Jean Béraud

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Jean Béraud (French: [beʁo]; January 12, 1848[1] – October 4, 1935) was a French painter renowned for his numerous paintings depicting the life of Paris, and the nightlife of Paris society. Pictures of the Champs Elysees, cafés, Montmartre and the banks of the Seine are precisely detailed illustrations of everyday Parisian life during the "Belle Époque". He also painted religious subjects in a contemporary setting.

Jean Béraud
A self portrait of Jean Béraud
Self portrait (ca. 1909)
Born January 12, 1848
Saint Petersburg
Died October 4, 1935 (aged 87)
Paris
Resting place Montparnasse Cemetery
Nationality French
Education Salon (Paris)
Known for depiction of Paris life
Awards Legion of Honour (1894)

Biography

Jean B%C3%A9raud Symphony in Red and Gold
Symphony in Red and Gold

Béraud was born in Saint Petersburg. His father (also called Jean) was a sculptor and was likely working on the site of St. Isaac's Cathedral at the time of his son's birth. Béraud's mother was one Geneviève Eugénie Jacquin; following the death of Béraud's father, the family moved to Paris. Béraud was in the process of being educated as a lawyer until the occupation of Paris during the Franco-Prussian war in 1870.

Béraud became a student of Léon Bonnat, and exhibited his paintings at the Salon for the first time in 1872. However, he did not gain recognition until 1876, with his On the Way Back from the Funeral. He exhibited with the Society of French Watercolorists at the 1889 World's Fair in Paris.

Jean B%C3%A9raud A Windy Day on the Pont des Arts
A Windy Day on the Pont des Arts
B%C3%A9rard Gloppe
Café Gloppe

He painted many scenes of Parisian daily life during the Belle Époque in a style that stands somewhere between the academic art of the Salon and that of the Impressionists. He received the Légion d'honneur in 1894.

Béraud's paintings often included truth-based humour and mockery of late 19th-century Parisian life, along with frequent appearances of biblical characters in then contemporary situations. Paintings such as Mary Magdalene in the House of the Pharisees aroused controversy when exhibited, because of these themes.

Towards the end of the 19th century, Béraud dedicated less time to his own painting but worked on numerous exhibition committees, including the Salon de la Société Nationale. Béraud never married and had no children. He died in Paris on October 4, 1935, and is buried in Montparnasse Cemetery beside his mother.

Style

In France, Béraud was popular, in particular, liked by Guy de Maupassant who called him "adorable's adversaries" (Le plus charmant des fantaisistes).[2]

However, his work is completely ignored by art historians of the period. After the Revolution, Russian artists received Béraud's work with irony, seeing them as the embodiment of the Western commercial consumption, indulging in their opinion, in the rich middle-class tastes. Painting style gradually shifted from academic towards impressionism. However, while the major Impressionists fled the chaotic Paris and painted landscapes of the surrounding areas, Béraud - like his friend Édouard Manet (1832-1883), and in some of their paintings, Edgar Degas (1834-1917), depicted the urban life. Artistic techniques used by Béraud, in particular, when drawing the so-called À la salle Graffard, later became a classic. The upper part of the picture is hidden in a light haze, the musicians and spectators are depicted in the foreground, while performers stand out against a darker background.[3][4]

Gallery

Blanche Vesni%C4%87 (n%C3%A9e Ulman), by Jean B%C3%A9raud

Blanche Vesnić (née Ulman)

Jean B%C3%A9raud Le Cafe de Paris

Le Cafe de Paris

Jean B%C3%A9raud La Lettre

La Lettre

Jean B%C3%A9raud Personnages

Personnages

Jean B%C3%A9raud Au Bistro

Au Bistro

Jean B%C3%A9raud After the Misdeed

Après la faute

Jean B%C3%A9raud La Partie De Billard

La Partie De Billard

Jean B%C3%A9raud The Drinkers

The Drinkers

Jean B%C3%A9raud -%C3%80 la salle Graffard

À la salle Graffard

Jean B%C3%A9raud Representation at the Theatre des Varietes

Representation at the Theatre des Varietes

Jean B%C3%A9raud La Modiste Sur Les Champs Elysees

The Milliner on the Champs Elysées

Jean B%C3%A9raud Sortant De La Madeleine, Paris

Sortant De La Madeleine, Paris

Jean B%C3%A9raud Home, Driver

Home, Driver

Cath%C3%A9drale am%C3%A9ricaine de paris

l'Église de la Sainte-Trinité

Jean B%C3%A9raud The Wait

The Wait

Jean B%C3%A9raud La Sortie Du Bourgeois

La Sortie du bourgeois

Jean B%C3%A9raud Le Boulevard St. Denis, Paris

Le Boulevard Saint-Denis

Jean B%C3%A9raud Jeune femme traversant le boulevard

Jeune femme traversant le boulevard

Jean B%C3%A9raud Boulevard des capucines

Boulevard des Capucines

Paris Kiosk Beraud

Paris Kiosk 1880-1884, Walters Art Museum

Jean Beraud, Parisienne place de la Concorde

Parisienne place de la Concorde

Jean B%C3%A9raud Le Bal Mabile

Le Bal Mabile

References

  1. ^ http://www.musee-orsay.fr/fr/espace-professionnels/professionnels/chercheurs/rech-rec-art-home/notice-artiste.html?no_cache=1&nnumid=6396&retouroeuvre=%252Ffr%252Fcollections%252Fcatalogue-des-oeuvres%252Fnotice.html%253Fno_cache%253D1%2526nnumid%253D25602
  2. ^ "Cooke, Victoria; Femme, femme, femme: Paintings of Women in French Society from Daumier to Picasso from the Museums of France" (PDF). www.noma.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-27.
  3. ^ Foster, Carter E. (2002). "French Master Drawings: From the Collection of Muriel Butkin". Hudson Hills Press. p. 182. ISBN 0940717670.
  4. ^ Gilbert, Lori. (2010). "Forum shows difficulties faced by young artists". Recordnet.com. Retrieved October 2014. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Sources

External links

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