Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond

Last updated on 24 September 2017

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Aubigny (29 July 1672 – 27 May 1723) was an English nobleman and politician. He was the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England and his mistress Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth.

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg

Life

Lennox was created Duke of Richmond, Earl of March and Baron Settrington in the Peerage of England on 9 August 1675 and Duke of Lennox, Earl of Darnley and Lord Torbolton in the Peerage of Scotland on 9 September 1675, and was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1681. He was appointed Lord High Admiral of Scotland, under reservation of the commission granted to James, Duke of Albany and York (later James VII), as Lord High Admiral for life. The appointment was therefore only effective between 1701 and 1705, when Lennox resigned all his Scottish lands and offices.

It appears that he was Master of a Lodge in Chichester in 1696, and so was one of the few known seventeenth-century freemasons.

Family

He was married to Anne Brudenell (d. 9 December 1722), daughter of Francis, Baron Brudenell on 8 January 1692; with whom he had three children:

By his mistress Jacqueline de Mézières:

He is on paper and may be biologically an ancestor of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall and Sarah, Duchess of York. He is also an ancestor of the Earls Spencer of Althorp, Diana, Princess of Wales and thus Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry.

Cricket

Richmond was a patron of cricket, then becoming a leading professional sport, and did much to develop it in Sussex. It is almost certain that he was involved with the earliest known "great match", which took place in the 1697 season and was the first to be reported by the press. The report was in the Foreign Post dated Wednesday, 7 July 1697:[1]

"The middle of last week a great match at cricket was played in Sussex; there were eleven of a side, and they played for fifty guineas apiece".

The stakes on offer confirm the importance of the fixture and the fact that it was eleven-a-side suggests that two strong and well-balanced teams were assembled.[1] No other details were given but the report provides real evidence to support the view that top-class cricket in the form of "great matches" played for high stakes was in vogue at the time.[2] It was possibly an inter-county match: i.e., a Sussex XI versus a Kent XI or a Surrey XI.[2] Richmond sponsored a team in the 1702 season against an Arundel side.[3] His son Charles, the 2nd Duke, inherited his interest in cricket and became the patron of both Sussex county cricket teams and Slindon Cricket Club.

Richmond County, New York

Richmond County, New York (coterminous with Staten Island) was so named in Charles Lennox's honor (other US counties called "Richmond" were named for later Dukes).

Ancestry

Ancestors of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. James I of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Mary, Queen of Scots
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Charles I of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Frederick II of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Anne of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Charles II of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Antoine of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Henry IV of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Jeanne III of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Henrietta Maria of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Marie de' Medici
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Johanna of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Guillaume de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kérouaille
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. René de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kérouaille, de la Villeneuve, de Kerboronné, et du Chefbois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Guillemette/Marie Barbier de Kerjean
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Guillaume de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kérouaille
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Julienne Emery du Pont-l'Abbé, Dame du Chef du Bois
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Vincent de Ploeüc, Baron de Kergorlay, Seigneur de Kerriou
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Sébastien de Ploeüc, Marquis de Timeur, Baron de Kergorlay, Vicomte de Coetqueon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Suzanne de Coëtanezre, Dame de Pratmaria et du Granec
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Marie de Ploeüc de Timeur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. René de Rieux, Seigneur de Sourdeac
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Marie de Rieux
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Suzanne de Saint-Mélanie, Dame de Boulévêque
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. ^ a b McCann, p. xli.
  2. ^ a b Leach, John (2007). "From Lads to Lord's – 1697". Stumpsite. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
  3. ^ McCann, p. 1.

Bibliography

  • McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.

Further reading

  • Late Baron di Bauvso, Malta. 1 January 2000.
  • The Adami Collection – collection of Parish records of Marriages, legacy and nobility, National Library of Malta, vol 10, pp 1838.
Political offices
In commission
Title last held by
The Duke of Monmouth
Master of the Horse
1681–1685
Succeeded by
The Lord Dartmouth
Preceded by
King James VII
Lord High Admiral of Scotland
1701–1705
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Montrose
Peerage of England
New creation Duke of Richmond
3rd creation
1675–1723
Succeeded by
Charles Lennox
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Duke of Lennox
2nd creation
1675–1723
Succeeded by
Charles Lennox
French nobility
New creation Duke of Aubigny
1684–1723
Succeeded by
Charles Lennox

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