Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG) is the major airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the former Baiyun Airport, and the IATA code is derived from Guangzhou's historical romanization Canton. Baiyun Airport serves as a hub for China Southern Airlines, FedEx Express, 9 Air, Hainan Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines.
In 2015, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's third-busiest and world's 17th-busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 55,201,915 passengers handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was China's third-busiest and the 19th-busiest worldwide. Baiyun airport was also the third-busiest airport in China in terms of aircraft movements.
|Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
An aerial view of Baiyun Airport, during the construction of its second terminal
|Operator||Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.|
|Location||Baiyun-Huadu Districts, Guangzhou|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 49 ft|
CAAC airport diagram
Location of the airport
|Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport|
|Cantonese Yale||Gwóngjāu Baahkwàhn Gwokjai Gēichèuhng|
The old Baiyun Airport opened in 1932. Due to the expansion of Guangzhou, the airport could not expand to meet passengers needs as buildings surrounded the airport. On August 5, 2004, the new Baiyun airport opened and the old airport was closed.
The new airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on August 5, 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named former airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.
Once commissioned, the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport overcame most of the problems associated with the old and dilapidated airport including limited space, overcrowding and a lack of room for expansion. Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24 hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.
The terminal 1 has three components, Main Terminal, Area A and Area B. All check-in counters and most retail stores are placed at the Main Terminal. The two concourses controlled by individual security checkpoints, named Area A and Area B, are the boarding gates, security checkpoints, border control, custom & quarantine, baggage reclaim and relative facilities.
Since 24 January 2016, East Pier 1 & 2 are dedicated to service international flights, domestic flights occupy the rest.
The terminal 2 will be opened in 2018, with an area measuring over 600,000 square metres. When the Terminal 2 officially operate, it will be typically home to China Southern Airlines. In addition, other SkyTeam member airlines such as China Eastern Airlines, Xiamen Airlines, Air France, Korean Air and so on will also typically operate in Terminal 2.
The new transport centre(GTC) is under construction on the south of terminal 2, passenger will be able to go to Guangzhou downtown by taking metro, rail, bus or taxi here.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has three runways. The third runway opened on February 5, 2015, which temporarily tackled the long‐standing capacity obstacle. The operation of the third runway expanded Baiyun Airport's capacity, pushing business up. Unfortunately, the third runway can only be used for landing, since it is too close to the Runway 02L-20R.  The airport is planning to build two additional runways.
It included a third runway, 3,800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equal in size to the current terminal building. Other facilities comprise new indoor and outdoor car parks and a transportation centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project was estimated to be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2012 and the runway commenced operation in early 2015. The whole project including the new terminal is scheduled to be finished in February 2018, at which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.
According to its master plan, Baiyun Airport will eventually have five runways and a third terminal building, located between the third and fifth runways. When completed, the passenger and cargo handling capacity of the airport will be increased to over 100 million and 5 million tonnes, respectively. A preliminary timetable gives the completion date of 2022.
|9 Air||Changchun, Harbin, Nanjing, Urumqi, Wenzhou|
|AirAsia||Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi|
|Air China||Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Luzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tonghua, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yuncheng|
operated by Dalian Airlines
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air Madagascar||Antananarivo, Réunion|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|Asiana Airlines||Busan, Seoul–Incheon|
|Bangkok Airways||Koh Samui|
|Beijing Capital Airlines||Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin (begins 25 March 2018), Lijiang, Sanya|
|Cambodia Angkor Air||Phnom Penh, Siem Reap|
|Cathay Dragon||Hong Kong|
|China Eastern Airlines||Baoshan, Beijing–Capital, Changchun (begins 25 March 2018), Chengdu, Dali, Datong, Dunhuang, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lincang, Luliang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weihai (begins 25 March 2018), Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan|
|China Eastern Airlines||Cebu, Krabi, Laoag, Mandalay|
|China Eastern Airlines operated by Shanghai Airlines||Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Xiamen|
|China Southern Airlines||Anqing, Anshan, Anshun, Baishan, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Datong, Enshi, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jixi, Kaili, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Liping, Liuzhou, Luoyang, Meixian, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tongren, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yanji, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi|
|China Southern Airlines||Adelaide, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Busan, Cairns, Chiang Mai, Christchurch, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Mexico City, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nagoya–Centrair, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc, Phuket, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Vientiane, Yangon
Seasonal: Jeju, Fukuoka
|China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
|China United Airlines||Beijing–Nanyuan, Shijiazhuang, Shiyan|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Garuda Indonesia||Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta|
|Hainan Airlines||Baise, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou|
|Hainan Airlines||Da Nang, Hanoi, Nha Trang, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|Jetstar Pacific Airlines||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City|
|Juneyao Airlines||Lijiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao|
|Kenya Airways||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta|
|Lion Air||Denpasar, Manado|
|Mahan Air||Tehran–Imam Khomeini|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Malindo Air||Kuala Lumpur–International|
|Myanmar Airways International||Yangon|
|Shandong Airlines||Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai, Xiamen|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Baotou, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Haikou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tianjin, U–Tapao-Pattaya, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Zhoushan|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh|
|Siam Air||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Harbin, Yinchuan|
|Sichuan Airlines||Da Nang, Hai Phong, Krabi, Saipan, Surat Thani|
|Spring Airlines||Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang|
|Spring Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Singapore|
|SriLankan Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Colombo|
|Thai AirAsia||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
|Thai Lion Air||Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai|
|Uni Air||Kaohsiung, Taichung|
|Vietnam Airlines||Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City|
|XiamenAir||Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen|
|ANA Cargo||Okinawa, Tokyo–Narita|
|China Airlines Cargo||Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Postal Airlines||Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao|
|China Southern Cargo||Amsterdam, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Qingdao, Taipei–Taoyuan, Vienna, Zhengzhou|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai–Al Maktoum|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Chittagong|
|FedEx Express||Almaty, Anchorage, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita|
|Korean Air Cargo||Seoul–Incheon|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Chongqing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha|
|Saudia Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh|
|SF Airlines||Beijing–Capital, Wuhan, Zhengzhou|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk|
|Yangtze River Express||Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei–Taoyuan, Xiamen|
On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft). At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world . The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States, but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.
The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.
Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".
On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.
FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport. The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.
The airport is connected to downtown Guangzhou by the Airport Expressway.
Guangzhou–Foshan circular intercity railway which is under construction will set the Baiyun Airport Terminal 1 Station, the Baiyun Airport Terminal 2 Station and the Baiyun Airport Terminal 3 Station in the airport. The rail will connect the airport to the Guangzhou South Railway Station and the Guangzhou North Railway Station.
There are 5 Airport Express lines and 6 Airport Non-stop lines to round-trip between airport and downtown. Buses will take passengers to city's major hotels, grand plaza and transportation center, such as Garden Hotel, Guangdong Hotel, CITIC Plaza, Haizhu Square, Tianhe Coach Station, Guangzhou North Station and so on.
To service passengers out of Guangzhou city, the airport also provides intra city bus service. The buses will take up passengers from/to Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen and so on.