List of designated terrorist groups

Last updated on 31 August 2017

This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism.[1][2]

This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism. This list also excludes groups that might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above.

This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people, entities (corporations), and specific vehicles, refer to lists under Process of designation.

Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments

The list includes references to organisations associated with Al-Qaeda by the United Nations.

Symbol confirmed.svg = officially designated as terrorist

Organization AUS
Australia
CAN
Canada
EGY
Egypt
EU
European Union
IND
India
IRN
Iran
ISR
Israel
JPN
Japan
KAZ
Kazakhstan
NZL
New Zealand
PRC
China
PHL
Philippines
ROC
Taiwan
ROK
South Korea
RUS
Russia
SAU
Saudi Arabia
TUN
Tunisia
TUR
Turkey
UKR
Ukraine
UAE
United Arab Emirates
UK
United Kingdom
UN
United Nations
USA
United States
Abdullah Azzam Brigades Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Abu Nidal Organization Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Abu Sayyaf Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[13] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Aden-Abyan Islamic Army Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Ajnad Misr Symbol confirmed.svg[14] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[15]
Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta Samaj Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
al-Aqsa Foundation Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg
al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Al-Badr Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Al Ghurabaa Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
al-Haramain Foundation Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[7]
Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7]
Al-Mourabitoun Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[19] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[20]
Al-Nusra Front Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[21] Symbol confirmed.svg[22][23] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[24] Symbol confirmed.svg[25]
al-Qaeda Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[26] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[27] Symbol confirmed.svg[28][29] Symbol confirmed.svg[30][12] Symbol confirmed.svg[31] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[32] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[33] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[34] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[35]
al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Al-Shabaab Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Takfir wal-Hijra Symbol confirmed.svg[10]
Al-Umar-Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
All Tripura Tiger Force Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Ansar al-Sharia (Libya) Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[36]
Ansar al-Sharia (Tunisia) Symbol confirmed.svg[37] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[38]
Ansar al-Islam Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[39] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[3][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[19] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Ansar Dine Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[40]
Ansaru Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[41]
Armed Islamic Group of Algeria Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7]
Army of Islam Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order Symbol confirmed.svg[42]
Osbat al-Ansar Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Aum Shinrikyo Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[43][12] Symbol confirmed.svg[44] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Babbar Khalsa International Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Balochistan Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Boko Haram Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[45] Symbol confirmed.svg[41] Symbol confirmed.svg[46] Symbol confirmed.svg[47]
Caucasus Emirate Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[48] Symbol confirmed.svg[49]
Committee for Charity and Solidarity with Palestine Symbol confirmed.svg[28]
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Communist Party of the Philippines/
New People's Army
Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei Symbol confirmed.svg[51]
Continuity Irish Republican Army Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Cumann na mBan Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Deendar Anjuman Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Donetsk People's Republic Donetsk People's Republic Symbol confirmed.svg[52]
Dukhtaran-e-Millat Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
East Turkestan Information Center Symbol confirmed.svg[53]
East Turkestan Islamic Party Symbol confirmed.svg[26] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[53] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[54] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[55]
East Turkestan Liberation Organization Symbol confirmed.svg[56] Symbol confirmed.svg[53] Symbol confirmed.svg[57]
Egyptian Islamic Jihad Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7]
Logo of Euskadi Ta Askatasuna.png ETA Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Fianna Éireann Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Force 17 Symbol confirmed.svg[28] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Grey Wolves Symbol confirmed.svg[58]
Gülen movement Symbol confirmed.svg[59]
Hamas Symbol confirmed.svg[60] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[61] Symbol confirmed.svg [28] Symbol confirmed.svg.[62][63][12] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[64] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[65] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[66]
Haqqani network Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Harkat-al-Jihad al-Islami in Bangladesh Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Harakat-Ul-Mujahideen/Alami Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Harakat Sham al-Islam Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[67]
Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Hezbollah Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[68][69] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[70] Symbol confirmed.svg[70] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Kurdish Hezbollah Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Hezbollah (Military Wing) Symbol confirmed.svg[71] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[70] Symbol confirmed.svg[70] Symbol confirmed.svg[72]
Hezbollah (External Security Organisation) Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[70] Symbol confirmed.svg[70] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Hezbollah Al-Hejaz Symbol confirmed.svg[34] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5]
Hilafet Devleti Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Hizb ut-Tahrir Symbol confirmed.svg[31] Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Hizbul Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg

