Highbridge, Bronx

This page was last edited on 1 December 2017, at 14:07.

Highbridge is a residential neighborhood geographically located in the central-west section of the Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the north, Jerome Avenue to the east, East 161st Street to the south, and the Harlem River to the west. Ogden Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Highbridge. ZIP codes include 10452.

Highbridge
Neighborhood of The Bronx
Looking north from 161st Street pedestrian overpass at Major Deegan Expressway
Looking north from 161st Street pedestrian overpass at Major Deegan Expressway
Highbridge is located in Bronx
Highbridge
Highbridge
Highbridge is located in New York
Highbridge
Highbridge
Highbridge is located in the US
Highbridge
Highbridge
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°50′14″N 73°55′45″W / 40.8372222°N 73.9291667°WCoordinates: 40°50′14″N 73°55′45″W / 40.8372222°N 73.9291667°W
Country  United States
State  New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Area[1]
 • Total 1.57 km2 (0.605 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 37,727
 • Density 24,000/km2 (62,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income $27,041
ZIP codes 10452
Area code 718, 347, 646
High Bridge Deegan jeh.jpg
The High Bridge, part of the old Croton Aqueduct
PS91 Highbridge 1257 Ogden jeh.JPG
PS 11, 1257 Ogden Avenue
Sacred Heart School Nelson Av 168 jeh.jpg
Sacred Heart School, 1248 Nelson Avenue

Demographics

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Highbridge was 37,727, an increase of 3,883 (11.5%) from the 33,844 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 373.14 acres (151.00 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 101.1 inhabitants per acre (64,700/sq mi; 25,000/km2).[2]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 32.9% (12,397) African American, 1.2% (462) White, 0.2% (69) Native American, 0.5% (176) Asian, 0.0% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (103) from other races, and 0.7% (253) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 64.3% (24,265) of the population.[3]

Prior to the 1960s, Highbridge was a predominately Irish American neighborhood.[4] Today the vast majority of residents in the area are of Dominican, Puerto Rican and African American descent. Almost half of the population lives below the federal poverty line.[5][1]

Land use and terrain

Highbridge is dominated by townhouses and 5 and 6-story apartment buildings. Many older detached mansions still remain on Woodycrest Avenue and Ogden Avenue. The total land area is roughly one square mile. The terrain is elevated and very hilly. Stair streets connect areas located at different elevations.

Landmarks

  • The Woodycrest Children's Home on Woodycrest Avenue was built as an orphanage by the American Female Guardian Society and Home for the Friendless to rescue from degradation, physical and moral, the children of want, homelessness and sorrow.[6] This grand Beaux Arts building was designed by William Tuthill, the architect of Carnegie Hall.[7] Opening in 1902, it housed 120 children in five dormitories, and contained a chapel, a kindergarten, a hospital, a dining room and a quarantine ward for new arrivals.[8] The building is now managed by the Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center as the Highbridge-Woodycrest center, providing long-term geriatric and AIDS care.[9]
  • The "Lighthouse" building at Sedgewick Avenue and University Avenue has housed the H.W. Wilson Company, an educational publisher and index services provider, since 1917. The building's distinctive lighthouse was added in 1929. The company merged with EBSCO Publishing in June 2011. [10]
    HW Wilson lighthouse W162 Bx jeh.jpg
    H.W. Wilson Company "Lighthouse" Building, Highbridge
HW Wilson lighthouse W162 Bx jeh.jpg
H.W. Wilson Company "Lighthouse" Building, Highbridge

Parks

Community gardens

The neighborhood has dozens of community gardens occupying lots that were left vacant between the 1970s and 1990s, including:

Public housing projects

There are three NYCHA developments located in Highbridge:[16]

  • Highbridge Gardens; six, 13-story buildings.[17]
  • Highbridge Rehabs (Nelson Avenue); three, 5 and 6-story rehabilitated tenement buildings.[18]

History

The neighborhood takes its name from the High Bridge built in 1848 by Irish immigrants[19] to carry Croton Aqueduct water across the Harlem River.

