Kuala Lumpur International Airport

This page was last edited on 17 December 2017, at 08:30.

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) (Malay: Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur) (IATA: KULICAO: WMKK) is Malaysia's main international airport and one of the major airports in South East Asia. It is located in Sepang district of Selangor, approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Kuala Lumpur city centre and serves the Greater Klang Valley conurbation.

KLIA is the largest and busiest airport in Malaysia. In 2016, it handled 52,643,511 passengers and 642,558 tonnes of cargo. It is the world's 24th-busiest airport by total passenger traffic.

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the major hub of Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia, AirAsia X, Malindo Air, UPS Airlines and Gading Sari.

Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur International Airport Logo.svg
KLIA MTB&Tower.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Malaysia
Operator Malaysia Airports
Serves Greater Kuala Lumpur, Seremban, Malacca
Location Sepang, Selangor, Malaysia
Hub for
Time zone MST (UTC+08:00)
Elevation AMSL 70 ft / 21 m
Coordinates 02°44′36″N 101°41′53″E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°ECoordinates: 02°44′36″N 101°41′53″E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°E
Website www.klia.com.my
WMKK is located in Peninsular Malaysia
Location in Peninsular Malaysia
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14L/32R 4,124 13,530 Asphalt concrete
14R/32L 4,056 13,307 Asphalt concrete
15/33 4,056 13,307 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passenger 52,643,511 (Increase 7.6%)
Airfreight (tonnes) 642,558 (Decrease 11.5%)
Aircraft movements 356,614 (Increase 0.6%)
Sources: MAHB[1] and AIP[2]



Klia entrance.jpg
KLIA main entrance from the side
KLIA Main terminal.JPG
KLIA Main terminal architecture

The ground breaking ceremony for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) took place on 1 June 1993 when the government under Mahathir Mohamad decided that the existing Kuala Lumpur airport, then known as Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. The construction of the airport was done mainly by a few state owned construction companies as well as Ekovest Berhad – helmed by Tan Sri Datuk Lim Kang Hoo. It was created as part of the Multimedia Super Corridor, a grand development plan for Malaysia. The chief architect who designed the new airport terminal was the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.[3]

Upon KLIA's completion, Subang Airport's Terminal 1 building was demolished. Malaysia Airports agreed to redevelop the remaining Terminal 3 to create a specialist airport for turboprop and charter planes surrounded by a residential area and a business park. The IATA airport code KUL was transferred from Subang Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and military aircraft. Subang Airport's IATA code has since been changed to SZB.

Current site

The airport's site spans 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) 2,[4] of former agricultural land and is one of the world's largest airport sites. An ambitious three-phase development plan anticipates KLIA to have three runways and two terminals each with two satellite terminals.[5] Phase One involved the construction of the main terminal and one satellite terminal, giving a capacity of 25 million passengers, and two full service runways. The Phase One airport had sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations. Phase Two, designed to increase capacity to 35 million passengers per year is largely complete. Phase Three is anticipated to increase capacity to 100 million passengers per year.[5]

Grand opening

Kuala Lumpur International Airport was officially inaugurated by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan, on 27 June 1998 at 20:30 MST, a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport and in time for the 1998 Commonwealth Games. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 07:10 MST. The first international arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé International Airport at 07:30 MST. The first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi (Langkawi International Airport) at 07:20 MST; the first international departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) at 09:00 MST.[6]


Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia.jpg
Inside the main terminal building.
Rain Forest in KLIA.jpg
The Jungle boardwalk, a recreational walk path located at the centre core of the KLIA satellite terminal.

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues built up throughout the airport and baggage handling broke down. Bags were lost and there were waits of over five hours.[7] Most of these issues were remedied eventually, though baggage handling system was plagued with problems until it was put up for a complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport suffered greatly reduced traffic with the general reduction in economic activity brought about by the East Asian financial crisis, SARS, bird flu epidemic (Avian flu), the global financial crisis and the swine flu pandemic. 1998 saw a reduction of passenger numbers as some airlines, including All Nippon Airways (recommencing on 1 September 2015), British Airways (resumed on 28 May 2015), Lufthansa (later reinstated) and Northwest Airlines, terminated their loss making services to KLIA. KLIA's first full year of operations in 1999, in its Phase One manifestation (capacity of 25 million passengers per year), saw only 13.2 million passengers.[8] Passenger numbers eventually increased to 21.1 million in 2004 and 47 million in 2013[9] — though short of the originally estimated 25 million passengers per year by 2003.

