Lonnie Mack

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Lonnie McIntosh (July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016), known by his stage name Lonnie Mack, was an American rock, blues, and country singer-guitarist. He was active from the mid-1950s into the early 2000s.

Mack's 1963 guitar hits, "Memphis" and "Wham!", represented a quantum leap in soloing virtuosity during the chords-and-riffs era of early rock.[1] They significantly raised the proficiency bar for rock guitarists,[2] helped pave the way for the guitar "revolution" of the mid-late 1960s,[3] and influenced several generations of rock guitarists.[4] Although known mainly for his guitar innovations,[5] he was also renowned for the emotional intensity of his "country-esque" blue-eyed soul vocals.[6] His early recordings, generally, are considered close stylistic precursors to the blues rock[7] and Southern rock[8] genres.

He experienced peak periods of commercial success as a rock artist in 1963 and again in the late 1960s and the mid-late 1980s. However, he was never comfortable in the spotlight for long.[9] Music historian Dick Shurman observed that Mack's country-boy temperament "wasn’t suited to stardom. I think he’d rather have been hunting and fishing. He didn’t like cities or the (music) business."[10] He spent most of his long career performing in roadhouses to a small-but-devoted "cult" following.[11]

He was known for his career-long use of a 1958 Gibson Flying V guitar he called "Number 7". Citing its historical significance in 2011, a panel of experts declared it one of the world's 150 "most elite guitars".[12] Mack has been inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, the International Guitar Hall of Fame, and the Southern Legends Entertainment and Performing Arts Hall of Fame.[13]

Lonnie Mack
Mack performing at Rising Sun, Indiana, in 2003
Background information
Birth name Lonnie McIntosh
Born July 18, 1941
West Harrison, Indiana, U.S.
Died April 21, 2016 (aged 74)
Smithville, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Blues rock, instrumental rock, blues, country, country-soul, southern rock, rockabilly, blue-eyed soul, bluegrass, gospel
Occupation(s) Musician, singer-songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1954–2004
Labels Alligator, Elektra, Fraternity, Capitol, Flying V Records, Jewel, King, Ace, Epic, Sage Records, Dobbs Records

Early life and musical influences

Shortly before Mack's birth, his family left the coalfields of Owsley County, Kentucky to work as sharecroppers in Dearborn County, Indiana.[14] One of five children, he was born to parents Robert and Sarah Sizemore McIntosh on July 18, 1941, in West Harrison, Indiana.[15] He was raised nearby on farms along the Ohio River.

His family used a primitive radio powered by a truck battery to listen to the Grand Ole Opry country music show. Continuing to listen after the rest of the family had retired for the night, Mack became a fan of rhythm and blues and traditional black gospel music.[16]

He began playing guitar at the age of seven, after trading his bicycle for a "Lone Ranger" model acoustic guitar.[17] His mother taught him the rudiments of acoustic guitar and country-style singing. As a child, he was mentored by a local country gospel singer, Ralph Trotto.[18]

An uncle showed young Mack how to merge a fast-picking Merle Travis country sound with traditional acoustic blues-picking styles.[19] He considered Travis, pop/jazz guitarist Les Paul and electric blues guitarist T-Bone Walker his biggest guitar influences.[20] He cited the vocal influences of R&B artists Jimmy Reed, Ray Charles, Bobby "Blue" Bland, and Hank Ballard, country singer George Jones, country-gospel singer Martha Carson and traditional black gospel singer Archie Brownlee.[21] As an adult, he recorded tunes associated with each of these artists.


In 1954, at the age of thirteen, Mack dropped out of school after a fight with a teacher. He soon began performing professionally with a succession of local bands, using a fake ID.[22] He played guitar on several low-circulation recordings in the late 1950s. One, "Hey Baby" (Sage, 1959), a bluegrass/rockabilly tune by two of his cousins, was reissued by Bear Family Records in 2010.[23]

Mack went on to release thirteen original albums over the course of his career. His recordings drew from black and white American roots music genres,[24] including blues, country, bluegrass, rockabilly, R&B, soul, country gospel, and traditional black gospel.

