List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

Last updated on 26 June 2017

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Countries by soldier count.svg
Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.
  • As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 171 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

List

The following list is sourced from the 2017 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Flag Country Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Per 1000 capita
(total)
Per 1000 capita
(active)
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 171,200 0 148,200 319,400 9.6 5.1
Albania Albania[2] 8,000 0 500 8,500 2.8 2.6
Algeria Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 11.6 3.2
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 5.8 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 180 80 0 260 2.8 1.9
Argentina Argentina[6] 74,200 0 31,250 105,450 2.4 1.7
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1][Note 2] 44,800 210,000 4,300 259,100 84.9 14.7
Australia Australia[8] 57,800 21,100 0 78,900 3.4 2.5
Austria Austria[9] 21,350 146,000 0 167,350 19.2 2.5
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 38.7 6.8
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 1,300 0 0 1,300 4 4
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 14.1 5.9
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 157,050 0 63,900 220,950 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[14] 610 430 0 1,040 3.6 2.1
Belarus Belarus[15] 48,000 289,500 110,000 447,500 46.8 5
Belgium Belgium[16] 29,600 6,750 0 36,350 3.2 2.6
Belize Belize[17] 1,500 700 0 2,200 6.2 4.2
Benin Benin[18] 7,250 0 2,500 9,750 0.9 0.7
Bolivia Bolivia[19] 34,100 0 37,100 71,200 6.5 3.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[20] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.7 2.7
Botswana Botswana[21] 9,000 0 0 9,000 4.1 4.1
Brazil Brazil[22] 334,500 1,340,000 395,000 2,069,500 10.1 1.6
Brunei Brunei[23] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 22.8 16
Bulgaria Bulgaria[24] 31,300 3,000 16,000 50,300 7 4.4
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[25] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.6 0.6
Burundi Burundi[26] 30,000 0 21,000 51,000 4.6 2.7
Cambodia Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 12 7.8
Cameroon Cameroon[28] 14,400 0 9,000 23,400 1 0.6
Canada Canada[29] 63,000 30,000 4,500 97,500 2.8 1.8
Cape Verde Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.2 2.2
Central African Republic Central African Republic[31] 7,150 0 1,000 8,150 1.5 1.3
Chad Chad[32] 30,350 0 9,500 39,850 3.4 2.6
Chile Chile[33] 64,750 40,000 44,700 149,450 8.5 3.7
China China[34] 2,183,000 510,000 660,000 3,353,000 2.4 1.6
Colombia Colombia[35] 293,200 34,950 187,900 516,050 10.9 6.2
Costa Rica Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2 0
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[37] 25,400 0 0 25,400 1.1 1.1
Croatia Croatia[38] 15,550 0 3,000 18,550 4.3 3.6
Cuba Cuba[39][Note 3] 49,000 1,159,000 26,500 1,234,500 110.4 4.4
Cyprus Cyprus[40] 12,000 50,000 750 62,750 52 10
Czech Republic Czech Republic[41] 21,950 0 3,100 25,050 2.3 2.1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 134,250 0 0 134,250 1.7 1.7
Denmark Denmark[43] 16,600 45,700 0 62,300 11.1 3
Djibouti Djibouti[44] 10,450 0 2,500 12,950 15.3 12.3
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[45] 56,050 0 15,000 71,050 6.7 5.3
Ecuador Ecuador[46] 40,250 118,000 500 158,750 9.9 2.5
Egypt Egypt[47] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 13.9 4.6
El Salvador El Salvador[48] 24,500 9,900 17,000 51,400 8.3 4
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[49] 1,450 0 0 1,450 1.9 1.9
Eritrea Eritrea[50] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 54.8 34.4
Estonia Estonia[51] 6,400 12,000 15,800 34,200 27.2 5.1
Ethiopia Ethiopia[52] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.3 1.3
Fiji Fiji[53] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.4 3.8
Finland Finland[54] 22,200 230,000 2,700 254,900 46.4 4
France France[55] 202,950 68,100 103,400 374,450 5.6 3
Gabon Gabon[56] 4,700 0 2,000 6,700 3.9 2.7
