|Executive Yuan of the|
Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Xíngzhèng Yuàn
Executive Yuan logo
|Formed||25 October 1928 (Mainland China)
25 October 1945 (Taiwan)
|Dissolved||1 October 1949 (Mainland China only)|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of China|
|Headquarters||No. 1, ZhongXiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng District, Taipei|
|Literal meaning||Executive Court|
It is headed by a chief (often translated as premier), and has a vice chief (vice premier), and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.
Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.
|Vice Premier||副院長||Shih Jun-ji|
|Foreign Affairs||外交部||David Lee|
|National Defense||國防部||Feng Shih-kuan|
|Economic Affairs||經濟部||Shen Jong-chin|
|Transportation and Communications||交通部||Hochen Tan|
|Health and Welfare||衛生福利部||Chen Shih-chung|
|Science and Technology||科技部||Chen Liang-gee|
Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.
|National Development Council||國家發展委員會||Chen Mei-ling|
|Mainland Affairs Council||大陸委員會||Katharine Chang|
|Financial Supervisory Commission||金融監督管理委員會||Wellington Koo|
|Overseas Community Affairs Council||僑務委員會||Wu Hsin-hsing|
|Veterans Affairs Council||國軍退除役官兵輔導委員會||Lee Shying-jow|
|Council of Indigenous Peoples||原住民族委員會||Icyang Parod|
|Hakka Affairs Council||客家委員會||Lee Yung-te|
There are, or would be, independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision.
|Central Election Commission||中央選舉委員會||Liu I-chou|
|Fair Trade Commission||公平交易委員會||Huang Mei-ying|
|National Communications Commission||國家通訊傳播委員會||Chan Ting-I|
|Central Bank||中央銀行||Perng Fai-nan|
|National Palace Museum||國立故宮博物院||Lin Jeng-yi|
|Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics||主計總處||Chu Tzer-ming|
|Directorate-General of Personnel Administration||人事行政總處||Jay N. Shih|
Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:
The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (內閣), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.
The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning.
Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute.