Ernest C. Brace

Last updated on 9 September 2017

Ernest Cary Brace (August 15, 1931 – December 5, 2014) was the longest-held civilian prisoner of war (POW) during the Vietnam War.[5] A decorated Marine Corps fighter pilot and mustang, Brace was court-martialed in 1961 for attempting to fake his own death. He flew as a civilian contract pilot before being captured in Laos in 1965 while flying supplies for USAID. He spent almost eight years as a POW and upon his release received a Presidential Pardon in light of his good conduct.

Ernest C. Brace
ErnestCBrace.jpg
Nickname(s) Ernie
Born August 15, 1931
Detroit, Michigan
Died December 5, 2014 (aged 83)
Klamath Falls, Oregon
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1947–1961
Rank Captain
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross[1]
Purple Heart
Air Medal (with 3 stars)
Distinguished Public Service Medal[1]
Prisoner of War Medal[2]
Navy Unit Commendation[1]
National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal (with 2 stars)
United Nations Korea Medal
Korean Presidential Unit Citation
[3]
Spouse(s)
Patricia Emmons (divorced)
  • Nancy Jorina Rusth
[4]
Other work Pilot, BirdAir
Manager, Evergreen International Aviation
Operations Lead, Sikorsky Aircraft

Military career

Brace was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1931.[6] He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1947 at age 15 as an aviation radar and radio technician. He earned his Pilot's Wings and his commission as a Second Lieutenant from the Aviation Cadet School, graduating in August 1951. During his tour in the Korean War (April 1952 - March 1953), he flew more than 100 missions.[6][7] While assigned to Marine Attack Squadron 121 in November 1952, Second Lieutenant Brace participated in a dive-bombing attack against a Korean hydroelectric plant. Brace received surface-to-air fire as he took low-altitude reconnaissance imagery of the bombing results. He was able to fly his damaged AD-3 Skyraider clear of the Korean Peninsula, crashing in the Sea of Japan where he was rescued by USS Kidd. For his courage and initiative, Brace was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.[8]

Years later, Brace (then a captain) crashed his T-28 Trojan into a cornfield near the mouth of the Choptank River near Cambridge, Maryland during a training flight on 3 January 1961. He fled the scene but turned himself in ten days later once his empty flight-suit was found hidden in vegetation.[3] Brace faced a court martial and was charged with deliberately crashing his aircraft and faking his death so that his wife Patricia could collect insurance money to pay off debts.[9] Brace pleaded guilty to unauthorized absence and was acquitted of the deliberate destruction of his aircraft.[10] The court martial ended his military career.[11]

Capture

Brace then worked as a civilian pilot for a number of companies before flying for BirdAir, an airline contracted by the Thai Border Patrol Police. BirdAir also supported USAID interests in Southeast Asia. On 21 May 1965, he flew Royal Thai Army Sergeant Chaicharn, as well as other passengers and cargo to a dirt airstrip in the Northern Laotian village of Baum Lao in Muong Houn District.[13] Brace's aircraft, a Pilatus PC-6 Porter, received small arms fire upon landing, rendering it incapable of taking off again.[14] Both he and Chaicharn were immediately taken prisoner (either by the Vietnam People's Army or the Pathet Lao) and force-marched into the jungle from Boum Lao to Muong Hoc to Doi Sai, near Dien Bien Phu.[15] Brace was held in a bamboo cage with his limbs and neck bound to prevent escape. During his captivity he was beaten, interrogated, and faced with a mock execution. He escaped 6 June 1965 for a few days before being caught stealing food from a village. Upon his return to the cage his legs were put in stocks and bolted.[16] He escaped on 17 April 1966, and was recaptured in minutes. Next buried up to his chin for seven days, Brace hit his low point and attempted to hang himself on 10 December 1967. He was sent in October 1968 to a POW camp on the outskirts of Hanoi nicknamed The Plantation, where he met John McCain in the cell next to him.[17] Brace re-tells his story in Season 8 of Locked Up Abroad[18] Like Jim Bedinger, he was sequestered from other prisoners because he had been captured in Laos.[19] Before Doug Hegdahl's early release from the captivity, Brace contacted Hegdahl to ensure the outside world knew about the prisoners captured in Laos.[20]

Post-release

Brace was awarded the Prisoner of War Medal and the Purple Heart at a ceremony on Kingsley Field Air National Guard Base in 2013, forty years after his release.[21]

Brace was released on March 28, 1973, spending 7 years, 10 months and 7 days in captivity, making him the longest-held civilian POW in Vietnam.[22] Brace had not been listed as a prisoner during the past 7 years.[23] His wife Patricia assumed her husband was dead and she remarried; a fact Brace found out at the processing station after his release.[24] While receiving out-patient care in Naval Medical Center San Diego, Brace met a nurse named Nancy stationed there. He married her and moved to her hometown of Klamath Falls, Oregon where he has since resided.[25] In light of Brace's time as a POW, President Gerald Ford issued him a full pardon as well as an honorable discharge from the Marine Corps.[26][27] Brace, captured as a civilian, was nominated for the Prisoner of War Medal and the Purple Heart by Admiral Stockdale, the senior officer among US prisoners held during the Vietnam War. Because Department of Defense regulations prohibit civilians from receiving military awards, the nominations were denied four times. The most recent application in 2011, sent to the office of United States Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus through fellow former POW John McCain was successful.[28] Brace commented that "these medals are the ones no one wants to get" as personal suffering is involved in qualifying for them.[29]

Brace worked for a few years in the late 1970s as a manager for Evergreen International Aviation, supporting aviation contracts for the United Nations in South Vietnam, Africa, and Mexico. He went on to work as an operations lead for Sikorsky Aircraft with other overseas contracts.[20] In 2014, Klamath Community College awarded Brace an honorary associate degree in Aviation Science. The college is also considering naming their new veterans' center in his name.[30] He died on December 5, 2014 of a pulmonary embolism.[4][31]

See also

  • Floyd James Thompson, the longest held POW in United States history, spending nearly nine years in captivity in Vietnam.
  • Everett Alvarez Jr. the second longest-held POW in United States history, spending 8.5 years in captivity in Vietnam.