In the late 1960s, the residents of Highbridge were predominantly of Irish, Italian and Eastern European Jewish descent. They have since been replaced by large numbers of Hispanics and African Americans.[4]

Notable residents

Education

Public

  • PS 11: High Bridge (Merriam and Ogden Avenues)
  • PS 73: Joseph Dellacava (West 165th Street and Anderson Avenue)
  • PS 114x: Luis Llorens Torres Schools (East 166th Street and Cromwell Avenue)
  • PS 126: Dr. Marjorie Dunbar (West 166th Street and University Avenue)
  • PS 199: William Shakespeare (West 172nd Street and Shakespeare Avenue)
  • PS/IS 128: Rafael Hernandez Dual Language Magnet School (East 167th Street and Gerard Avenue)
  • IS 361: The Highbridge Green School (200 W. 167th Street), a 2014-2015 Chancellor's Showcase School
  • Bronx School for Law Government and Justice

Parochial

  • Sacred Heart School (168th and Nelson Av)[24]

Politics

National

Highbridge is part of New York's 15th congressional district. The district is represented by Democrat José E. Serrano. In area, the 15th Congressional District is the smallest in the United States.[25] Scoring a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+43 in 2014, the 15th Congressional District is also the most Democratic district in the nation.[26]

State

Highbridge is part of New York State Senate District 29, represented by José M. Serrano.

Highbridge is divided between two districts of the New York State Assembly. The 77th District is represented by Latoya Joyner. The 84th District is represented by Carmen E. Arroyo.

Local

Highbridge is part of New York City Council District 8. As of 2017, it is represented by Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito. The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 4.

Services

The area is patrolled by the 44th Precinct[27] located at 2 East 169th Street. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue in the Melrose section of the Bronx.

Transportation

References

  1. ^ a b "Highbridge neighborhood in New York". Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  3. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Bronx Irish Americans: American Irish History in the Bronx". Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  5. ^ Bronx Community District 4
  6. ^ [1], New York Times. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  7. ^ [2], New York Times. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  8. ^ [3], New York Times. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  9. ^ [4], Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  10. ^ "Questions & Answers regarding EBSCO Publishing's Merger with The H.W. Wilson Company". Retrieved 6/1/2011. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  11. ^ Highbridge Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  12. ^ Merriam Playground, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  13. ^ Macombs Dam Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  14. ^ Mullaly Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  15. ^ Target Bronx Community Garden, New York Restoration Project. Accessed June 12, 2017.
  16. ^ Bronx Development Maps, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  17. ^ Highbridge Gardens, New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  18. ^ Highbridge Rehabs (Nelson Avenue), New York City Housing Authority. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  19. ^ Winant, Edward (1996). The Hydraulics Revolution: Science and Technical Design of Urban Water Supply during the Enlightenment. West Virginia University.
  20. ^ Hamlett-Concepcion, Brittany. "Celebrities who hail from the 'Boogie Down' Bronx", AM New York, November 9, 2015. Accessed June 12, 2017. "Joy Bryant - The Get Rich or Die Tryin star grew up in the High Bridge section of the Bronx."
  21. ^ Kameir, Rawiya. "Cardi B Did It Her Way; Cardi B engineered Instagram fame into reality TV stardom into a poppin’ rap career. Now she’s learning to juggle everything that comes with it.", The Fader, June / July 2017. Accessed August 9, 2017. "Nefi, who is just one of 36 cousins, grew up 'door-by-door' in the same building off 167th Street, in a corner of the Bronx called Highbridge."
  22. ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "For Tracy Morgan, Every Day Is a Show", The New York Times, October 28, 2008. Accessed June 12, 2017. "He was the second of five children, raised in housing projects in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, and the High Bridge section of the Bronx."
  23. ^ "William B. Ogden.", Illinois During the Gilded Age. Accessed June 12, 2017. "His business causing him, of late years, to spend much of his time in New York, he purchased a handsome villa, in the spring of 1866, in Westchester County, at Fordham Heights, adjoining the High Bridge."
  24. ^ Sacred Heart School
  25. ^ "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  26. ^ http://cookpolitical.com/house/pvi#The Median & Most Partisan Districts, 1998-2014
  27. ^ "44th Precinct". Retrieved 5 December 2015.

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