In the early 1960s he became a session guitarist with Fraternity Records, a small label in Cincinnati. In 1963, he recorded two hit records for Fraternity, the proto-blues-rock guitar instrumentals "Memphis" and "Wham!" (See, section entitled "'Memphis' and 'Wham!'" below). He soon recorded additional tunes to flesh out his debut album, The Wham of that Memphis Man (Fraternity, 1963). Mack produced some notable recordings later[25] but The Wham of that Memphis Man ultimately formed the centerpiece of his career. Based as much on Mack's vocals as his guitar-playing, Jimmy Guterman ranked the album No. 16 in his book, The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time.[26] Mack recorded more than a dozen additional sides for Fraternity in 1964 and 1965. However, their commercial potential was stunted both by Fraternity's persistent financial difficulties and the sudden, overwhelming, popularity of The Beatles-led British Invasion.[27] Many of these recordings remained unreleased until Ace Records (UK) acquired Fraternity's original master tapes 25 years later. In the mid-1960s, his career stalled out, Mack turned to R&B session work, playing on recordings by James Brown, Freddie King, Joe Simon and others.[28]

In late 1968, the newly-founded Rolling Stone magazine re-focused the spotlight on Mack with a retrospective review of The Wham of that Memphis Man.[29] He soon moved to Los Angeles to execute a three-album contract with Elektra Records.[30] While contracted to Elektra, he performed in major rock venues, including the Fillmore East, the Fillmore West and the Cow Palace, where he opened for The Doors[31] and Crosby, Stills & Nash and shared the stage with Johnny Winter, Elvin Bishop and other popular rock and blues artists of the time.[32] However, it was the hippie era in the U.S., and Mack's "Kentucky truck-driver" persona was an uncomfortable fit with commercial rock's target demographic.[33] In addition, his rustic sensibilities were unsuited to urban living,[34] stardom,[35][10] Los Angeles' psychedelic music scene,[36] and major-label corporate politics.[37] Disillusioned after three years in the commercial rock spotlight, Mack relocated to Nashville in 1971 to record his final (and mostly country) Elektra album, then went home to southern Indiana. For the next eleven years he occupied himself as an under-the-radar country music artist, sideman and roadhouse proprietor.[38]

In 1983, Mack relocated to Austin, Texas, at the urging of his friend and blues-rock guitar disciple, Stevie Ray Vaughan. With Vaughan's help and encouragement, Mack re-emerged as a rock artist with his indie comeback album, Strike Like Lightning (Alligator, 1985), and a promotional tour featuring guest appearances by Vaughan, Ry Cooder, Keith Richards and Ronnie Wood.[39] The tour culminated in a Carnegie Hall concert with Albert Collins and Roy Buchanan.[40] He released three more albums over the next four years, including his recording career epilogue, Lonnie Mack Live – Attack of the Killer V! (Alligator, 1990). He then retired from recording as a solo artist but made occasional guest appearances on recordings of other artists.[41] He continued to intermittently tour the roadhouse and music festival circuits at home and abroad until 2004.

"Memphis" and "Wham!"

On March 12, 1963,[42] at the end of a recording session backing up The Charmaines, Mack and his band were offered the remaining twenty minutes of studio-rental time.[18] Not expecting the tune to be released, Mack recorded a jaunty rockabilly/blues guitar take-off on Chuck Berry's 1959 UK vocal hit, "Memphis, Tennessee".[43] He had improvised the guitar solo in a live performance a few years earlier, when the band-member who always sang the tune missed a club date. Mack's instrumental homage to the Berry tune was well-received, so he adopted it as part of his live act. He shortened the title to "Memphis".

Interviewed in 2011, the recording engineer on "Memphis", Chuck Seitz, recalled that it took ten minutes to "set up" and less than ten minutes to record the tune twice.[44] As recorded in 1963, "Memphis" featured a then-unique combination of key elements, including seven distinct sections and an unusually fast twelve-bar blues solo, augmented by an aggressive rock drum-beat.[45] According to musicologist Richard T. Pinnell, Ph. D., Mack's upbeat, fast-paced take on electric blues-guitar in "Memphis" was unprecedented in the history of rock guitar soloing to that point, producing a tune that was both "rhythmically and melodically full of fire" and "one of the milestones of early rock and roll guitar".[46]

"Memphis" was first broadcast in the spring of 1963. By late June, it had risen to No. 4 on Billboard's R&B chart and No. 5 on Billboard's pop chart.[47] According to The Book of Golden Discs, it sold over one million copies.[48] The popularity of "Memphis" led to bookings at larger venues, tours in the UK and performances with Chuck Berry.[49] Still in 1963, Mack released "Wham!", a gospel-inspired guitar rave-up that reached No. 24 on Billboard's Pop chart in September.[43] Many commentators consider "Memphis" and "Wham!" the first genuine hit recordings of the virtuoso blues-rock guitar genre.[50]

Guitar style and technique

While Mack's rock guitar style was rooted largely in the post-war urban blues and R&B traditions, it was distinguished by the fast-picking techniques he had learned during his early exposure to country and bluegrass music.[51] His pioneering use of rapid-fire runs became an enduring feature of rock guitar soloing.[52] He seamlessly transitioned from challenging single-string leads to rhythm guitar and back again within single tunes, effectively eliminating the need for a rhythm guitarist.[53] These elements, combined with a distinct, "watery"-sounding vibrato from his 1950s-era Magnatone amplifier, resulted in a uniquely fluid sound, moving one early reviewer to remark upon the "peculiar running quality" of Mack's guitar recordings.[54]

He used his Bigsby vibrato tailpiece on "Wham!" (and virtually all of his later recordings) to produce sound effects so distinctive for the time that guitarists began calling it the "whammy bar",[55] a term by which the Bigbsy and other vibrato bars are still known.

