Mufti Mohammad Sayeed

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Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (12 January 1936 – 7 January 2016) was a politician from the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. He served twice as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, from November 2002 to November 2005 and again from March 2015 to January 2016. He was also Home Minister of India from December 1989 to November 1990.[2] He founded the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party in July 1999 to "persuade the Government of India to initiate an unconditional dialogue with Kashmiris for resolution of the Kashmir problem."[3]

Mufti Mohammad Sayeed
CM J&K,Mufti Mohammed Sayeed and Haji Anayat Ali during his oath ceremony on being elected as Chairman LC on 12 April, 2015 (cropped)
Mufti Mohammad Sayeed in 2015
6th Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
In office
1 March 2015 – 7 January 2016
Governor Narinder Nath Vohra
Deputy Nirmal Kumar Singh
Preceded by Governor's rule
Succeeded by Mehbooba Mufti
In office
2 November 2002 – 2 November 2005
Governor Girish Chandra Saxena
Srinivas Kumar Sinha
Preceded by Governor's rule
Succeeded by Ghulam Nabi Azad
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
Prime Minister V. P. Singh
Preceded by Sardar Buta Singh
Succeeded by Chandra Shekhar
Personal details
Born 12 January 1936
Bijbehara, Jammu and Kashmir, British India
Died 7 January 2016 (aged 79)
New Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Other political
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (1950–1965)
Indian National Congress (1965–1987, 1991–1999)
Janata Dal (1987–1991)
Children 4 (including Mehbooba Mufti)[1]
Alma mater Aligarh Muslim University

Early life

Mufti Sayeed was born on 12 January 1936 in Bijbehara town of Anantnag district to a family of clerics. He completed his basic studies in Srinagar and then got his law and postgraduate degree in Arabic from Aligarh Muslim University before entering politics.[4]

Politician Mehbooba Mufti is his daughter.[1]

Political party affiliations

Mufti started his political career in the 1950s in the Democratic National Conference, a splinter group of the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference led by Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq. He was appointed as the district convenor of the party,[5] which merged back into the National Conference in late 1960.[6]

In 1962, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly from Bijbehara. After G. M. Sadiq become the Chief Minister of the state in 1964, Mufti was appointed as a Deputy Minister in his government.[5]

In January 1965, the National Conference merged into the Indian National Congress.[7] Thus Mufti became a member of Congress.

In 1972, Mufti became a cabinet minister and, the president of the state Congress unit.[5][8] He is said to have brought about the downfall of the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference government, which was led by Farooq Abdullah, in 1984.[9] He joined the Rajiv Gandhi government in 1986 as Minister of Tourism.[8] In 1987, he quit the Congress party to join V. P. Singh's Jan Morcha, which led to his becoming the first Muslim Minister for Home Affairs in the Union Cabinet of India for one year, from 1989 to 1990.[10][11]

He rejoined the Congress under P. V. Narasimha Rao, which he left in 1999 along with daughter Mehbooba Mufti to form his own party, the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party.

Chief Minister

First tenure (2002–2005)

Mohammad Sayeed participated in the 2002 assembly election and won 18 assembly seats for his Peoples Democratic Party. He went on to form a coalition government with the Indian National Congress, and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir for a term of three years.[12]

In 2003, he merged the autonomous Special Operations Group with the Jammu and Kashmir Police.[13] It was under his tenure which coincided with the peace process led by Indian Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, with LOC opened for trade and bus service.[14]

Second tenure (2015–2016)

In the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election, 2014, the PDP emerged as the single largest party, though it fell short of a majority. Following a coalition agreement between the BJP and the PDP, Sayeed started his second tenure as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir in 2015.[15]

Attacks on his family and himself

In 1989, within few days of taking office as the Union Minister for Home Affairs, his third daughter, Rubaiya, was kidnapped.[16] She was released in exchange for the release of five militants.[10] Sayeed also survived attacks on his life by Kashmiri separatists.[16]


On 24 December 2015, Sayeed was admitted to the AIIMS hospital in New Delhi. He suffered from neck pain and fever. His condition gradually deteriorated, and he was put on ventilator support. He died on 7 January 2016 due to multi-organ failure[17][18] at about 7:30, according to provincial Education Minister and PDP Spokesman Nayeem Akhter.[19] He was just five days short of his 80th birthday when he died.

