Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond

Last updated on 6 September 2017

Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond, 10th Duke of Lennox, 10th Duke of Aubigny, 5th Duke of Gordon (19 September 1929 – 1 September 2017), styled Lord Settrington until 1935 and Earl of March and Kinrara between 1935 and 1989, was an English peer and landowner.

The son of Frederick Gordon-Lennox, 9th Duke of Richmond, he succeeded to the titles when his father died in 1989. The seat of the Dukes of Richmond is Goodwood House in Sussex. The 10th Duke moved to a smaller house nearby when his son Lord March took over control of the estate and moved into the main house with his family.[1]

10th Duke of Richmond %26 Gordon %26 5th Duke of Lennox Allan Warren.jpg
10th Duke of Richmond & Gordon & 5th Duke of Lennox Allan Warren.jpg

Career

The Duke was educated at Eton College and William Temple College, a now defunct Church of England theological college (see William Temple Foundation). He was a 2nd Lieutenant in the 60th Rifles from 1949 to 1950. He was a Chartered Accountant and spent nearly two decades working in the corporate world.[2][3]

He has held a number of civic, business and church appointments, including Chancellor of the University of Sussex from 1985 to 1998, and Church Commissioner from 1963 to 1976; member of the General Synod of the Church of England from 1960 to 1980 and on committees of the World Council of Churches. He was a Deputy Lieutenant of West Sussex from 1975 until 1990, and Lord Lieutenant from 1990 to 1994. [2] He was also a patron of Prisoners Abroad, a charity supporting the welfare of Britons imprisoned overseas and their families.

Family

The then Earl of March married Susan Monica Grenville-Grey (b. 1932) in 1951. They had three children:

  • Lady Ellinor Caroline Gordon-Lennox (28 July 1952)
  • Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Richmond (8 January 1955) he married Sally Clayton on 3 July 1976 and were divorced in 1989. They have one daughter. He remarried Hon. Janet Elizabeth Astor (daughter of William Waldorf Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor) in 1991. They have four children.
  • Lady Louisa Elizabeth Gordon-Lennox (14 March 1967) she married Benjamin "Ben" Collings on 1 November 1997 and they were divorced. They have two children:
    • Felicity Grace Collings (1999)
    • George Cecil Collings (23 December 2003)

The Duke and Duchess, then Earl and Countess of March, attracted press attention when they adopted two girls of mixed race during a time of anti-immigrant sentiment and when interracial marriage was frowned upon:

  • Lady Maria Gordon-Lennox (1959) she married Mr. Handy. They have one daughter[3]:
    • Michaela Handy
  • Lady Naomi Gordon-Lennox (1962) she married Gavin Burke in 1999 and they were divorced. They have three children.

Both girls were born in England to white mothers, with a Ghanaian and a black South African father respectively.[3] Adopted children of peers were not allowed to use courtesy titles until a Royal Warrant issued in April 2004 meant that Maria and Naomi were allowed to be called Lady, as daughters of a duke.[4]

Ancestry

Ancestors of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Gordon, 6th Duke of Aubigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond, 7th Duke of Lennox, 2nd Duke of Gordon, 7th Duke of Aubigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Frances Greville
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Charles Gordon-Lennox, 8th Duke of Richmond, 8th Duke of Lennox, 3rd Duke of Gordon, 8th Duke of Aubigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Percy Ricardo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Amy Ricardo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Matilda Hensley
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Frederick Gordon-Lennox, 9th Duke of Richmond, 9th Duke of Lennox, 4th Duke of Gordon, 9th Duke of Aubigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Thomas Brassey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Henry Brassey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Maria Harrison
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Hilda Brassey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. George Stevenson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Anna Stevenson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond, 10th Duke of Lennox, 5th Duke of Gordon, 10th Duke of Aubigny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Rev. Thomas Hudson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Elizabeth Hudson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Matheson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Alethea Matheson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry Hayter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alethea Hayter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eliza Jane Heylyn
 
 
 
 
 
 

Titles, styles, and arms

Titles and styles

  • 19 September 1929-7 May 1935: Lord Settrington
  • 7 May 1935-2 November 1989: Earl of March and Kinrara
  • 2 November 1989-September 2017: His Grace The Duke of Richmond, Lennox, and Gordon
Coat of arms of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond
Coat of arms of the duke of Richmond, Lennox and Gordon.png
Coronet
A coronet of a Duke
Crest
1st, a Bull's Head erased Sable horned Or; 2nd, on a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Lion statant guardant Or crowned with a Ducal Coronet Gules and gorged with a Collar company of four pieces Argent charged with eight Roses Gules and the last; 3rd, out of a Ducal Coronet a Stag's Head affrontée proper attired with ten Tynes Or
Escutcheon
Quarterly: 1st and 4th grand quarters, the Royal Arms of Charles II (viz. quarterly: 1st and 4th, France and England quarterly; 2nd, Scotland; 3rd, Ireland); the whole within a Bordure company Argent charged with Roses Gules barbed and seeded proper and the last; overall an Escutcheon Gules charged with three Buckles Or (the Dukedom of Aubigny); 2nd grand quarter, Argent a Saltire engrailed Gules between four Roses of the second barbed and seeded proper (Lennox); 3rd grand quarter, quarterly, 1st, Azure three Boars' Heads couped Or (Gordon); 2nd, Or three Lions' Heads erased Gules (Badenoch); 3rd, Or three Crescents within a Double Tressure flory counter-flory Gules (Seton); 4th, Azure three Cinquefoils Argent (Fraser)
Supporters
Dexter: an Unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Or; Sinister: an Antelope Argent, also armed, crined and unguled Or, each supporter gorged with a Collar company as the crest
Motto
Over the 1st crest, Avant Darnlie; over the 2nd crest, En La Rose Je Fleuris; and over the 3rd crest, Bydand

References

External links

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duchess of Norfolk
Lord Lieutenant of West Sussex
1990–1994
Succeeded by
Sir Philip Ward
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Frederick Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Richmond
3rd creation
1989–2017
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Frederick Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Lennox
2nd creation
1989–2017
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Frederick Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Gordon
2nd creation
1989–2017
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox
French nobility
Preceded by
Frederick Gordon-Lennox
Duke of Aubigny
1989–2017
Succeeded by
Charles Gordon-Lennox

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