Influence on the development of rock guitar

"[H]is playing was faster, louder, more aggressive than anything people were used to hearing....[M]uch of rock music might not have been the same – without his innovative way of treating the electric guitar as a lead soloing instrument in rock – edgy, aggressive, loud and fast."[56]

Mack's early solos are said to have inspired several generations of rock guitarists who rose to prominence in the 1960s and beyond, including Joe Bonamassa, Eric Clapton, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Jeff Beck, Duane Allman, Keith Richards, Jimmy Page and Ted Nugent.[57]

Guitarists who have claimed Mack as a major influence include Vaughan,[58] Beck,[59] and Nugent,[60] as well as Dickey Betts,[61] Warren Haynes,[62] Ray Benson,[63] Bootsy Collins,[64] Adrian Belew[65] and Tyler Morris.[66]

Mack was proud of his influence on the development of rock guitar. "It's a great honor to be able to [inspire other artists]. What you do in this business, your whole thing is givin' stuff away. But that makes you feel good, makes you feel like you've really done something." [67]


While none charted, Mack's vocal recordings consistently drew critical acclaim. In 1968, after pronouncing Mack "in a class by himself" as a rock guitarist, Alec Dubro of Rolling Stone magazine said: "But it is truly the voice of Lonnie Mack that sets him apart. He is primarily a gospel singer. Lonnie's songs have a sincerity and intensity that's hard to find anywhere."[68] In 1983, music critic Bill Millar wrote: "Lonnie Mack wailed a soul ballad as gutsily as any black gospel singer. The anguished inflections which stamped his best songs had a directness which would have been wholly embarrassing in the hands of almost any other white vocalist."[69] In 2009, music critic Greil Marcus called Mack's "Why?" (1963) a "soul ballad so torturous, so classically structured, that it can uncover wounds of your own. Mack's scream at the end has never been matched. God help us if anyone ever tops it".[70]

Late career, retirement and death

After recording his final album, Attack of the Killer V (1990), Mack continued to perform until 2004. Thereafter, with his health in decline,[71] he performed in public only occasionally, appearing at a handful of special events and informal gatherings.[72]

On November 15, 2008, he was a featured performer at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's thirteenth annual Music Masters Tribute Concert, soloing on "Wham!" in a 93rd birthday salute to the concert's honoree, electric-guitar pioneer Les Paul.[73]

Mack died at age 74 on April 21, 2016, at a country hospital near his Smithville, Tennessee home.[74]

Original Album Discography

Career recognition and awards

Year Award or recognition
1992 Music critic Jimmy Guterman ranked Mack's first album #16 in his book, The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time.[75]
1993 Gibson Guitar Corporation issued a limited-run "Lonnie Mack Signature Edition" of "Number 7", Mack's 1958 "Flying V" guitar[76]
1998 Lifetime Achievement "Cammy" ("Cammy" is the nickname for the Cincinnati Enquirer Pop Music Award, which is presented annually to musicians identified with the tri-State area of Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana)[77]
2001 Inducted into the Southeastern Indiana Musician's Association Hall of Fame[78]
2001 Inducted into the International Guitar Hall of Fame[79]
2002 Second "Lifetime Achievement" Cammy[80]
2005 Inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame[81]
2006 Inducted into The Southern Legends Entertainment & Performing Arts Hall of Fame[82]
2011 Mack's "Number 7" was judged among the world's 150 "most elite guitars"[83]