Autobiographies

  • Brace, Ernest C. (1988). A Code to Keep: The true story of America's longest held civilian prisoner of war in Vietnam. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-7090-3560-8.
  • Brace, Ernest C. (2012). Monkey Paw Soup: And Tales of Drugs, Thugs, Revolution, & War. Ernest C. Brace. ISBN 978-0-615-59019-6.

References

  1. ^ a b c "AuCoin moves to aid ex-Oregon Marine". The Register-Guard. 3 April 1979.
  2. ^ McCain, John (July 30, 2013). "Tribute to Ernest Cary Brace". Congressional Record. 159 (111): S6061.
  3. ^ a b "Missing Pilot Gives Self Up in Baltimore". Free-Lance Star Fredricksburg, Virginia. 13 January 1961.
  4. ^ a b Martin, Douglas (December 8, 2014). "Ernest Brace, Civilian Pilot Held as P.O.W. in Vietnam, Dies at 83". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Nowicki, Dan; Muller, Bill (2007-03-01). "McCain Profile: Prisoner of war". The Arizona Republic. azcentral.com. Archived from the original on 2011-02-04. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
  6. ^ a b "Aviation Hall of Honor inducts local". Herald and News. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  7. ^ Langer, Emily (15 December 2014). "Ernest Brace: War hero court-martialled for desertion who became the longest-serving civilian prisoner of war in Vietnam". The Independent.
  8. ^ Jane Blakeney. "Valor awards for Ernest C. Brace". Military Times. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
  9. ^ "Quantico to Open Brace Court-Martial". Free-Lance Star. 5 July 1961.
  10. ^ "Marine Pilot to Present Defense at Court Martial". Petersburg Progress. 7 July 1961. p. 7.
  11. ^ William C. Creasy (1988-02-28). "Death Before Dishonor and Life After It". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  12. ^ Barbara Wyatt, ed. (1977). We Came Home. P.O.W. Publications.
  13. ^ Conley, Margaret (2008-10-03). "POW Remembers McCain and Tapping Through Walls in Hanoi Prison". ABC News. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  14. ^ "Ernest Brace: Longest Held Civilian POW". National Geographic. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  15. ^ Hendon, Bill; Stewart, Elizabeth. An Enormous Crime: The Definitive Account of American POWs Abandoned in Southeast Asia. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-312-38538-5.
  16. ^ Rochester, Stuart I.; Kiley, Frederick T. (1998). Honor Bound: American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1961–1973. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-738-1. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  17. ^ "Captured by the Enemy". National Geographic. 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  18. ^ Alfadl, Noura (2013-04-16). "Former POWs McCain and Brace reunite for documentary premiere - The Hill's In The Know". The Hill. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  19. ^ "Bio, Bedinger, Henry J". Pownetwork.org. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  20. ^ a b Brace, Ernest C. (2012). Monkey Paw Soup: And Tales of Drugs, Thugs, Revolution, & War. Ernest C. Brace. ISBN 978-0-615-59019-6.
  21. ^ "Southern Oregon Man Honored as POW". KDRV. August 16, 2013.
  22. ^ "U.S. Accounted-For from the Vietnam War: Prisoners of War, Escapees, Returnees and Remains Recovered" (PDF). Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office. 2013-06-20.
  23. ^ "Locked Up Abroad: Where Are They Now? Ernie Brace, Longest-Held Civilian POW of Vietnam War". Locked Up Abroad, National Geographic. 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  24. ^ Powell, Stewart M. (August 1999). "Honor Bound". 82 (8). Air Force Magazine. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  25. ^ Juillerat, Lee (2013-04-13). "Docudrama on Klamath Falls POW Wednesday on National Geographic". Herald and News. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
  26. ^ "Nixon Pardon – Other requests for Pardon Arising from the Nixon Pardon" (PDF). Ford Presidential Library (pdf).
  27. ^ Brace, Ernest C. (1988-02-23). "A CODE TO KEEP: The True Story of America's Longest-Held Civilian Prisoner of War in Vietnam by Ernest C. Brace". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  28. ^ Platek, Marcin (August 22, 2013). "Ernest C. Brace awarded Purple Heart and POW Medals". Defense Video & Imagery Distribution System.
  29. ^ Thompson, Jefferson (September 2013). "Klamath Falls local honored for Vietnam captivity" (PDF). Kingsley Chronicle. 6 (5). Oregon Air National Guard. p. 2.
  30. ^ Dillemuth, Holly (November 13, 2014). "KCC pays tribute to POW, honors Brace with degree". Herald and News.
  31. ^ "Services Monday for Vietnam POW, war hero, Ernie Brace". Herald and News. December 8, 2014.

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