Recent events

On 13 February 2017, Kim Jong-nam, the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, was assassinated with the nerve agent VX while walking through Terminal 2 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Two women, who were alleged to have grabbed him to deploy the nerve agent, were arrested. Kim was traveling under a pseudonym.[10]


Kuala Lumpur International Airport has three parallel runways (14L/32R, 14R/32L, 15/33[11]), a first in the region. The aircraft movements on these runways are monitored by two Air Traffic Control (ATC) Towers; Tower East, and Tower West given the span of the airport. ATC Tower West standing at 133.8m, is currently the tallest ATC tower in the world.

The current three runway system is capable of handling 78 landings per hour and is expected to increase to 108 landings per hour once upgrading of the Kuala Lumpur Flight Information Region is completed in 2019.[12] These runways operate on different departure/arrival modes according to the air traffic requirements.[13]

Operations and infrastructure

Passenger terminal buildings
Totals Current
Floor area 737,249 m2 (7,935,680 sq ft)
Handling capacity 70 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 114 (aerobridge)
48 (remote)
Main Terminal Building 1 & Contact Pier
Opened 27 June 1998
Floor area 336,000 m2 (3,620,000 sq ft)
Handling capacity 5 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 20 (aerobridge)
23 (remote)
Satellite Terminal A
Opened 27 June 1998 
Floor area 143,404 m2 (1,543,590 sq ft)
Handling capacity 20 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 26 (aerobridge)
15 (remote)
Opened 2 May 2014
Floor area 257,845 m2 (2,775,420 sq ft)
Handling capacity 45 million passengers per annum
Parking bays 68 (aerobridge)
10 (remote)
Bunga Raya Complex
Opened 27 June 1998 
Floor area
Handling capacity
Parking bays 1

KLIA features a number of modern design features that assist in the efficient operation of the airport. It is one of the first Asia Pacific airports to become 100% Bar Coded Boarding Pass capable.[14] Malaysia Airlines;[15] AirAsia;[16] MASkargo, a cargo airline;[17] and Malaysia Airports, the Malaysian Airports operator and manager; are headquartered on the property of KLIA.[18] Malaysia Airlines also operates its Flight Management Building at KLIA.[19]


The airport is part of the KLIA Aeropolis, and is made up of two main terminals; the original Main Terminal Building and the new terminal 2, or also known as KLIA2. The airport's Main Terminal Building is designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa, with an emphasis of natural lighting within the airport complex. Spanning 38.4m along a grid pattern allowing for future expansions, the abstract symbolic architecture by the late Kisho Kurokawa encompasses the Islamic geometry and cutting edge technology with the tropical rainforest in mind.

Main Terminal Building

Malaysia Airlines at Contact Pier

The KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) is located in between the two runways. The floor area of the terminal covers 390,000 m2 (4,200,000 sq ft) and the building consists of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A – M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. Self check in facilities are available in this airport since 2007,[20][21] and KLM was the first airline to use the Common-use self-service kiosks.

The contact pier is an extension of the main terminal building with gates marked with prefix A and B for domestic departures, G and H for international flights. The gate allocation is based on operational requirements, although it has been observed that Malaysia Airlines has been operating most of its operations out from the contact pier.

Satellite terminal A

Interior of the Satellite Terminal

The 176,000 square metres (1,890,000 sq ft) satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There is a wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Montblanc, Salvatore Ferragamo. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. A number of restaurants and international airlines' lounges are available as well as an Airside Transit Hotel.

Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wi-Fi) is provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels.[22] The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian rainforests.

Palm trees in the satellite building
Satellite building near the Aerotrain

Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimised to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk[23] which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.[24]

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have the prefix C.The Satellite A terminal has 27 boarding gates altogether.

KLIA2 [Terminal 2]

Built at approximately RM4 Billion, it is the largest purpose built terminal optimised for low cost carriers in response to the exponential growth of low cost travel in the region. It was built to replace the previous Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT). KLIA2 started its operations on 2 May 2014 and all flight operations at LCCT were moved to klia2 by 9 May 2014.[25][26]

As part of its development, a third runway (Runway 15/33) and a new air traffic control tower (Tower West) were built to support its operation. KLIA2 has an initial capacity of 45 million passenger per year. The terminal has a built-up area of 257,845 sqm with 68 departure gates, 10 remote stands, 80 aerobridges, includes a retail space of 35,000 sqm to accommodate a total of 220 retail outlets.[27] The main terminal building of klia2 is connected with its satellite piers with a skybridge, making it the first airport in Asia with such facility.[28] klia2 is certified with Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED).

