] Central Board of Film Certification member Arjun Gupta petitioned the Home Minister to put Bhansali on trial for treason.[90] The Karni Sena held protests, supported by politicians in the ruling Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP).[91]

Threats were also directed at Bhansali and lead actress Deepika Padukone, and it was reported that riot police might be deployed at Indian cinemas upon the film's release.[92] The Karni Sena threatened to violently assault and mutilate Padukone, which the Mumbai Police responded to by giving her special security.[93][92] Bharat Kshatriya Samaj, another caste organisation, made death threats against Bhansali and Padukone, putting a 50 million (US$780,000) bounty on their heads.[94][95] The Haryana BJP's media chief Suraj Pal Amu put a 100 million (US$1.6 million) bounty on the heads of both Padukone and Bhansali.[96] Amu also made threats against Ranveer Singh, who plays the Muslim ruler Alauddin Khilji, threatening to break Singh's legs.[97]

On 24 November 2017, a dead body was found hanging in Nahargarh Fort, with a sentence scribbled on a nearby rock wall stating in Hindi, "Padmavati ka virodh" (in opposition to Padmavati). The graffiti also included a warning, "We don't just burn effigies, we hang them."[98][99] NDTV reported, "The police say it's not clear if this is a case of suicide or murder."[99] The death, initially thought to have been committed against the release of Padmaavat, was later found to have been an attempt, by appearing to be a murder committed by Muslims in support of Padmaavat, to incite communal riots between Hindus and Muslims.[100] On 26 November 2017, the body was identified to be that of a local businessman. The post mortem report revealed that the man died due to hanging.[101]

Reactions

In November 2017, in the midst of the controversy preceding the film's release, the makers received support from the film community. Bodies such as Indian Film & Television Directors' Association, Cine & TV Artists Association, Western India Cinematographers' Association, Association of Cine & Television Art Directors & Costume Designers questioned the Indian government's silence over threats to the makers from the Rajput groups. Filmmaker Sudhir Mishra called the incidents "an assault on creative freedom".[102] They termed the hostility towards Bhansali and the makers "akin to abusing the film fraternity".[103] The makers also received support from eminent personalities such as Salman Khan, Ruby Rose,[104] Shraddha Kapoor,[105] Karan Johar,[106] Javed Akhtar,[106] Swara Bhaskar,[107] Anurag Kashyap,[107] Anurag Basu,[107] Gauri Shinde,[107] Hansal Mehta,[107] Varun Dhawan,[108] Sonam Kapoor,[108] Twinkle Khanna,[108] Arjun Kapoor,[108] Riteish Deshmukh,[108] Shekhar Kapur,[109] Kapil Sharma,[110] Manushi Chhillar,[111] Nana Patekar,[112] Juhi Chawla,[113] Anand L. Rai,[113] Esha Gupta,[114] Raveena Tandon[115] LK Advani,[116] Kriti Sanon,[117] Yami Gautam,[117] Sonakshi Sinha,[118] Kangana Ranaut,[119] Hrithik Roshan,[120] Richa Chadda,[120] Kamal Haasan,[120] Rishi Kapoor,[120] Rajkummar Rao,[120] Shyam Benegal,[120] Pahlaj Nihalani,[120] Shabana Azmi and Priyanka Chopra.[121][122] There were calls to boycott the 48th International Film Festival of India from actors of the Indian film industry in support of the film.[123] Media outlets labelled the film as "India's most controversial" at that point.[124]

The major political parties across India took conflicting stands. While several members and leaders of the centre-ruled BJP called for an outright ban on the film, the Rajasthan State unit of the party and that of the Indian National Congress (INC) adopted a stance in favour of the Rajput community, demanding ban on the film if it distorts history.[125] The Economic Times attributed this stance to the State elections due to be held the following year, and their attempts to not offend the said majority community.[126] Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad Yadav, alleged the film of distortion of history and said "protestors against the film are right".[127] Sitaram Yechury of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) condemned the protests.[128] Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress shared similar views and claimed the prevalence of "super emergency" in the country and called the controversy a "calculated plan of a political party to destroy the freedom to express ourselves."[129] The Maharashtra Navnirman Sena gave its support to the makers tacitly and said that the party would take a stance upon watching the film.[130] Ajmer Sharif Dargah's Syed Zainul Abedin Ali Khan also urged Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to ban the release of the film, likening Bhansali to Rushdie, Taslima Nasreen and Tareq Fatah, authors who supposedly hurt the sentiments of Muslims.[131] Sanjay Leela Bhansali kept mum on receiving death threats until he revealed them to the media expressing his struggle to keep himself strong and keep on fighting.[132]

The controversies surrounding the film re-opened the question of film censorship in India and the country's freedom of expression.[133][134] Amid resentments from political leaders and caste groups calling to stop the film's release, the Supreme Court dismissed a petition for the same, and called freedom of speech and expression "sacrosanct" and that it "should not be ordinarily interfered with".[135][136] In support of the film, the Indian Film and Television Directors Association (IFTDA) and 20 other film industry bodies planned a 15-minute blackout on 26 November 2017.[137]

Withdrawals

On 20 November, the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Shivraj Singh Chouhan, said "The film which distorts facts and disrespects 'Rashta Mata' Padmavati will not be allowed to screen in any part of Madhya Pradesh."[138] Following this, the Chief Minister of Punjab, Amarinder Singh, announced that he would not allow the film to be released in his state.[139] However, Singh was later quoted saying on 10 December, "Sanjay Leela Bhansali's film Padmavati, which is mired in a major controversy, will not be barred from screening in my state."[140] The Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Vasundhara Raje, stated that the film will not be screened in the state until the changes to the storyline suggested by her in a letter to the Information and Broadcasting Minister Smriti Irani are incorporated.[141] The Deputy Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh also demanded removal of "controversial portions" to allow screening of the film in that state.[142] Mamta Banerjee, the Chief Minister of West Bengal supported the film's release and was quoted saying, "If they cannot release it in any other state, we will give special arrangement for Padmaavat. Bengal will be very happy and Bengal will be proud to do that."[143] Amu responded by threatening to cut off Banerjee's nose, comparing her to the Hindu demoness Surpanakha.[144] Vijay Rupani, the Chief Minister of Gujarat, announced that the film would not be allowed to be screened in the state as it "hurts the sentiment of Rajput community."[145] The Chief Minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar, stated that the film will not be released in the state "without amicable solution among all parties involved."[146]

The Karni Sena changed its stance on 23 November 2017, and agreed to support the release of the film, provided that the makers screen the film to the royal family of Mewar and agreed to withdraw the protests if nothing objectionable is found in the film.[147] Amu, who had earlier placed a bounty of ₹100 million on Padukone's head, claimed to be a fan of Padukone and called her "the nation's daughter."[148] However, he later added that he will not compromise on "Rajput honour and sentiment."[148] The Maharani of Jaipur Padmini intervened in the protests, stating that the film has no historical inaccuracy other then the song Ghoomar. A fan of Bhansali herself, the Rani plans to bring the Karni Sena and the filmmakers together to "chalk out a peace plan."[149]

On 30 November 2017, Bhansali appeared before the Indian Parliament and clarified his stance, stating, "All the controversy over the film is based on rumours. I have not distorted facts. The film is based on a poem by Malik Muhammad Jayasi."[150]

A Pakistani critic, Haroon Khalid, had disliked the portrayal of Khilji as a stereotypical evil Muslim king and Ratan Singh as the righteous Hindu king.[151]

