CSR Corporation Limited
CSR Corp., Ltd., formerly known as China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corp., Ltd. was a Chinese manufacturer of locomotive and rolling stock.
In 2015, the company merged with
China CNR Corp., Ltd. to form CRRC Corp., Ltd.. History
In 2007 the
China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation Limited (CSR) was formed. as a  special purpose vehicle for potential initial public offering for the major assets of state-owned CSR Group. Some auxiliary assets were left in the group and remained unlisted.
H shares were first traded on the Hong-Kong stock market on 21 August 2008, the company's A shares began trading on the 18 August 2008. The shares also began trading on the  Shanghai Stock Exchange in August; $1.57 billion was raised in the share offers.  A 40% stake in the company was offered in total on the two exchanges.  
On 26 December 2011, CSR announced that it had successfully tested a super high speed train that was capable of traveling at 500 km/h.
In February 2014, CSR acquired the Argentine rolling stock manufacturer
Emprendimientos Ferroviarios.   Merger
At the end of 2014 CSR and its rival
CNR announced their intention to merge, with a 1:1 share swap; the resultant company (value ~$26billion) was to be named CRRC.  The two companies formally merged on 1 June 2015.   Legacy
In June 2016 the company along with members of the
Gupta family was accused of trying to improperly influence the awarding of a R51 billion (US$6 billion) 2012 contract for CSR to deliver 600 trains to the South African Passenger Rail Agency.   Company structure and subsidiaries
A label of CSR
Company on a train
At the time of the restructuring and share issue in 2008 the company had 20 subsidiaries:
Manufacturing and maintenance
CSR Chengdu Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., refurbishment of locomotives and carriages, manufacture and repair of motors.  CSR Feb. 7th Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., manufacture and maintenance of freight wagons.
CSR Luoyang Locomotive Co., Ltd., refurbishment of locomotives.  CSR Meishan Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., manufacture of freight wagons, brakes and castings.
CSR Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., manufacture of carriages, multiple units and rapid transit vehicles. 
CSR Qishuyan Locomotive Co., Ltd., manufacture and maintenance of diesel locomotives  CSR Shijiazhuang Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., maintenance of freight wagons,
R&D of air-conditioning and refrigeration devices.
Shijiazhuang Guoxiang Transportation Equipment Co., Ltd., 60% owned subsidiary, joint enterprise with King Machinery (Taiwan) Co., Limited.
CSR Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., Manufacture of carriages and multiple units, and auxiliary products. EMU and carriage maintenance. Renamed CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd, (CSR Sifang Co., Ltd.) on 29 December 2008.   CSR Sifang Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., maintenance and manufacture of carriages and multiple units.
 CSR Yangtze Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.,
freight and refrigerated wagon manufacturing and maintenance, carriage and rapid transit vehicle maintenance, manufacture of axles, casting and other steel structures [note 1] 
CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd., R&D and manufacture of electric locomotives, multiple units and rapid transit vehicles, and electric motors, transformers and related products. 
Zhuzhou CSR Times Electric Co., Ltd., development and sale of traction and auxiliary electrical power equipment and urban rail control system. 
CSR Ziyang Locomotive Co., Ltd., R&D and manufacturing of diesel and electric locomotives, and diesel and gas powered engines and sub-components.  CSR Xiangfan Locomotive Co., Ltd., refurbishment of locomotives.
Emprendimientos Ferroviarios, the company's subsidiary in Argentina.  
CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., R&D and manufacture of electric propulsion and control, suspension and noise reducing elements, polymer composites and insulators.
 CSR Qishuyan Locomotive & Rolling Stock Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd., R&D of mechanical transmissions, brakes, shock absorbers and manufacturing techniques.
Export and leasing
New Leap Transportation Equipment Investment & Leasing Co., Ltd., investment in, leasing, sale, and technical support of rail vehicles.
(Renamed CSR Investment and Leasing on 2 December 2008)  
CSR (Hong Kong) Co. Ltd. based in Hong Kong was formed as 100% subsidiary in 2008.
 Joint ventures Manufacturing and products
The main factories for the manufacture of locomotives are installed in
Zhuzhou (electric locomotives), Ziyang, Luoyang, Xiangfan (diesel locomotives), Qishuyan, and Chengdu (the latter two also producing carriages). Carriages are built in factories in Nanjing, Zhuzhou, Beijing, Meishan, Wuchang, Tongling, Shijiazhuang, Wuhan and Guiyang. The company has two research institutes in Zhuzhou and Qishuyan. Models
Main models manufactured:
Type KZ4A high-speed
Type DJ2 "Olympic star"
SS series, including SS3, SS4, SS6, SS8, SS9 and their varieties
AC4000 test bed
Type HXD1 "Harmony": Orders have been placed for 1710 units and production capacity has been increased to 800 units per year.