Check-in counters are divided into 8 rows located in 4 islands, each row identified by the letters S – Z. Boarding gates are located in 5 piers, indicated by the letters J and K for domestic flights, and L, P and Q for international flights. Piers J, K and L are connected directly to the main terminal building, while Piers P and Q are accessible via the skybridge. Piers K and L are physically the same pier and share the same gates, but with waiting lounges on different levels (Level 1A for K and Level 2 for L). For international flights, the access door from Pier K is sealed off, while for domestic flights, the access door from Pier L is sealed off instead.

At present, inter-terminal connection is provided on the landside at [email protected] complex and there are provisions for future airside inter-terminal connection.

[email protected]

[email protected] is an integrated complex that is connected to the main klia2 terminal building. It has a 350,000 square feet of net lettable space spanning over 4 levels, offering a fresh airport-within-a-mall concept. The transport hub at [email protected] links klia2 to the Express Rail Link (ERL) (also known as KLIA Ekspres), with allotted pick-up and drop-off areas for coaches, taxis, rented vehicles and private transportation.[29]

[email protected] hosts an 8-storey car park that directly adjoins klia2. There are 6,000 covered parking lots at Blocks A and B and another 5,500 lots at car park D. Shuttle buses are available to take the public from the car park D to the terminal.[30] The first capsule transit hotel in Asia named as the Capsule by Container Hotel is also located at [email protected] [email protected] is managed by WCT Holdings Berhad.[31]

KL City Air Terminal

KL City Air Terminal, sometimes known as Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal or KL CAT located at KL Sentral is a virtual extension of KL International Airport where city check-in services are provided. KL City Air Terminal is recognised by International Air Transport Association which carries IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only 3 airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Malaysia Airlines and Malindo Airways.[32] However, the situation is due to be changed as 10 SITA's AirportConnect CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) were installed on 10 check-in desks in KL CAT that enables all airlines to offer city check-in service for their passengers.[33]

Former low cost carrier terminal (LCCT)

The now defunct 36,000 square metres (390,000 sq ft) low cost carrier terminal (LCCT) was opened at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on 23 March 2006 to cater for the growing number of users of low cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia. The terminal was designed and built in accordance to the low cost carrier business model, with limited terminal amenities. As requested by the low cost airline, the terminal does not provide aerobridges, nor are there transfer facilities, rail connections, and other facilities provided in a full-fledged terminal. LCCT is located within the Air Support Zone, and has since ceased operations on 9 May 2014 and all low-cost carrier flights are now operating out of klia2.

Airlines and destinations


Airlines Destinations
Air Astana Almaty
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air Mauritius Port Louis
AirAsia Alor Setar, Banda Aceh, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bandung, Bangalore, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bhubaneswar, Bintulu, Changsha, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Colombo, Da Nang, Davao (begins 21 December 2017),[34] Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hanoi, Hat Yai, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Johor Bahru, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Kochi, Kolkata, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kuala Terengganu, Kuching, Kunming, Labuan, Langkawi, Lombok, Luang Prabang, Macau, Makassar, Malé, Manila, Medan, Miri, Nanning, Nha Trang, Padang, Palembang, Pattaya–U-Tapao, Pekanbaru, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Pontianak, Sandakan, Semarang, Shantou, Shenzhen, Sibu, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, Singapore, Surabaya, Solo (ends 8 May 2018)[35], Surat Thani, Tawau, Tiruchirapalli, Vientiane, Visakhapatnam, Yangon, Yogyakarta
AirAsia X Auckland, Beijing–Capital, Busan, Chengdu, Chongqing, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Gold Coast, Hangzhou, Honolulu, Jaipur (begins 5 February 2018),[36] Jeju,[37] Kathmandu, Malé (resumes 6 February 2018),[38]Melbourne, Osaka–Kansai, Perth, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tokyo–Haneda, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou (begins 25 March 2018)[39]
Seasonal: Jeddah, Medina
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui
Batik Air Chennai, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Medan
Bassaka Air Phnom Penh (begins 31 January 2018)[40]
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Nanjing, Quanzhou[41]
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
China Southern Airlines Changsha, Guangzhou
operated by Thomas Cook Airlines
Seasonal:Frankfurt (begins 6 November 2018)[42]
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Singapore
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Flynas Seasonal: Jeddah
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu
Indonesia AirAsia Bandung, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kolkata, Medan, Yogyakarta
Indonesia AirAsia X Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Mumbai, Surabaya
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
JC International Airlines Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
KLM Amsterdam, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lion Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Surabaya
Lucky Air Kunming, Lijiang [43]
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Adelaide, Alor Setar, Auckland, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bandar Seri Begawan, Beijing–Capital, Bintulu, Chennai, Chongqing, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hangzhou (begins 6 May 2018),[44]Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jeddah, Johor Bahru, Kathmandu, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan, Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, London–Heathrow, Manila, Medan, Medina, Melbourne, Miri, Mumbai, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sandakan, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sibu, Siem Reap, Singapore, Surabaya, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tawau, Tokyo–Narita, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yangon, Yogyakarta (resume 3 June 2018)[45]
Malindo Air Amritsar, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bandung, Bangalore (begins 21 December 2017),[46] Brisbane, Chittagong, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kathmandu, Kochi, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Lahore, Langkawi, Medan, Mumbai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sanya, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Wuhan, Yangon
Seasonal: Christmas Island
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Cebu, Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
Regent Airways Dhaka
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh, Medina
Scoot Singapore
Shenzhen Airlines Shenzhen
SilkAir Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Hat Yai
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
US-Bangla Airlines Dhaka
Uzbekistan Airways Singapore, Tashkent
VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen


Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Baku, Chennai, Luxembourg, Singapore, Zhengzhou[47]
China Airlines Cargo Chennai, Luxembourg, Penang, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Cebu, Guangzhou, Penang, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita
Gading Sari Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Miri
Korean Air Cargo Penang, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargo Amsterdam, Baku, Bangalore, Chennai, Chongqing,[48] Dhaka, Guangzhou,[48] Hanoi, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Labuan, Manila, Mumbai, Penang, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita,[49] Zhengzhou
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Republic Express Airlines Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku,[50] Singapore[51]
Uni-Top Airlines Shenzhen
UPS Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Penang,[52] Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen


Busiest international routes (2016)
Rank Airport Passengers % change
2015 / 16
1 Singapore Singapore, Singapore 3,840,368 Increase 8.1
2 Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Indonesia 2,136,357 Increase 7.4
3 Hong Kong Hong Kong, China 1,541,067 Increase 10.9
4 Thailand Bangkok–Don Mueang, Thailand 1,339,692 Increase 8.2
5 Indonesia Denpasar, Indonesia 1,098,665 Increase 9.8
6 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 1,080,181 Increase 15.9
7 Thailand Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Thailand 924,859 Increase 7.3
8 Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiwan 916,675 Increase 10.9
9 Australia Melbourne, Australia 814,059 Decrease 1.8
10 United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates 807,655 Increase 3.5
11 South Korea Seoul–Incheon, South Korea 781,427 Increase 19.2
12 Bangladesh Dhaka, Bangladesh 740,076 Increase 3.7
13 Thailand Phuket, Thailand 689,891 Decrease 0.3
14 Indonesia Medan, Indonesia 679,406 Increase 4.4
15 China Guangzhou, China 657,161 Decrease 5.7
16 Australia Sydney, Australia 649,528 Decrease 1.8
17 Qatar Doha, Qatar 648,344 Increase 26.1
18 Philippines Manila, Philippines 634,469 Decrease 7.2
19 United Kingdom London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 622,769 Increase 2.6
20 Indonesia Surabaya, Indonesia 620,499 Increase 9.7
21 Australia Perth, Australia 611,524 Increase 22.4
22 Saudi Arabia Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 567,801 Increase 3.2
23 China Shanghai–Pudong, China 537,988 Increase 3.5
24 Sri Lanka Colombo, Sri Lanka 534,538 Increase 17.9
25 Japan Tokyo–Narita, Japan 520,089 Increase 10.1
26 China Beijing–Capital, China 510,213 Increase 38.8
27 India Tiruchirappalli, India 501,855 Increase 6.8
28 India Chennai, India 455,020 Increase 6.4
29 India Delhi, India 433,801 Increase 19.5
30 Nepal Kathmandu, Nepal 408,267 Decrease 8.3
31 Japan Osaka–Kansai, Japan 382,661 Increase 21.5
32 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei 358,473 Increase 1.6
33 Cambodia Phnom Penh, Cambodia 349,708 Increase 0.5
34 Vietnam Hanoi, Vietnam 345,387 Increase 11.5
35 Myanmar Yangon, Myanmar 336,142 Decrease 6.4
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]