See also

External links


  1. ^ "The first of the guitar-hero records [Mack's first album, "The Wham of that Memphis Man" (Fraternity, 1963)] is also one of the best. Lonnie Mack bent, stroked, and modified the sound of six strings in ways that baffled his contemporaries and served as a guide to future players." Guterman, "The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time", 1992, Citadel Publishing, p. 34.
  2. ^ (1) "[Mack] was 'the Jimi Hendrix of his time'." Southern Rock guitarist Warren Haynes, Official Warren Haynes website at http://www.warrenhaynes.net/news/detail/warren_haynes_reflects_on_lonnie_mack. (2) "Now, at that time, there was a popular song on the radio called 'Memphis'—an instrumental by Lonnie Mack. It was the best guitar-playing I'd ever heard. All the guitar-players were [saying] 'How could anyone ever play that good? That's the new bar. That's how good you have to be now.'" Guitarist Mike Johnstone, as quoted in Poe, "Skydog: The Duane Allman Story", Backbeat, 2006, at p. 10
  3. ^ "Between the era of Chuck Berry and the era of Hendrix there were a handful of guitar players like Lonnie Mack who were making ground-breaking music that paved the way for the Revolution. People like Dickey Betts and Stevie Ray Vaughn would tell you that without Lonnie they wouldn’t be who they were. That goes for all of us." Southern Rock guitarist Warren Haynes, Official Warren Haynes website at http://www.warrenhaynes.net/news/detail/warren_haynes_reflects_on_lonnie_mack.
  4. ^ (1) See, section entitled "Influence on the development of rock guitar".
  5. ^ (1) See, generally, section of this article entitled "Mack's influence on other guitarists". (2) Mack was described as a "pioneer", "ground-breaker" or "trailblazer" of virtuoso rock guitar soloing in the following five commentaries, among others: See, e.g., (a) "Twenty Iconic Guitars", Rolling Stone online at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/20-iconic-guitars-20120523/lonnie-macks-flying-v-0534574, 05/23/2012; (b) McDevitt, "Unsung Guitar Hero Lonnie Mack", Gibson online at http://www.gibson.com/News-Lifestyle/Features/en-us/Unsung-Guitar-Hero-Lonnie-Mack.aspx, 09/05/2007; (c) Kreps, "Lonnie Mack, Blues-Rock Guitar Great, Dead at 74", Rolling Stone online at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/lonnie-mack-blues-rock-guitar-great- dead-at-74-20160423, 04/23/2016; (d) Kerzner, "Breaking: Pioneering Guitarist Lonnie Mack Dead at 74", 4/22/2016, at https://www.americanbluesscene.com/2016/04/breaking-pioneering-guitarist-lonnie-mack-dead-at-74/"; and (e) Hagood, "Lonnie Mack: Remembering His Trailblazing Blues-Rock Guitar Virtuosity", Keeping the Blues Alive, April 29, 2016, at https://keepingthebluesalive.org/lonnie-mack-remembering-his-trailblazing-blues-rock-guitar-virtuosity/.
  6. ^ (1) "country-esque": Watrous, "Lonnie Mack in a Melange of Guitar Styles", New York Times, September 18, 1988. (2) "Known for his blue-eyed soul vocals": (a) Millar, essay entitled "Colour Me Soul", from "History of Rock", 1983, as preserved at https://web.archive.org/web/20071122194241/http://www.soul-source.co.uk/soul- words/blue-eyed-soul-colour-me-soul.htm; (b) "Up to April the 21st 2016, the day he died, Lonnie Mack was the best living white soul singer in the world". Stephens, "Lonnie Mack", Topperpost 522, April, 2016 at http://www.toppermost.co.uk/lonnie-mack/.
  7. ^ See, e.g., (1) "Talkin' Blues: Lonnie Mack and the Birth of Blues-Rock". Guitar World. Retrieved May 18, 2014; (2) Hagood, "Lonnie Mack: Remembering His Trailblazing Blues-Rock Guitar Virtuosity", Keeping the Blues Alive, April 29, 2016, at https://keepingthebluesalive.org/lonnie-mack-remembering-his-trailblazing-blues-rock-guitar-virtuosity/
  8. ^ (1) Blues historian Dick Shurman considers Mack's early recordings "a prototype of...Southern rock." Dick Shurman, as quoted in McCardle, "Lonnie Mack, Guitarist and Singer Who Influenced Blues and Rock Acts, Dies at 74", Washington Post, April 25, 2016, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/lonnie-mack-guitarist-and-singer-who-influenced-blues-and-rock-acts-dies-at-74/2016/04/25/5c581f3c-0a44-11e6-bfa1-4efa856caf2a_story.html; (2) "Thus, through King Records and local legend Lonnie Mack, Cincinnati has helped shape Southern rock...". Sandmel, "The Allman Brothers Band Live at Ludlow Garage – 1970", at http://www.spectratechltd.com/extrapages/Allman%20Brothers%20- %20Live%20at%20Ludlow%20Garage%20CD%20-%20cover%20&%20notes.pdf; and (3) Mayhew, "Southern Rock Legend Lonnie Mack Dies at 74", reverb.com, April 22, 2016, at https://reverb.com/news/southern-rock-legend- lonnie-mack-dies-at-743
