List of country subdivisions by population

Last updated on 15 October 2017

This is a list of the most populous first-level administrative country subdivisions in the world, in order of population; most estimates are from 2004, some from 2008. Excluded are regions defined for convenience, that do not have their own single government: e.g. Northeast USA, Kanto region, CALABARZON. Those subdivisions which are the largest in their respective countries are shown in bold. Countries which have a high proportion of their population enumerated in the largest sub-division include the Kingdom of the Netherlands (98.3% in the Netherlands), the United Kingdom (80.3% in England) and Pakistan (53.7% in Punjab). England appears on this list, but does not have a single government.

First-level list

Subdivision Type Sovereign state Population Area km² Density per km² Ref Comparable country[1]
India Uttar Pradesh State India 215,609,813 240,928 894.9  Brazil
India Maharashtra State India 121,362,092 307,713 394.4  Mexico
India Bihar State India 116,725,698 94,163 1,239.6  Ethiopia
Pakistan Punjab Province Pakistan 110,012,442 205,344 540 [2]  Ethiopia
China Guangdong Province China 104,303,132 177,900 618 [3]  Philippines
China Shandong Province China 95,793,065 156,700 598 [3]  Egypt
India West Bengal State India 94,347,736 88,752 1,063  Vietnam
China Henan Province China 94,023,567 167,000 560 [3]  Vietnam
China Sichuan Province China 80,418,200 485,000 181 [3]  Germany
China Jiangsu Province China 78,659,903 102,600 743 [3]  Iran
India Madhya Pradesh State India 78,492,606 308,245 236  Turkey
India Tamil Nadu State India 77,881,463 130,058 555  Turkey
India Rajasthan State India 74,791,568 342,239 201  Thailand
China Hebei Province China 71,854,202 187,700 370 [3]  Thailand
India Karnataka State India 66,076,021 191,791 319  France
China Hunan Province China 65,683,722 211,800 323 [3]  United Kingdom
India Gujarat State India 60,383,628 196,024 308  Italy
China Anhui Province China 59,500,510 139,400 498 [3]  Italy
China Hubei Province China 57,237,740 185,900 332 [3]  Italy
China Zhejiang Province China 54,426,891 101,800 509 [3]  Burma
United Kingdom England Constituent country United Kingdom 51,446,600 130,395 395  South Korea
India Andhra Pradesh State India 49,665,533 160,205 310  Spain
Pakistan Sindh Province Pakistan 47,886,051 140,914 513 [4]  Colombia
Bangladesh Dhaka Division Bangladesh 47,424,418 31,120 1,523 [5]  Kenya
Indonesia West Java Province Indonesia 46,029,668 34,816 1,322 [6]  Kenya
China Guangxi Autonomous region China 46,026,629 236,700 211 [3]  Kenya
China Yunnan Province China 45,966,239 394,100 107 [3]  Spain
Brazil São Paulo State Brazil 45,047,585 248,209 181 [7]  Argentina
China Jiangxi Province China 44,567,475 166,900 257 [3]  Argentina
China Liaoning Province China 43,746,323 145,900 295 [3]  Ukraine
India Odisha State India 41,947,358 155,820 269  Algeria
Indonesia East Java Province Indonesia 38,529,481 47,922 804 [6]  Uganda
China Heilongjiang Province China 38,312,224 460,000 83 [3]  Iraq
China Shaanxi Province China 37,327,378 205,800 180 [3]  Poland
United States California State United States 37,253,956 423,970 88 [8]  Sudan
China Fujian Province China 36,894,216 121,400 283 [3]  Sudan
China Shanxi Province China 35,712,111 156,800 214 [3]  Canada
India Telangana State India 35,193,978 114,840 307  Canada
China Guizhou Province China 34,746,468 176,100 214 [3]  Afghanistan
India Kerala State India 33,387,677 38,863 859  Morocco
India Jharkhand State India 32,966,238 74,677 414  Uzbekistan
Indonesia Central Java Province Indonesia 32,380,687 32,548 995 [6]  Malaysia
India Assam State India 31,169,272 78,550 397  Venezuela
Pakistan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan 30,523,371 74,521 441  Peru
China Chongqing Province-level municipality China 28,846,170 82,300 393 [3]  Saudi Arabia
