Elections in Jammu and Kashmir

This page was last edited on 8 April 2018, at 10:37.

Elections in Jammu and Kashmir are conducted to elect members of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and of Lok Sabha. There are 87 assembly constituencies and 6 Lok sabha constituencies.

Main Political Parties

Lok Sabha elections[3]

The first time that Jammu & Kashmir sent elected members to the Lok Sabha was in 1967.

Year Winners Remarks
1967 INC: 5/6[4]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1971 INC: 5, Independent: 1
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1977 JKNC: 3, INC: 1, IND: 1
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1980 JKNC: 3, Congress(I): 1, Congress(U): 1
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1984 JKNC: 3, INC: 3[5]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1989 JKNC: 3, INC: 2, IND: 1[6]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1991 No Elections
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1996 INC: 4, BJP: 1, JD: 1[7]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1998 JKNC: 3, BJP: 2, INC: 1[8]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 1999 JKNC: 4, BJP: 2[9]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 2004 JKNC: 2, JKPDP: 1, INC: 1, IND: 1[10]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 2009 JKNC: 3, INC: 2, IND: 1[11]
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections 2014 BJP: 3, PDP: 3

Legislative assembly elections

After the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir amended, the name Prime Minister changed into Chief Minister.[12][13]

Year Election Chief Minister (Winning Party/Coalition) Seats Won Remarks
1951 Constituent Assembly Sheikh Abdullah (JKNC) 1951-1953 (dismissed)
Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (JKNC) 1953-1957
Total: 75; JKNC: 75 Praja Parishad boycotted;
all seats unopposed[14]
1957 First Assembly Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (JKNC) 1957-1962 Total: 75; JKNC: 69
PP: 5, HM: 1
47 seats unopposed[15]
1962 Second Assembly Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (JKNC) 1962-1963
Khwaja Shamsuddin (JKNC) 1963-1964
Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq (JKNC) 1964-1972
Total: 74; JKNC: 68
PP: 3, independents: 3
33 seats unopposed;
allegations of malpractices[16]
1967 Third Assembly Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq (INC) Total: 75; INC: 60
39 seats unopposed;
118 candidates rejected[17]
1972 Fourth Assembly Syed Mir Qasim (INC) 1972-1975
Sheikh Abdullah 1975-1977
Total: 75; INC: 58
Jamaat: 5; BJS: 3
Plebiscite Front banned;
election malpractices[18]
1977 Fifth Assembly Sheikh Abdullah (JKNC) 1977-1982 (death)
Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1982-1983
Total: 76; JKNC: 47
INC: 11, Janata: 13
free and fair elections[19]
1983 Sixth Assembly Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1983-1984 (dismissed)
Ghulam Mohammad Shah (ANC) 1984-1986
Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1986-1987
Total: 76; JKNC: 46
INC: 26
INC engineered split in JKNC;
suppression of protests[20]
1987 Seventh Assembly Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1987-1990 (dismissed)
President's rule 1990-1996
Total: 76; JKNC: 40, INC: 26
MUF:4; BJP: 2
blatant rigging[2][21]
1996 Eighth Assembly Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) Total: 87; JKNC: 57
INC: 7; BJP: 8; JD: 5; BSP: 4
2002 Ninth Assembly Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (PDP) 2002-2005
Ghulam Nabi Azad (INC) 2005-2008
Total: 87; PDP: 16, INC: 20,
JKNC: 28, Panthers: 4
Independents: 13
2008 Tenth Assembly Omar Abdullah (JKNC) Total: 87; JKNC: 28, INC: 17
PDP: 21, BJP: 11
2014 Eleventh Assembly Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (PDP) 2014-2016 (death)
Mehbooba Mufti (PDP) 2016-
Total: 87; PDP: 28; BJP: 25
JKNC: 15; INC: 12

References

  1. ^ Bose 2003, p. 99.
  2. ^ a b Behera 2007, p. 47.
  3. ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  4. ^ "Lok Sabha Results 1967". Election Commission of India.
  5. ^ "1984 India General (8th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  6. ^ "1989 India General (9th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  7. ^ "1996 India General (11th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  8. ^ "1998 India General (12th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  9. ^ "General Elections 1999 - National Summary". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  10. ^ "2004 India General (14th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  11. ^ "2009 India General (15th Lok Sabha) Elections Results". www.elections.in. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  12. ^ "From 1965 to 2009, Omar Abdullah is the eighth chief minister". Hindustan Times. 5 January 2009. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  13. ^ Mayilvaganan (10 April 2002). "A Survey of Elections in Kashmir". IPCS. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  14. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 55-57.
  15. ^ Bose 2003, p. 75.
  16. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 77-78.
  17. ^ Bose 2003, p. 85.
  18. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 86-89.
  19. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 89-90.
  20. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 91-93.
  21. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 47-50, 94.

Bibliography

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.