Busiest domestic routes (2016)
Rank Airport Passengers % change
2015 / 16
1 Sabah Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 2,579,025 Increase 7.2
2 Sarawak Kuching, Sarawak 2,303,876 Increase 6.9
3 Penang Penang, Penang 2,094,514 Increase 11.1
4 Kedah Langkawi, Kedah 1,874,601 Increase 10.9
5 Kelantan Kota Bharu, Kelantan 1,270,146 Increase 7.9
6 Sarawak Miri, Sarawak 824,402 Increase 8.2
7 Johor Johor Bahru, Johor 788,869 Increase 22.0
8 Sarawak Sibu, Sarawak 690,290 Increase 6.0
9 Sabah Tawau, Sabah 607,240 Increase 8.9
10 Terengganu Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 603,261 Increase 7.6
Source: Ministry of Transport Malaysia[53]
Operational statistics of Kuala Lumpur International Airport[1]
% change
Airfreight movements
% change
% change
1998 6,524,405 Steady 156,641 Steady 64,123 Steady
1999 13,172,635 Increase 101.9 417,068 Increase 166.3 116,589 Increase 81.8
2000 14,732,876 Increase 11.8 510,594 Increase 22.4 109,925 Decrease 5.7
2001 14,538,831 Decrease 1.3 440,864 Decrease 13.6 113,590 Increase 3.3
2002 16,398,230 Increase 12.8 527,124 Increase 19.6 127,952 Increase 12.6
2003 17,454,564 Increase 6.4 586,195 Increase 11.2 139,947 Increase 9.4
2004 21,058,572 Increase 20.6 651,747 Increase 11.2 165,115 Increase 18.0
2005 23,213,926 Increase 10.2 653,654 Increase 0.3 182,537 Increase 10.5
2006 24,129,748 Increase 4.0 672,888 Increase 3.0 183,869 Increase 0.7
2007 26,453,379 Increase 9.6 644,100 Decrease 4.3 193,710 Increase 5.3
2008 27,529,355 Increase 4.1 649,077 Increase 0.8 211,228 Increase 9.0
2009 29,682,093 Increase 7.8 584,559 Decrease 10.0 226,751 Increase 7.3
2010 34,087,636 Increase 14.8 674,902 Increase 15.4 245,650 Increase 8.3
2011 37,704,510 Increase 10.6 669,849 Decrease 0.7 269,509 Increase 9.7
2012 39,887,866 Increase 5.8 673,107 Increase 0.5 283,352 Increase 5.1
2013 47,498,157 Increase 19.1 680,982 Increase 1.2 326,678 Increase 15.3
2014 48,930,409 Increase 3.0 753,899 Increase 10.7 340,821 Increase 4.3
2015 48,938,424 Steady 0.0 726,230 Decrease 3.7 354,519 Increase 4.0
2016 52,643,511 Increase 7.6 642,558 Decrease 11.5 356,614 Increase 0.6
Total passenger movements by countries (2016)
Rank Country Passengers movement % change
2015 / 16
1 Indonesia Indonesia 6,123,006 Increase 8.7
2 Singapore Singapore 3,840,368 Increase 8.1
3 Thailand Thailand 3,774,181 Increase 5.0
4 China China 3,346,911 Increase 21.3
5 India India 2,640,497 Increase 9.2
6 Australia Australia 2,384,800 Decrease 1.5
7 Hong Kong Hong Kong 1,541,067 Increase 10.9
8 Vietnam Vietnam 1,489,877 Increase 15.0
9 Japan Japan 1,274,788 Increase 24.2
10 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 1,097,226 Increase 0.9
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]
Largest airlines by passengers (2016)
Rank Airlines Passengers carried % market
1 AirAsia 18,992,608 36.1
2 Malaysia Airlines 13,478,254 25.6
3 AirAsia X 4,515,815 8.6
4 Malindo Air 3,793,938 7.2
5 Emirates 947,086 1.8
6 Indonesia AirAsia 910,455 1.7
7 Cathay Pacific 739,246 1.4
8 Qatar Airways 648,607 1.2
9 Indonesia AirAsia X 507,405 1.0
10 KLM 456,135 0.9
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[1]