  9. ^ (1) Mack said, "Seems like every time I get close to really making it, to climbing to the top of the mountain, that's when I pull out. I just pull up and run." Peter Guralnick, Pickers, "Lonnie Mack: Fiery Picker Goes Country", 1977, pp. 16–18. (2) Thus, at age 29, after a three-year period of commercial success with Elektra records (three albums and performances at major rock venues), Mack reinvented himself as a low-profile country artist for the next 14 years. Later (at age 48), after a resurgent five-year period of commercial success (1985–1989: four successful albums, a Carnegie Hall concert and guest appearances by The Rolling Stones and Stevie Ray Vaughan), he abruptly retired from recording, took up residence in a log cabin in rural Tennessee, and spent the remaining 14 years of his career as an itinerant roadhouse performer.
  10. ^ a b Terence McArdle, "Lonnie Mack, Guitarist and Singer Who Influenced Blues and Rock Acts, Dies at 74", Washington Post April 25, 2016, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/lonnie-mack-guitarist-and-singer-who-influenced-blues-and-rock-acts-dies-at-74/2016/04/25/5c581f3c-0a44-11e6-bfa1-4efa856caf2a_story.html.
  11. ^ Grimes, "Lonnie Mack, Singer and Guitarist Who Pioneered Blues-Rock, Dies at 74", New York times, April 22, 2016, at https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/23/arts/music/lonnie-mack-singer-and-guitarist-who-pioneered-blues-rockdies-at-74.html.
  12. ^ "The Guitar Collection". Theguitarcollectionbook.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  13. ^ See, section of this article entitled "Career Recognition and Awards"
  14. ^ It is still common for young locals leave the impoverishment of Owsley County for a better future in Indiana. Strickland, "Inside Owsley: America's poorest white county", Al Jazeera News on-line, November 7, 2016, at http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/owsley-feeling-forgotten-america-white-county-161107111708901.html". During the Hillbilly Highway migration of refugees from the coal mine closures in Southern Appalachia before World War II, most sought jobs in industrialized cities; the McIntosh worked instead as sharecroppers.
  15. ^ "Lonnie Mack, July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016". alligator.com.
  16. ^ Sandmel, "Lonnie Mack is Back of the Track", Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 55–56.
  17. ^ (1)Forte, "Lonnie Mack: That Memphis Man is Back", 1978, p. 20; (2) Murrells, The Book of Golden Discs, Barrie & Jenkins, 1978, p.163
  18. ^ a b Bill Millar, liner notes to Ace (UK) early Mack compilation album entitled "Memphis Wham!"
  19. ^ Matre, Van (May 2, 1985). "Lonnie Mack Back In The Swing Of Things" (http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-05-0 2/features/8501270055_1_mack-doesn-t-stevie-ray-vaughan-lonnie-mack). Chicago Tribune, Lifestyle Section. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  20. ^ (1) Liner notes to Ace, UK, CD entitled "Memphis Wham!"; (2) Dahl, Bill. "Lonnie Mack profile at" (https://www.allmusic.com/artist/p438). allmusic.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  21. ^ (1) "Unsung Guitar Hero: Lonnie Mack" at http://www2.gibson.com/News-Lifestyle/Features/en-us/Unsung-Guitar-Hero-Lo nnie-Mack.aspx, July 14, 1985. Retrieved May 18, 2014; (2) McNutt, Guitar Towns, University of Indiana Press, 2002, p. 175.
  22. ^ (1) House, Triad Publishing. "Lonnie Mack bio at" (http://www.lonniemack.com). Lonniemack.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011; (2) McNutt, Guitar Towns, 2002, p. 175.
  23. ^ Album, "That'll Flat Git It", V. 27, track 17, ISBN 978-3-89916-577-7. It was published in the U.S. as "That'll Flat Git It! Vol. 27: Rockabilly & Rock 'n' Roll From The Vault Of Sage & Sand Records: Various Artists" On it, seventeen-year-old Mack can be heard providing a Travis-picking guitar accompaniment, punctuated by a brief rockabilly solo.Harley Gabbard & Aubrey Holt - Hey Baby ~ Rockabilly on YouTube
  24. ^ (1) Watrous, "Lonnie Mack in a Melange of Guitar Styles", New York Times, September 18, 1988, at https://www.nytimes.com/1988/09/18/arts/review-rock-lonnie-mack-in-a-melange-of-guitar-styles.html; (2) McNutt, Guitar Towns, University of Indiana Press, 2002, p. 174.
  25. ^ The albums Strike Like Lightning (1985), and Lonnie Mack Live: Attack of the Killer V (1990), were commercially successful and drew critical acclaim.
  26. ^ Citadel Publishing, 1992.