Historians

Several historians have criticised the protests, and described Padmavati as a mythical fictional character. Aditya Mukherjee from the Centre for Historical Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University called the protests "absurd" and said, "In the contemporary period, there is no mention of this event, no accounts of Padmavati by Amir Khusrau, a prolific writer of the era and a courtier of Alauddin Khilji. This is misuse of both fiction and history. There is no historical evidence of this Padmavati event – this story is a poet's imagination." He referred to the controversy as "manufacturing of hurt sentiments clearly with an eye on politics."[152] Historian Irfan Habib said, "Though Alauddin Khilji had won Chittor, during that period there is no mention of any character as Padmavati in history" and noted that she was mentioned for the first time in Muhammad Jayasi's fictional epic Padmavat over two centuries after the Chittor incident.[153] Historian Harbans Mukhia writes in The Indian Express, "Khilji defeated the Rana of Chittor in 1303 and died in 1316. No one by the name of Padmini or Padmavati existed then – or at any time – in flesh and blood resembling the story. She was born in 1540, 224 years after Khalji's death, in the pages of a book of poetry by Malik Muhammad Jayasi, resident of Jayas in Awadh, a very long way from Chittor."[154] Social analyst Jamal Ansari stated: “Presently myths are being presented as history which is a dangerous trend.”[153] Mythologist Devdutt Pattanaik objected to the story of Padmavati and said that it is a glamorisation and valorisation of the idea of a woman voluntarily burning herself.[91]

A panel consisting Arvind Singh, and historians Chandramani Singh and KK Singh watched the movie and asked reservations on the content. Singh said the movie illustrated Hindus and Muslims in poor light.[80]

Release

The digital streaming rights of Padmaavat were sold to Amazon Prime Video for 2–25 crore in August 2017.[158] Theatrical distribution rights in overseas territories were acquired by Paramount Pictures from Viacom 18 in October.[159] It was announced that Prime Focus Limited would render the film in 3D. The CEO of Viacom 18 Motion Pictures Ajit Andhare stated that it would be the widest release for a Bollywood film in 3D.[160] The film was initially scheduled for theatrical release on 1 December in India, but the producers announced in a statement on 19 November that they "voluntarily deferred the release date of the film", amidst growing protests.[161]

Padmavati was initially slated for release in the United Arab Emirates on 30 November 2017 and in the United Kingdom on 1 December 2017, but, in an interview with Gulf News, the makers stated that the film would not be released in foreign territories before receiving a certificate from the CBFC.[162][163][164] CBFC follows a strict chronological order to approve films and 'Padmavati' will seek the board's approval and the grant of a certificate.[165] In the end of December, Central Board of Film Certification approved the film for theatrical exhibition and suggested 5 modifications to the film, which includes the addition of multiple disclaimers and amending its title to Padmaavat.[11][12] The change in the title was intended to be a disclaimer that the film is not a historical drama, but a cinematic adaptation of Malik Muhammad Jayasi's epic poem Padmavat.[166]

The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) passed the film with a (12A) rating and zero cuts.[167] Following this, a Karni Sena leader went on Republic TV and threatened to burn down British theatres that screened the film. He called on his "fellow Rajput brothers" to stop the screening of the film.[168] The BBFC responded to the Rajasthan Association's query and stated that "freedom of choice must be respected" and that filmmakers are "free to explore narratives based on historical events" and to interpret them as they wish.[169] They also stated that there was "nothing" in the film that was "unacceptable" under the 12A category.[169]

Post the CBFC approval with U/A certification, the film got banned by the Chief Ministers of four states Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana in order to maintain 'law and order' and avert protests in their states.[170][171] Owing to which the film could potentially lose 26-28% of its market at present with the official ban in these states, without considering local orders to exhibitors in many cities especially in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh not to play the film.[172] The Supreme Court of India over-ruled the ban, stating that freedom of speech is to be maintained and that the states have to ensure the screening of the film without any issues.[173][174][175]

Pre-screening

Following the controversies, the makers held a special screening of Padmaavat in November 2017 for leading Indian journalists, including Arnab Goswami and Rajat Sharma, who praised the film and described it as "the greatest tribute to Rajput pride."[176] They also stated that the film does not contain any dream sequence or intimate scene between Padmavati (Deepika Padukone) and Alauddin Khilji (Ranveer Singh). In fact, the actors do not share any screen space at all.[177] Rajat Sharma particularly praised Singh's performance as Khilji.[178]

Ban

On 30 January 2018, Malaysia became the first country to outright ban the movie. Malaysia's National Film Censorship Board (LPF) chairman Mohd Zamberi Abdul Aziz said in a statement that the storyline of the film itself is of grave concern as "Malaysia is a Muslim-majority country", reports variety.com. "The storyline of the film touches on the sensitivities of Islam. That in itself is a matter of grave concern in Malaysia, a Muslim-majority country," Aziz said.[179]

Violence

In the days leading up to the film's release, violent protests began breaking out across India,[180] as well as riots. In Gujarat, for example, hundreds of suspects were arrested for rioting.[181] There have been incidents in Haryana where mobs protesting the film's release attacked several passenger vehicles. A protest mob torched a Haryana Roadways bus, injuring several people on it.[182] A protest mob in Haryana also attacked a school bus with teachers and children, the youngest, four years-old, with stones and sticks.[183]

Reception

Critical reception

India

Padmaavat opened to mixed critical reviews upon release.[184][185][186] Critics praised the visuals, and the performance of Singh, but criticised its storyline, execution, running time and the "unwanted" 3D conversion.[14]

Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama gave 4.5 stars and said, "On the whole, Padmaavat is a remarkable motion picture experience that's backed by proficient direction, spellbinding screenwriting and superlative acting. For Bhansali, it's the best title on an impressive filmography."[187] Neil Soans of The Times of India gave 4 stars and said, "The director's expertise in heightening opulence and grandeur is well-known, further distinguishable in 3D. Cinematographer Sudeep Chatterjee compliments him by beautifully capturing some jaw-dropping scenery."[188] Rachit Gupta of Filmfare gave 3.5 stars and said, "the real wonder of Padmaavat comes from its production and presentation. This film has phenomenal production design, costumes and camera work. The technical finesse on display is just mind boggling."[189] Rajeev Masand of CNN-News18 gave 3.5 stars, praising Singh's performance, writing, "the film belongs to Ranveer Singh whose delicious performance is its biggest strength. The actor keeps you invested in the film even when it plods on for over two-and-a-half hours."[190]

Kunal Guha of Mumbai Mirror gave 3.5 stars but criticised Padukone's and Kapoor 's performances, "Padukone, in the titular role, is a tad underwhelming. While she manages to convey a range of emotions by merely welling up, her character could've been a bit more multifarious. Shahid Kapoor, as Raja Ratan Singh is just like a portrait – and in several shots, we see him assuming a power stance and a smug expression to convey his imperial manner."[191] Giving 3.5 stars, Sushant Mehta of India Today panned Padukone's and Kapoor's performances calling them "mediocre" while terming Singh's "unconvincing", and wrote, "Being a one-dimensional actress Deepika Padukone has done very well for herself but she doesn't possess the skill to essay such a character. Shahid and Deepika's portrayal of Raja Rawal Ratan Singh and Rani Padmavati can best be described as mediocrity covered with jewels." He added that "craft takes over content yet you don't mind this compromise as the end product is spectacular and the execution emerges as the real hero of the film."[192]

Shubhra Gupta of The Indian Express gave 2.5 stars and said, "Padmaavat is spectacular [to look]: no one can do spectacle like Bhansali. You can easily delight in it while the going is good. But nearly three hours of it, and looping rhetoric around what constitutes Rajput valour can and does become tiresome."[193] Mayur Sanap of Deccan Chronicle gave 2.5 stars and said, "Bhansali makes his most courageous film yet, but sadly the results are not very impressive. The film that is a war epic, love story, and costume drama, all in one, is bogged down by mediocre execution. Much will be said about the film's daunting length, and the truth is, it could have been shorter."[194] Suparna Sharma, also of Deccan Chronicle gave 2.5 stars and said, "Padmaavat is offensively chauvinistic, blatantly right-wing, and quite unabashedly anti-Muslim.[21]

Raja Sen of NDTV India gave 1.5 stars and said, "Bhansali takes an unbearable length of time to spark the flame. Things go on and on and on, with characters it is impossible to care about. They may appear attractive from time to time, certainly, but these protagonists are inconsistent, infuriating and test the patience."[195]