[73]

Hofstad Network Symbol confirmed.svg[10]
Holy Land Foundation
for Relief and Development
Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[28]
Houthis emblem.svg Houthis Symbol confirmed.svg[21] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5]
Indian Mujahideen Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
International Sikh Youth Federation Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Irish National Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Irish People's Liberation Organisation Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Islamic Jihad

Jamaat Mujahideen
Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Islamic Jihad Union Symbol confirmed.svg[74] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[31] Symbol confirmed.svg[74] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[75] Symbol confirmed.svg[76] Symbol confirmed.svg[77] Symbol confirmed.svg Symbol confirmed.svg[78] Symbol confirmed.svg[79][80][12] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[81] Symbol confirmed.svg[82] Symbol confirmed.svg[83] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[21] Symbol confirmed.svg[84] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[24] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Caucasus Province Symbol confirmed.svg[42]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province Symbol confirmed.svg[42][85]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Libya Province Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[86]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Yemen Province Symbol confirmed.svg[86]
Jaish-e-Mohammed Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[67]
Jamaat al Dawa al Quran Symbol confirmed.svg[87]
Jamaat Ul-Furquan Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Jamaat-ul-Ahrar Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[88]
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Jamiat al-Islah al-Idzhtimai Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Jamiat ul-Ansar Symbol confirmed.svg[11]
Jamiat-e Islami Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Jemaah Islamiyah Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Jund al-Aqsa Symbol confirmed.svg[89] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[90]
Jund al-Khilafah Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[42]
Jund al-Sham Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Jundallah Symbol confirmed.svg[91] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Kach and Kahane Chai Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[28] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Kangleipak Communist Party Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Kata'ib Hezbollah Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Khalistan Commando Force Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Khalistan Zindabad Force Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Khuddam ul-Islam Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Komala Symbol confirmed.svg[92][93]
Korean People's Army Symbol confirmed.svg[94]
Flag of Koma Civakên Kurdistanê.svg Kurdistan Communities Union Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
PDK Bakur.png Kurdistan Democratic Party/North Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Kurdistan Workers' Party Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[95] Symbol confirmed.svg[96][12] Symbol confirmed.svg[97] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[50] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Lashkar-e-Taiba Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Symbol confirmed.svg[98] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[16] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Libyan Islamic Fighting Group Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Loyalist Volunteer Force Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Lugansk People's Republic Symbol confirmed.svg[52]
Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia Symbol confirmed.svg[99]
Manipur People’s Liberation Front Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Maoist Communist Centre of India Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Mujahidin Indonesia Timur Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[100] Symbol confirmed.svg[42]
Mujahideen Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Muslim Brotherhood Emblem.jpg Muslim Brotherhood Symbol confirmed.svg[101] Symbol confirmed.svg[31] Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[21] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5]
National Democratic Front of Bodoland Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
National Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
National Liberation Front of Tripura Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Orange Volunteers Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Palestine al-muslima Symbol confirmed.svg[28]
Palestine Liberation Front Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[28] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Palestinian Islamic Jihad Symbol confirmed.svg[11] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Palestinian Relief Development Fund – Interpal Symbol confirmed.svg[28]
Party of Free Life of Kurdistan Symbol confirmed.svg[102] Symbol confirmed.svg[102]
People's Congress of Ichkeria and Dagestan Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
People's Liberation Army of Manipur Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[64] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Provisional Irish Republican Army Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[103]
Quds Force Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Real Irish Republican Army Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Red Hand Commando Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Red Hand Defenders Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Revolutionary Organization 17 November Symbol confirmed.svg[104] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Revolutionary Party of Kurdistan Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[50] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Revolutionary Struggle Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Saor Éire Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
The Saved Sect Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Tevhid-Selam (Al-Quds Army) Symbol confirmed.svg[50]
Shining Path[105] Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[10] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries[106] Symbol confirmed.svg[106] Symbol confirmed.svg[106] Symbol confirmed.svg[106]
Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Society of the Revival of Islamic Heritage Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[7]
Stichting Al Aqsa Symbol confirmed.svg[10]
Students Islamic Movement of India Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Supreme Military Majlis ul-Shura of the United Mujahideen Forces of Caucasus Symbol confirmed.svg[18]
Tahrir al-Sham Symbol confirmed.svg[107]
Taliban Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[12] Symbol confirmed.svg[31] Symbol confirmed.svg

