Kaiyuan, Liaoning

Last updated on 19 August 2017

Kaiyuan (simplified Chinese: 开原; traditional Chinese: 開原; pinyin: Kāiyuán; literally: "Open Plains") is a county-level city in the northeast of Liaoning, People's Republic of China, bordering Jilin for a small section to the north. It is under the administration of Tieling City, the centre of which lies 33 kilometres (21 mi) to the southwest.

ChinaTielingKaiyuan.png
Location in Tieling City
China Liaoning location map.svg
Kaiyuan is located in Liaoning

Administrative divisions[1]

There are 3 subdistricts, 9 towns, and 9 townships under the city's administration.

Subdistricts:

  • Xincheng Subdistrict (新城街道), Laocheng Subdistrict (老城街道), Xingkai Subdistrict (兴开街道)

Towns:

  • Babao (八宝镇), Qingyunbao (庆云堡镇), Kaoshan (靠山镇), Yemin (业民镇), Jingouzi (金沟子镇), Zhonggu (中固镇), Bakeshu (八棵树镇), Lianhua (莲花镇), Weiyuanbao (威远堡镇)

Townships:

  • Chengdong Township (城东乡), Sanjiazi Township (三家子乡), Songshanbao Township (松山堡乡), Majiazhai Township (马家寨乡), Lijiatai Township (李家台乡), Shangbadi Manchu Ethnic Township (上肥地满族乡), Xiabadi Manchu Ethnic Township (下肥地满族乡), Huangqizhai Manchu Ethnic Township (黄旗寨满族乡), Linfeng Manchu Ethnic Township (林丰满族乡)

Geography and climate

Kaiyuan is situated in northeastern Liaoning in the southeastern part of Tieling City on the eastern bank of the middle reaches of the Liao River. It borders Dongfeng County and Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County to the east, Tieling County to the south, Faku and Changtu counties to the west, and Lishu County (Jilin) to the north. Its administrative area reaches a maximal north-south extent of 86 km (53 mi) and east-west width of 89.4 km (55.6 mi). In the east, the land begins to transition to the foothills of the Changbai Mountains, while the west is marked by the Songliao Plain.

Kaiyuan has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), characterised by hot, humid summers and long, cold and windy, but dry winters. The four seasons here are distinctive. A majority of the annual rainfall of 661 mm (26.0 in) occurs in July and August alone. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −13.4 °C (7.9 °F) in January to 23.8 °C (74.8 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 6.98 °C (44.6 °F).

Climate data for Kaiyuan, Liaoning (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
17.6
(63.7)
19.8
(67.6)
30.2
(86.4)
34.5
(94.1)
36.0
(96.8)
36.6
(97.9)
34.5
(94.1)
33.2
(91.8)
29.4
(84.9)
21.4
(70.5)
13.3
(55.9)
36.6
(97.9)
Average high °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
5.7
(42.3)
15.9
(60.6)
22.6
(72.7)
27.0
(80.6)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
22.9
(73.2)
14.9
(58.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
13.1
(55.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.4
(7.9)
−9.1
(15.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.2
(48.6)
16.3
(61.3)
21.3
(70.3)
23.8
(74.8)
22.4
(72.3)
16.1
(61)
8.3
(46.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
−9.6
(14.7)
7.0
(44.6)
Average low °C (°F) −19.4
(−2.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
2.7
(36.9)
10.0
(50)
16.0
(60.8)
19.6
(67.3)
17.9
(64.2)
10.3
(50.5)
2.7
(36.9)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15
(5)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −36.3
(−33.3)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−11.7
(10.9)
−3.9
(25)
5.0
(41)
12.0
(53.6)
6.0
(42.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
−11.0
(12.2)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−33.2
(−27.8)
−36.3
(−33.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.7
(0.185)
4.8
(0.189)
15.2
(0.598)
37.3
(1.469)
51.3
(2.02)
90.6
(3.567)
174.5
(6.87)
158.0
(6.22)
62.2
(2.449)
39.4
(1.551)
15.6
(0.614)
7.0
(0.276)
660.6
(26.008)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.4 3.9 5.1 7.9 9.2 12.5 13.8 11.3 8.2 6.9 5.2 4.2 91.6
Source: Weather China

Notable people

References

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