Rediff.com also gave 1.5 stars calling it "superficial" and wrote "Deepika Padukone gets an absolute raw deal as the Queen; her performance is submissively overwrought, blandly weighted, and her speeches combined with the leisureliness of the narrative's pacing, can put you in a stupor. Worst of all, you will be driven by the suspicion if Padukone even does enough to deserve the movie's title.[196] Namrata Joshi of The Hindu gave a negative review noting the film is "a yawn fest" and "an interminable expanse of unadulterated dullness." She also criticised the 3D conversion writing "The opulence doesn't seem as awe-inspiring, the special effects, especially in some of the battle scenes, are plain tacky and the actors seem like cardboard dolls of themselves in the long shots, acquiring a human visage only in extreme".[197] Anna M. M. Vetticad of Firstpost criticised the film giving 1 star out of 5 writing "Padmaavat is a perfect example of a Hindi film couching its extreme prejudices in grandiloquence and tacky clichés, with those clichés embedded in resplendent frames."[17]

Overseas

Mike McCahill of The Guardian gave 4 stars and said, "It's not just the extravagance that catches the eye, but the precision with which it's applied. Every twirl of every sari and every arrow in every battle appears to have been guided by the hands of angels. Such excess could have proved deadening, but dynamic deployment of old-school star power keeps almost all its scenes alive with internal tensions."[198] Shilpa Jamkhandikar published a mixed review in Reuters, who noted, "But unlike Bhansali's earlier films, where he was able to find emotional depth even in opulent historical romances, this one falls short". But she praised Ranveer Singh's performance as Khilji.[199] Manjusha Radhakrishnan of Gulf News opined that the quality of the work was lower than that in other Bhansali films.[200] Sadaf Haider of DAWN Images said that the film is "a flawed history lesson", however, she praised the film visual, music and most of the act.[201] Rahul Aijaz of The Express Tribune rated 4.5 out of 5 stars; he too praised the film and said that it "doesn't set up false expectations and then disappoint" due to "perfect storytelling", and "memorable performances".[202]

Box office

Due to the numerous controversies associated with Padmaavat before its release which resulted in banning the film in certain states, the film's commercial performance was highly unpredictable.[203] The film was released in only 70% of places in India.[204] However, despite limited screenings, the film earned an estimated 5 crore (US$780,000) in Wednesday paid previews.[205] The following day, the film opened nationwide across 4,800 screens of which over 500 screens were shown in Tamil and Telegu.[206][207] It earned an estimated 19 crore (US$3.0 million) nett on its opening day in India, excluding previews, which was considered impressive despite its ban in numerous big states and marked a career best opening for Ranveer Singh, Sanjay Leela Bhansali and Shahid Kapoor and fourth biggest for Padukone (behind Happy New Year, Chennai Express and Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani).[208][209][210][211] On Friday, the film added another 32 crore (US$5.0 million), owing to national holiday on Republic Day.[212] This was followed by a gradual fall on Saturday taking in another 27 crore (US$4.2 million).[213][214] Through Sunday, the film delivered an opening weekend of 114 crore (US$18 million) and became the fourteenth film to enter the 100 crore club in just under 4 days.[215][216] Furthermore, it broke the record for the biggest IMAX opening in India with US$461,000 from 12 screens.[217] However, due to its limited screenings, the film nevertheless lost over 35 crore (US$5.5 million) in box office receipts during its opening weekend.[218]

Outside India, the film broke all-time opening day records in Australia (A$367,984), surpassing the likes of Dangal and the dubbed-Hindi version of Baahubali: The Conclusion.[203][219] One of the reason behind the film's successful run in the country was because Paramount (the overseas distributing company) was able to secure release in all three major theatre chains (Hoyts, Event Cinemas and Village Cinemas) unlike other Bollywood films which have to choose between the two latter.[220] In the United States and Canada, the film grossed $1.13 million on its opening day. This was followed by the biggest ever single-day for a Hindi film with $1.8 million on Saturday, breaking the previous record held by PK ($1.41 million).[221][222] Although Baahubali: The Conclusion still holds the record for all Indian films, that is inclusive of three different languages.[223] It went on to set a new opening weekend record for a Hindi film with $4.2 million, and witnessed the second best per-theatre-average inside the top 10 with $13,188 from 324 theatres.[224][217] As of 6 February 2018, the film has crossed 4 billion (US$62 million) worldwide, making it one of the top 10 highest-grossing Bollywood films of all time, and the highest ever for a Bollywood film not starring one of the three Khans.[225] The film entered the 2 billion club domestically, making Ranveer Singh, at age 32, the youngest leading male actor to do so.[226]

The film collected ₹525 crore worldwide including domestic ₹275 crore till the fourth weekend of its run.[6]

Differences from Padmavat

The film is an adaptation[1] of the epic poem Padmavat written by Sufi poet Malik Muhammad Jayasi in 1540.[227] The poem is a fictionalised account of Alauddin Khilji's 1303 siege of Chittorgarh in Rajputana (present-day Rajasthan).[228] According to Padmavat, Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, laid siege to Chittor Fort motivated by his desire to capture Queen Padmini (called Padmavati in the film), the beautiful wife of King Ratan Sen (called Ratan Singh in the film), the Rajput ruler of Mewar. After Khilji successfully besieged Ratan Singh's capital Chittor, Padmavati committed jauhar (the Rajput custom of self-immolation) to protect her honour from the Muslim ruler.[229]

  • The film shows Padmavati as the daughter of the king of Singal. According to Padmavat, Padmavati was the sister of the king and Ratan Singh married her after defeating the king in a game of chess.[230]
  • In the film, the Brahmin Raghav Chetan is exiled as per Padmavati's wishes.[231] In Padmavat, he left Mewar on his own accord, fearing Ratan Singh's rage.[230]
  • In the film, Padmavati travels to Delhi in order to rescue Ratan Singh.[232] In Padmavat, it is only Ratan Singh's faithful servants, Gora and Badal who travel to Delhi along with their followers to save Ratan Singh.[230]
  • The climax of the film shows Ratan Singh being killed by Alauddin Khilji's forces while he is engaged in battle with Khilji and is about to defeat him. According to Padmavat, Ratan Singh never fought Khilji and died in a battle against King Devpal of Kumbalner before Khilji attacked Chittor.[233]

Historical inaccuracies

Although Ratan Singh (identified with Ratnasimha)[234] and Alauddin Khilji are actual historical figures,[235] Padmavati has largely been described as a fictional character by historians.[236][237][238][239] Khilji did attack Chittor in 1303 and conquered the fort, but he did not wish to capture Ratnasimha's wife.[235] He attacked Chittor due it's strategic importance in conquering the rest of Rajputana and not because of Ratnasimha's wife.[240] Historians of Khilji's period did not make any reference to a "Queen" of Chittor while mentioning the conquest of the fort.[241] The poem Padmavat, which was written 200 years after the incident,[242] ends with Jayasi's own words, "I have made up the story and related it."[243]

Historian Rana Safvi criticised the film and said, "Bhansali was faithful to neither history, geography nor the epic [Padmavat] on which he based his film."[244] According to Safvi, portrayal of the Khilji rulers in the film is historically inaccurate.[244] Before their ascension to the throne, Jalaluddin and Alauddin Khilji were known as Malik Feroze and Ali Gurshasp, respectively.[231][245] Jalaluddin Khilji is portrayed as an arrogant, cunning and cruel man. He was actually popular for being a mild-mannered, humble and pious ruler.[246][231] Jalaluddin ascended the throne of Delhi in 1290 only to end the chaos that ensued after the death of Sultan Ghiyas ud din Balban.[244] He was not ambitious by nature and did not lead an attack on the Delhi Sultanate in India from Ghazni, Afghanistan.[240] In the film, the Delhi Sultanate's flag is shown in green colour with a white crescent moon. The Sultanate actually had a "green flag with a black band running vertically on the left."[231]

The film shows an unsuccessful assassination plot by Alauddin's nephew, one which seriously injures the Sultan, but none of this actually happened.[245] Historically, Ratan Singh (Ratnasimha) departed from the battlefield and surrendered to Khilji. The two never engaged in battle.[247]

