Dar ul-Funun (Persia)

This page was last edited on 1 November 2017, at 22:04.

Dar ul-Funun (Persian: دارالفنونPersian pronunciation: [dɒːɾolfʊˈnuːn], meaning "Polytechnic"), established in 1851, was the first modern university and modern institution of higher learning in Iran (Persia).

Dar ul-Funun
دارالفنون
Eastern gate of Dar ul-Funun
Eastern gate of Dar ul-Funun in the Naser Khosrow Street. The motto is inscribed on the upper part of the front face.
Motto توانا بود هر که دانا بود
ز دانش دل پیر برنا بود[1]
Motto in English
Mighty is he who has knowledge
By knowledge the old hearts grow young again
(couplet from Ferdowsi's Shahnameh)[2]
Type Polytechnic
Established 1851
Endowment 7,750 tomans (initially)
30,000 tomans (in 1930)
Location Tehran, Persia
Language Persian

Introduction

Founded by Amir Kabir, then the royal vizier to Nasereddin Shah, the Shah of Persia, Dar al-Funun originally was conceived as a polytechnic to train upper-class Persian youth in medicine, engineering, military science, and geology. It was similar in scope and purpose to American land grant colleges like Purdue and Texas A&M. Like them, it developed and expanded its mission over the next hundred years, eventually becoming the University of Tehran.[3]

Darolfonoon.png
Historical photo of Dar-ul-Funun

The institute was planned by the Iranian educated Mirza Reza Mohandes, and built by the architect Muhammad Taqi Khan Memar-Bashi under the supervision of the Qajari prince Bahram Mirza. Facilities such as an assembly hall, a theater, library, cafeteria, and a publishing house were built for the institute. In 1930, the building was destroyed by Mirza Yahya Khan Qaragozlu (also known as Etemad-od-Dowleh), then Minister of Education, and rebuilt based on a Russian engineering design.

Many parts of the institute were later on absorbed and merged into the newly establishing Tehran University. The Faculty of Medicine for example, was particularly the successor to the Dar ul-Funun Department of Medicine, established in 1851, which had become the School of Medicine (Madreseh-ye tebb) in 1919.[4]

The elite school was training 287 students by 1889, and had graduated 1100 students by 1891. During this time, the faculty consisted of 16 European, and 26 Iranian professors.

Notable alumni

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Transliteration: Tavānā bovad har keh dānā bovad – Ze dānesh del-e pīr bornā bovad
  2. ^ In verse form the couplet may be translated as: Capable is he who is wise – Happiness from wisdom will arise.
  3. ^ For an illustrated report on Dar ol-Fonoun see: Hamid-Reza Hosseini, Dar ol-Fonoun in want of love ("Dar ol-Fonoun dar hasrat-e eshgh"), in Persian, Jadid Online, September 22, 2008, [1]. The pertinent photographs (15 in total) can be viewed here: [2].
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Iranica: http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/faculties-v
  5. ^ See Mohammad Mirzā Kāshef-os-Saltaneh in Persian Wikipedia.

External links

Coordinates: 35°41′1.64″N 51°25′18.71″E / 35.6837889°N 51.4218639°E

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