Knowsley Heights fire

Last updated on 2 September 2017

The Knowsley Heights fire occurred in 1991 at the 11-story Knowsley Heights tower block in Huyton, Merseyside. No-one was injured in the fire.

Knowsley Heights fire
Knowsley Heights, Huyton, Merseyside.jpg
Knowsley Heights, Huyton, Merseyside in 2009
Date 1991
Location Knowsley Heights, Huyton, Merseyside, England
Type Structure fire
Cause Rubbish fire
Deaths 0
Non-fatal injuries 0


The fire was deliberately started when rubbish was set alight outside the 11-story Knowsley Heights tower block in Huyton, Merseyside.[1] The flames began at the bottom of the building, and spread through a 90 millimetres (3.5 in) gap between the wall and the newly installed rainscreen cladding.[1][2] The fire spread to all floors of the 11-storey building, causing extensive damage to the walls and windows of the building. The interior of the building did not suffer damage, as the fire did not enter the inside of the building.[1][2][3][4][5] No-one was injured in the fire.[3]


The Building Research Establishment (BRE) determined that the cladding around Knowsley Heights was a low risk of combustibility. They also highlighted that the building lacked firebreaks.[3] The incident was mentioned by BRE for subsequent changes in building regulations.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Burning issues". Architects' Journal. 31 May 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c White, Nathan; Delichatsios, Michael (July 2015). Fire Hazards of Exterior Wall Assemblies Containing Combustible Components. Springer. p. 50. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Thorp, Liam (3 July 2017). "Should Knowsley Heights blaze have been a warning from history for Grenfell?". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  4. ^ Sawer, Patrick (17 June 2017). "Warnings over 'deathtrap' high-rise building cladding 'ignored' for decades". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  5. ^ "How might we avert another tragedy like the Grenfell Tower fire?". The Guardian. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2017.

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