Portrayal of Alauddin Khilji

Alauddin Khilji's portrayal in the film has been severely criticised by historians and critics. Business Standard India wrote that Khilji was portrayed as an "Indian Khal Drogo, wearing a fur coat and gobbling meat" in the trailer of the film.[248] Historians believe "the sultan of Delhi who successfully stopped repeated attempts by Mongols to invade India would have been one of the most sophisticated men of his times."[248] Historian Rana Safvi explained why Khilji was sophisticated. "It was under his rule the Delhi Sultanate heavily drew from Persia, one of the oldest and most sophisticated civilizations of all time. The rulers followed the exact code of conduct and etiquette as in Persia. It would have been very formal – the eating, dining and sartorial choices."[249] Safvi stated that Khilji was portrayed as a barbarian in the film only to show him as a villain and Ratan Singh (played by Shahid Kapoor) as a sauve and sophisticated rival.[240] Khilji was also not a womaniser and was primarily interested in expanding his Sultanate's territory with conquests. He attacked Chittor due it's strategic importance in conquering the rest of Rajputana.[240]

Historian Mohammed Safiullah severely criticised Khilji's portrayal and the implicit depiction of a homosexual relationship between Khilji and his slave-general Malik Kafur. "Alauddin has been thoroughly demonised, with one scene apparently showing him eating raw meat, and another scene suggesting he had homosexual relations with his slave-general Malik Kafur, whereas written history is proof that Alauddin was a highly cultured man who had a healthy relationship with his wife and children."[250] Historian Archana Ojha of Delhi University criticised Alauddin Khilji's look and clothing in the film.[251] Khilji (played by Ranveer Singh) wears furs in the film, but historically he used to wear cotton clothes.[251] Ojha said that the film was "too exotic and grand."[251]

Shantanu David of News 18 criticised the portrayal of Khilji in the film as "an intemperate, sadistic horn dog with no morals and severe impulse control issues."[245] David asserted that people who watch the film should not expect to see the real Khilji for he was nothing like this.[245] Khilji was cruel and a tyrant but according to David, he was "the cruel and ruthless tyrant that India needed in the 14th Century in order to fend off repeated invasions by the Mongols. Sort of like Winston Churchill in World War II."[245] Dr. Javid Iqbal of Greater Kashmir stated that "the valorous spirit of Alauddin Khilji is historically authenticated" and that "he [Khilji] is credited with brilliance as a general, being tactful in warfare."[232] Iqbal concluded by saying that "the filmmaker [Bhansali] has done a great disservice to the Indian society in general and to Muslims in particular by painting Alauddin Khilji in dark colours" and that "the [Indian] film censor board may stay with freedom of expression; however gross historical distortion darkening public perception needs to be checked."[232]

Bobby Naqvi of Gulf News said, "the director [Bhansali] broke a basic rule by turning a fictional character [Padmavati] into a flesh-and-bone symbol of beauty and valour and projected a real king [Khilji] as a barbarian with a ravenous libido – a depiction neither found in Jayasi's poem nor in history books."[252] Sonal Giani, an LGBTQ activist and actor, said, "It would help if SLB [Sanjay Leela Bhansali] had stuck to the persona of Khilji that the historians showed, and not portrayed him as a madman."[253]

Anna M.M. Vetticad of Firstpost stated that Bhansali's aim was "to pedestalise Rajputs and demonise the Khiljis, to pander to the larger Hindu Right via Rajputs by slandering a Muslim king."[17] She further added, "Alauddin wants a woman for himself, he is portrayed as lustful, whereas Ratan's betrayal of his first queen for Padmavati is sweet romance."[17] Hemanth Kumar of The News Minute opined that Bhansali portrayed Khilji as "a personification of monster."[254] Similarly, Saibal Chatterjee of NDTV said, "The Muslim ruler of half of India, Alauddin Khilji, is presented as an unprincipled brute, likened to the asuras (demons of Hindu mythology), and even Yamraj (the god of death)."[255] Manimugdha S Sharma of The Times of India stated that Bhansali "has not done justice to Padmavat or Alauddin Khilji. That's an unfinished job for some other director in the future."[231]

