Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

This page was last edited on 19 March 2018, at 02:46.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) is the major airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the former Baiyun Airport, and the IATA code is derived from Guangzhou's historical romanization Canton. Baiyun Airport serves as a hub for China Southern Airlines, FedEx Express, 9 Air, Hainan Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines.

In 2015, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's third-busiest and world's 17th-busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 55,201,915 passengers handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was China's third-busiest and the 19th-busiest worldwide. Baiyun airport was also the third-busiest airport in China in terms of aircraft movements.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun Aitport Logo
An aerial view of Baiyun Airport, during the construction of its second terminal
Airport type Public
Operator Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Guangzhou, China
Location Baiyun-Huadu Districts, Guangzhou
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°ECoordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E
Website GBIA
CAAC airport diagram

CAAC airport diagram
CAN is located in Guangdong
Location of the airport
CAN is located in China
CAN (China)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passenger volume 59,732,147
Cargo (metric tonnes) 1,652,214.9
Aircraft movements 435,231
Sources: Statistics from CAAC[1]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Traditional Chinese 廣州白雲國際機場
Simplified Chinese 广州白云国际机场
Cantonese Yale Gwóngjāu Baahkwàhn Gwokjai Gēichèuhng
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Gwóngjāu Baahkwàhn Gwokjai Gēichèuhng
Jyutping gwong2zau1 baak6wan4 Gwok3zai3 Gei1coeng4



The old Baiyun Airport opened in 1932. Due to the expansion of Guangzhou, the airport could not expand to meet passengers needs as buildings surrounded the airport. On August 5, 2004, the new Baiyun airport opened and the old airport was closed.

Since 2004

The new airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on August 5, 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named former airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.

Once commissioned, the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport overcame most of the problems associated with the old and dilapidated airport including limited space, overcrowding and a lack of room for expansion. Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24 hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.


  • Runways: 3—3,800 metres (12,500 ft), 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)[2]
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 80 million passengers per year[3]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: 2.5 million tonnes[3]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang


ZGGG Layout
Airport Layout

Terminal 1

The terminal 1 has three components, Main Terminal, Area A and Area B. All check-in counters and most retail stores are placed at the Main Terminal. The two concourses controlled by individual security checkpoints, named Area A and Area B, are the boarding gates, security checkpoints, border control, custom & quarantine, baggage reclaim and relative facilities.

Since 24 January 2016, East Pier 1 & 2 are dedicated to service international flights, domestic flights occupy the rest.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

Drop off zone outside Terminal 1

Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 2

Check-in counters at Terminal 1

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport - Departure Lounge

Interior of Terminal 1

Terminal 2

The terminal 2 will be opened in 2018, with an area measuring over 600,000 square metres. When the Terminal 2 officially operate, it will be typically home to China Southern Airlines. In addition, other SkyTeam member airlines such as China Eastern Airlines, Xiamen Airlines, Air France, Korean Air and so on will also typically operate in Terminal 2.[4]

The new transport centre(GTC) is under construction on the south of terminal 2, passenger will be able to go to Guangzhou downtown by taking metro, rail, bus or taxi here.[5]


Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has three runways. The third runway opened on February 5, 2015[6], which temporarily tackled the long‐standing capacity obstacle. The operation of the third runway expanded Baiyun Airport's capacity, pushing business up. [7]Unfortunately, the third runway can only be used for landing, since it is too close to the Runway 02L-20R. [8] The airport is planning to build two additional runways.[8]


In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.[9]

It included a third runway, 3,800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equal in size to the current terminal building. Other facilities comprise new indoor and outdoor car parks and a transportation centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project was estimated to be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2012 and the runway commenced operation in early 2015. The whole project including the new terminal is scheduled to be finished in February 2018, at which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.[3]

According to its master plan, Baiyun Airport will eventually have five runways and a third terminal building, located between the third and fifth runways. When completed, the passenger and cargo handling capacity of the airport will be increased to over 100 million and 5 million tonnes, respectively. A preliminary timetable gives the completion date of 2022.

Airlines and destinations


Airlines Destinations
9 Air Changchun, Harbin, Nanjing, Urumqi, Wenzhou
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
AirAsia Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Luzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tonghua, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yuncheng
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Réunion
Air Mauritius Mauritius
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin (begins 25 March 2018), Lijiang, Sanya
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Baoshan, Beijing–Capital, Changchun (begins 25 March 2018), Chengdu, Dali, Datong, Dunhuang, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lincang, Luliang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weihai (begins 25 March 2018),[10] Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan
China Eastern Airlines Cebu, Krabi, Laoag, Mandalay[11][12]
China Eastern Airlines operated by Shanghai Airlines Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Xiamen
China Southern Airlines Anqing, Anshan, Anshun, Baishan, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Datong, Enshi, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jixi, Kaili, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Liping, Liuzhou, Luoyang, Meixian, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tongren, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yanji, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi
China Southern Airlines Adelaide, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Busan, Cairns,[13] Chiang Mai, Christchurch, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Mexico City, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nagoya–Centrair, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, New York–JFK, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc, Phuket, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Vientiane, Yangon
Seasonal: Jeju, Fukuoka
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Shijiazhuang, Shiyan
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Hainan Airlines Baise, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou
Hainan Airlines Da Nang,[14] Hanoi,[15] Nha Trang,[16] Phnom Penh,[15] Siem Reap,[15] Taipei–Taoyuan
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Juneyao Airlines Lijiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao
Kenya Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lao Airlines Vientiane
Lion Air Denpasar, Manado
Loong Air Hangzhou
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Okay Airways Tianjin
Oman Air Muscat
Philippine Airlines Manila
Charter: Kalibo[17]
Philippines AirAsia Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scoot Singapore
Shaheen Air Lahore
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Baotou, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Haikou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tianjin, U–Tapao-Pattaya,[18] Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Zhoushan
Shenzhen Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh
Siam Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Harbin, Yinchuan
Sichuan Airlines Da Nang, Hai Phong, Krabi,[19] Saipan, Surat Thani
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang
Spring Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap,[20][21] Singapore
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Colombo
Sriwijaya Air Denpasar
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai,[22] Chiang Rai[23]
Thai Smile Phuket[24]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Uni Air Kaohsiung, Taichung
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
West Air Chongqing
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen


Airlines Destinations
ANA Cargo Okinawa,[25] Tokyo–Narita[26]
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka,[27] Frankfurt,[28] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, London–Stansted,[29] Los Angeles,[30] Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[31] Qingdao, Taipei–Taoyuan, Vienna,[32] Zhengzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chittagong
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Chongqing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha[33]
Saudia Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing–Capital,[34] Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Turkish Airlines Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk
Yangtze River Express Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei–Taoyuan, Xiamen
CAN Destinations 2018-01
CAN world map destination

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub

FedEx apron (ZGGG)
FedEx Asia-Pacific hub apron

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[35] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world .[36] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[35] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[37]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[38]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[38]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[39]

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[40] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[41]


Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo
2010[42] 40,975,673 329,214 1,144,455.7
2011[43] 45,040,340 349,259 1,179,967.7
2012[44] 48,309,410 373,314 1,248,763.8
2013[45] 52,450,262 394,403 1,309,745.5
2014[46] 54,780,346 412,210 1,454,043.8
2015[47] 55,201,915 409,679 1,537,758.9
2016 59,732,147 435,231 1,652,214.9

Ground transportation

Airport South station
Airport South metro station
Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 3
Airport Express Bus


The airport is connected to downtown Guangzhou by the Airport Expressway.


Guangzhou–Foshan circular intercity railway which is under construction will set the Baiyun Airport Terminal 1 Station, the Baiyun Airport Terminal 2 Station and the Baiyun Airport Terminal 3 Station in the airport. The rail will connect the airport to the Guangzhou South Railway Station and the Guangzhou North Railway Station.


