Guang'an

Last updated on 13 September 2017

Guang'an (simplified Chinese: 广安; traditional Chinese: 廣安; pinyin: Guǎng'ān; Wade–Giles: kwang-an) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Sichuan province. It is most famous as the birthplace of China's former paramount leader Deng Xiaoping. Guang'an lies between the hills of central Sichuan and the gorges area of the east.Guang'an is the only "Sichuan Chongqing Cooperation Demonstration Zone" in Sichuan and the nearest prefecture level city from the main city of Chongqing. It has been incorporated into the 1 hour economic circle of Chongqing.Because of its strategic location, it is called the "Gateway to Eastern Sichuan".Its population in 2014 was 3,231,600.[1]

Sichuan subdivisions - Guang%27an.svg
Location of Guang'an in Sichuan

Geography and climate

Guang'an is located on a gradually rising section along the edge of the Sichuan Basin. The area is 6,344 km2 (2,449 sq mi). The eastern part of Guang'an is mountainous, the central part hilly, and the western part is relatively flat. The elevation ranges from only 185 to 1704 meters above sea-level. The main rivers are the Qu through the center of the area and the Jialing through the west.

The climate is temperate and the weather is monsoonal. The average temperature is 17.3°C. Winters are mild and summers are hot. The average rainfall is between 1000–1500 mm. The frost-free period lasts 310–324 days. Winter and spring have relatively little rain while in summer there are heavy rain showers. Autumns have almost constant rain and light wind.

Climate data for Guang'an (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
22.4
(72.3)
31.8
(89.2)
35.7
(96.3)
37.1
(98.8)
36.8
(98.2)
39.1
(102.4)
41.8
(107.2)
41.9
(107.4)
34.3
(93.7)
25.4
(77.7)
17.7
(63.9)
41.9
(107.4)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.9
(53.4)
16.7
(62.1)
22.2
(72)
26.4
(79.5)
28.5
(83.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.1
(89.8)
27.3
(81.1)
21.1
(70)
16.2
(61.2)
10.3
(50.5)
21.14
(70.06)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
8.7
(47.7)
12.5
(54.5)
17.5
(63.5)
21.8
(71.2)
24.3
(75.7)
27.2
(81)
27.2
(81)
23.1
(73.6)
17.7
(63.9)
13.1
(55.6)
7.9
(46.2)
17.3
(63.15)
Average low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
6.4
(43.5)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
18.2
(64.8)
21.2
(70.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
20.2
(68.4)
15.6
(60.1)
11.0
(51.8)
6.1
(43)
14.52
(58.16)
Record low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.8
(40.6)
9.3
(48.7)
14.2
(57.6)
17.8
(64)
17.5
(63.5)
12.8
(55)
3.2
(37.8)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.8
(0.622)
19.4
(0.764)
38.0
(1.496)
84.4
(3.323)
150.0
(5.906)
167.4
(6.591)
211.2
(8.315)
133.1
(5.24)
118.7
(4.673)
93.2
(3.669)
42.7
(1.681)
21.2
(0.835)
1,095.1
(43.115)
Average relative humidity (%) 87 84 80 80 79 84 81 79 83 87 87 88 83.3
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Administration

Guang'an has 1 city, 3 counties, 87 towns, and 2886 villages with a total population of 3,231,600.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Guang'an District 广安区 Guǎng'ān Qū 1,01,000 1,032 978
Qianfeng District 前锋区 Qiánfēng Qū 530,000 504 1051
Huaying City 华蓥市 Huāyíng Shì 360,000 466 77
Yuechi County 岳池县 Yuèchí Xiàn 1,190,000 1,457 816
Wusheng County 武胜县 Wǔshēng Xiàn 850,000 966 879
Linshui County 邻水县 Línshuǐ Xiàn 1,030,000 1,919 536

Transport

Economy

Guang'an's economy is natural resource based. Mineral resources are plentiful and the soil is ideal for agriculture.

Tourism

Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's birthplace and former residence museum is located in Paifang village (牌坊村) in Xiexing town (协兴镇). Guang'an also has beautiful natural scenery including many mountains and gorges designated as parks.

References

Coordinates: 30°29′N 106°38′E / 30.483°N 106.633°E / 30.483; 106.633

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