Ground transportation

Inter-terminal transportation

KLIA Aerotrain2.jpg
Aerotrain station in Satellite Building

The Aerotrain is an automated people mover (APM) that connects the airside of KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) and the Satellite Building. Each 250-person capacity train can transport 3,000 passengers per hour in each direction at up to 56 km/h (35 mph). These three-car driverless trains run on elevated rail and under the taxiways. The journey takes under two minutes. The Aerotrain operates between three and five-minute intervals between terminal. Automatic train controls manage the operation of the entire Aerotrain system, controlling the speeds, headways, stops and door openings in stations, and integrating functions that enhance the reliability and performance of the system.[54]

KLIA Transit and KLIA Ekspres provides landside connections between klia2 and KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB), and vice versa. This inter-terminal journey takes 3-minutes to connect both terminals before proceeding onwards to KL Sentral.[55]

External connections


Kuala Lumpur International Airport is linked to the KL Sentral transportation hub in the city centre by the 57 km long Express Rail Link (ERL). There are two ERL stations at the airport: KLIA station at the Main Terminal Building and klia2 station at [email protected] The airport is served by two rail services on the ERL:

Taxis and limousine

Airport taxis or airport limousines are provided by Airport Limo. The taxis and limousines are readily available at the Taxi and Limousine counters. They run from airport itself to destinations in Klang Valley and Greater Klang Valley. The fares are to be paid at the counter and are charged according to the destinations' zone. A surcharge is applied for services between 12 am to 5 am


Both public and private buses connect KLIA and klia2 to several points in Kuala Lumpur and beyond.

Expansion and developments


KLIA Aeropolis Masterplan

With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's (the current Main Terminal) satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 97.5 million passengers a year, four runways by the year 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals.[5]

Summary of Kuala Lumpur International Airport Masterplan
Phase Year Description
Phase 1 1998 Initial Capacity of 25 million Passenger Per Annum
2006 Capable of Handling 35 million Passengers per annum with the construction of Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Phase 2 2008 Expansion of Low Cost Carrier Terminal to accommodate 40 Million Passengers per annum.
Phase 3 2011 New Low Cost Carrier Terminal will be constructed to accommodate additional 30 million (55 million) passengers Per Annum, Current Low Cost Carrier Terminal converted to cargo usage.
Not fixed Satellite Terminal B will be constructed to handle maximum of 75 million passengers. (One terminal accompanied by 2 satellite terminal and one low cost carrier terminal)
Phase 4 Not fixed Terminal 2 and Satellite Terminal C will be constructed so that the airport is capable to handle 97.5 million passengers.

A380 upgrades

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spent about RM135 million (approx) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. Upgrading works started on 3 April 2006, and was completed by 28 May 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls. Emirates operates flights to Kuala Lumpur with the Airbus A380 commenced on 1 January 2012.[56] Malaysia Airlines also started its A380 services from Kuala Lumpur to London on 1 July 2012.[57]


KLIA C-Pier.jpg
Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier
KLIA skybridge to Pan Pacific.jpg

Skybridge from Main Terminal Building to Pan Pacific Hotel (now known as Sama Sama Hotel)

Satelite Terminal Ground View.jpg

An Alternative View of the Satellite Terminal

KLIA baggage reclaim.jpg

Baggage Claim Area

KLIA Tower Dec. 2006 004.jpg

KLIA Air Traffic Control (ATC) Tower

A380 MH.jpg

A Malaysia Airlines Airbus A380 taxiing out for departure

Emirates KUL.jpg

An Emirates A380 approaching Kuala Lumpur International Airport


KLM Boeing 747-400 departing from Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Iraqi Airways Boeing 747-400.jpg

An Iraqi Airways Boeing 747-400 in the new livery landing at Kuala Lumpur International Airport (2014)

Boeing 777-3DZER, Qatar Airways JP6779814.jpg

A Qatar Airways Boeing 777 taxiing at KLIA

PK-GMA Boeing B.737 Garuda Indonesia (7921495464).jpg

A Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737-800 taxiing at KLIA

SriLankan KUL.jpg

A SriLankan Airlines Airbus A340-300 upon arrival to Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Uzbekistan Airways KUL.jpg

An Uzbekistan Airways Airbus A310-200 preparing for departure

AirAsia 9M-AQU@KUL.jpg

An AirAsia Airbus A320-200 in pushback


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