John Webber

Last updated on 15 December 2016

John Webber RA (London 6 October 1751[1] – 29 May 1793 London) was an English artist who accompanied Captain Cook on his third Pacific expedition. He is best known for his images of Australasia, Hawaii and Alaska.

JohnWebber.jpg
JohnWebber.jpg

Biography

Webber was born in London, educated in Bern and studied painting at Paris.[2] His father was Abraham Wäber, a Swiss sculptor who had moved to London, and changed his name to Webber before marrying a Mrs Mary Quant in 1744.

Webber served as official artist on James Cook's third voyage of discovery around the Pacific (1776–80) aboard HMS Resolution. At Adventure Bay in January 1777 he did drawings of "A Man of Van Diemen's Land" and "A Woman of Van Diemen's Land". He also did many drawings of scenes in New Zealand and the South Sea islands.[2] On this voyage, during which Cook lost his life in a fight in Hawaii, Webber became the first European artist to make contact with Hawaii, then called the Sandwich Islands. He made numerous watercolor landscapes of the islands of Kauai and Hawaii, and also portrayed many of the Hawaiian people.

In April 1778, Captain Cook's ships Resolution and Discovery anchored at Ship Cove, now known as Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, Canada to refit. The crew took observations and recorded encounters with the local people. Webber made watercolour landscapes including "Resolution and Discovery in Ship Cove, 1778". His drawings and paintings were engraved for British Admiralty's account of the expedition, which was published in 1784. [3]

Back in England in 1780 Webber exhibited around 50 works at Royal Academy exhibitions between 1784 and 1792, and was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1785 and R.A. in 1791. Most of his work were landscapes. Sometimes figures were included as in "A Party from H.M.S. Resolution shooting sea horses", which was shown at the academy in 1784, and his "The Death of Captain Cook" became well known through an engraving of it. Another version of this picture is in the William Dixson gallery at Sydney.[2]

The Anchorage Museum of History and Art (Alaska), the Bishop Museum (Honolulu), the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Peabody Essex Museum (Salem, Massachusetts), the Yale University Art Gallery, the British Museum, the Sir John Soane's Museum (London), The National Maritime Museum (London) the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and the Mitchell Library (Australia) are among the public collections holding works by John Webber.

His Young Woman of the Sandwich Islands is in San Antonio Museum of Art.

Paintings

John Webber%27s oil painting %27A Chief of the Sandwich Islands%27, 1787.jpg

'A Chief of the Sandwich Islands' (oil), 1787

John Webber%27s oil painting %27Abbey Mill, Shrewsbury%27.jpg

'Abbey Mill, Shrewsbury' (oil)

John Webber - %27Kealakekua Bay and the village Kowroaa%27, 1779, ink, ink wash and watercolor.jpg

Kealakekua Bay and the Village Kowroaa, 1779 ink wash and watercolor by John Webber, Honolulu Museum of Art

FrauEaoo.jpg

John Webber's Frau Eaoo

Tereoboo, King of Owyhee, bringing presents to Captain Cook by John Webber.jpg

John Webber's Tereoboo, King of Owyhee, bringing presents to Captain Cook 1784

Sea Otter.png

John Webber's Sea Otter

Captain Cook, oil on canvas by John Webber, 1776, Museum of New Zealand Tepapa Tongarewa, Wellington.jpg

John Webber's Captain Cook, oil on canvas, 1776 Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

James Cook by John Webber.jpg

John Webber's James Cook, before 1793

%27Ship Cove, Queen Charlotte Sound, oil on canvas painting by John Webber, c. 1788, Te Papa.jpg

Ship Cove, Queen Charlotte Sound, 1788 Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Man of Nootka Sound.jpg

John Webber's Man of Nootka Sound

00604583-00738902 o 800 WM.jpg

John Webber's 'The Death of Captain Cook'

See also

References

  • Ellis, George R., Honolulu Academy of Arts, Selected Works, Honolulu, Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1990, 178,
  • Forbes, David W., Encounters with Paradise: Views of Hawaii and its People, 1778-1941, Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1992, 15-85.
  1. ^ William Hauptman, "Webber before Cook: two water-colours after Sterne," The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 136, No. 1903 (Apr 1994), p. 237.
  2. ^ a b c Percival Serle, ed. (1949). "Webber, John". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Angus and Robertson.
  3. ^ "Gray, Charlotte". 'The Museum Called Canada: 25 Rooms of Wonder'. Random House. 2004.

External links

Content from Wikipedia