[17]

Symbol confirmed.svg[18] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5]
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi Symbol confirmed.svg[6]
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[3][4][5] Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[7] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Tamil Nadu Liberation Army Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Tamil National Retrieval Troops Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
Tanzim Symbol confirmed.svg[28]
Ulster Defence Association Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[108]
Ulster Volunteer Force Symbol confirmed.svg[6] Symbol confirmed.svg[108]
United Liberation Front of Assam Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
United National Liberation Front Symbol confirmed.svg[16]
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia Symbol confirmed.svg[9] Symbol confirmed.svg[8]
Vanguards of Conquest Symbol confirmed.svg[9]
Workers' Party of Korea Symbol confirmed.svg[109] Symbol confirmed.svg[110] Symbol confirmed.svg[94] Symbol confirmed.svg [111] Symbol confirmed.svg[112]
World Tamil Movement Symbol confirmed.svg[9]
World Uygur Youth Congress Symbol confirmed.svg[53]
Yarmouk Martyrs Brigade Symbol confirmed.svg[113]

Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past

Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.

Organization EU
European Union
RSA
South Africa
UK
United Kingdom
US
United States
IND
India
African National Congress 16 December 1961- 11 February 1990[114] August 1988[115] – 2008[116][117]
Aum Shinrikyo ? – 18 July 2011[10][118]
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia ? – 18 July 2011[10][118] 2001-2014[8]
Communist Party of the Philippines 20 June 1957[119] – October 1992[120][121]
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine 10 August 1997 – 10 August 1999[8]
Fatah
Hukbalahap 20 June 1957[119] to 1965
Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council 16 November 2000[122] – 2011[16][123]
Kach and Kahane Chai  ? – 12 July 2010[124][125]
Japanese Red Army 8 October 1997 – 8 October 2001[126]
Cambodia Khmer Rouge 8 October 1997 – 8 October 1999[126]
Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front 8 October 1997 – 8 October 1999[126]
People's Mujahedin of Iran  ? – 2010[127] 8 July 1997 – 28 September 2012[8]
New People's Army 29 March 1969[119] – 1992-10[120][121]
Palestine Liberation Front  ? – 12 July 2010[124][125]
State of Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization 1988[128] – 1991[129]
Revolutionary Nuclei 10 August 1997 – 18 May 2009[126]
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement 10 August 1997 – 8 October 2001[126]
Red Brigades August 1970 – ?[126]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)  ? – 6 September 2012[130]

Process of designation

Among the countries that publish a list of designated terrorist organizations, some have a clear established procedure for listing and delisting, and some are opaque. The Berghof Foundation argues that opaque delisting conditions reduce the incentive for the organization to abandon terrorism, while fuelling radicalism.[131]

Australia

Since 2002, the Australian Government maintains a list of terrorist organizations under the Security Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2002.[11] Listing, de-listing and re-listing follows a protocol[11] that mainly involves the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and the Attorney-General's Department.[132]

Canada

Since December 18, 2001, section 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.[133]

Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and finally published in the Canada Gazette.[133] The list is also published on the website of Public Safety Canada.[134]

European Union

The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups.[135] The first list is copied from the United Nations, and the second is an autonomous list.[136]

Autonomous list

All other designated organizations.