Bangladesh Chittagong Division Bangladesh 28,423,019 33,771 841 [5]  Saudi Arabia
India Punjab State India 27,704,236 50,362 550    Nepal
China Jilin Province China 27,462,297 187,400 146 [3]  Yemen
Ethiopia Oromia Region Ethiopia 27,158,471 353,632 77  Ghana
China Gansu Province China 25,575,254 454,000 58 [3]  Mozambique
India Chhattisgarh State India 25,540,196 135,194 189  North Korea
India Haryana State India 25,353,081 44,212 573  Madagascar
United States Texas State United States 25,145,561 696,241 36 [8]  Madagascar
Nigeria Lagos State Nigeria 25,087,059 3,475 7,219.3  Cameroon
China Inner Mongolia Autonomous region China 24,706,321 1,183,000 21 [3]  Cameroon
Ethiopia Amhara Region Ethiopia 24,000,200 156,960 153  Ivory Coast
China Shanghai Province-level municipality China 23,019,148 7,037 2,730 [3]  Taiwan
China Xinjiang Autonomous region China 21,813,334 1,660,001 13 [3]  Romania
Brazil Minas Gerais State Brazil 20,869,101 586,528 35 [9]  Burkina Faso
China Beijing Province-level municipality China 19,612,368 16,801 1,309 [3]  Cameroon
United States New York State United States 19,378,102 141,299 137 [8]  Niger
United States Florida State United States 18,801,310 170,304 110 [8]  Malawi
Bangladesh Rajshahi Division Bangladesh 18,329,000 18,197 1,007 [5]  Kazakhstan
Germany North Rhine-Westphalia State Germany 17,872,863 34,084 524  Syria
India Delhi Union territory India 16,753,235 1,483 11,297  Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands Netherlands Constituent country Kingdom of the Netherlands 16,748,205 41,854 396  Ecuador
Brazil Rio de Janeiro State Brazil 16,550,024 43,696 378 [9]  Cambodia
Mexico Mexico State Mexico 16,187,608 21,355 758 [10]  Cambodia
Bangladesh Rangpur Division Bangladesh 15,665,000 16,317 960 [5]  Zambia
Argentina Buenos Aires Province Argentina 15,594,428 307,571 51 [11]  Guatemala
Bangladesh Khulna Division Bangladesh 15,563,000 22,272 699 [5]  Guatemala
Brazil Bahia State Brazil 15,203,934 564,692 27 [9]  Senegal
Ethiopia SNNPR Region Ethiopia 15,042,531 112,343 134  Senegal
Iran Tehran Province Iran 15,795,116 18,814 786  Senegal
Turkey Istanbul Province Turkey 14,657,434 5,196 2,820  Zimbabwe
Nigeria Kano State Nigeria 13,381,682 20,131 665  South Sudan
Canada Ontario Province Canada 13,210,600 1,076,395 12  South Sudan
Japan Tokyo Prefecture Japan 13,010,279 2,187 5,949  South Sudan
Indonesia North Sumatra Province Indonesia 12,985,075 71,680 181 [6]  Guinea
China Tianjin Province-level municipality China 12,938,224 11,760 1,044 [3]  Guinea
Philippines Metro Manila Region/metropolitan area Philippines 12,877,253 639 20,152.2  Guinea
United States Illinois State United States 12,830,632 140,998 91 [8]  Guinea
South Africa Gauteng Province South Africa 12,728,400 16,548 632 [12][13]  Guinea
United States Pennsylvania State United States 12,702,379 119,283 106 [8]  Guinea
South Korea Gyeonggi Province South Korea 12,578,597 10,131 1,142  Guinea
India Jammu and Kashmir State India 12,548,926 222,236 56  Guinea
Germany Bavaria State Germany 12,510,331 70,549 177  Guinea
Pakistan Balochistan Province Pakistan 12,344,408 347,190 41  Chad
France Île-de-France Region France 11,694,000 12,012 974  Rwanda
United States Ohio State United States 11,536,504 116,096 99 [8]  Belgium
Russia Moscow Federal city Russia 11,503,501 1,081 9,772  Belgium
Brazil Rio Grande do Sul State Brazil 11,164,050 281,748 38 [9]  Burundi
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Province-level municipality Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,125,000 9,965 1,116.4  Somalia
Brazil Paraná State Brazil 10,997,462 199,315 52 [9]  Portugal
Germany Baden-Württemberg State Germany 10,747,479 35,752 301  Greece
Indonesia Banten Province Indonesia 10,644,030 9,161 1,162 [6]  Dominican Republic
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Province South Africa 10,456,900 94,361 109 [12][13]  Czech Republic
