David Jayne Hill

Rev. David Jayne Hill (June 10, 1850 – March 2, 1932) was an American academic, diplomat and author.

David Jayne Hill
Ambassador David Jayne Hill by Anders Zorn (1860-1920)
United States Ambassador to Germany
In office
June 14, 1908 – September 2, 1911
President Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
Preceded by Charlemagne Tower
Succeeded by John G. A. Leishman
United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
In office
July 15, 1905 – June 1, 1908
Preceded by Stanford Newel
Succeeded by Arthur M. Beaupre
United States Ambassador to Switzerland
In office
January 7, 1903 – July 1, 1905
Preceded by Charles Page Bryan
Succeeded by Brutus J. Clay II
24th United States Assistant Secretary of State
In office
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
Preceded by John Bassett Moore
Succeeded by Francis Loomis
Personal details
Born June 10, 1850
Plainfield, New Jersey, U.S.
Died March 2, 1932 (aged 81)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Anna Amelia Liddell
(m. 1874; her death 1880)

Juliet Lewis Packer
(m. 1886; her death 1923)
Profession Author, University President, diplomat
Rev. David Jayne Hill (June 10, 1850 %E2%80%93 March 2, 1932) circa 1916

Early life

The son of Baptist minister David T. Hill,[1] David Jayne Hill was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, on June 10, 1850. He graduated from Bucknell University in 1874 and served at Bucknell as professor of rhetoric from 1877 to 1879. In 1878 he received his Master of Arts degree, and he was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society.[2] He also undertook graduate studies at the University of Berlin and the University of Paris.[3]

Career

In 1879, Hill received his ordination and was appointed Bucknell's president.[4] From 1888 to 1896, he was president of the University of Rochester.[5] In 1888 and 1897 he studied at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques in Paris.[6]

In 1900 he received an honorary Docteur es Lettres from the University of Geneva. He received an honorary LL.D. from Colgate University in 1884, and he received additional honorary degrees from Union University (1902), and the University of Pennsylvania (1902).[7]

He was later a professor of European diplomacy at the School of Comparative Jurisprudence and Diplomacy.[8]

Diplomatic career

Hill began a diplomatic career when he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State in 1898, serving to 1903.[9]

He was appointed United States Minister to Switzerland in 1903.[10] Two years later he was appointed United States Minister to the Netherlands and Luxembourg.[11]

From 1908 to 1911 he was Ambassador to Germany.[12] He was also a member of the Permanent Administrative Council of The Hague Tribunal.[13]

Hill was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate from New York in 1914.[14]

Later career

During World War I he wrote articles critical of Woodrow Wilson's decision to ask for a declaration of war and the Wilson administration's conduct of the war effort.[15] In July 1920 he was chairman of the Republican State Convention in New York.[16]

In 1922 Hill received France's Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor.[17]

Personal life

In 1874, Hill married Anna Amelia Liddell. Together they had three sons; Anna died two weeks after giving birth to her third child.[18]

  • Walter Hill (1875–1944)
  • Arthur Hill (1878–1884)
  • David Jayne Hill, Jr. (born and died in 1880).

In 1886, he married Juliet Lewis Packer (1853–1923).[19] They were the parents of twins:

  • Catherine Hill (1890–1973)
  • David Jayne Hill, Jr. (1890–1975).[20]

Juliet Hill died in Washington, D.C., after being struck by a delivery wagon while crossing the street.[21] He died in Washington, D.C., on March 2, 1932.[22] Hill was buried at Lewisburg Cemetery near Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.[23]

Works

Hill was an author of biography, and also wrote works on religion, psychology, and other topics. His published works include:

  • The Life of William Cullen Bryant (1878)
  • The Science of Rhetoric (1877)
  • Elements of Rhetoric and Composition (1878)
  • The Life of Washington Irving (1879)
  • The Elements of Psychology (1886)
  • The Social Influence of Christianity (1888)
  • Principles and Fallacies of Socialism (1888)
  • Genetic Philosophy (1893)
  • An Honest Dollar the Basis of Prosperity (1900)
  • The Conception and Realization of Neutrality (1902)
  • The Contemporary Development of Diplomacy (1904)
  • History of Diplomacy in the International Development of Europe, embracing A Struggle for Universal Empire (1905)
  • The Establishment of Territorial Sovereignty (1906)
  • World Organization as Affected by the Nature of the Modern State (1911)
  • The Diplomacy of the Age of Absolutism (1914)
  • The People's Government (1915)
  • Americanism: What It Is (1916)
  • The Rebuilding of Europe (1917)
  • Impressions of the Kaiser (1918)
  • Present Problems in Foreign Policy (1919)
  • American World Policies (1920)

References

  1. ^ University of Rochester, Office of the President: Presidents of the University, David Jayne Hill, accessed August 6, 2013
  2. ^ Oscar McMurtrie Voorhees, editor, The Phi Beta Kappa Key, Volume 4, 1919, page 481
  3. ^ The Successful American, Hon. David Jayne Hill, September 1900, page 35
  4. ^ Parkman, Aubrey (1974). David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace. Bucknell University Press. pp. 23–24. ISBN 9780838712597. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. ^ University of Rochester, A Directory of the Officers and Alumni of the University of Rochester, 1830–1893, 1893, page 16
  6. ^ Rogers, Howard Jason (1906). Congress of Arts and Science: Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 1904. Houghton, Mifflin. p. 369. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  7. ^ Cutter, William Richard (1921). American Biography: A New Cyclopedia. Vol. 9. Pub. under the direction of the American historical society. p. 24. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  8. ^ Pittsburgh Press, Brilliant Diplomat May Succeed Dr. White, August 10, 1902
  9. ^ "Dr. David J. Hill's Opinions". The New York Times. October 22, 1898. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  10. ^ New York Times, Diplomats Exchange Posts, January 6, 1903
  11. ^ Youngstown Vindicator, Ambassador: David Jayne Hill Will be Nominated for Post at Berlin, November 8, 1907
  12. ^ New York Times, Ambassador Hill Quits Berlin Post, April 15, 1911
  13. ^ Associated Press, St. Petersburg Evening Independent, Noted Educator Claimed by Death, March 3, 1932
  14. ^ Rochester Evening Journal, Island Job for 'Young Jim', February 11, 1929
  15. ^ Robert Edwards Annin, Woodrow Wilson: A Character Study, 1924, page 385
  16. ^ P.F. Collier & Son, Collier's New Encyclopedia, Volume 5, 1921, page 15
  17. ^ New York Times, France Honors David Jayne Hill, July 16, 1922
  18. ^ Aubrey Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, 1974, pages 18–19, 32–33
  19. ^ Ann Gordon, editor, The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Volume 5, page 402
  20. ^ Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, page 36
  21. ^ Associated Press, Miami News, German Ambassador's Wife Dies of Injury, January 16, 1923
  22. ^ New York Times, David Jayne Hill Dies at Age of 81, March 3, 1932
  23. ^ Bucknell University, Tour of the Lewisburg Cemetery, 2009, page 1

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Francis Wayland Tustin
President of Bucknell University
1879–1888
Succeeded by
George G. Groff
Preceded by
Martin Brewer Anderson
President of the University of Rochester
1889–1896
Succeeded by
Benjamin Rush Rhees
Political offices
Preceded by
John Bassett Moore
United States Assistant Secretary of State
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
Succeeded by
Francis Butler Loomis
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Charles Page Bryan
United States Ambassador to Switzerland
January 7, 1903 – July 1, 1905
Succeeded by
Brutus J. Clay II
Preceded by
Stanford Newel
United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
July 15, 1905 – June 1, 1908
Succeeded by
Arthur M. Beaupre
Preceded by
Charlemagne Tower, Jr.
United States Ambassador to Germany
June 14, 1908 – September 2, 1911
Succeeded by
John G.A. Leishman

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