  27. ^ Apart from "Memphis" (Billboard #5) and Wham!" (Billboard #24), only two additional Mack Fraternity singles charted: "Honky-Tonk '65" (#78) and "Baby, What's Wrong?" (#93). See, Billboard's "Chart History" list for Mack at http://www.billboard.com/artist/307816/lonnie-mack/chart.
  28. ^ See, Mack discography at http://wdd.mbnet.fi/lonniemack.htm.
  29. ^ Alec Dubro, Rolling Stone magazine, November 23, 1968.
  30. ^ Mack's three Elektra albums were Glad I'm in the Band (1969), Whatever's Right (1969) and The Hills of Indiana (1971). These were eclectic collections of country and soul ballads, blues tunes, and updated versions of earlier recordings. Both 1969 albums emphasized Mack's vocals and de-emphasized his guitar work. They were modest commercial successes. Mack's final Elektra effort, The Hills of Indiana, was a country album recorded in Nashville, which attracted little attention. In 1970, Elektra also reissued Mack's Fraternity debut album, The Wham of that Memphis Man!, with two bonus tracks from 1964, calling it "For Collectors Only".
  31. ^ During that period, he played bass guitar on The Doors hit record, "Roadhouse Blues".
  32. ^ (1) Deccio, "Lonnie Mack Dead", April 24, 2016, http://www.inquisitr.com/3029420/lonnie-mack-dead-guitarist-and-vocalist-who-pioneered-blues-rock-dies-at-74/; (2) Poster for Mack's six-day run at the Fillmore West in July 1969 at http://www.classicposters.com/Johnny_Winter/poster/Bill_Graham/180; (3) Poster of Mack's Cow Palace appearance with the Doors and Elvin Bishop at http://www.classicposters.com/Lonnie_Mack; (4) Mack's reference to appearing with C, S &N at the Fillmore East in his 1985 Carnegie Hall interview at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHAcMm8pxvo.
  33. ^ (1) John Northland wrote: "[All] the superior chops in the world couldn't hide the fact that chubby, country Mack probably had more in common with Kentucky truck drivers than he did with the new rock audience." Morthland, "Lonnie Mack", Output, March 1984; (2) "Lonnie was a real country boy". Elektra producer Russ Miller, in Holzman, Follow the Music, First Media, 1998, p. 367.
  34. ^ (1) Lyrics to Mack's tune, "A Long Way From Memphis" (1985) ("L.A. made me sick"); (2) Lyrics to Mack's tune, "Country" (1976): "I don't care what you think of me, I'm a-gonna live my life bein' country. Had a fancy job out in Hollywood, everybody said I was doin' good. Had lots of money and opportunities, but I'm a-gonna live my life bein' country."
  35. ^ Peter Guralnick, Pickers, "Lonnie Mack: Fiery Picker Goes Country", 1977, pp. 16–18.
  36. ^ "Weekend: GO FREETIME! – Cincinnati's ultimate guide to entertainment!". 2.cincinnati.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  37. ^ (1) Sandmel, "Lonnie Mack is Back on the Track", Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 59–60; (2) Stuart Holman, Mack's bass guitarist in the early 1970s, said that Mack "had no tolerance for the internal politics of the music business." Holman interview on the broadcast "Lonnie Mack Special", July 16, 2011, at http://wvxu.org/post/lonnie-mack-special#stream/0.
  38. ^ (1) Country artist and sideman: In 1973, Mack and Rusty York released an all-acoustic bluegrass LP, Dueling Banjos. In 1974, Mack played lead guitar in Dobie Gray's band. Mack's guitar work from this period can be found on Gray's 1974 country-pop album Hey, Dixie. Mack wrote or co-wrote three tunes on the album, including the title track. See credits under"track listings"/"show track credits" for Hey Dixie at https://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/dobie-gray/hey-dixie/. In March 1974, he performed as Gray's lead guitarist at the last broadcast of The Grand Ole Opry from Nashville's Ryman Auditorium. In 1977, Mack recorded Home at Last, an album of country ballads and bluegrass tunes. In 1978, he recorded Lonnie Mack with Pismo, a somewhat faster-paced album, of country, southern rock and rockabilly tunes. (2) During this period, he owned and operated a nightclub in nearby Covington, Kentucky. See, posting of Mike Pumphrey near the bottom of comments at http://www.tributes.com/obituary/print_selections/103505970?type=6
  39. ^ (1) See, July, 1985 photo of Richards and the Wood backing Mack's performance at New York's Lone Star Cafe at https://www.iorr.org/talk/read.php?1,2317009; (2) Attendees included Mick Jagger, Paul Simon and Bob Dylan. See, review of Mack's appearance at the Lone Star, NY Times, Sunday, July 14. 1985.