Egypt Cairo Governorate Egypt 10,230,350 3085.676 3,315.43  Haiti
Indonesia Jakarta Special Capital Territory Indonesia 10,187,595 661.5 15,401  Jordan
India Uttarakhand State India 10,116,752 53,483 189  Jordan
Kenya Rift Valley Province Kenya 10,006,805 182,413 55  Azerbaijan
Italy Lombardy Region Italy 10,006,710 23,861 414  Sweden
South Korea Seoul Special city South Korea 9,989,795 605 16,485  Hungary
United States Michigan State United States 9,883,640 253,793 39 [8]  Hungary
Bangladesh Sylhet Division Bangladesh 9,807,000 12,596 779 [5]  Hungary
Iraq Baghdad Governorates Iraq 9,765,985 204.2 47,825.5  Belarus
Peru Lima Province Peru 9,752,000 2,672.28 2,800  Belarus
United States Georgia State United States 9,687,653 153,909 62.9 [8]  Belarus
Nepal Central Development Regions Nepal 9,656,985 27,410 352.3  Belarus
United States North Carolina State United States 9,535,483 139,390 68.4  Belarus
Brazil Pernambuco State Brazil 9,208,511 98,311.616 93.7  Honduras
Japan Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 9,029,996 2,415.84 3,737.8  Honduras
Japan Osaka Prefecture Japan 8,864,228 1,899.28 4,667.8  Austria
Mexico Mexico City Federal district Mexico 8,859,244 1,485 5,965.8  Austria
Colombia Bogotá Capital district Colombia 8,854,722 1,587 5,579.5  Austria
United States New Jersey State United States 8,791,894 22,608 388.9  Austria
Brazil Ceará State Brazil 8,778,575 146,348.3 58  Austria
China Hainan Province China 8,671,518 33,920 254.7  Austria
Spain Andalusia Autonomous community Spain 8,424,102 87,268 97  Tajikistan
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Municipality Vietnam 8,224,400 2,096 3,900   Switzerland
Democratic Republic of the Congo Orientale Province Democratic Republic of the Congo 8,197,975 503,239 16  Israel
Democratic Republic of the Congo Bandundu Province Democratic Republic of the Congo 8,062,463 295,658 27  Israel
United States Virginia State United States 8,001,024 110,785.67 79  Israel
Indonesia South Sulawesi Province Indonesia 8,032,551 46,717.48 170  Israel
Germany Lower Saxony State Germany 7,913,502 47,624.22 170  Togo
Canada Quebec Province Canada 7,903,001 1,542,056 5.79  Togo
Australia New South Wales State Australia 7,797,800 809,444 9.63  Togo
Mexico Veracruz State Mexico 7,643,194 71,820 99.2  Hong Kong
Vietnam Hanoi Municipality Vietnam 7,587,800 2,300 3,329  Laos
Myanmar Mandalay Region Burma (Myanmar) 7,627,000 37,021.29 210  Serbia
Indonesia Lampung Province Indonesia 7,596,115 34,623.80 220  Serbia
Spain Catalonia Autonomous community Spain 7,565,603 32,114 240  Serbia
Democratic Republic of the Congo Équateur Province Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,501,902 403,292 19  Serbia
Indonesia South Sumatra Province Indonesia 7,446,401 91,592.43 81  Serbia
Japan Aichi Prefecture Japan 7,408,640 5,153.81 1,437.51  Serbia
Mexico Jalisco State Mexico 7,350,682 80,386 84  Serbia
Brazil Pará State Brazil 7,969,655 8,247,689.5 6.1  Serbia
Chile Santiago Regions Chile 7,228,581 15,403.2 469.29 [14]  Serbia
Japan Saitama Prefecture Japan 7,190,817 3,797 1,893.82  Bulgaria
China Hong Kong Special administrative region China 7,182,724 1,104 6,480  Bulgaria
Russia Moscow Oblast Oblast Russia 7,095,120 45,900 154.58  Bulgaria
Egypt Giza Governorate Egypt 6,979,000 85,153 82  Paraguay
Saudi Arabia Makkah Region Saudi Arabia 6,915,006 153,128 37  Paraguay
United States Washington State United States 6,897,012 71,362 103  Papua New Guinea
India Himachal Pradesh State India 6,856,509 55,673 123  Papua New Guinea
Brazil Maranhão State Brazil 6,794,298 331,983 20  Libya
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Region Saudi Arabia 6,777,146 404,240 17  Libya
United States Massachusetts State United States 6,646,144 10,555 840  Libya
Brazil Santa Catarina State Brazil 6,634,250 95,346 70  Libya
South Africa Eastern Cape Province South Africa 6,620,100 168,966 39  Kyrgyzstan