High-speed train "China Star"
High-speed train "Central China Star"
Qishuyan-built diesels for Guinea
Type DF4B, DF4C, DF4D and varieties
Type DF8B and varieties
Type DF11 and DF11G for passenger trains
Type DF12 Shunter
Diesel-hydraulic locomotives DFH 3 and DFH 5
Yard shunters GK & GKD series, in several gauges ranging from 762 to 1435 mm.
The firm also built subway trains, particularly for networks in
Shanghai Metro and Beijing Metro.
In October 2008, China Southern Locomotive won a contract worth nearly $100 million from
Kazakhstan, its third contract since entering that country's market in 2002.  CSR supplies
diesel-multiple units to Sri Lanka Railways. In 2008, CSR began exporting short-haul DMUs to Sri Lanka, for use on commuter-rail services. As of 2011, long-haul units are currently on order.  CSR also won a contract worth $391 million from
Turkey to produce 324 vehicles for the Ankara Metro. It is envisaged that 75 of the 324 wagons will have at least 30% domestically manufacturer content while the remaining wagons will have 51%.  On 22 October 2012, South Africa awarded a tender for 95 electric locomotives to CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive works. The plan is part of a R4 trillion (US$462 billion) infrastructure improvement project in the country.
 In 2013, Argentine state-owned company
Trenes Argentinos announced that CSR electric multiple units had been acquired for metropolitan services of Buenos Aires. That included 300 cars for Roca Line,  and 709 cars for  Sarmiento and Mitre lines.  
Baghdad–Basra high-speed rail line 
A joint venture between CSRC and
Australian-based United Group manufactured MTR with 21 Phase IV LRV cars delivered in 2009. See also Notes
^ CSR Yangtze Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. was formed from the assets of CSR Qishuyan Locomotive & Rolling Stock Works (freight wagon assets), CSR Wuhan Jiang’an Rolling Stock Works, CSR Zhuzhou Rolling Stock Works, CSR Tongling Rolling Stock Works and CSR Wuchang Rolling Stock Works. Source: CSR Prospectus , 8 August 2008 , "Restructuring", p.85 References
^ "About Us - The Company - Brief Introduction of the Company", www.csrgc.com, China South Locomotive and Rolling Stock Corporation Limited, 11 June 2011 , retrieved June 2012
^ History www.csrgc.com.cn
^ Baker & McKenzie Advises China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation Limited on its Global Offering – The Third Largest Hong Kong IPO , Deal Announcement , 25 August 2008 , www.bakermckenzie.com
^ China South Locomotive shares surge in Shanghai IPO , 18 August 2008 , www.nytimes.com
^ Zhongwang Said to Raise $1.3 Billion in Hong Kong IPO (Update1) , Bei Hu , 30 April 2009 , www.bloomberg.com
^ China South Locomotive May Raise $1.5 Billion in IPO (Update2) , Bei Hu , 3 August 2008 , www,bloomberg.com
^ China tests 500 kmh super high speed train
^ Test train can hit 500km/h
^ a b CSR adquiere EMFER y desembarca en la Argentina - EnElSubte, 26 February 2014.
^ a b Company Overview of Emprendimientos Ferroviarios S.A. Emfer S.A. - Bloomberg Business
^ "CNR and CSR agree merger terms", www.railwaygazette.com, 31 Dec 2014
^ "Rival China trainmakers merge to boost high-speed rail push abroad", www.reuters.com, 30 Dec 2014
^ Briginshaw, David (1 June 2015), "CNR and CSR finalise merger to become CRRC", www.railjournal.com
^ "amaBhungane - Guptas' R51bn train grab". amabhungane.co.za . Retrieved . 2016-07-16
^ SOLE, STEFAANS BRÜMMER and SAM. "The Guptas' R51bn train grab". Sunday Times . Retrieved . 2016-07-16
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s CSR Prospectus, 8 August 2008 , "Our corporate structure", pp.88-93 retrieved 9 Feb 2015
^ a b China South Locomotives & Rolling Sotkc Corporation Limited: 2008 annual report Archived November 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. p.10
^ China South Locomotives & Rolling Stock Corporation Limited: 2008 annual report Archived November 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. p.127
^ "Railway Gazette: Fourth order for largest electric locomotive manufacturer" . Retrieved . 2010-08-19
^ Reuters news agency
^ "Dailynews". Railway gets new power sets from China. 2010-04-23. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08.
^ (in Turkish), 5 March 2012 Ankara Metrosu 324 vagon alımı ihalesi yapıldı
^ "Prometen nuevos vagones para el Roca" by Mariano Obarrio, La Nación, 24 May 2013
^ "Gobierno anunció la compra de 300 vagones para el Roca" by Liliana Franco, Ambito Financiero, 23 May 2013
^ "CSR fleet enters service in Buenos Aires", Railway Gazette International, 10 June 2013
^ "Ya está en viaje la primera de las 25 formaciones para la línea Sarmiento", Telam, 7 Jan 2014
^ "After Decades of War, Iraq Adds Fleet of New Trains to Its Aging Railway". . 2014-03-24. WIRED External links
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