Padmaavat was banned from screening in Malaysia (a majority Muslim country) due to the negative portrayal of Khilji. The Home Ministry of the country stated, "He [Khilji] is portrayed as a Sultan who is arrogant, cruel, inhumane, devious with all kinds of trickery, unreliable and who does not fully practice Islamic teachings."[256]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Padmavati trailer: Sanjay Leela Bhansali's new film looks grand, spellbinding and very expensive!". Business Today. 9 October 2017. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017.
  2. ^ "'Padmavati' to release as 'Padmaavat' on January 25". 14 January 2018.
  3. ^ Iyer, Sanyukta (7 January 2018). "Sanjay Leela Bhansali's magnum opus Padmavat starring Deepika Padukone, Ranveer Singh and Shahid Kapoor to release on Jan 24 – Mumbai Mirror -". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.boxofficeindia.com/movie.php?movieid=3700
  5. ^ a b "Box Office: Worldwide collections and day wise break up of Padmaavat". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Padmaavat box office collection: Sanjay Leela Bhansali film mints Rs 525 crore worldwide". The Indian Express. 19 February 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Bhansali, Viacom18 Motion Pictures join hands for 'Padmavati'". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Padmavati Being Aimed for a February Release – Box Office India". www.boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Padmaavat - Where Does The CREDIT Go - Box Office India". www.boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Padmaavat - Movie - Box Office India". www.boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Censor Board Wants "Padmavati" Renamed "Padmavat", 5 Changes To Film". NDTV. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  12. ^ a b "India film Padmavati 'cleared by censors'". 30 December 2017 – via www.bbc.com.
  13. ^ Shruti, Shiksha (11 January 2018). "Padmaavat Is Officially The Title of Deepika Padukone's Film Now. See Changed Name on Social Media". NDTV. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  14. ^ a b Betwa Sharma (25 January 2017). "Padmavati Was Never A Role Model For These Rajput Women, And Now She's A Curse". HuffPost India. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  15. ^ Thakur, Tanul. "'Padmaavat' Is an Opulent Combination of Dazzling Technology and Regressive Values". The Wire. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  16. ^ Someshwar, Savera R. "Padmaavat review: Nothing new to offer". Rediff. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d Vetticad, Anna MM. "Padmaavat movie review: Bhansali couches regressive, opportunistic messaging in exhausting visual splendour- Entertainment News, Firstpost". Firstpost. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  18. ^ Sharma, Betwa (25 January 2018). "Padmavati Was Never A Role Model For These Rajput Women, And Now She's A Curse". Huffington Post India. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  19. ^ Chatterjee, Saibal (26 January 2018). ""Padmaavat" Movie Review: Despite Deepika Padukone's Inspired Performance, Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Film Is A Slog". NDTV.com. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  20. ^ Naqvi, Bobby (28 January 2018). "Why 'Padmaavat' bothers me as an Indian Muslim". GulfNews. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  21. ^ a b Sharma, Suparna (28 January 2018). "Padmaavat movie review: Bigotry, biases ki beauteous raas-leela". The Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  22. ^ D'Souza, Florence (2015). Knowledge, mediation and empire: James Tod's journeys among the Rajputs. Oxford University Press. p. 258. ISBN 978-1-78499-207-1. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017.
  23. ^ a b A. L. Srivastava (1966). The Sultanate of Delhi, 711-1526 A.D. (Second ed.). Shiva Lal Agarwala. p. 140. OCLC 607636383. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017.
  24. ^ Shiksha, Shruti (3 October 2017). "Padmavati: Presenting Ranveer Singh As Sultan Alauddin Khilji". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  25. ^ "Alauddin Khilji, Queen Padmavati and jauhar: A tale of lust and valour". The Indian Express. 9 October 2017. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Aditi Rao Hydari (@aditiraohydari) • Instagram photos and videos". www.instagram.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  27. ^ Kameshwari, A. (20 November 2017). "Padmavati actor Aditi Rao Hydari slams BJP leader, says 'no difference between a gangster and political leader'". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  28. ^ "Ranveer Singh to play bisexual in 'Padmavati' and this actor will be his love interest?". Zee News. 20 September 2017. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  29. ^ Rhode, Shruti (9 October 2017). "Did you spot Jim Sarbh in the Padmavati trailer?". www.zoomtv.com. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  30. ^ Jain, Arushi (4 October 2017). "Padmavati: Raza Murad shares his character poster, deletes it later". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Padmavati: Raza Murad shares (leaks) his look as Jalaluddin Khilji, deletes it later". The Hindustan Times. 4 October 2017. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  32. ^ "Padmavati: This actress essays the role of Shahid Kapoor's first wife". Zee News. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017.
  33. ^ Shobha, Savitri Chandra (1996). Medieval India and Hindi bhakti poetry: a socio-cultural study. Har-Anand Publications. p. 77. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017.
  34. ^ Mehta, Ankita (28 October 2017). "REVEALED: The Rani in Deepika Padukone's Ghoomar song is Shahid Kapoor's first wife in Padmavati". International Business Times, India Edition. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  35. ^ a b "10 facts you ought to know about Padmavati". Zee News. 23 November 2017.
  36. ^ "Sanjay Bhansali Worked on a Version of 'Padmavati' Back in the 80s". The Quint. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  37. ^ a b "Padmavati has been a part of Indian theatre & cinema for 111 years, and nobody protested". The Print. 20 November 2017.
  38. ^ "9 Path Breaking Films of Shahid Kapoor That Changed The Face of Cinema". Times Internet. 10 May 2017. Archived from the original on 4 June 2017.
  39. ^ "CBFC chief Prasoon Joshi: No comment on 'Padmavati'". The Times of India. 24 November 2017.
  40. ^ "Shreya Ghoshal records the first song for Padmavati". The Indian Express. 11 July 2016. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  41. ^ "It's official! Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Padmavati to release in 2017". Firstpost. 21 September 2017. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  42. ^ "Padmavati: Presenting Ranveer Singh As Sultan Alauddin Khilji". NDTV. 3 October 2017. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  43. ^ Priyanka Chopra offered another Sanjay Leela Bhansali film? Archived 22 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  44. ^ Sanjay Leela Bhansali wants Priyanka Chopra in Padmavati Archived 22 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. The New Indian Express (14 January 2017). Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  45. ^ "Priyanka Chopra a part of Sanjay Leela Bhansali's 'Padmavati'? Here's the truth". Zee News. 27 April 2017. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  46. ^ "Fawad Khan not playing Deepika Padukone's husband in 'Padmavati'?". The Times of India. 28 January 2017. Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  47. ^ "Here is how Shah Rukh Khan rejected Sanjay Leela Bhansali's 'Padmavati'". India TV. 8 September 2016. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  48. ^ Shetty Bali, Rashma (18 October 2017). "Insecure Shahid Kapoor DEMANDS a special trailer for Padmavati from Sanjay Leela Bhansali". www.zoomtv.com. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  49. ^ Sushmita Sengupta (27 October 2017). "Padmavati: Shahid Kapoor's Diet, Workout, Fitness Regimen For His Role as Maharaja Rawal Ratan Singh". Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  50. ^ Chaturvedi, Naina (17 August 2016). "Ranveer Singh Is All Set To Play His First Real Negative Role". Huffington Post India. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  51. ^ "Ranveer Singh's prep for Khilji | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". DNA. 26 October 2016. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  52. ^ "Padmavati: Get in shape with Ranveer Singh's insane Alauddin Khilji workout". The Hindustan Times. 8 November 2017. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  53. ^ http://www.timesnownews.com/entertainment/news/bollywood-news/article/ranver-singh-alauddin-khilji-padmavati-troll-heath-ledger-joker-dark-knight/161131
  54. ^ Ramnath, Nandini. "Ranveer Singh on playing Alauddin Khilji as a 'sexy villain': 'Lust was one of the starting points'". Scroll.in. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  55. ^ Jha, Subhash K (4 November 2016). "Jaya Bachchan recommended Aditi Rao Hydari for Padmavati". The Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  56. ^ Goswami, Parismita (26 October 2016). "Padmavati: Aditi Rao to play Ranveer's first wife; Deepika and Shahid to shoot intimate scene?". International Business Times, India Edition. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  57. ^ Jain, Arushi (26 October 2016). "Padmavati: Will Aditi Rao Hydari romance Ranveer Singh?". The Indian Express. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  58. ^ "Aditi Rao Hydari is busy with Padmavati". The Deccan Chronicle. 15 October 2017. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  59. ^ "Padmavati: Raza Murad shares (leaks) his look as Jalaluddin Khilji, deletes it later". The Hindustan Times. 4 October 2017. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  60. ^ "Padmavati: Sorry Deepika, it's not only you, Ranveer loves 'Him' too!". The Deccan Chronicle. 20 September 2017. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  61. ^ Jha, Subhash K. (7 January 2017). "Jim Sarbh learns horse riding for Padmavati; gets to play Parsi in Raju Hirani's film". Bollywood Hungama. Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  62. ^ "Padmavati: The mystery of Ghoomar's unknown woman solved. This is who she is". The Hindustan Times. 28 October 2017. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  63. ^ "Padmavati: 200 Craftsmen, 600 Days to Create Deepika Padukone's Jewellery". Network 18. news18.com. 13 October 2017. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017.
