North China

Last updated on 5 June 2017

Northern China or North China (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Huáběi; literally "China's north") is a geographical region of China, lying North of the Qinling Huaihe Line.[1]

Qinling Huaihe Line.png
The Qinling Huaihe Line separates China into its Northern and Southern regions

The heartland of North China is the North China Plain, or the Yellow River Plain. North China is usually restricted to the northern part of China proper (inner China and excludes Xinjiang and often Manchuria and Northeast China.

The vast region in China from the Yellow River Valley south to the Yangtze River was the centre of Chinese empires and home to Confucian civilization. In prehistory and early history, the plain (Henan in particular) is considered the origin of Chinese civilization in official Chinese history. The region cultivated wheat, and most speak Northern Chinese (Mandarin), which includes Beijing dialect, which is largely the basis of Standard Chinese (Mandarin), the official language of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Jin Chinese and Mongolian are also widely spoken. The region remains the political, military, and cultural center of the PRC.

North China
North China.svg

Northern People's Republic of China region
Area
 • Total 2,185,105 km2 (843,674 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 164,823,136
 • Density 75/km2 (200/sq mi)
LocationmapChina2-Huabei.png
Broader definition of North China
Broader definition of north china.jpg
Another broader definition of North China (in pink)

History

In prehistory, the region was home to the Yangshao and Longshan cultures. Peking man was found near modern-day Beijing (Peking).

Geography

North China sometimes has sinkholes.[2]

Administrative divisions in the PRC

GB[3] ISO №[4] Province Chinese Name Capital Population¹ Density² Area³ Abbreviation/Symbol
BJ 11 Beijing Municipality 北京市
Běijīng Shì
Beijing 19,612,368 1,167.40 16,800
Jīng
TJ 12 Tianjin Municipality 天津市
Tiānjīn Shì
Tianjin 12,938,224 1,144.46 11,305
Jīn
HE 13 Hebei Province 河北省
Héběi Shěng
Shijiazhuang 71,854,202 382.81 187,700
SX 14 Shanxi Province 山西省
Shānxī Shěng
Taiyuan 35,712,111 228.48 156,300
Jìn
NM 15 Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Nei Mongol Autonomous Region
內蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū
Hohhot 24,706,321 20.88 1,183,000 蒙(內蒙古)
Měng (Nèi Měnggǔ)

See also

References

  1. ^ Shuangshuang, LI; Saini, YANG; Xianfeng, LIU (10 September 2015). "Spatiotemporal variability of extreme precipitation in north and south of the Qinling-Huaihe region and influencing factors during 1960-2013". The Chinese journal of geography. 34 (3): 354–363. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Girl rescued after falling through pavement". The Telegraph. 24 April 2012.
  3. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  4. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)

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