Leo Triplet

Last updated on 24 August 2017

The Leo Triplet (also known as the M66 Group) is a small group of galaxies about 35 million light-years away[5] in the constellation Leo. This galaxy group consists of the spiral galaxies M65, M66, and NGC 3628.

LeoTripletHunterWilson.jpg
LeoTripletHunterWilson.jpg

Members

The table below lists galaxies that have been consistently identified as group members in the Nearby Galaxies Catalog,[3] the Lyons Groups of Galaxies (LGG) Catalog,[1] and the group lists created from the Nearby Optical Galaxy sample of Giuricin et al.[2]

Member list

Members of the Leo Triplet
Name Type[6] R.A. (J2000)[6] Dec. (J2000)[6] Redshift (km/s)[6] Apparent Magnitude[6]
M65 SAB(rs)a 11h 18m 56.0s +13° 05′ 32″ 807 ± 3 10.3
M66 SAB(s)b 11h 20m 15.0s +12° 59′ 30″ 727 ± 3 9.7
NGC 3628 SAb pec 11h 20m 17.0s +13° 35′ 23″ 843 ± 1 9.4

Additionally, some of the references cited above indicate that one or two other nearby galaxies may be group members. NGC 3593 is frequently but not consistently identified as a member of this group.

Nearby groups

The M96 Group is located physically near the Leo Triplet.[7] These two groups may actually be separate parts of a much larger group,[7] and some group identification algorithms actually identify the Leo Triplet as part of the M96 Group.[2][8]

Gallery

VST%27s view of the Leo Triplet and beyond.jpg

VST's view of the Leo Triplet and beyond.[9] This image hints at the power of the ESO's VST and OmegaCAM for surveying the extragalactic Universe.

Leo Triplet amateur image.jpg

Leo Triplet amateur image

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f A. Garcia (1993). "General study of group membership. II – Determination of nearby groups". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement. 100: 47–90. Bibcode:1993A&AS..100...47G.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h G. Giuricin; C. Marinoni; L. Ceriani; A. Pisani (2000). "Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups". Astrophysical Journal. 543 (1): 178–194. Bibcode:2000ApJ...543..178G. arXiv:astro-ph/0001140Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/317070.
  3. ^ a b R. B. Tully (1988). Nearby Galaxies Catalog. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-35299-1.
  4. ^ H. Arp (1966). "Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 14: 1–20. Bibcode:1966ApJS...14....1A. doi:10.1086/190147.
  5. ^ VST Looks at the Leo Triplet — and Beyond
  6. ^ a b c d e "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for various galaxies. Retrieved 2006-10-24.
  7. ^ a b L. Ferrarese, H. C. Ford, J. Huchra, R. C. Kennicutt Jr., J. R. Mould, S. Sakai, W. L. Freedman, P. B. Stetson, B. F. Madore, B. K. Gibson, J. A. Graham, S. M. Hughes, G. D. Illingworth, D. D. Kelson, L. Macri, K. Sebo, N. A. Silbermann (2000). "A Database of Cepheid Distance Moduli and Tip of the Red Giant Branch, Globular Cluster Luminosity Function, Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function, and Surface Brightness Fluctuation Data Useful for Distance Determinations". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 128 (2): 431–459. Bibcode:2000ApJS..128..431F. arXiv:astro-ph/9910501Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/313391.
  8. ^ P. Fouque, E. Gourgoulhon, P. Chamaraux, G. Paturel; Gourgoulhon; Chamaraux; Paturel (1992). "Groups of galaxies within 80 Mpc. II – The catalogue of groups and group members". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement. 93: 211–233. Bibcode:1992A&AS...93..211F.
  9. ^ "VST Looks at the Leo Triplet — and Beyond". ESO Photo Release. Retrieved 27 July 2011.

External links

Coordinates: Sky map 11h 17m 00s, +13° 25′ 00″

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