  • the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources.
  • a ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available.

It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.

  • European Union list of terrorist groups and individuals, 25 June 2012.[137]

Listing process

New organizations are added to the autonomous list following this process:[136]

  1. "Designation": Member states and third party states tips about an organization. This state must have solid evidence and must the tip must be sent by the national authority.
  2. Scrutinity: The Presidency, or a delegation, gathers basic information, and might require more information from the tipping state.
  3. Consultations: Information is shared with other member states for discussion. Everything is still confidential. 15 days after, delegates of the states meet as the CP 931 Working Party, Europol is sometimes invited too.
  4. Recommendation: The CP 931 Working Party prepares the listing decision.
  5. Decision by EU Council: The council adopts the list. The decision must be unanimous, which means that every state has a veto right.
  6. Official Publishing: In the EU Official Journal
  7. Notification and Statement of Reason: The council secretariat notifies each designated organization via mail, together with instructions on how to get the decision to be reconsidered.

Delisting process

The EU has similar process to review the list, and to remove organizations for the list.[136]

India

Under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, the Ministry of Home Affairs maintains a list of banned organizations: List of organisations banned by the Government of India.[16]

Korea

New Zealand

The New Zealand Police are responsible for coordinating any requests to the Prime Minister for designation as a terrorist entity.

People's Republic of China

The Ministry of Public Security maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website mps.gov.cn. This list has been translated to English by the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the USA.[138]

Philippines

The first group to be officially listed as a terrorist organization under the Human Security Act of 2007 is the Abu Sayyaf on September 10, 2015 by the Basilan provincial court.[13]

Russia

Single federal list of organizations recognized as terrorist by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. The National Anti-Terrorism Committee maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website nac.gov.ru, which named as Federal United list of Terrorist Organizations.[139]

Tajikistan

In 2015, the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan was banned in Tajikistan as a terrorist organization.[140]

Ukraine

In Ukraine, the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics are designated as terrorist organizations. Ukrainian authorities claim that the two organizations are made up of a rigid hierarchy, financing channels and supply of weapons with the purpose of deliberately propagating violence, seizing hostages, carrying out subversive activity, assassinations, and the intimidation of citizens.[52]

United Nations

The United Nations does not have a general list of all terrorist organizations. Instead, it has several lists focusing on a particular context.

UN 1267 regime list

The UN 1267 regime list is focused on Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and their associates.

  • prohibition of sale or transfer of arms and related materiel.
  • the freezing of funds and other financial assets or resources.
  • the prevention of entry onto or transit through the territories of member states.
  • a prohibition on provision of technical assistance or training in military matters or in the manufacture or maintenance of arms and related materiel.

The EU provides exceptions to the implementation of relevant asset-freezing sanctions per UN resolution 1452 (2002). Upon request, a competent national authority may determine to release funds on the following grounds if, within the time limit provided for, there has been no objection made, or a release has been explicitly approved, by the UN Sanctions Committee.

  • necessary to cover basic expenses, intended for the payment of professional fees for legal services or for the payment of fees or services in relation to the maintenance of frozen funds or assets
  • necessary for extraordinary expenses

United Kingdom

United States

Yugoslavia and Serbia

The Yugoslav and Serbian authorities regarded the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) as a terrorist group.[141][142]

See also

References

  1. ^ Williamson, Myra (2009). Terrorism, War and International Law: The Legality of the Use of Force Against Afghanistan in 2001. Ashgate. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-7546-7403-0.
  2. ^ Schmid, Alex P. (2011). "The Definition of Terrorism". In Alex P. Schmid. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research. Taylor & Francis. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-136-81040-4. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
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