Borders of China

Last updated on 11 September 2017

The People's Republic of China has international borders with 14 sovereign states. In addition, there is a 30-km border with the special administrative region of Hong Kong, which was a British dependency before 1997, and a 3 km border with Macau, a Portuguese territory until 1999. With a land border of 22,117 kilometres (13,743 mi) in total it also has the longest land border of any country.

Below is a table of countries and territories who share a land border with China around its perimeter. The numbers in parenthesis are their lengths in miles.[1]

Country Length (km) and (mi)
Afghanistan 76 (47)
Bhutan 470 (292)² [disputed]
Hong Kong 30 (18)
India 3,380 (2,100)* [disputed]
Kazakhstan 1,533 (952)
Kyrgyzstan 858 (533)
Laos 423 (262)
Macau 3 (1.8)
Mongolia 4,677 (2,906)
Myanmar 2,185 (1,357)§
Nepal 1,236 (768)³
North Korea 1,416 (879)¹
Pakistan 523 (324)‡
Russia 3,645 (2,264)†
Tajikistan 414 (257)
Vietnam 1,281 (795)

 * In three sections, separated by Nepal and Bhutan. The length of China's border with India depends on the resolution of territorial conflicts between India and China, and between India and Pakistan.
 ¹ The length of China's border with North Korea depends on the resolution of the territorial conflict between China and North Korea over Mount Paektu and Jiandao.
 ² The length of China's border with Bhutan depends on the resolution of various territorial conflicts between India and China, and also between Bhutan and China.
 ³ The length of China's border with Nepal depends on the resolution of the territorial conflict between Nepal and India over the Kalapani territory.
 § The length of China's border with Myanmar depends on the resolution of the territorial conflict between India and China over Arunachal Pradesh.
 ‡ The length of China's border with Pakistan depends on the resolution of territorial conflicts between India and Pakistan.
 † In two sections, separated by Mongolia.

Boundary marker of China.svg
Border marker of China.
Zhuhai-Qinglu-border-guards-booth-0632.jpg
Border guards' booth on the sea coast in Zhuhai, Guangdong, across which is Macau.
OldChineseBorderGates.JPG
Several smaller models of the former Chinese border gates into Russia
ChineseBorderGate1.JPG
A modern border gate at Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia into Russia

See also

References

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