  64. ^ Myers-El, Noble Timothy (2008). The unknown lore of Amexem's indigenous people : an aboriginal treatise. Bloomington, Ind: AuthorHouse. p. 186. ISBN 9781434327673.
  65. ^ Kher, Ruchika (9 October 2017). "You'll be surprised to know what all went behind creating the costumes for Padmavati". timesnownews.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  66. ^ "Here's what Deepika Padukone will wear in 'Padmavati". Mid-day. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  67. ^ a b Kohli, Shikha (29 January 2018). "Padmaavat: Couturiers Rimple & Harpreet Narula decode Aditi Rao Hydari's Begum Mehrunissa look". www.pinkvilla.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  68. ^ "The making of Padmavati Costumes by Rimple and Harpreet Narula | Deepika Padukone | Ranveer Singh". www.youtube.com. 15 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  69. ^ "Ghoomar Jewellery by Tanishq". News18. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  70. ^ "'Padmavati' style file: A sneak peek into Ranveer Singh, Shahid Kapoor's warrior armours". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  71. ^ "REVEALED: It took 8 months to create Shahid, Ranveer's armours for Padmavati". zoomtv.com. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  72. ^ "Padmavati rangoli row: All the controversies Deepika Padukone-Ranveer Singh starrer has courted before its release". The Indian Express. 20 October 2017. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  73. ^ a b "Padmaavat soundtrack: Listen to full versions of all songs from the film before it releases next week". Hindustan Times. 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  74. ^ "Deepika Padukone To Dance Amidst 400 Lamps for a Ghoomar Dance Sequence in SLB's 'Padmavati'". The Times of India. 28 November 2016. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  75. ^ "The grandness of Deepika's 'Ghoomar' song in Padmavati will leave you spellbound". Bollywood Hungama. 28 November 2016. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  76. ^ T-Series [@TSeries] (24 October 2017). "A splendid display of pomp & dance. #Ghoomar from #Padmavati releases tomorrow. Stay tuned! #GhoomarOutTomorrow @FilmPadmavati" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017 – via Twitter.
  77. ^ Shiksha, Shruti (11 November 2017). "Padmavati Song Ek Dil Ek Jaan: Presenting Deepika Padukone And Shahid Kapoor's 'Love Ballad'". NDTV. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  78. ^ "Padmavati: Karni Sena attackers' extortion plans exposed in sting operation". Deccan Chronicle. 26 September 2017. Archived from the original on 25 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  79. ^ "India Today expose: Padmavatis Karni Sena attackers run extortion racket". Archived from the original on 21 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  80. ^ a b "After Rajputs, Muslims want ban on Padmavati for showing them in 'negative light'". Hindustan Times. 2 January 2018.
  81. ^ "Padmavati isn't history, so what's all the fuss about?". The Times of India. 29 January 2017. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017.
  82. ^ "BJP leader announces Rs 10K reward to slap Sanjay Leela Bhansali". Deccan Chronicle. 30 January 2017. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017.
  83. ^ "Sanjay Leela Bhansali assault: 'Padmavati' actors Deepika Padukone, Ranveer Singh and Shahid Kapoor break their silence – Times of India". The Times of India. 29 January 2017. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017.
  84. ^ "Sanjay Leela Bhansali assaulted on 'Padmavati' set, Bollywood celebs condemn attack". The Times of India. 27 February 2017. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017.
  85. ^ "Mirrors in Historic Chittorgarh Fort in Rajasthan Broken By Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Attackers". NDTV. 6 March 2017. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  86. ^ "Padmavati controversy". Archived from the original on 27 October 2017.
  87. ^ "Padmavati row intensifies, police lathicharge Karni Sena members in Rajasthan's Bhilwara". Zee News. 25 November 2017.
  88. ^ Tilak, Sudha G. (21 November 2017). "Padmavati: Why a Bollywood epic is facing fierce protests". BBC News. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017.
  89. ^ Cain, Rob (10 November 2017). "Threats of Theater Violence Weigh on Sanjay Leela Bhansali's 'Padmavati'". Forbes. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017.
  90. ^ "Padmavati director Sanjay Leela Bhansali should be tried for treason: BJP member Arjun Gupta". The Indian Express. 10 November 2017. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017.
  91. ^ a b "Devdutt Pattanaik enters Padmavati debate, calls its 'valorisation of woman burning herself for macho clan'". Archived from the original on 23 November 2017.
  92. ^ a b Safi, Michael (16 November 2017). "Indian film Padmavati sparks protests over 'Hindu-Muslim romance'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  93. ^ "Deepika Padukone Gets Special Security After Threats Over Padmavati". NDTV. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  94. ^ "Bounty placed on Bollywood actress' head after Hindu-Muslim film outrage". The Telegrapgh. 17 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  95. ^ "Man booked for offering Rs 5 crore bounty on Deepika Padukone and Sanjay Leela Bhansali's heads". The Times of India. 18 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  96. ^ "Padmavati row: Now, Haryana BJP's media chief announces Rs 10 crore bounty on heads of Bhansali and Deepika Padukone". The Indian Express. 19 November 2017. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  97. ^ "Padmavati controversy: Amid threats and protests, producers defer its release". Hindustan Times. 19 November 2017. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017.
  98. ^ "Body found hanging from fort in Jaipur, note nearby implies anger over Padmavati". Times of India. 24 November 2017.
  99. ^ a b "At Jaipur Fort, Dead Body Found With Sign Referring To "Padmavati"". NDTV. 24 November 2017.
  100. ^ Desk, India.com News (24 November 2017). "Not Against Padmavati Film, Man May Have Been Killed at Nahargarh Fort to Trigger Communal Tension".
  101. ^ "'Padmavati' row: Cause of death at fort revealed". Gulf News. 26 November 2017.
  102. ^ "Padmavati: Film associations say they are upset, question government's silence". Hindustan Times. Press Trust of India. 14 November 2017. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  103. ^ Sharma, Priyanka (13 November 2017). "Padmavati row: IFTDA, CINTAA and top associations support Sanjay Leela Bhansali, call it attack on film fraternity". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  104. ^ "Deepika Padukone's 'XXX' co-star Ruby Rose lends support amidst 'Padmavati' row". The Economic Times. 18 November 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  105. ^ "Shraddha Kapoor reacts to Padmavati controversy, calls it 'very unfortunate'- News Nation". www.newsnation.in. 23 November 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  106. ^ a b "Padmavati Row: Javed Akhtar, Karan Johar Back Sanjay Leela Bhansali, Say 'We Should Trust Him'". News18. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  107. ^ a b c d e "Padmavati controversy: From Salman Khan to Anurag Kashyap, here's how Bollywood is standing up for Deepika Padukone starrer". The Indian Express. 15 November 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  108. ^ a b c d e "Varun Dhawan, Sonam, Twinkle Khanna On 'Padmavati' Row". The Quint. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  109. ^ Correspondent, Special (26 November 2017). "Shekhar Kapur questions censoring of Padmavati" – via www.thehindu.com.
  110. ^ "'Padmavati': Kapil Sharma condemns death threats – Times of India".
  111. ^ "Indian women face challenges head-on, says Manushi Chhillar on 'Padmavati' row – Times of India".
  112. ^ "Threats to Bhansali, Deepika unacceptable: Nana". The Hindu. Special Correspondent, Special Correspondent. 1 December 2017. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  113. ^ a b "Padmavati controversy: Juhi Chawla condemns protesters for giving death threats". Firstpost. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  114. ^ "Esha Gupta Gets Trolled Again, This Time For Speaking on Rape And Padmavati!". Businessofcinema.com. 2 December 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  115. ^ "Politics has taken strong hold on everything today: Raveena Tandon". Zee News. 2 December 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  116. ^ "LK Advani Comes in Support of Padmavati". english.newstracklive.com/. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  117. ^ a b "It is scary, unacceptable:Kriti and Yami on threats to Deepika". Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  118. ^ "Padmavati controversy: Hrithik Roshan, Varun Dhawan and Sonakshi Sinha condemn death threats to Deepika Padukone". 3 December 2017.
  119. ^ "We All Need To Stick Together: Kangana On Padmavati Row". outlookindia.com/. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  120. ^ a b c d e f g "Padmavati Row: Kangana Ranaut To Salman Khan, What Celebs Have Said". NDTV.com. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  121. ^ "I Stand By Padmavati Team, Says Priyanka Chopra". News18. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  122. ^ "Padmavati controversy: From Salman Khan to Anurag Kashyap, here's how Bollywood is standing up for Deepika Padukone starrer". The Indian Express. 19 November 2017. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  123. ^ "Shah Rukh Khan invokes 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam' at controversy-hit International Film Festival of India – Times of India".
  124. ^ http://metro.co.uk/2018/01/24/padmaavat-uk-release-date-trailer-cast-controversial-film-starring-deepika-padukone-padmavati-7257404/
  125. ^ "Congress joins Rajput chorus, says ban Padmavati if history is distorted". 5 November 2017.