Reactions to this death came from Prime Minister Narendra Modi, national Home Minister Rajnath Singh at Delhi airport and the 14th Dalai Lama.[20] He was buried at his ancestral burial ground in Bijbehera[21] with state honours. Former Chief Ministers Omar Abdullah and Ghulam Nabi Azad were present at his funeral.[22] Condolences also came from President Pranab Mukherjee, former prime ministerial candidate L. K. Advani, Ram Madhav, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, BJP Vice President Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, former national Oil Minister Milind Deora, PDP member Rafi Mir and politicians Kalraj Mishra, Jitendra Singh and Ahmed Patel.[19]

According to party member and PDP Chief Spokesperson Mehboob Beg,[19] the PDP supported his daughter, Mehbooba Mufti, as the next chief minister, while coalition ally BJP expressed "no objection" to her succeeding her father.[22]

See also

  1. ^ a b "Live: Mufti Mohammad Sayeed to be laid to rest in Bijbehara; Seven-day state mourning declared". Daily News and Analysis. 7 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: Another chance in a chequered career". Business Standard. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  3. ^ Mukhtar, Ahmad (28 July 1999). "Mufti floats new regional party in Kashmir". Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: Much more than Delhi's man in Kashmir". Hindustan Times. 7 January 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Nistula Hebbar, J&K Chief Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed dead, The Hindu, 7 January 2016.
  6. ^ Bose, Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace 2003, p. 77.
  7. ^ Bose, Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace 2003, p. 82.
  8. ^ a b "Mufti Mohammed Sayeed: A political opportunist and stalwart of J&K". IBNLive. 7 January 2016.
  9. ^ Malik, Mohammed Sayeed (30 October 2002). "Mufti's fateful links". Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  10. ^ a b Prabhat, Abhishek (29 October 2002). "Profile: Mufti Mohammad Sayeed". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  11. ^ "Mufti: A man caught in the 'mid-stream' tragedy". Hindustan Times. 7 January 2016.
  12. ^ "New leader promises Kashmir 'healing'". BBC News. BBC. 3 November 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  13. ^ "Mufti disbands SOG, merges force with police". Economic Times. 25 February 2003. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: A master politician who tried to nurture true Indian constituency in Kashmir". Daily News and Analysis. 8 January 2016.
  15. ^ Amit Chaturvedi (27 February 2015). "PM Modi Will Attend Oath Ceremony, Says Jammu and Kashmir's Chief Minister-to-be Mufti Sayeed".
  16. ^ a b Sreedharan, Chindu (18 September 1999). "'Elections in J&K have not been fair since 1987'". Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  17. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, passes away at AIIMS Delhi". Indian Express. 7 January 2016.
  18. ^ "J&K CM Mufti Mohammad Sayeed passes away". ABP Live. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  19. ^ a b c "'He provided a healing touch to Kashmir': From PM Modi to Kejriwal, condolences pour in for Mufti Mohammad Sayeed - Firstpost". 7 January 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  20. ^ Yeshe Choesang, His Holiness the Dalai Lama of Tibet offers condolences to Ms Mufti, 11 January 2016, Tibet Post International
  21. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed laid to rest - Only Kashmir - Behind the News". Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  22. ^ a b


External links

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Mohammad Maqbool
Member of Parliament
for Anantnag

Succeeded by
Ali Mohammed Naik
Political offices
Preceded by
Buta Singh
Minister of Home Affairs
2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
Succeeded by
Chandra Shekhar
Preceded by
President's Rule
Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
2 November 2002 – 2 November 2005
Succeeded by
Ghulam Nabi Azad
Preceded by
President's Rule
Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
1 March 2015 – 7 January 2016
Succeeded by
Mehbooba Mufti

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