The Gambia Gambia[57] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[58] 20,650 0 5,400 26,050 5.3 4.2
Germany Germany[59] 176,800 27,600 500 204,900 2.5 2.2
Ghana Ghana[60] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[61] 142,950 220,500 4,000 367,450 34.1 13.3
Guatemala Guatemala[62] 18,050 63,850 25,000 106,900 7 1.2
Guinea Guinea[63] 9,700 0 2,600 12,300 1 0.8
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[64] 4,450 0 0 4,450 2.5 2.5
Guyana Guyana[65] 3,400 670 0 4,070 5.5 4.6
Haiti Haiti[66] 70 0 50 120 0 0
Honduras Honduras[67] 10,700 60,000 8,000 78,700 8.8 1.2
Hungary Hungary[68] 26,500 44,000 12,000 82,500 8.4 2.7
Iceland Iceland[69] 0 0 250 250 0.7 0
India India[70] 1,395,100 2,142,800 1,403,700 4,941,600 3.9 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[71] 395,500 400,000 280,000 1,075,500 4.2 1.5
Iran Iran[72][Note 4] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11 6.3
Iraq Iraq[73] 64,000 0 145,000 209,000 5.5 1.7
Republic of Ireland Ireland[74] 9,100 2,630 0 11,730 2.4 1.8
Israel Israel[75] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 79.5 21.6
Italy Italy[76][Note 5] 174,500 18,300 182,350 375,150 6.1 2.8
Jamaica Jamaica[77] 3,450 980 0 4,430 1.5 1.2
Japan Japan[78] 247,150 56,000 12,650 315,800 2.5 2
Jordan Jordan[79] 100,500 65,000 15,000 180,500 22.1 12.3
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[80] 39,000 0 31,500 70,500 3.8 2.1
Kenya Kenya[81] 24,100 0 5,000 29,100 0.6 0.5
Kosovo Kosovo[82] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.8 1.3
Kuwait Kuwait[83] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 16.3 5.5
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[84] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.6 1.9
Laos Laos[85] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.4 4.1
Latvia Latvia[86] 5,310 7,850 0 13,160 6.7 2.7
Lebanon Lebanon[87] 60,000 0 20,000 80,000 12.8 9.6
Lesotho Lesotho[88] 2,000 0 0 2,000 1 1
Liberia Liberia[89] 2,050 0 0 2,050 0.5 0.5
Libya Libya[90][Note 6] 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania Lithuania[91] 17,030 6,700 11,300 35,030 12.3 6
Luxembourg Luxembourg[92] 900 0 600 1,500 2.6 1.5
Madagascar Madagascar[93] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 0.9 0.6
Malawi Malawi[94] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.4 0.3
Malaysia Malaysia[95][Note 7] 109,000 51,600 269,300 429,900 13.9 3.5
Mali Mali[96] 8,000 0 7,800 15,800 0.9 0.5
Malta Malta[97] 1,950 180 0 2,130 5.1 4.7
Mauritania Mauritania[98] 15,850 0 5,000 20,850 5.7 4.3
Mauritius Mauritius[99] 0 0 2,550 2,550 1.9 0
Mexico Mexico[100] 277,150 81,500 58,900 417,550 3.4 2.3
Moldova Moldova[101] 5,150 58,000 2,400 65,550 18.7 1.5
Mongolia Mongolia[102] 9,700 137,000 7,500 154,200 50.9 3.2
Montenegro Montenegro[103] 1,950 0 10,100 12,050 18.7 3
Morocco Morocco[104] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 11.8 5.8
Mozambique Mozambique[105] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.4 0.4
Myanmar Myanmar[106] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 9 7.1
Namibia Namibia[107] 9,900 0 6,000 15,900 6.8 4.2
Nepal Nepal[108] 96,600 0 62,000 158,600 5.5 3.3
Netherlands Netherlands[109] 35,410 4,500 6,060 45,970 2.7 2.1
New Zealand New Zealand[110] 8,950 2,200 0 11,150 2.5 2
Nicaragua Nicaragua[111] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[112] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.6 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[113] 118,000 0 82,000 200,000 1.1 0.6
North Korea North Korea[114][Note 8] 1,190,000 6,300,000 189,000 7,679,000 305.7 47.4
Norway Norway[115] 24,950 45,590 0 70,540 13.4 4.7
Oman Oman[116] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 14 12.7
Pakistan Pakistan[117] 653,800 0 282,000 935,800 4.6 3.2
State of Palestine Palestine[118][Note 9] 0 0
Panama Panama[119] 0 0 22,050 22,050 6 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[120] 1,900 0 0 1,900 0.3 0.3
Paraguay Paraguay[121] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.7 1.6
Peru Peru[122] 81,000 188,000 77,000 346,000 11.3 2.6
Philippines Philippines[123] 125,000 131,000 90,500 346,500 3.4 1.2
Poland Poland[124] 99,300 0 73,400 172,700 4.5 2.6
Portugal Portugal[125] 29,600 211,950 44,000 285,550 26.4 2.7