Baiyun International Airport is served by the Airport South Station on Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro. In the future, The Airport North Station will be opened with the Terminal 2 in 2018.

In the future, Guangzhou Metro Line 18 has a plan to link the airport to the Guangzhou downtown. [48]


There are 5 Airport Express lines and 6 Airport Non-stop lines to round-trip between airport and downtown. Buses will take passengers to city's major hotels, grand plaza and transportation center, such as Garden Hotel, Guangdong Hotel, CITIC Plaza, Haizhu Square, Tianhe Coach Station, Guangzhou North Station and so on.

To service passengers out of Guangzhou city, the airport also provides intra city bus service. The buses will take up passengers from/to Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen and so on.

See also


  1. ^ 2016年全国机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2017-05-03.
  2. ^ 在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话 (in Chinese). 广州市交通委员会 (Guangzhou City Transport Commission). 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  3. ^ a b c 白云机场高管谈扩建二期项目融资方案待定 (in Chinese). Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  4. ^ 白云机场T2航站楼运营配置方案公布 东航等16家公司将进驻. 2017-05-14. Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  5. ^ 白云机场2号航站楼初展风姿 将建成交通“巨无霸”. 2016-09-01. Retrieved 2016-09-01.
  6. ^ Guangzhou Airport Set to Open Its 3rd Runway on Feb 5. 2015-01-10. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
  7. ^ Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport:Business Growth Picking up,Airport Capacity Gradually Expanding. 研报&兴业证券. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
  8. ^ a b "Shenzhen plans three new airports". Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  10. ^ 承让!东航烟台16个新目的地直飞时刻来了
  11. ^ 广州直飞泰国甲米航班正式启航
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "China Southern adds Cairns service from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Hainan Airlines adds Da Nang service from Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  15. ^ a b c "Hainan Airlines expands Guangzhou - SE Asia routes in late-July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Hainan Airlines adds Guangzhou – Cam Ranh route from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Philippine Airlines plans Kalibo – Guangzhou charters from 2Q17". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Shenzhen Airlines adds Utapao service from Nov 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  19. ^ "Sichuan Airlines adds Guangzhou – Krabi from Sep 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
  20. ^ "Spring Airlines adjusts planned Guangzhou international routes in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  21. ^ "Spring Airlines Adds New Guangzhou International Routes from Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Thai Lion Air confirms Chiang Mai - Guangzhou July 2017 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  23. ^ LIon Air
  24. ^ "Thai Smile files preliminary Phuket – Guangzhou schedule in W17". routesonline. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  25. ^ "貨物事業会社「株式会社ANA Cargo」が始動します|プレスリリース|企業情報|ANA". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  26. ^
  27. ^ "China Southern Cargo Adds New Routes in W14". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  28. ^ China Southern begins Guangzhou-Frankfurt freighter service | Air Cargo World News Archived 2013-08-28 at the Wayback Machine.. (2013-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  29. ^
  30. ^ "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
  31. ^ "China Southern Cargo Adds New European Routes from late-June 2015". 24 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  32. ^ DVV Media Group GmbH. "China Southern Airlines adds Vienna to B777-200 Frankfurt freighter". Air Cargo News. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  33. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo commences operations to three new destinations". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  34. ^ 图片 顺丰快递7月1日新开通"广州——北京航线" 民航新闻 民航资源网. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  35. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
  36. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  37. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (PDF) (Press release). FedEx. February 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  38. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  39. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
  40. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
  41. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  42. ^ "2010年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  43. ^ "2011年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  44. ^ "2012年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  45. ^ "2013年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  46. ^ "2014年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  47. ^ "2015年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  48. ^ "广州地铁18及22号线下月开工 18号线北延至白云机场". Nanfang Daily. 26 Sep 2017. Retrieved 26 Sep 2017.

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