Deyang

Last updated on 9 September 2017

Deyang (simplified Chinese: 德阳; traditional Chinese: 德陽; pinyin: Déyáng) is a prefecture-level city of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. Deyang is a wealthy, mostly industrial city, with the Erzhong Heavy Machinery Company (中国二重), Dongfang Electrical Company (东方电机), and the high-tech industry contributing to its economy. It had a population of around 3,810,000 in 2004 and an area of 5,818 km2 (2,246 sq mi).[1]

Less than one hour from the provincial capital of Chengdu, Deyang is known for a liquor factory called jiannanchun in the county-level city of Mianzhu and the Sanxingdui museum in Guanhan City (county-level) about the ancient Shu culture famous for its bronze mask. Deyang's main city of Jinyang is based on the Jinghu River passing under seven bridges flowing north to south. The river has been widened, five of the bridges are part dams, and it has assumed the name of Jinghu Lake. The city boasts Confucian temples and a stone sculpture park, the east mountains and lake areas. Countryside in all directions leads to rural villages.

Although Deyang is primarily based on industry, it is remarkably clean (and well known throughout Sichuan Province for it) with the local government vigilant. Air quality is very high being supplied with breezes coming from the immediate east mountain ranges and large expanse of countryside. With the high turnover of industry, many businessmen visit so there are many established accommodation options, with hotels in restaurants in all price categories. Transport is well serviced with an extensive bus service and routes and taxis.

Deyang skyline.jpg
Deyang skyline.jpg
Sichuan subdivisions - Deyang.svg
Location of Deyang City jurisdiction in Sichuan
China edcp location map.svg
Deyang is located in China

Climate

Climate data for Deyang (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
22.7
(72.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.4
(92.1)
36.4
(97.5)
36.3
(97.3)
37.2
(99)
37.6
(99.7)
36.2
(97.2)
30.5
(86.9)
25.5
(77.9)
18.5
(65.3)
37.6
(99.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
16.5
(61.7)
22.2
(72)
26.9
(80.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.2
(86.4)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
20.9
(69.6)
16.2
(61.2)
10.6
(51.1)
20.76
(69.37)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
8.0
(46.4)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.3
(75.7)
25.9
(78.6)
25.3
(77.5)
21.8
(71.2)
17.2
(63)
12.3
(54.1)
7.0
(44.6)
16.52
(61.73)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
5.1
(41.2)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
19.1
(66.4)
14.8
(58.6)
9.6
(49.3)
7.0
(44.6)
13.62
(56.52)
Record low °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
4.7
(40.5)
7.5
(45.5)
14.6
(58.3)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
13.0
(55.4)
4.1
(39.4)
0.0
(32)
−5.2
(22.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.1
(0.28)
10.3
(0.406)
17.9
(0.705)
42.4
(1.669)
73.2
(2.882)
102.2
(4.024)
203.8
(8.024)
181.4
(7.142)
127.5
(5.02)
35.8
(1.409)
10.7
(0.421)
4.2
(0.165)
816.5
(32.147)
Average relative humidity (%) 81 79 76 75 71 77 82 83 83 82 81 82 79.3
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Earthquake

On May 12, 2008, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred. An estimated 90,000 people were killed or still missing with an estimated 400,000 injured. Around 5 million were effected through property losses, many left homeless.[2][3] Schools in Mianzhu and Shifang collapsed.[4][5]

Deyang county has mostly recovered from the devastation of the 2008 earthquake with most people now compensated where required (injuries, etc.) and established in new houses. In some cases they are in new areas, as well as factories and work being re-established. For the new houses, in most cases, the owners are requested to meet 30% of the cost while the government covers the rest. While the government didn't meet its initial (and ambitious) one-year plan to rehouse all victims, it did manage to mostly be successful within two years. In the meantime, residents lived in government-provided mobile home type cities with weekly cash payments for all victims to purchase food and clothing.

Subdivisions

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2004 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Jingyang District 旌阳区 Jīngyáng Qū 630,000 648 972
Luojiang District 罗江区 Luójiāng Qū 240,000 448 536
Shifang City 什邡市 Shífāng Shì 430,000 863 498
Guanghan City 广汉市 Guǎnghàn Shì 590,000 551 1,071
Mianzhu City 绵竹市 Miánzhú Shì 510,000 1,245 410
Zhongjiang County 中江县 Zhōngjiāng Xiàn 1,410,000 2,063 683

Economy

Deyang is an important part of Cheng (Chengdu) De (Deyang) Mian (Mianyang) Economic District of the Sichuan province; it is a base for heavy machinery production in China, with companies such as China 2nd Heavy Machinery Corporation and China Dongfang Motor & Turbine Corporation having operations there. It also plays host to an automation and new energy industry.

In addition, the local Food & Beverage industry is well known in China as well. The major manufacturers include Jian Nan Chun Winery, Lan Jian Beer Factory & ShiFang Tobacco Company.

Sister cities

Deyang is a sister city with Muncie, Indiana;

References

  1. ^ (in Chinese) Profile of Deyang.
  2. ^ "Casualties in Wenchuan Earthquake" (in Chinese). Sina.com. 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
  3. ^ "Earthquake Information of Deyang as of June 7, 19:00 CST" (in Chinese). Official website of Deyang Government. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2008-06-08.
  4. ^ "Over 1,000 Children Killed in the Sichuan Quake Archived 2008-05-21 at the Wayback Machine.." Epoch Times.
  5. ^ "Earthquake Site at a Town Called Shigu Recorded by Our Reporter, 2008.05.12--05.14." Shifang.

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