Left Socialist Revolutionaries

This page was last edited on 9 December 2017, at 23:46.

In 1917, the Russian Socialist-Revolutionary Party split between those who supported the Provisional Government, established after the February Revolution, and those who supported the Bolsheviks, who favoured a communist insurrection. The Left Socialist Revolutionaries made the following demands:

  • Condemnation of the war as an imperialist venture and immediately exit from the same war.
  • Cessation of cooperation with the provisional government of the Socialist Revolutionary Party
  • Immediate resolution of the land issue in accordance with the program of the party and giving of the land to the peasantry

The majority stayed within the mainstream party but a minority who supported the Bolshevik path became known as Left Socialist Revolutionaries. Maria Spiridonova was a prominent leader of this group. They, in effect, split from the main party. The split was not completed before the Russian Constituent Assembly elections; the first meaningful electoral test between the parties in the peasant soviets a few weeks after the Assembly elections showed the parties had roughly equal support among the peasantry.

Party of Left Socialist Revolutionaries
Founded 1917
Split from Socialist Revolutionary Party
Ideology Revolutionary socialism
Agrarian socialism
Anti-Bolshevism (later)
Political position Far-left


Split with the Right Socialist Revolutionaries

The Left Socialists left the Socialist Revolutionary Party due to their support for the overthrow of the Alexander Kerensky government. The Left Socialists would later support the Bolsheviks who came to overthrow the provisional government.[1]

October Revolution

The Left SR party became the coalition partner of the Bolsheviks in the Soviet Government (the Council of People's Commissars) after the October Revolution of 1917, heading the People's Commissariats for agriculture, justice, posts and telegraph, etc. They later resigned their positions in protest at the signing (3 March 1918) and ratification of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, but continued for a time to co-operate with the Bolsheviks at other levels.

Split with the Bolsheviks

The Left Socialist Revolutionaries had participated in the Bolshevik government until July 1918 at the fifth Congress of the Soviets, where they were expelled.[2] The Left Socialists had criticized the Bolsheviks for their repressions on trade union freedoms, ending factory worker councils, and support of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.[3]

Russian Civil War

In mid-July 1918, the LSR tried to incite an uprising in areas ceded to Germany by the Brest-Litovsk Treaty,[4] so their supporters were involved in the assassination of German ambassador Graf von Mirbach in Moscow on July 6, and Field Marshal von Eichhorn, commander of Army Group Kiev and military governor of Ukraine, on July 30.

Von Mirbach's assassination signaled the beginning of the LSR's failed revolt in Moscow in 1918. Some LSRs became full members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Prominent Members

Violent actions


  1. ^ "So". marxists.org. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
  2. ^ "Socialist Revolutionary Party". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
  3. ^ "Left Socialist Revolutionaries". Spartacus International. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
  4. ^ Häfner, Lutz (July 1991). "The Assassination of Count Mirbach and the "July Uprising" of the Left Socialist Revolutionaries in Moscow, 1918" (PDF). Russian Review. 50 (3): 324–344. doi:10.2307/131077.

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