  126. ^ Sharma, Aman (20 November 2017). "BJP & Congress on the same page on Padmavati". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  127. ^ "Lalu's U-turn on Padmavati". 18 November 2017.
  128. ^ "'Padmavati' protests sign of intolerance: CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechury". The New Indian Express. 18 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  129. ^ "Mamata Banerjee lends support to Padmavati, says such protests are aimed at curbing the freedom of expression". The Indian Express. 20 November 2017. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  130. ^ "Padmavati row: MNS backs Sanjay Leela Bhansali, says let the film release first". India Today. 15 November 2017. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  131. ^ India, Press Trust of (16 November 2017). "More trouble for Padmavati: Ajmer Dargah Deewan urges PM to ban release" – via Business Standard.
  132. ^ Dedhia, Sonil (31 January 2018). "Mid-day". Mid-day. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  133. ^ "Padmavati row: As state cedes space to the fringe, idea of freedom takes a hit". Firstpost. 30 January 2017. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  134. ^ "Padmavati tangle sign of mobocracy". The Free Press Journal. 18 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  135. ^ "Supreme Court Says Filmmakers Should Be Allowed Freedom of Speech And Expression Amid 'Padmavati', Kejriwal's Film Row". Outlook. 16 November 2017. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  136. ^ "SC rejects plea to stop documentary on Arvind Kejriwal, says freedom of expression sacrosanct". The Indian Express. 17 November 2017. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  137. ^ Feeds, IANS (25 November 2017). "Padmavati Row: Film Fraternity To Have A 15-Minute Blackout In Support Of Sanjay Leela Bhansali".
  138. ^ N Palat, Lakshana (20 November 2017). "Padmavati row: Film banned in Madhya Pradesh, says CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan". India Today. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  139. ^ "Padmavati blocked: After Madhya Pradesh, Punjab also bans Sanjay Leela Bhansali's film". Times Now. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  140. ^ "Won't Ban Padmavati in Punjab, Says Amarinder Singh".
  141. ^ Iqbal, Mohammed (21 November 2017). "Padmavati not to be released in Rajasthan". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  142. ^ Zee Media Bureau. "We won't let Padmavati release in Uttar Pradesh: Deputy CM Keshav Prasad Maurya". ZeeNews (19 November 2017). Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  143. ^ "Mamata Banerjee welcomes Padmavati to Kolkata: Come to Bengal if other states ban you". India Today. 24 November 2017.
  144. ^ "Padmavati row: BJP leader threatens Mamata Banerjee with Surpanakha's fate". Hindustan Times. 25 November 2017.
  145. ^ "Padmavati: Gujarat bans Deepika Padukone film, second state after MP". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  146. ^ "Now, no Padmavati screening in Bihar till all parties reach a solution". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  147. ^ "Padmavati row: Karni Sena changes stand, wants Mewar royalty to 'clear' movie". Times of India. 23 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017.
  148. ^ a b "Padmavati controversy: After Rs 10 crore bounty, Suraj Pal Amu claims he's fan of Deepika Padukone". Times Now. 23 November 2017.
  149. ^ Sarkar, Suparno. "Padmavati row: SLB may heave sigh of relief now as Rani Padmini herself to intervene".
  150. ^ "Padmavati row based on rumours: Sanjay Leela Bhansali tells Parliamentary panel – Pune Mirror -".
  151. ^ Khalid, Haroon. "View from Pakistan: 'Padmaavat' puts together every stereotype of Muslims in India". Scroll.in. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  152. ^ Saberin, Zeenat (18 November 2017). "Bollywood film Padmavati faces protests from Karni Sena". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  153. ^ a b "Rani Padmavati is an imaginary character: Historian Irfan Habib". Hindustan Times. 11 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017.
  154. ^ Mukhia, Harbans (17 November 2017). "Stories of a Rajput queen". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  155. ^ https://www.ndtv.com/delhi-news/forces-deployed-to-check-violence-over-padmaavat-release-delhi-police-1804334
  156. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/padmaavat-release-robust-security-in-city-for-film-screenings-says-delhi-police/1029556/
  157. ^ https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/padmaavat-protests-heavy-deployment-of-police-in-gurgaon-thin-presence-at-schools/story-vn8Ml8PyZj5uFspKOekGtM.html
  158. ^ Choudhary, Vidhi (16 August 2017). "Amazon Prime Video wins streaming rights for 'Padmavati'". Mint. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  159. ^ Frater, Patrick (1 November 2017). "Paramount to Release India's 'Padmavati' in December". Variety. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  160. ^ "Sanjay Leela Bhansali's 'Padmavati' to have the widest 3D release for a Hindi film!". Daily News and Analysis. 1 November 2017. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  161. ^ Alaka Sahani (20 November 2017). "Amid rising protests, Padmavati release 'deferred voluntarily'". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  162. ^ "Padmavati is slated for release in the United Arab Emirates on 30 November 2017". VOX Cinemas. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  163. ^ "Padmavati UAE release on November 30: Will it give rise to PIRACY in India?". IBTimes. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  164. ^ "'Padmavati' release in the UK, UAE deferred". Gulf News. 23 November 2017.
  165. ^ "'Padmavati' might be delayed as censor board returns application – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  166. ^ "Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Padmaavat claims to be an adaptation of Jayasi's poem. But is it?". India Today. 2 February 2018.
  167. ^ "British Censor Board clears 'Padmavati' for release in UK". 23 November 2017 – via www.thehindu.com.
  168. ^ Malik, Sunny (24 November 2017). "The poisonous dispute over Indian film Padmavati mustn't spill over into the UK – Sunny Malik" – via www.theguardian.com.
  169. ^ a b "Padmavati row: 'Freedom of choice must be respected', BBFC responds to Rajasthan Association's query". Times Now. 25 November 2017.
  170. ^ "Despite CBFC clearance, Rajasthan, Gujarat and now Haryana won't screen Padmaavat". The Indian Express. 15 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  171. ^ "Haryana govt bans release of "Padmaavat"". The Economic Times. 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  172. ^ "Padmavati in Huge Trouble From All Angles – Box Office India". www.boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  173. ^ "SC to hear 'Padmaavat' producers' plea against ban by four States". The Hindu. PTI. 17 January 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  174. ^ "Padmaavat will release across the country, rules Supreme Court of India". DAWN Images. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  175. ^ "Banned Bollywood epic cleared by court". 23 January 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
  176. ^ Hooli, Shekhar H (21 November 2017). "Padmavati movie review: Arnab Goswami, Rajat Sharma‏ say it's the greatest tribute to Rajput pride [VIDEOS]". International Business Times, India Edition. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  177. ^ "Padmavati review: 'No dream sequence between Deepika Padukone, Ranveer Singh; no distortion of history'". The Financial Express. 18 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  178. ^ "Aaj Ki Baat with Rajat Sharma | 17 November 2017". www.youtube.com. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  179. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/entertainment/bollywood/padmaavat-release-banned-malaysia-padmavat-padmavati-5044045/
  180. ^ Ray, Saptarshi (25 January 2018). "Violent protests spread across India as controversial Padmaavat film finally released". The Telegraph.
  181. ^ "Bollywood epic about Hindu queen provokes mobs rioting in streets". South China Morning Post. 24 January 2018.
  182. ^ "Padmaavat protests: School bus vandalised in Gurgaon, Haryana Roadways bus set afire". Hindustan Times. 24 January 2018.
  183. ^ "Padmaavat protests: There's freedom to stone school bus with children". The Indian Express. 25 January 2018.
  184. ^ Padmaavat: What’s the fuss about? Viewers wonder after watching Bhansali’s film
  185. ^ Padmaavat D-Day: Uncertainty over box office performance amid protests, mixed reviews
  186. ^ ‘Padmaavat’ review: Masterpiece or master of none?
  187. ^ "Padmaavat Review". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  188. ^ "Padmaavat Movie Review, Trailer, & Show timings at Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  189. ^ "Movie Review: Padmaavat". Filmfare. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  190. ^ "Padmaavat Review: Ranveer's Delicious Performance Is Its Biggest Strength". News18. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  191. ^ "Padmaavat Movie Review: Sanjay Leela Bhansali's film starring Ranveer Singh, Deepika Padukone, Shahid Kapoor is a visual treat". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  192. ^ "Padmaavat review: Deepika-Shahid mediocrity covered in jewels, Ranveer not convincing". India Today. 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  193. ^ "Padmaavat movie review: This Deepika Padukone starrer is spectacular". The Indian Express. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  194. ^ "Padmaavat movie review: It's pretty and partly absorbing but not quite exhilarating". Deccan Chronicle. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  195. ^ "Padmaavat Movie Review: Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Boring Film Doesn't Do Justice To Deepika Padukone". NDTV. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  196. ^ https://www.rediff.com/amp/movies/review/padmavati-review-rajputana-pride-played-out-on-a-loop/20180125.htm
