Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor and easyJet. Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 16,223,968 passengers and 160,904 aircraft movements in 2016 and is named after Helmut Schmidt. As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 destinations of which four are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark, Tabriz and Tehran.
The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.
During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.
When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.
In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.
In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area. The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.
In January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016. A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany. Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.
In June 2017, Easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg from summer 2018 s part of a refocus on its core hub airports. Routes will not be affected as they will be served from other Easyjet bases. (Reuters).
Shortly after 12pm local time on 12 February 2017, an "unknown and uncommon" chemical, likely pepper spray according to officials, was circulated around the airport. At least 50 people were injured and were taken to hospital by ambulance. Firefighters completely evacuated the airport and passengers were forced to wait outside the airport in sub-zero temperatures. All flights had been cancelled and thousands of passengers were left stranded.
Shortly after 12pm local time on 13 February 2017, a second incident was reported. The local authorities, are not sure about the official cause of the incident, however they assume that it was linked to residue of the spray from the previous incident.
Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with widebody aircraft, however during 2016 three stands will be upgraded with double-jetbridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes. These positions will be capable of handling the Airbus A380.
The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Currently there is no scheduled A380 routes, however Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery. Therefore, the apron facilities had already been upgraded for the use by A380s before the terminal stands.
Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.
The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.
Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:
operated by Rossiya Airlines
|Air Berlin||Düsseldorf (ends 28 October 2017)|
|Air Europa||Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Air Serbia||Seasonal: Belgrade|
|Air VIA||Seasonal charter: Varna|
|ASL Airlines France||Seasonal: Lyon, Marseille|
|Blue Air||Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (ends 28 October 2017)|
operated by Flybe
|Bulgarian Air Charter||Seasonal: Burgas, Varna|
|Condor||Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal: Antalya|
|Czech Airlines||Gothenburg, Prague|
|easyJet||Athens (ends 24 March 2018), Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, Kraków (ends 23 March 2018), London-Gatwick, London-Luton (ends 24 March 2018), Manchester, Milan-Malpensa (ends 28 October 2017), Palma de Mallorca (ends 24 March 2018), Rome-Fiumicino (ends 23 March 2018), Salzburg (ends 24 March 2018), Venice, Zürich (ends 24 March 2018)
Seasonal: Alicante (ends 30 October 2017), Bordeaux, Catania (ends 28 November 2017), Fuerteventura, Heraklion (ends 28 October 2017), Lanzarote, Naples, Nice, Pisa (ends 27 October 2017), Rhodes (ends 26 October 2017), Split (ends 28 October 2017), Thessaloniki (ends 27 October 2017)
|Eurowings||Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Funchal (begins 16 January 2018), Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Lanzarote (begins 16 January 2018), La Palma (begins 4 November 2017), London-Heathrow, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Prague, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia, Bologna, Cagliari, Corfu (begins 8 May 2018), Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera (begins 29 October 2017), Jersey (begins 6 May 2018), Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki
operated by Air Berlin
Seasonal: Innsbruck (begins 2 December 2017)
operated by Germanwings
|Amsterdam, Barcelona, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Klagenfurt, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Venice
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kos, Naples, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Verona, Zadar, Zagreb
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
|FlyEgypt||Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|Germania||Funchal, Paphos, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Almería (ends 27 October 2017), Beirut, Bodrum, Gazipaşa, Fuerteventura, La Palma, Rhodes, Samos (begins 26 June 2018), Santorini, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 3 November 2017), Varna
|HOP!||Nantes (begins 29 October 2017)|
|Iran Air||Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
operated by KLM Cityhopper
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw-Chopin|
|Niki||Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck (begins 8 December 2017), Kos, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South|
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Oslo-Gardermoen|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
|Alicante (ends 23 March 2018), Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga (ends 24 March 2018), Tenerife-South
|Nouvelair||Charter: Djerba, Enfidha|
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Qeshm Air||Tabriz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
operated by MHS Aviation
|Ryanair||Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh (begins 25 March 2018), Faro, Gran Canaria, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh (begins 30 October 2017), Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Seville (begins 30 October 2017), Sofia, Valencia, Verona
Seasonal: Brussels, Katowice (suspended), Sandefjord (suspended), Thessaloniki (suspended), Treviso (suspended)
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda|
|Small Planet Airlines Germany||Seasonal charter: Larnaca, Marsa Alam (begins 1 November 2017), Palma de Mallorca, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 4 November 2017)|
|SunExpress||Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Elazig, Izmir
Seasonal: Hurghada, Marrakesh, Varna
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Sylt Air||Seasonal: Sylt|
|Tailwind Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|
|TUI fly Deutschland||Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Sal (both resume 3 November 2017), Trieste (begins 13 May 2018)
|Tunisair||Djerba, Enfidha, Monastir (begins 4 November 2017), Tunis|
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
|United Airlines||Seasonal: Newark|
|VIM Airlines||Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo|
|Wizz Air||Gdańsk, Kiev-Zhuliany, Skopje|
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
|Cologne/Bonn, Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Passengers||Movements||Freight (in t)|
|Sources: ADV, Hamburg Airport|
|1||Palma de Mallorca, Spain||839,666|
|2||London, United Kingdom||749,982|
The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.
By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.