  40. ^ (1) Lonnie Mack - Satisfy Susie on YouTube; (2) Lonnie Mack Stop on YouTube; (3) Lonnie Mack, Albert Collins & Roy Buchanan on YouTube
  41. ^ (1) Baber, Bo (May 31, 2000). "Review of Franktown Blues" (http://www.warehousecreek.com/frank/reviews.htm). Warehousecreek.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011. (2) "Lonnie Mack – Biography – Amoeba Music" (http://www.amoeba.com/lonnie-mack/artist/161293/bio). Amoeba.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  42. ^ 1963 Stewart Colman, liner notes to album "From Nashville to Memphis", March 2001
  43. ^ a b "We Lost Another Guitar Hero on April 21—Lonnie Mack Passes at 74". GuitarPlayer.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  44. ^ "Lonnie Mack Special", http://wvxu.org/post/lonnie-mack-special#stream/0
  45. ^ Richard T. Pinnell, Ph. D., "Lonnie Mack's Version of Chuck Berry's 'Memphis' — An Analysis of an Historic Rock Guitar Instrumental", Guitar Player Magazine, May 1979, p. 41|quote="An extended guitar solo exploiting the entire range of the instrument rings in the climax of the song in the fifth section. Lonnie Mack begins this portion by quoting several measures of the riff one octave higher than before. From there, he breaks into his choicest licks, including double-picking and pulling-off techniques — all with driving, complicated rhythms and technical precision"
  46. ^ Pinnell, Richard T. (May 1979). "Lonnie Mack's 'Memphis': An Analysis of an Historic Rock Guitar Instrumental". Guitar Player. p. 40.
  47. ^ "Memphis" was the fourth rock guitar instrumental to reach Billboard's "Top 5", preceded by "Twang" and "Surf" classics, including The Virtues' "Guitar Boogie Shuffle" (1958), The Ventures' "Walk, Don't Run" (1960), and Duane Eddy's "Because They're Young" (1960).
  48. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 163. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  49. ^ (1) "Swampland:Lonnie Mack". www.swampland.com. Retrieved November 29, 2017.; (2) "Remembering Lonnie Mack and his visits to Pike – Milford PA – Letters to the Editor". Pikecountycourier.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  50. ^ See, e.g., (1) "Talkin' Blues: Lonnie Mack and the Birth of Blues-Rock". Guitar World. Retrieved May 18, 2014.; (2) Guitar Player, "101 Forgotten Greats and Unsung Heroes", 2/1/2007, at https://www.guitarplayer.com/players/101-forgotten-greats-andamp-unsung-heroes
  51. ^ See, "Lonnie Mack Back In The Swing Of Things", Chicago Tribune, Lifestyle Section, May 2, 1985: "An uncle showed me how to take a Merle Travis sound on guitar and it was very similar to what a lot of the Black guys were doing; they just made it a little funkier. It was pretty easy to come over to that once I figured it out."
  52. ^ Sandmel, Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 55–56.
  53. ^ This prompted the observation that, to the modern listener, 1963's "Wham!" conjures images of "Stevie Ray Vaughan playing lead guitar for the early E Street Band". "RIP Lonnie Mack" (http://chicagotonight.wttw.com/2016/04/22/rip-lonnie-mack). Chicagotonight.wttw.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  54. ^ Alec Dubro, Review of "The Wham of that Memphis Man!", Rolling Stone, November 23, 1968.
  55. ^ "Wayback Machine" (https://web.archive.org/web/20080510181805/http://www.gibson.com/en-us/Lifestyle/Features/ Unsung%20Guitar%20Hero%20Lonnie%20Mack/). Web.archive.org. May 10, 2008. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  56. ^ Reiser, "Lonnie Mack: Remembering His Trailblazing Blues-Rock Guitar Virtuosity", Website:"Keeping the Blues Alive", April 29, 2016, at https://keepingthebluesalive.org/lonnie-mack- remembering-his-trailblazing-blues-rock-guitar-virtuosity/.
  57. ^ See, e.g., (1) Herbert, "Lonnie Mack dead: Blues guitar great dies at 74, Joe Bonamassa says", April 22, 2016 at http://www.syracuse.com/celebrity-news/index.ssf/2016/04/lonnie_mack_dead_blues_guitarist_joe_bonamassa.html; (2) Santoro, "Double-Whammy", Guitar World, January 1986, p. 34; (3) "Landmark Recordings", Guitar World, July 1980, as republished in Guitar World, July 1990; and (4) Eskow, "The Death of Prince and the Death of Lonnie Mack", Counterpunch.org, May 3, 2016, at http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/05/03/the-death-of-prince-and-the-death-of-lonnie-mack/
  58. ^ (1) Joseph, "Before the Flood", Guitar World Magazine, September 1983; (2) "The Lost Stevie Ray Vaughan Interview" at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhffhhnibQY
  59. ^ Miller, "Jeff Beck's Guitar Magic Conquers Boston's Orpheum Theater", The Patriot Ledger on-line, April 20, 2015 at http://www.patriotledger.com/article/20150420/blogs/304209997
