Huaibei (Chinese: 淮北; pinyin: Huáiběi) is a prefecture-level city in northern Anhui Province, China. It borders Suzhou to the east, Bengbu to the south, Bozhou to the west, and the province of Henan to the north. The population was 2,114,276 inhabitants at the 2010 census, all in the built-up area, comprising 3 urban districts and Suixi County largely being built.
Huaibei, easterly view, taken from the twelfth floor of the Xiangwangfu Hotel
|Municipal seat||Xiangshan District
|• CPC Secretary||Bi Meijia (毕美家)|
|• Mayor||Xu Chongxin (许崇信)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,740.9 km2 (1,058.3 sq mi)|
|• Urban||748.4 km2 (289.0 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,740.9 km2 (1,058.3 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,114,276|
|• Density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP (2008)||¥34.9 billion|
|GDP per capita (2008)||¥17,029|
|License Plate Prefix||皖F|
Huaibei is the home to numerous chemical, construction, machinery, textile, power, electronics, and mineral industrial firms. The city has over 2,000 industrial enterprises, of which 22 large and medium-sized ones are run by the state.
The annual output of raw coal from Huaibei is 2,000 million tons, ranking first in eastern China.
The power industry has also developed rapidly and is currently ranked third in eastern China - Huaibei Power Station has a total installed capacity of 950 MW and an annual electricity output of 620 GW. The Huaibei No. 2 Power Station, with the total installed capacity of l.2 GW, is also being built.
The textile industry in Huaibei is ranked second in Anhui. It has established a comprehensive system of printing and dyeing, wool and silk spinning, and knitting processes. The textile firms have 200,000 spindles, 15,000 looms, with a printing & dyeing capacity of 110 million meters.
Huaibei's winemaking industry is over 1,000 years old. The Kouzi wine from the city has an annual output of 20,000 tons.
The construction industry is developing rapidly with an annual cement output of 2 million tons.
The metallurgy, machinery, electronics, and food industries have also produced more than 100 kinds of products have reached or been approaching the national or international level.
Huaibei is the main agriculture base for producing and exporting grain, cotton, and domestic animals. The main crops are wheat, maize, cotton, broad bean, rice, and potato. Livestocks include cattle, horse, pig, goat, rabbit, and domestic birds, etc. More than 200,000 mu (130 km2 or 50 sq mi) of land has been cultivated for fisheries that contain a large number of fish, shrimps, and crabs. The city is part of the National Agricultural Comprehensive Development Zones in Huanghai and Huaihai.
Huaibei is one of the ten largest coal exporting cities in China and the largest exporter of textile products within Anhui Province. A large exporting enterprise in the city is responsible for producing 13 classes of over 100 kinds of export goods, among them coal, textile, grain, oil, silk, ores, chemicals, and pharmaceutical products. These merchandise are then exported to more than 80 countries and regions such as the United States, Japan, Australia, Canada, Western Europe, Russia, and Hong Kong, etc.
Huaibei has formed South Lake Economic and Technological Development Zone and the Tanxikouzi Economic and Technological Development Zone to attract foreign investors.
The railways in the city are linked to Beijing-Shanghai Railway to the east, Urumqi-Lianyungang Railway to the north, and Beijing-Kowloon Railway to the west. Six state and provincial highways run through the city. Qinglongshan Port in Huaibei opens to Hongze Lake that connects to Yangtze River. The city is also only 50 km (31 mi) away from Xuzhou Guanyin Airport.
The 550 MHz stations in Huaibei can receive televised programs from more than 20 channels in China.