Huangchuan County (simplified Chinese: 潢川县; traditional Chinese: 潢川縣; pinyin: Huángchuān Xiàn; local pronunciation: Huāngchuǎn Xiàn) is a county of southeastern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It is located in the center of Xinyang City, straddling the Huang River. That is why it is named Huangchuan, meaning where Huang River flows.
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Settled||c. 21st century BC|
|- Yiyang County||206 BC|
|- Guangzhou||712 AD|
|- Huangchuan||1913 AD|
|• Secretary||vacancy (CPC)|
|• Magistrate||Zhao Liang|
|• County||1,661.1 km2 (641.4 sq mi)|
|• Water||107 km2 (41 sq mi)|
|• Metro||33.4 km2 (12.9 sq mi)|
|• Length||53 km (33 mi)|
|• Width||44.5 km (27.7 mi)|
|Elevation||45 m (148 ft)|
|Highest elevation||330 m (1,080 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-41-11-25|
|Licence plate prefix||豫S3|
According to the ancient Chinese text Bamboo Annals, Huangchuan was the national capital of the first Kingdom of Huang (黄國) in the Xia dynasty during the 21st century BCE. Later, in the beginning of the Zhou dynasty, a second and separate Kingdom of Huang (黄國) was founded by King Huang Huilian, and he re-established his national capital in Huangchuan like his early predecessor in the Xia dynasty. His name Huang is considered to be the root origin of the royal ancient Chinese surname Huang (or Hwang). The Kingdom of Huang (黄國) was later invaded and annexed by the Kingdom of Chu and became a vassal state under the Zhou dynasty in 648 BCE, during the Spring and Autumn period.
According to Brief Sketch of North Parts of Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明季北略), a book by Ji Liuqi (计六奇) recording the transitional period from the Ming dynasty to the Qing dynasty, Huangchuan (then Guangzhou) was devastated and the residents massacred by the peasant army. And now residents in Huangchuan are mainly descendants of migrants from Jiangxi, Fujian and Guangdong settled down during the Kangxi era in the Qing dynasty.
In 1913, Huangchuan was renamed to its current name.
In 2009, Huang-Guang Integration project was launched aiming to integrate Huangchuan County and neighboring Guangshan County.
The annual mean temperature is 15.3 °C (59.5 °F) and precipitation averages 1,039 millimetres (40.9 in).
Huangchuan County currently has 4 subdistricts, 9 towns and 8 townships. The county was reorganized in 2005, when the townships of Xiaoludian (小吕店乡) and Pengjiadian (彭家店乡), and the town of Niugang (牛岗镇) were assimilated into neighboring towns and townships.