  60. ^ Nugent interview at http://www.musicradar.com/news/guitars/ted-nugent-picks-the-11-greatest-guitarists-of-all-time-533304,
  61. ^ Ben Sandmel, "The Allman Brothers: Live at the Clifton Garage 1970" at http://www.spectratechltd.com/extrapages/Allman%20Brothers%20-%20Live%20at%20Ludlow%20Garage%20CD%20-%20cover%20&%20notes.pdf
  62. ^ http://www.warrenhaynes.net/news/detail/warren_haynes_reflects_on_lonnie_mack)
  63. ^ Benson interview, VHS-DVD, "Further On Down the Road", Flying V, 1985
  64. ^ Interview with Bootsy Collins, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=US1658nBJow)
  65. ^ Munro, "Ex King Crimson Man Belew Pays Tribute to Lonnie Mack", April 29, 2016, at http://teamrock.com/news/2016-04-29/ex-king-crimson-man-belew-pays-tribute-to-lonnie-mack)
  66. ^ See, Tyler Morris discussing Mack's influence on him at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cy-Yr9PrJ08.
  67. ^ Nager, "Guitar Greatness: Lonnie Mack's style is heard 'round the world", Cincinnati Enquirer online "Freetime" section, March 13, 1998 at http://www2.cincinnati.com/freetime/weekend/031398_weekend.html.
  68. ^ Retrospective review of Mack's 1963 debut album, Dubro, Rolling Stone, November 23, 1968.
  69. ^ Millar, 1983 essay entitled "Blue-eyed Soul: Colour Me Soul" (https://web.archive.org/web/20071122194241/http://www.soul-s ource.co.uk/soul-words/blue-eyed-soul-colour-me-soul.htm). Excerpted from The History of Rock. Archived from the original (http://w ww.soul-source.co.uk/soul-words/blue-eyed-soul-colour-me-soul.htm) on November 22, 2007. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  70. ^ Marcus, 2009, lecture entitled, "Songs Left Out of the Ballad of Sexual Dependency", delivered at the 2009 Pop Conference at the Experience Music Project in Seattle.
  71. ^ Stephens, "Lonnie Mack", Toppermost, April, 2016, at http://www.toppermost.co.uk/lonnie-mack/.
  72. ^ (1) On February 17, 2007, Mack played at a liver-transplant benefit concert for Pure Prairie League singer-bassist Michael Reilly."Photo of Mack playing at concert" (https://web.archive.org/web/20110715132351/http://pureprairieleague.com/benefit/index. htm). Pureprairieleague.com. Archived from the original (http://pureprairieleague.com/benefit/index.htm) on July 15, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011. (2) On April 4, 2009, Mack made an impromptu appearance at a roadhouse in rural Tennessee. See, Lonnie Mack sat in with my band Sat night... | The Gear Page (https://www.thegearpage.net/board/index.php?threads /lonnie-mack-sat-in-with-my-band-sat-night.532235/). (3) In 2010, he attended a gathering of the surviving members of his "Memphis"-era band. He can be seen playing the tune at that event, on a borrowed guitar, here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utqP7q244mY
  73. ^ John Soeder, The Plain Dealer. "Guitar stars pay tribute to Les Paul in Cleveland concert". cleveland.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  74. ^ His death was officially attributed to "natural causes". (Kreps, "Lonnie Mack, Blues-Rock Guitar Great, Dead at 74", Rolling Stone magazine on-line, April 23, 2016, at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/lonnie-mack-blues-rock-guitar-great-dead-at-74-20160423). However, a close associate, Bruce Iglauer of Alligator Records, said that Mack's body had paid for decades of "hard living" and substance abuse on the one-night-stand roadhouse circuit. (See, Bruce Iglauer interview in Vitale, "RIP Lonnie Mack", WTTW Chicago Tonight, April 22, 2017 at http://chicagotonight.wttw.com/2016/04/22/rip-lonnie-mack).
  75. ^ Citadel Publishing, 1992)
  76. ^ Meiners, Larry [2001-03-01], Flying V: The Illustrated History of the Modernistic Guitar, Flying Vintage Publishing, p. 13.
  77. ^ Larry Nager, Cincinnati Enquirer, "Lonnie Mack Wins Lifetime Achievement Cammy", March 15, 1998
  78. ^ "Security Check Required". Facebook.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  79. ^ "Guitar Hall of Fame". Guitarhalloffame.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  80. ^ http://www.lonniemack.com/cammy.html
  81. ^ "List of Hall of Famers". Rockabillyhall.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  82. ^ "Full Inductee List". Widmarcs.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  83. ^ "The Guitar Collection". Theguitarcollectionbook.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2011.

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