  197. ^ Namrata Joshi (24 January 2017). "'Padmaavat' review: an insipid love letter to Rajputs". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  198. ^ McCahill, Mike (25 January 2018). "Padmaavat review – Indian drama that sparked riots is a fabulous tale of love and plunder". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  199. ^ Movie Review: Padmaavat. Reuters.
  200. ^ http://gulfnews.com/leisure/movies/reviews/padmaavat-review-visually-spectacular-but-a-tad-tedious-1.2162688
  201. ^ Sadaf Haider (26 January 2017). "Padmaavat is a flawed history lesson with great visuals". DAWN Images. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  202. ^ Rahul Aijaz (27 January 2017). "'Padmaavat' review: A not-so-historical masterpiece". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  203. ^ a b Smrity Sharma (26 January 2018). "Padmaavat Box Office Report Day 1: Deepika Padukone's Film Has Already Beaten Aamir Khan's Dangal And Prabhas' Baahubali 2! Here's How". Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  204. ^ "Padmaavat sets the cash registers ringing at the box-office". Filmfare. 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  205. ^ "Padmaavat box office collection Day 1: 50-60 percent occupancy in cinema halls for Sanjay Leela Bhansali's period drama". The Indian Express. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  206. ^ "Padmaavat box office collection day 1: Deepika Padukone starrer clocks healthy occupancy rate, may earn this big amount". 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  207. ^ "Padmaavat day 1 box office collection: Deepika Padukone's film gets superb opening in AP/T and TN". International Business Times. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  208. ^ Bollywood Hungama News (26 January 2018). "Box Office: Padmaavat becomes Deepika Padukone's 4th Highest opening day grosser". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  209. ^ Hungama, Bollywood (26 January 2018). "Box Office: Worldwide collections and day wise break up of Padmaavat – Bollywood Hungama". Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  210. ^ Taran Adarsh. "Despite non-screening in few states and protests/disturbances, #Padmaavat fares VERY WELL on Day 1... Had it been a peaceful/smooth all-India release, the biz would've touched ₹ 28 / ₹ 30 cr... Wed [limited preview screenings] 5 cr, Thu 19 cr. Total: ₹ 24 cr. India biz". Twitter. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  211. ^ Joginder Tuteja (26 January 2018). "Box Office – Padmaavat Marks Biggest Opening Ever For Ranveer Singh, Sanjay Leela Bhansali & Shahid Kapoor". Koimoi.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  212. ^ Joginder Tuteja (27 January 2018). "Box Office – Padmaavat Jumps Huge on Friday, It Is Now Time To Stabilize on Saturday & Sunday". Koimoi.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  213. ^ Joginder Tuteja (28 January 2018). "Box Office – Padmaavat Scores Well on Saturday Too, All Set for a Hefty Weekend". Koimoi.com. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  214. ^ "Taran Adarsh tweet". Twitter. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  215. ^ "Padmaavat Enters The 100 Crore Club in Just 4 Days!". Koimoi.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  216. ^ Taran Adarsh. "Protests... Disturbances... No screening in few states... Yet, #Padmaavat does EXCELLENT biz in its extended weekend... The film lost out on substantial biz [approx ₹ 35 cr / ₹ 37 cr], but the SUPERB trending in other circuits helped put up a MAJESTIC total..." Taran Adarsh. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  217. ^ a b Nancy Tartaglione (28 January 2018). "'Maze Runner: The Death Cure' Finds $63M Overseas; 'Jumanji' Drums Up $822M WW – International Box Office". Deadline.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  218. ^ Taran Adarsh. "Protests... Disturbances... No screening in few states... Yet, #Padmaavat does EXCELLENT biz in its extended weekend... The film lost out on substantial biz [approx ₹ 35 cr / ₹ 37 cr], but the SUPERB trending in other circuits helped put up a MAJESTIC total..." Twitter. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  219. ^ "Padmaavat beats Baahubali 2: The Conclusion at the box office; takes a record opening in Australia". Times Now. 26 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  220. ^ Taran Adarsh. "Taran Adarsh Tweet". Twitter. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  221. ^ "Taran Adarsh tweet". Twitter. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  222. ^ "Taran Adarsh". Twitter. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  223. ^ "Padmaavat Sets All Time Record in USA And Canada". Box Office India. 28 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  224. ^ "Bollywood film, PADMAAVAT, had the highest PTA in the Top 10 as it debuted with $4.2M in 324 theaters--$13,188 per". Twitter. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  225. ^ "Top Worldwide Grossers Alltime - Padmaavat Hits 400 Crore". Box Office India. 6 February 2018.
  226. ^ "Salman Khan, Shah Rukh Khan and Aamir Khan can never break Ranveer Singh's this box office record". Times Now. 7 February 2018.
  227. ^ Lutgendorf, Philip (1991). The Life of a Text: Performing the Rāmcaritmānas of Tulsidas. University of California Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-520-06690-8. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017.
  228. ^ Sharma, Betwa (25 January 2018). "Padmavati Was Never A Role Model For These Rajput Women, And Now She's A Curse". Huffington Post India. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  229. ^ Copeman, Jacob; Ikegame, Aya (2012). The guru in South Asia. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-415-51019-6.
  230. ^ a b c Sreenivasan, Ramya (2017). The Many Lives of a Rajput Queen: Heroic Pasts in India, c. 1500-1900. University of Washington Press. pp. 209, 210. ISBN 9780295997858.
  231. ^ a b c d e Sharma, Manimugdha S (4 February 2018). "Padmaavat: A khichdi of the worst of Right-wing prejudices served with achaar and chutney". Times of India Blog. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  232. ^ a b c Iqbal, Dr. Javid (February 16, 2018). "Padmaavat: an exercise in Islamophobia". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  233. ^ Harder, Hans (2017). Literature and Nationalist Ideology: Writing Histories of Modern Indian Languages. Routledge. ISBN 9781351384353. Shortly afterwards, Ratan Sen loses his life in a battle against king Deopal, who had insulted Padmini in his absence.
  234. ^ Rickmers, Christian Mabel Duff (1899). The Chronology of India, from the Earliest Times to the Beginning Os the Sixteenth Century. A. Constable & Company. p. 237.
  235. ^ a b Jafri, compiled by Saiyid Zaheer Husain Jafri, Syed Hasan Muzzamil (2010). Essays on literature, history & society : selected works of Professor Syed Naqi Husain Jafri. Delhi: Primus Books. p. 51. ISBN 9788190891851.
  236. ^ Ghosh, Devarsi (29 January 2017). "Padmavati is not real. Why are you angry?". India Today. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  237. ^ Mukhia, Harbans (17 November 2017). "Stories of a Rajput queen". The Indian Express. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  238. ^ Saxena, Pradeep (11 November 2017). "Rani Padmavati is an imaginary character: Historian Irfan Habib". The Hindustan Times. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  239. ^ Roychowdhury, Adrija (31 January 2017). "Padmavati and other historical characters who were perhaps never real". The Indian Express. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  240. ^ a b c d ""Padmaavat" Twists Alauddin Khilji's Portrayal, Say Some Historians". NDTV.com. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  241. ^ Yogesh Pawar (10 October 2017). "Decoding Allauddin Khilji's character in Sanjay Leela Bhansali's 'Padmavati'".
  242. ^ Majumdar, Monojit (31 January 2017). "The legend of Padmavati and how to read that immortal poem today". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  243. ^ "Padmavati controversy: History is at risk of being trapped between Left, Right interpretations of the past". Firstpost. 24 November 2017.
  244. ^ a b c Safvi, Rana (4 February 2018). "Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Padmaavat: More fiction than history". The Indian Express. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  245. ^ a b c d e David, Shantanu (25 January 2018). "Watch Padmaavat, But Don't Expect To See the 'Real' Alauddin Khilji in It". News18. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  246. ^ Mehta, Jaswant Lal (1980). Advanced Study in the History of Medieval India. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 128. ISBN 9788120706170.
  247. ^ Subimal Chandra Datta (1931). Narendra Nath Law, ed. "First Saka of Citod". The Indian Historical Quarterly. Caxton. 7.
  248. ^ a b Gupta, Uttaran Das (17 November 2017). "Padmavati row: Rajasthan can't afford to be outraged by a fictional film". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  249. ^ "Whose history is it anyway: Padmaavat taints Alauddin Khilji, not Padmavati". The Hindustan Times. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  250. ^ Sharjeel (1 February 2018). "Historian in Hyderabad has coins issued by Alauddin Khilji". Telangana Today. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  251. ^ a b c Niharika Lal; Divya Kaushik (4 February 2018). "Who was Dilli's Khilji?". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  252. ^ Naqvi, Bobby (28 January 2018). "Why 'Padmaavat' bothers me as an Indian Muslim". GulfNews. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  253. ^ Kanal, Nishtha (29 January 2018). "Ranveer Singh and Jim Sarbh's queer tale in Padmaavat gets both praise, criticism". The Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  254. ^ Kumar, Hemanth (26 January 2018). "'Padmaavat': Should you watch a soul-less film because of the controversy around it?". The News Minute. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  255. ^ Chatterjee, Saibal (26 January 2018). ""Padmaavat" Movie Review: Despite Deepika Padukone's Inspired Performance, Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Film Is A Slog". NDTV.com. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  256. ^ "Malaysia Bans 'Padmaavat' Over Negative Portrayal of Sultan Alauddin Khilji". Huffington Post India. 3 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.

External links

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.