The China Railways CRH5 is an electric multiple unit high-speed train in use with China Railway High-speed in the People's Republic of China. The CRH5 is based on the ETR-600 New Pendolino used in Italy.
The CRH5 are non-tilting trains, developed for the Chinese Railways and which technology has been transferred to local manufacturers. The CRH5 have a design speed of up to 200 kilometres per hour (124 mph) and now operate steadily at 250 kilometres per hour (155 mph).
|China Railways CRH5 EMU|
CRH5 high-speed train in Beijing Railway Station
|In service||2007 – Present|
Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd.
|Number built||140 trainsets (1120 cars)|
|Formation||8 cars per trainset (5M3T)|
|Capacity||Fixed seats: 622
Rolling seats: 586 or 570
|Operator(s)||Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Beijing Railway Bureau
- Shenyang Railway Bureau
- Harbin Railway Bureau
- Taiyuan Railway Bureau
- Jinan Railway Bureau
- Shanghai Railway Bureau
- Zhengzhou Railway Bureau
- Wuhan Railway Bureau
- Xi'an Railway Bureau
- Lanzhou Railway Bureau
- Urumqi Railway Bureau
|Line(s) served||Jingha Railway, Jinghu Railway, Jingguang Railway, Shitai PDL|
|Train length||211.5 m (694 ft)|
|Width||3,200 mm (10 ft 6 in)|
|Height||4,270 mm (14 ft 0 in)|
|Platform height||500–1,250 mm (1 ft 8 in–4 ft 1 in)|
|Maximum speed||250 km/h (155 mph)|
|Weight||443 t (436 long tons; 488 short tons)|
|Traction system||Alstom IGBT VVVF inverter control|
|Power output||5,500 kW (7,400 hp)|
|Acceleration||≥ 0.5 m/s2 (1.6 ft/s2) (Starter)
0.11 m/s2 (0.36 ft/s2)
(at 200 km/h or 124 mph)
0.05 m/s2 (0.16 ft/s2)
(at 250 km/h or 155 mph)
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
In 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China contracted Alstom and CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles to produce 60 sets of the train with a maximum speed of 250 kilometres per hour (155 mph). They were ordered around the same time as the Regina-based CRH1A and the Shinkansen-based CRH2A. These trains have been given the designation CRH5A, and are still the only type of the CRH5 trains. 30 additional sets were ordered in 2009 and 20 additional sets were ordered in 2010 to complete the current fleet operating on China's northern and eastern lines. On April 26, 2011, the MOR ordered an additional 30 sets.
As to the initial 60 sets, the first three were manufactured by Alstom's factory in Italy, and the next six were delivered in complete knock down form and assembled by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicle. The remaining 51 sets were built by CNR Changchun through technology transfer from Alstom.
The first train (CRH5-001A) departed from Savigliano port, Italy on December 11, 2006 and arrive at Dalian port on January 28, 2007. The first CRH5A set made by CNR Changchun (CRH5-010A) was delivered in April, 2007.
The CRH5A sets started service from April 18, 2007, the date of the sixth national railway speed-up at the Beijing-Harbin Railway. In the following years, it opened service at the Jinan-Qingdao high-speed rail and Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan high-speed rail.
Each of the CRH5A set consists of 8 cars. The initial 12 sets (CRH5-001A ～ CRH5-012A) have one first-class seating car (ZY), six second-class seating cars (ZE), and one second-class seating/dining car (ZEC). The subsequent sets have two first-class seating cars (ZY) and six second-class seating cars (ZE).
The CRH5A trains experienced a number of failures in early stages. The failures were attributed to new technologies introduced on CRH5A and a relatively short trial run before the first delivery 
On April 2, 2007, China Academy of Railway Sciences ordered a CRH5-based high-speed test train; the official name of this train set is Code Zero Comprehensive Testing Train, name code CIT001. This train is equipped with special devices to monitor the condition of the track, wheel-rail force, overhead wire, communication system and signal system. The train is painted with yellow and white color and started test run on July 1, 2007.
|Power Units||Unit 1||Unit 2|
|Operator||Quantity||Series number||Lines serving||Note|
|Beijing Railway Bureau||21||CRH5-005A、CRH5-007A、CRH5-009A、CRH5-018A、CRH5-021A、
CRH5-028A、CRH5-029A、CRH5-046A ～ CRH5-055A、
|Jingha Railway、Jinghu Railway、
|Jinan Railway Bureau||18||CRH5-061A、CRH5-062A、CRH5-065A ～ CRH5-080A||Jinghu Railway、Jiaoji PDL|
|Zhengzhou Railway Bureau||14||CRH5-034A ～ CRH5-043A、CRH5-056A、CRH5-057A、
|Longhai Railway、Jingguang Railway、Jinghu Railway、Huning PDL|
|Shenyang Railway Bureau||30||CRH5-001A ～ CRH5-004A、CRH5-006A、CRH5-008A、
CRH5-010A ～ CRH5-017A、CRH5-024A ～ CRH5-027A、
CRH5-081A ～ CRH5-085A、CRH5-088A、CRH5-089A、
|Jingha Railway、Jinghu Railway|
|Harbin Railway Bureau||6||CRH5-019A、CRH5-020A、CRH5-022A、
|Taiyuan Railway Bureau||4||CRH5-044A、CRH5-045A、CRH5-054A、CRH5-055A||Shitai PDL|
|China MOR||1||CIT001||Comprehensive testing train|
(as of January 2013)