Charlotte Lennox, Duchess of Richmond

Last updated on 11 November 2016

Charlotte Lennox, Duchess of Richmond (née Lady Charlotte Gordon; 20 September 1768 – 5 May 1842),[1] was a British peeress best known as the hostess of the Duchess of Richmond's ball.

Charlotte, 4th Duchess of Richmond (1768-1842), by Joseph Nollekens.jpg
Charlotte, 4th Duchess of Richmond (1768-1842), by Joseph Nollekens.jpg

Biography

Born at Gordon Castle,[2] Lady Charlotte Gordon was the eldest child of Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon, and his wife, Jane (née Maxwell).[3] On 9 September 1789, she married Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, 4th Duke of Lennox and 4th Duke of Aubigny.[1]

In 1814, the family moved to Brussels, where the Duchess gave the ball at which the Duke of Wellington received confirmation that the Army of the North under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte had entered the territory of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands near Charleroi (in what is now the Kingdom of Belgium). The Duchess and her family continued to live in Brussels until 1818, when her husband was appointed Governor General of British North America. The Duchess was widowed in 1819, and in 1836, she inherited the vast Gordon estates on the death of her brother, George Gordon, 5th Duke of Gordon, who had left no legitimate children. She died at the age of 73 in London on 5 May 1842.[1]

The Duchess was Diana, Princess of Wales's great-great-great-great-grandmother.

Family

The Duke and Duchess had seven sons and seven daughters:

Ancestry

Ancestors of Charlotte Lennox, Duchess of Richmond
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Alexander Gordon, 2nd Duke of Gordon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Lady Elizabeth Howard
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Cosmo Gordon, 3rd Duke of Gordon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Lady Henrietta Mordaunt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Carey Fraser
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. George Gordon, 1st Earl of Aberdeen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. William Gordon, 2nd Earl of Aberdeen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Anne Lockhart
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Lady Catherine Gordon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Lady Susan Murray
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Lady Catherine Hamilton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Lady Charlotte Gordon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Sir William Maxwell, 1st Baronet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Sir Alexander Maxwell, 2nd Baronet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Elizabeth Hay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Sir William Maxwell, 3rd Baronet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Lady Jean Montgomerie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Margaret Cochrane
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Jane Maxwell
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. John Scott
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. William (Scott) Blair
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Anna Nicolson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Magdalene Blair
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Alexander Tait
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Catherine Tait
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Katherine Brown
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Lundy 2011 cites Mosley 2003a, p. 3335
  2. ^ Lundy 2011 cites Naylor 1888, p. .
  3. ^ Lundy 2011 cites Mosley 2003a, p. 3335; Mosley 2003, p. 2012
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Lundy 2011 cites Mosley 2003a, p. 3336

References

  • Lundy, Darryl (25 Apr 2011), Lady Charlotte Gordon, The Peerage, p. 1179 § 11783, retrieved November 2012 Check date values in: |access-date= (help) Endnotes:
    • Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003), Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 2 (107th 3 volumes ed.), Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books), p. 2012
    • Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003a), Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 3 (107th 3 volumes ed.), Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books), pp. 3335, 3336
    • Naylor, George (1888), The Register's of Thorrington

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