Qatar Qatar[126] 11,800 0 0 11,800 5.2 5.2
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[127] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.1 3.8
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[128] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 2.5 2.1
Romania Romania[129] 70,500 50,000 79,900 200,400 9.3 3.3
Russia Russia[130][Note 10] 831,000 2,000,000 659,000 3,490,000 24.5 5.8
Rwanda Rwanda[131] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 2.7 2.5
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[132] 227,000 0 24,500 251,500 8.9 8.1
Senegal Senegal[133] 13,600 0 5,000 18,600 1.3 0.9
Serbia Serbia[134] 28,150 50,150 0 78,300 11 3.9
Seychelles Seychelles[135] 420 0 0 420 4.5 4.5
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[136] 8,500 0 0 8,500 1.4 1.4
Singapore Singapore[137] 72,500 312,500 119,100 504,100 87.2 12.5
Slovakia Slovakia[138] 15,850 0 0 15,850 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[139] 7,250 1,760 5,950 14,960 7.6 3.7
Somalia Somalia[140] 19,800 0 0 19,800 1.8 1.8
South Africa South Africa[141] 67,100 15,050 0 82,150 1.5 1.2
South Korea South Korea[142] 630,000 7,500,000 4,500 8,134,500 159.7 12.4
Spain Spain[143] 123,200 8,200 76,750 208,150 4.3 2.5
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[144] 243,000 35,900 62,200 341,100 15.3 10.9
South Sudan South Sudan[145] 185,000 0 0 185,000 14.8 14.8
Sudan Sudan[146] 244,300 85,000 20,000 349,300 9.5 6.7
Suriname Suriname[147] 1,840 0 100 1,940 3.3 3.1
Sweden Sweden[148] 29,750 0 21,950 51,700 5.2 3
Switzerland Switzerland[149] 20,950 144,270 74,000 239,220 29.2 2.6
Syria Syria[150] 127,500 0 150,000 277,500 16.1 7.4
Taiwan Taiwan[151] 215,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,889,000 80.5 9.2
Tajikistan Tajikistan[152] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2 1.1
Tanzania Tanzania[153] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.1 0.5
Thailand Thailand[154] 360,850 245,000 93,700 699,550 10.3 5.3
East Timor Timor Leste[155] 1,330 0 0 1,330 1.1 1.1
Togo Togo[156] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.2 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[157] 4,050 0 0 4,050 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[158] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.3 3.2
Turkey Turkey[159] 355,200 378,700 156,800 890,700 11.1 4.4
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[160] 36,500 0 0 36,500 6.9 6.9
Uganda Uganda[161] 45,000 10,000 1,400 56,400 1.5 1.2
Ukraine Ukraine[162] 204,000 900,000 88,000 1,192,000 27 4.6
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[163] 63,000 0 0 63,000 10.6 10.6
United Kingdom United Kingdom[164] 152,350 81,350 0 233,700 3.6 2.4
United States United States[165] 1,347,300 865,050 14,850 2,227,200 6.9 4.2
Uruguay Uruguay[166] 24,650 0 800 25,450 7.6 7.4
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[167] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.3 1.6
Venezuela Venezuela[168] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4 3.7
Vietnam Vietnam[169] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 58 5.1
Yemen Yemen[170] 20,000 0 0 20,000 0.7 0.7
Zambia Zambia[171] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.3 1
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[172] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.5 2

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Bhutan, Northern Cyprus, Maldives, Monaco, Nagorno-Karabakh, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ Does not include Army forces of Nagorno Karabakh, which has an Armenian backed army.
  3. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  4. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  6. ^ No data due to the ongoing civil war.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  8. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary.
  9. ^ Precise personnel-strength figures for the various Palestinian groups are not known.
  10. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted. However, an est. 2 million have seen military service within the last 5 years.

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Bibliography

Further reading

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