Hazardous Area Response Team
The hazardous area response team (HART) is an NHS ambulance service initiative devoted to providing medical care to patients in the "hot zone" of hazardous environments. Teams are activated and sent to various incidents, such as CBRN, hazmat, collapsed buildings, patients at height or in confined space, water rescue, and flooding, firearms incidents and explosions.
HART teams are made up of emergency medical personnel, such as paramedics who have undergone specialised training in the use of special procedures, skills and vehicles & equipment. Their specialised equipment includes personal protective equipment (such as breathing apparatus, hazmat suits, and climbing tethers for working at height), cutting equipment for extrication, and flotation devices and rafts for working on water.
Hazardous Area Response Teams originated from a 2004 report on the feasibility of paramedics working in the hot zone or inner cordon of major incidents.
Capabilities of HART
All 16 HART teams within the ambulance services of England & Wales have the same capabilities.
HART is operational in every NHS ambulance service in England and Wales.
Similar capabilities exist within Scottish Ambulance Service, on the Isle of Man and in Northern Ireland Ambulance Service.
Former NHS ambulance services that had HART capability include
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