Carangidae

Last updated on 11 November 2017

Carangidae is a family of fish which includes the jacks, pompanos, jack mackerels, runners, and scads.

They are marine fishes found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Most species are fast-swimming predatory fishes that hunt in the waters above reefs and in the open sea; some dig in the sea floor for invertebrates.

The largest fish in the family, the greater amberjack, Seriola dumerili, grows up to 2 m in length; most fish in the family reach a maximum length of 25–100 cm.

The family contains many important commercial and game fish, notably the Pacific tunfisk, Trachurus symmetricus, and the other jack mackerels in the genus Trachurus.

Many genera have fairly extensive fossil records, particularly Caranx and Seriola, which extend into the early Paleogene (late Thanetian), and are known from whole and incomplete specimens, skeletal fragments, and otoliths. The several extinct genera include Archaeus, Pseudovomer, and Eastmanalepes.

Carangidae
Gfp-crevalle-jack.jpg
Crevalle jack, Caranx hippos
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Carangidae
Rafinesque, 1815
Genera[1]

Alectis
Alepes
Atropus
Atule
Campogramma
Carangoides
Caranx
Chloroscombrus
Decapterus
Elagatis
Gnathanodon
Hemicaranx
Lichia
Megalaspis
Naucrates
Oligoplites
Pantolabus
Parastromateus
Parona
Pseudocaranx
Scomberoides
Selar
Selaroides
Selene
Seriola
Seriolina
Trachinotus
Trachurus
Ulua
Uraspis

Timeline of genera

Alcil u0.png

African pompano, Alectis ciliaris

Carangoides orthogrammus.jpg

Island trevally, Carangoides orthogrammus

Caranx ignobilis.jpg

Giant trevally, Caranx ignobilis, the largest species in the genus

Derus u0.png

Indian scad, Decapterus russelli

Gnathanodon speciosus 1.jpg

Golden trevally, Gnathanodon speciosus

Gnathanodon speciosus 2.jpg

Golden trevally

Naucrates ductor.jpg

Pilotfish, Naucrates ductor

Selene vomer 1.jpg

Lookdown, Selene vomer

Seriola dumerili.jpg

Greater amberjack, Seriola dumerili

MaAji.jpg

Japanese jack mackerel, Trachurus japonicus

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Carangidae" in FishBase. February 2013 version.

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