Mary Stewart, Duchess of Richmond

Last updated on 25 August 2017

Mary Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Duchess of Lennox (1622–1685), formerly Lady Mary Villiers, was the daughter of the George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Katherine Manners, 19th Baroness de Ros.

On 8 January 1634, at the age of 12, she married the 15-year-old Charles, Lord Herbert, eldest son of the 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery, but was widowed in 1635 when her young husband died of smallpox.[1]

On 3 August 1637, she married the 4th Duke of Lennox, who was created Duke of Richmond in 1641. They had two children:

Sometime before 1664, Mary married Colonel Thomas Howard (d. 1678): he was a younger brother of Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, and is chiefly remembered for his duel in 1662 with Henry Jermyn, 1st Baron Dover.

Maureen E. Mulvihill has built a case for Mary Villiers as the author of the poems published under the pseudonym Ephelia, including Female Poems...by Ephelia (1679).

John Michael Wright Mary Villiers and her children.jpg
John Michael Wright Mary Villiers and her children.jpg

Depiction in art

A Poem to his Sacred Majesty on the Plot written by a Lady of Quality 1679.jpg
A Poem as it was presented to His Sacred Majesty, on the discovery of the plott. Written by a lady of quality, by Ephelia, 1679

Mary is the subject of several paintings by Anthony van Dyck as well as a portrait with her children by John Michael Wright.

George Villiers Duke of Buckingham and Family 1628.jpg

George Villiers Duke of Buckingham and Family 1628 by Gerard van Honthorst

Van Dyck Mary Villiers as Venus.jpg

Mary Villiers, later Duchess of Richmond and Lennox, with her cousin Charles Hamilton, Lord Arran, as Cupid, circa 1636, by Anthony van Dyck.

Mary Villiers, Lady Herbert of Shurland by Anthony van Dyck, Timken Museum of Art.JPG

Mary Villiers, Lady Herbert of Shurland, circa 1636, by Anthony van Dyck.

Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox about 1640, Skokloster Castle

Wenceslas Hollar - Duchess of Lennox, after van Dyck (State 5).jpg

Duchess of Lennox, after van Dyck, by Wenceslaus Hollar

References

External links

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