Historic First Level subdivisions

Some large former first level subdivisions with former populations (split off areas):

Second-level list

Second-level divisions are those under first level (states and provinces) and they are counties, districts or cities, but the names vary by country.

Subdivision Type Sovereign state First Order Population Area km² Density per km² Ref Comparable Country[1]
Pakistan Karachi Megacity Pakistan Sindh 24,300,000 3,527 6,889.7  North Korea
China Chengdu Prefecture-level city China Sichuan 14,047,625 12,390 1,133  Zimbabwe
China Guangzhou Prefecture-level city China Guangdong 12,700,800 7,434 1,708  South Sudan
Russia Moscow Gorod (City) Russia Central Federal District 12,197,596 2,511 4,858 [17]  South Sudan
Bangladesh Dhaka District District Bangladesh Dhaka Division 12,043,977 1,193 10,095 [18]  South Sudan
Brazil São Paulo Municipality Brazil São Paulo 12,038,175 1,522 7,904  South Sudan
China Baoding Prefecture-level city China Hebei 11,194,379 22,190 504  Belgium
India Thane District** District India Maharashtra 11,054,131 4,214 2623.1 [19]  Belgium
China Harbin Prefecture-level city China Heilongjiang 10,635,971 53,068 200  Rwanda
China Shijiazhuang Prefecture-level city China Hebei 10,621,551 2,190 4850  Bolivia
China Suzhou Prefecture-level city China Jiangsu 10,465,994 8,488 1,233  Portugal
China Shenzhen Prefecture-level city China Guangdong 10,357,938 2,050 5,052  Bolivia
China Nanyang Prefecture-level city China Henan 10,263,006 26,600 385  Bolivia
China Shijiazhuang Prefecture-level city China Hebei 10,163,788 15,848 641  Bolivia
India North 24 Parganas district District India West Bengal 10,082,852 4,094 2,500 [20]  Bolivia
China Linyi Prefecture-level city China Shandong 10,039,400 17,251 581  Bolivia
United States Los Angeles County County United States California 10,017,068 12,310 813  Bolivia
    • Thane district has been split, now less than 10 million residents.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "CIA World Factbook 2017". Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cia" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ Bureau of Statistics, Government of the Punjab (2015)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census. Archived 2013-07-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Pak population increased by 46.9% between 1998 and 2011 - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "2011 Population & Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e 2010 Official 2010 Indonesia census results.
  7. ^ http://www.ibge.gov.br/apps/populacao/projecao/
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i United States Census Bureau, 2010 census results by state. Archived 2011-01-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ a b c d e Instituto Brasileiro de Estaística e Geografia (IBGE), 2010 Brazilian revised census results.
  10. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI), 2010 Mexican census results. Archived 2011-01-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INDEC), provisional 2010 Argentinian census results Archived 2010-12-20 at the Wayback Machine..
  12. ^ a b "Community Survey 2007 basic results". Statistics South Africa. Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  13. ^ a b Stats in brief, 2007 (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2007. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-621-37258-8. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "National Statistics Agency Tables:4-3 Total Population and Birth Rate, Death Rate and Natural Growth Rate by Region (1997)". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Citypopulation.de:Indonesia". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  17. ^ "RUSSIA: Administrative Division of the Central Federal District". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  18. ^ "Dhaka (District (Zila), Bangladesh) - population statistics, map and location". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  19. ^ "Maharashtra (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - population statistics and maps". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  20. ^ "West Bengal (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - population statistics and maps". Retrieved 5 October 2014.

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